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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anonymous Lausavísur (Anon)

II. 2. Lausavísur from Haralds saga Sigurðarsonar (HSig) - 9

not in Skj

2.2: Lausavísur from Haralds saga Sigurðarsonar — Anon (HSig)II

Kari Ellen Gade 2009, ‘ Anonymous, Lausavísur from Haralds saga Sigurðarsonar’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 815-23. <> (accessed 7 December 2021)

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SkP info: II, 819-20

old edition introduction edition manuscripts transcriptions concordance search files

6 — Anon (HSig) 6II

edition interactive full text transcriptions old edition references concordance


Cite as: Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2009, ‘Anonymous Lausavísur, Lausavísur from Haralds saga Sigurðarsonar 6’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 819-20.

Anon (HSig) 6-8 are a series of lvv. recited by a troll-woman appearing to Haraldr Sigurðarson’s men prior to or during Haraldr’s fatal campaign in England in the summer of 1066. Anon (HSig) 9 was recited to Haraldr in a dream, apparently by his dead half-brother, King Óláfr Haraldsson (S. Óláfr). Stanzas 6, 8-9 are recorded in Hkr (, 39, F, E, J2ˣ), Mork (Mork), Flat (Flat), H-Hr (H, Hr) and Hemings þáttr Áslákssonar (Hem in Hb), and sts 8-9 are found in Fsk (FskAˣ). Stanza 7 is recorded in HemHb only, and st. 9 is also preserved in ÓH (Holm2, 972ˣ, 61, Tóm, Bb). Hb now has a lacuna at st. 9, and the missing text has been supplied from AM 326 b 4°ˣ (326bˣ), a copy of Hb made by Ásgeir Jónsson (c. 1700). is the main ms. for sts 6, 8-9.

Vísts, at allvaldr austan
eggjask vestr at leggja
mót við marga knútu
— minn snúðr es þat — prúða.
Kná valþiðurr velja
— veit œrna sér beitu —
steik af stillis haukum
stafns; fylgik því jafnan.

Vísts, at allvaldr eggjask austan at leggja mót við marga prúða knútu vestr; þat es snúðr minn. {Valþiðurr} kná velja steik af haukum stafns stillis; veit sér œrna beitu; fylgik jafnan því.

It is certain that the mighty ruler is being urged from the east to arrange a meeting with many splendid knuckles in the west; that is my good fortune. {The carnage-grouse} [RAVEN/EAGLE] can choose steak from the hawks of the leader’s prow; it knows it has ample food; I always support that.

Mss: (575v), 39(30va), F(52ra), E(25v), J2ˣ(293r) (Hkr); Mork(18v) (Mork); Flat(203rb) (Flat); H(73r), Hr(52va) (H-Hr); Hb(69r) (Hem)

Readings: [2] eggjask: eggjar F, Flat;    vestr: ferð Hr    [3] mót: ‘moz’ Flat;    knútu: ‘hnvto’ Hr    [5] Kná: þar á Mork, Flat, H, Hr, þar man Hb    [6] veit: veit hann E, Flat, Hb, ‘vei’ Hr    [7] stillis haukum: stóði Gjúka E, Hb    [8] stafns fylgik því jafnan: repeated as l. 9 in Hb;    því: þar H, Hr, Hb

Editions: Skj: Anonyme digte om historiske personer og begivenheder [XI], [8]. Drömme- og varselsvers 8: AI, 429-30, BI, 400, Skald I, 198; ÍF 28, 176-7 (HSig ch. 80), F 1871, 242, E 1916, 91; Mork 1867, 112, Mork 1928-32, 266, Andersson and Gade 2000, 264, 480 (MH); Flat 1860-8, III, 389 (MH); Fms 6, 403 (MH ch. 114); Hb 1892-6, 337-8, Fellows Jensen 1962, 45 (Hem).

Context: The st. is spoken by a troll-woman sighted on Haraldr Sigurðarson’s expedition to England in 1066.

Notes: [3, 4] við marga prúða knútu ‘with many splendid knuckles’: Knútu m. acc. pl. ‘knuckles, knuckle bones’, used pars pro toto for ‘(dead) men’, anticipating the carnage after the battle. — [5] valþiðurr kná velja ‘the carnage-grouse [RAVEN/EAGLE] can choose’: In the Mork, H, Hr variant (þar á valþiðurr velja ‘there the carnage-grouse can choose’), the verb á (3rd pers. sg. pres. indic. of eiga) is used as an auxiliary with the inf. velja ‘choose’. A þiðurr is a capercaillie or wood-grouse. — [7, 8] af haukum stafns stillis ‘from the hawks of the leader’s prow’: I.e. from the champions of the leader’s prow, from the leader’s forecastle-men (stafnbúar). Haukr ‘hawk’ was a term for a brave young man (see LP: 1. haukr 2 and Anon (MErl) l. 7) Skj B takes it as a base-word in a kenning for ‘ship’ (so also ÍF 28), which is also possible: af stillis haukum stafns ‘from the leader’s hawks of the prow’, i.e. ‘from the leader’s ships’. The variant in Hb and E, af stóði stafns Gjúka ‘from the stud-horses of the prow of Gjúki <sea-king>’, is hyperdetermined (stóð Gjúka ‘stud-horses of Gjúki’ and stóð stafns ‘stud-horses of the prow’ both mean ‘ship’) and is of little help. — [8]: Repeated in Hb (see Anon (HSig) 7-9 below and SnH Lv 6).

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