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Óláfr hvítaskáld Þórðarson (Ólhv)

13th century; volume 2; ed. Lauren Goetting;

2. Hrynhenda (Hryn) - 12

prose works

Óláfr hvítaskáld ‘White Skald’ Þórðarson (Ólhv) was an accomplished Icel. scholar and a prolific poet. Details of his life are documented in Sturlunga saga (Stu), Hákonar saga Hákonarsonar (Hák), and Knýtlinga saga (Knýtl). He was born c. 1210-12 at Staður on Snæfellsness, Iceland, as the eldest son of Þórðr Sturluson and his concubine Þóra. He was the nephew of Snorri Sturluson (SnSt; d. 1241), with whom he spent long periods of time as a young man, and the older brother of Sturla Þórðarson (Sturl; d. 1284). In 1237 he left Iceland with Snorri to embark upon a career as a professional poet at the courts of Scandinavia. According to Skáldatal (SnE 1848-87, III, 256-8, 260, 378-84) Óláfr composed poetry in honour of a large number of kings and noblemen, including the following: (in Norway) Jarl Skúli Bárðarson (d. 1240), King Hákon Hákonarson (d. 1263) and his son Hákon ungi ‘the Young’ Hákonarson (d. 1257), Jarl Knútr Hákonarson (d. 1261); (in Sweden) King Eiríkr Eiríkson (d. 1250); (in Denmark) King Valdimarr Valdimarsson (d. 1241). Because of Óláfr’s close association with Valdimarr, from whom he hafði ... margar ágætligar frásagnir ‘got ... many excellent narratives’ (ÍF 35, 315), he is thought by some to have written Knýtl, which recounts the history of Dan. rulers (see LH 1894-1901, II, 275, 784-5). Around 1242 Óláfr returned to Iceland and founded a school at Stafaholt in Borgarfjörður, where he wrote the Third Grammatical Treatise (TGT) and devoted himself to teaching and writing until his death in 1259. In addition to these pursuits, he was ordained subdeacon at some point after his return to Iceland and also served as lawspeaker 1248-50.

Most of Óláfr’s extant poetry consists of encomia to King Hákon Hákonarson and is inserted throughout the prose in Hák. This includes part of Hrynhenda (Ólhv Hryn), one st. from a Poem about Hákon (Ólhv Hák), and two lvv. (Ólhv Lv). One lv. traditionally assigned to him, has been reassigned in the present edn to Óláfr svartaskáld Leggsson (Ólsv Love 3III). Aside from the aforementioned, the remainder of Óláfr’s known poetic works includes two sts from ÁrónsdrápaDrápa about Árón’ (Ólhv ÁrdrIV), composed about his friend Árón Hjǫrleifsson, and two sts from ThómasdrápaDrápa about Thomas (ꜳ Becket)’ (Ólhv ThómdrIII), recorded in the Fourth Grammatical Treatise (FoGT). Finally, nine fragments of sts from TGT (Ólhv FragIII), treated as anonymous in previous eds, are attributed to Óláfr in this edn.

Hrynhenda (‘Falling, flowing metre’) — Ólhv HrynII

Lauren Goetting 2009, ‘(Introduction to) Óláfr hvítaskáld Þórðarson, Hrynhenda’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 658-70.

stanzas:  1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   10   11   12 

Skj: Óláfr Þórðarson hvítaskáld: 2. Et hrynhent digt, 1240 (AII, 93-7, BII, 105-8)

in texts: Flat, Hák

SkP info: II, 658-70

old edition introduction edition manuscripts transcriptions concordance references search files

 

2-gyltr (adj.) ‘[gilded]...’gyltar 10/8

af (prep.) ‘from...’ — 2/6, 3/6, 12/4

2afl (noun n.) [°-s; *-] ‘strength...’afli 12/1

afrendr (adj.) [°compar. -ari] ‘powerful...’ — 2/2

agi (noun m.) [°-a] ‘[seas, turmoil]...’ — 7/4

aldri (adv.) ‘never...’ — 12/1

all- ((prefix)) ‘very...’all 4/3

allr (adj.) ‘all...’Alt 3/5

3at (prep.) ‘at, to...’ — 9/8, 10/6, 12/3, 12/6, 12/7

5at (nota) ‘to (with infinitive)...’ — 5/4

1auka (verb) [°eykr; jók, jóku/juku] ‘(str. intrans.) increase...’jók 5/5

2austr (noun n.) [°-s] ‘the east...’ — 4/8

3á (prep.) ‘on, at...’ — 1/4, 2/5, 3/3, 8/2, 8/3, 9/5, 11/5

2ár (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘year, year’s abundance...’ári 1/1

árskapaðr (adj.) ‘[long-standing]...’árskapðan 4/4

ávǫxtr (noun m.) [°·vaxtar (auoxtar DN IV (1342) 223¹), dat. ·vexti; acc. ·vǫxtu] ‘fruit; offspring...’ávǫxt 1/2

báðir (pron.) [°gen. beggja (báðra), nom./acc. n. bǽði] ‘both...’beggja 6/6

1bára (noun f.) [°-u; -ur] ‘wave...’bárur 9/3

3bera (verb) [°berr; bar, báru; borinn] ‘bear, carry...’báru 1/2, báru 3/3

2berja (verb) [°barði; barðr/bariðr/barinn] ‘fight...’bǫrðusk 12/1

biðja (verb) [°biðr; bað, báðu; beðinn (beiþ- Martin¹ 573‡, bỏþ- HákEirsp 661‰, cf. ed. intr. xl)] ‘ask for, order, pray...’bað 9/6

bíta (verb) [°bítr; beit, bitu; bitinn] ‘bite...’bitu 11/1

bjartr (adj.) [°compar. -ari, superl. -astr] ‘bright...’bjǫrtu 5/7

2bleikr (adj.) ‘pale...’bleikir 10/6

blíðr (adj.) [°n. sg. nom. & acc. blítt/blíðt; compar. -ari, superl. -astr] ‘gentle, happy...’blíðs 5/8

blóð (noun n.) [°-s] ‘blood...’blóði 11/2

blóðigr (adj.) [°blóðgan/blóðugan (f. dat. sg. bloðre Gulᴵ 82³⁴)] ‘bloody...’blóðgar 10/5, blóðgum 12/2

bogi (noun m.) [°-a; -ar] ‘bow...’ — 11/6

borð (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘side, plank, board; table...’ — 2/4, borðs 8/2

bragnar (noun m.) ‘men, warriors...’bragna 7/4

bragningr (noun m.) [°; -ar] ‘prince, ruler...’bragningar 5/4

brandr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i; -ar] ‘sword, prow; fire...’brǫndum 9/3, Brǫndum 10/5

bregða (verb) [°bregðr/brigðr; brá, brugðu; brugðinn/brogðinn] ‘pull, jerk, break; change...’brugðusk 4/7

breiðr (adj.) [°compar. -ari, superl. -astr] ‘broad, wide...’breiðan 2/3

3brenna (verb) [(weak, transitive)] ‘to burn (weak, intr.)...’brendi 8/7

broddr (noun m.) [°dat. -i; -ar] ‘point of spear or arrow...’brodda 9/4

2búa (verb) [°býr (1. pers. býg NjM 330²⁴); bjó/bjuggi/bjǫggi/byggi, bjuggu/bjǫggu (præt. conj. byggi); búinn (n. sg. búit/bút)] ‘prepare, ready, live...’bjoggi 4/5, bjó 2/7

byrðr (noun f.) [°byrðar, acc. byrði/byrð(GrgKonᴵ 205¹¹); byrðar, acc. byrðar/byrðir] ‘burden, load...’byrðum 12/6

2bægja (verb) [°-gð-] ‘contend...’bægjask 6/3

bǫð (noun f.) [°-s; -] ‘battle...’bǫðvar 5/7

2draga (verb) [°dregr; dró, drógu; dreginn/droget(Hirð NKS 1642 4° 146v²⁹; cf. [$962$])] ‘drag, pull, draw...’drógu 4/1

drengr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -; -ir, gen. -ja] ‘man, warrior...’drengi 4/8

drengskapr (noun m.) ‘[bravery, manliness]...’drengskap 12/4

dýrr (adj.) [°compar. -ri/-ari, superl. -str/-astr] ‘precious...’dýran 3/3

efla (verb) [°-fld-/-að-(RómvUpph¹ 382²⁴)] ‘strengthen...’efldu 7/3

3eigi (adv.) ‘not...’ — 6/3

2einn (pron.) [°decl. cf. einn num.] ‘one, alone...’einu 1/4

2en (conj.) ‘but, and...’ — 4/6, 8/8

4en (conj.) ‘than...’ — 7/2

2enn (adv.) ‘still, yet, again...’ — 4/1

2er (conj.) ‘who, which, when...’es 5/3

errinn (adj.) ‘bold...’ — 2/7

2falda (verb) ‘cover, clothe...’faldit 10/4

falla (verb) ‘fall...’fellu 10/6

fara (verb) [ferr, fór, fóru, farinn] ‘go, travel...’fór 8/1, fóru 5/1

2 (verb) [°fǽr; fekk, fengu; fenginn] ‘get, receive...’fekk 3/6, fekk 12/7, fenginn 9/7

fárelding (noun f.) ‘destructive lightning bolt...’fáreldingar 11/8

ferð (noun f.) [°-ar; -ir/-arMork 196¹²)] ‘host, journey...’ — 8/4, 9/8

2finna (verb) ‘find, meet...’fundinn 12/5, funnusk 5/3

1fjall (noun n.) ‘mountain...’ — 4/8

fláræði (noun n.) ‘treachery, treason...’ — 6/1

2fljótr (adj.) ‘quick...’fljótan 5/7

fljúga (verb) ‘fly...’flugu 2/4

floti (noun m.) ‘fleet...’flota 2/3

2flóð (noun n.) ‘flood...’flóði 6/8

folkprúðr (adj.) ‘[battle-brave]...’fólkprúðr 2/3

fram (adv.) ‘out, forth, forwards, away...’framm 6/1

framaðr (adj.) ‘[excellent]...’framiðr 12/8

framr (adj.) [°compar. framari/fremri, superl. framastr/fremstr] ‘outstanding, foremost...’framar 11/4, fremstr 12/5, frǫmum 2/8

friðbann (noun n.) ‘[to a peace-ban]...’ — 6/2

fríðr (adj.) [°compar. -ari, superl. -astr] ‘beautiful, fair...’fríðum 5/8

frægð (noun f.) ‘fame...’frægða 3/5

frǫmuðr (noun m.) ‘promoter...’ — 3/5

fugl (noun m.) ‘bird...’fuglar 1/3

fylking (noun f.) ‘troop...’ — 11/7

fyr (prep.) ‘for, over, because of, etc....’ — 9/4

2fyrðr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -] ‘man...’fyrða 11/7, fyrða 12/6, Fyrðar 2/5

fýsa (verb) ‘desire, encourage...’fýstu 3/4

garðr (noun m.) ‘enclosure, yard...’garði 12/3

gefa (verb) ‘give...’gaf 8/8

1gegn (adj.) [°compar. -ri, superl. -astr/-str] ‘reliable...’ — 8/8

geisla (verb) ‘[coloured, dazzled]...’geislat 10/1

1gísl (noun m.) ‘hostage...’gísla 5/2

gjǫf (noun f.) ‘gift...’gjǫfum 5/8

gleðja (verb) ‘gladden, rejoice...’glǫddusk 1/1

1gramr (noun m.) ‘ruler...’ — 9/6, 10/7, 12/6

grár (adj.) [°gráan/grán] ‘grey...’ — 11/6

grein (noun f.) ‘reason, period, branch...’ — 1/4

greipr (noun m.) ‘grip, hands...’greipum 12/2

grimmr (adj.) [°compar. -ari, superl. -astr] ‘fierce...’Grimmum 11/5

grund (noun f.) ‘earth, land...’grundar 8/7

grunr (noun m.) ‘suspicion, deceit...’grun 4/4

1guð (noun m.) [°***guðrs, guðis, gus] ‘(Christian) God...’ — 12/8

gæfa (noun f.) ‘luck, fortune...’gæfu 10/7

2gæta (verb) ‘look after, care for...’gætir 5/5

2Gǫndul (noun f.) ‘Gǫndul...’Gǫndlar 11/5

haf (noun n.) [°-s; *-] ‘sea...’ — 2/4

halda (verb) ‘hold, keep...’haldask 4/2, heldr 6/8

3hallr (adj.) ‘tilting, awry...’Hall 10/1

1hamarr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. hamri; hamrar] ‘hammer, cliff...’hamri 11/3

hann (pron.) [°gen. hans, dat. honum; f. hon, gen. hennar, acc. hana] ‘he, she, it, they, them......’þeir 3/4, þeir 5/2

harða (adv.) ‘very...’ — 11/7

harðr (adj.) [°comp. -ari; superl. -astr] ‘hard, harsh...’harðast 2/5

1harmr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i; -ar] ‘sorrow, grief...’ — 6/5

1harri (noun m.) [°-a] ‘lord...’harrar 6/5, harrar 12/4, 2/7

1haukr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i/-; -ar] ‘hawk...’Hauk 7/1

hákarl (noun m.) ‘[Hákarla]...’Hákarla 2/8

3hár (adj.) [°-van; compar. hǽrri, superl. hǽstr] ‘high...’hæra 7/2, hæri 9/3

hefja (verb) ‘lift, start...’hóf 6/2, hófsk 2/6

heimr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i/-; -ar] ‘home, abode; world...’heims 8/5

2heita (verb) ‘be called, promise...’heit 4/3, heiti 6/4

heiti (noun n.) ‘name, promise...’ — 5/7

heitr (adj.) [°compar. -ari, superl. -astr] ‘hot, ardent...’heitu 11/2

herr (noun m.) [°-s/-jar, dat. -; -jar, gen. -ja/herra] ‘army, host...’her 11/3, 5/4, hersar 3/3

hersir (noun m.) [°-is; -ar] ‘cheiftan...’hersa 7/1

herskapr (noun m.) ‘[retinue]...’herskap 8/1

herskip (noun n.) ‘warship...’ — 2/7, 8/7

hertogi (noun m.) ‘duke...’hertoga 5/8

1hildr (noun f.) ‘battle...’hildar 8/2, hildar 10/2, hildar 11/4

hilmir (noun m.) ‘prince, protector...’hilmi 3/3, 8/1, 8/7

himinn (noun m.) [°himins, dat. himni; himnar] ‘heaven, sky...’himni 11/5

hirð (noun f.) [°-ar; -ir/-ar(FskB— 53‡)] ‘retinue...’ — 12/3

1hjaldr (noun m.) ‘battle...’hjaldri 9/8, hjaldri 10/4, hjaldrs 3/4

hjalt (noun n.) [°; *-] ‘hilt...’hjalta 10/8

hlífarlauss (adj.) ‘[without a shield]...’ — 10/7

Hnikarr (noun m.) ‘Hnikarr...’Hnikars 11/6

hregg (noun n.) ‘storm...’ — 6/6

hríð (noun f.) [°-ar; -ir] ‘time, storm...’ — 9/4

hvass (adj.) [°-an; -ari, -astr] ‘keen, sharp...’hvǫss 12/3

hvatr (adj.) [°-ari, -an; -astr] ‘keen, brave...’hvatt 10/1

hvárki (conj.) ‘neither...’hvárskis 4/4

1hyggja (noun f.) [°-u; -ur] ‘thought, mind...’hyggju 8/8

hǫnd (noun f.) [°handar, dat. hendi; hendr (hendir StatPáll³ 752¹²)] ‘hand...’hendr 2/5

í (prep.) ‘in, into...’ — 3/8, 5/1, 10/1

ísmǫl (noun f.) ‘[pieces of ice]...’ — 11/1

jafn (adj.) [°comp. -ari, superl. -astr] ‘even, just...’jǫfnum 12/6

jarl (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i; -ar] ‘poet, earl...’ — 3/2, 4/6, jarli 2/8

járn (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘iron, weapon...’ — 10/4, 11/1

jǫfurr (noun m.) ‘ruler, prince...’jǫfra 4/1, jǫfra 6/4, jǫfrar 3/1, jǫfrar 10/3, jǫfri 2/1, jǫfri 4/7, 8/6, 9/2

jǫrð (noun f.) [°jarðar, dat. -u; jarðir/jarðar(DN I (1367) 304Š)] ‘ground, earth...’ — 6/8

kaldr (adj.) [°compar. -ari] ‘cold...’kaldar 3/4

kapp (noun n.) [°-s; *-] ‘strength, vigour, courage...’ — 6/7

keyra (verb) ‘drive, whip, fling...’keyrði 2/3

kné (noun n.) [°-s; -, gen. knjá] ‘knee, lap...’ — 3/8

koma (verb) [kem, kom/kvam, kominn] ‘come...’kom 6/1

konungr (noun m.) [°dat. -i, -s; -ar] ‘king...’ — 2/2

kveða (verb) ‘say, recite...’kóðu 4/2

2kveðja (verb) ‘say, greet...’kvað 9/7

land (noun n.) [°-s; *-] ‘land...’lǫnd 8/2

Láka (noun f.) ‘[Låke]...’Láku 8/3

leggja (verb) ‘put, lay...’lagði 3/5

3leika (verb) ‘play...’léku 9/3

lendr (adj.) ‘landed...’lendum 2/2, lendum 2/6

lið (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘retinue, troop...’ — 10/4

liggja (verb) ‘lie...’ 8/4, lágu 9/5

lituðr (noun m.) ‘colourer...’lituðs 3/8

líf (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘life...’ — 8/8

ljóss (adj.) [°compar. -ari, superl. -astr] ‘bright...’ljós 8/3

2ljósta (verb) ‘strike...’lustu 11/7

maðr (noun m.) ‘man, person...’manna 6/2, menn 1/2, menn 5/2, menn 10/6, mǫnnum 2/6

magna (verb) ‘strengthen, increase...’ — 5/4, magnaðisk 7/4

mágr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i/-; -ar] ‘brother-, father-, or son-in-law...’mága 5/1

1mál (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘speech, matter...’ — 3/8

með (prep.) ‘with...’ — 2/7, 4/8, 8/1, 10/2, 10/7, 11/2

meðal (prep.) ‘between...’ — 4/1

meðan (conj.) ‘while...’ — 6/8

mega (verb) ‘may, might...’ 6/3

meginsár (noun n.) ‘[great wounds]...’meginsára 11/8

meiri (adj. comp.) [°meiran; superl. mestr] ‘more, most...’meira 12/4

1merki (noun n.) [°-s: -] ‘banner, sign...’ — 8/3, merkjum 11/4

mikill (adj.) [°mikinn] ‘great, large...’miklu 1/1

mildi (noun f.) ‘generosity, mercy...’ — 12/8

mildr (adj.) [°compar. -ri/-ari, superl. -astr] ‘mild, gentle, gracious, generous...’mildum 10/2

millum (prep.) ‘between...’ — 5/1

minnigr (adj.) [°compar. minngari, superl. -astr/minngastr] ‘mindful...’ — 4/5

mundang (noun n.) [°-s; gen. -a] ‘appropriate...’ — 7/2

munu (verb) ‘will, must...’mun 6/6

1mæla (verb) ‘speak, say...’mæltu 2/5

2mærr (adj.) ‘famous...’Mærir 1/1

mætr (adj.) [°compar. -ri/-ari, superl. -astr] ‘honoured, respected...’mætan 4/3

nafn (noun n.) [°-s; *-] ‘name...’ — 7/2

nafnbót (noun f.) ‘[rank]...’Nafnbœtr 5/5

nafnkunnr (adj.) ‘[famous]...’ — 9/2

(conj.) ‘nor...’ — 9/6

1niðr (noun m.) [°-s; niðjar/niðir, acc. niði] ‘son, kinsman, relative...’niðjum 5/6

norðan (adv.) ‘from the north...’ — 2/4, 8/2, 9/1

Noregr (noun m.) ‘Norway...’Nóregs 5/5, Nóregs 9/4

nýtr (adj.) [°compar. -ri, superl. nýztr/nýtastr] ‘useful, able...’nýtum 4/7

nærri (adj. comp.) [°superl. nǽstr] ‘near, nearer, next...’næst 9/1

3of (prep.) ‘around, from; too...’ — 2/4, 4/8, 6/1

3ok (conj.) ‘and, but; also...’ — 1/3, 3/7, 5/6, 6/7

orð (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘word...’ — 2/1

2óðr (adj.) [°compar. -ari, superl. -astr] ‘raging, furious...’óða 11/2

ógn (noun f.) [°-ar; -ir] ‘terror, battle...’ — 12/2

Ósló (noun f.) ‘[Oslo]...’ — 10/1

prýða (verb) ‘adorn...’prýddr 5/6

rammr (adj.) [°compar. -ari, superl. -astr] ‘mighty...’ramri 6/8

1rausn (noun f.) ‘magnificence...’rausnar 6/7

ráðigr (adj.) [°-an/ráðgan; compar. ráðgari, superl. -astr/ráðgastr] ‘[wise]...’ráðug 6/4

regn (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘rain...’ — 11/6

rekkr (noun m.) [°; -ar] ‘man, champion...’rekka 3/6

3renna (verb) ‘let run (weak)...’rendi 9/1

reyna (verb) ‘test, try, experience...’reyndan 7/3

1réttr (noun m.) [°-ar, dat. -/-i; -ir, acc. -i/-u] ‘right, entitlement...’réttu 12/7

1ript (noun f.) ‘cloth...’ — 9/6

1ríða (verb) ‘ride...’reið 8/5, reið 12/5

ríki (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘kingdom, power...’ — 6/7

rjóða (verb) ‘to redden...’rauð 10/1, rauð 11/3

ræsa (verb) ‘incite, rush...’ræstir 10/3

ræsir (noun m.) ‘ruler...’ræsi 3/2

rǫnd (noun f.) [°dat. -/-u; rendr/randir] ‘shield, shield-rim...’randir 10/5

saman (adv.) ‘together...’ — 10/4

1 (pron.) [°gen. þess, dat. þeim, acc. þann; f. sú, gen. þeirrar, acc. þá; n. þat, dat. því; pl. m. þeir, f. þǽ---] ‘that (one), those...’því 2/6, því 3/6

sás (conj.) ‘the one who...’ — 5/5, 12/5

4selja (verb) ‘hand over, sell, give...’seldi 3/7, seldusk 5/2

sem (conj.) ‘as, which...’ — 2/5, 11/1

senda (verb) ‘send...’sendi 2/1

1serkr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -/-i; -ir] ‘shirt...’serki 11/4

sigr (noun m.) [°sigrs/sigrar, dat. sigri; sigrar] ‘victory...’ — 12/7

sigrbyrr (noun m.) ‘favouring wind of victory...’sigrbyr 9/7

siklingr (noun m.) [°; -ar] ‘king, ruler...’sikling 5/6, 4/5

3sinn (pron.) [°f. sín, n. sitt] ‘(refl. poss. pron.)...’sinni 9/8, sitt 3/8

1síð (noun f.) [°; -ir] ‘um síðir: in the end...’síðir 6/1

1síða (noun f.) [°-u; -ur] ‘side...’síðu 9/4

2skaka (verb) ‘shake...’skókusk 8/3

skarpr (adj.) ‘sharp, bitter...’skǫrpum 8/4

skati (noun m.) [°-a; -nar] ‘chieftan, prince...’skata 10/2

skíð (noun n.) [°; -] ‘ski...’skíðum 9/2

2skrýða (verb) ‘adorn, clothe...’skrýddi 5/6

skýfa (verb) ‘cut, slash...’skýfðusk 10/5

skýrr (adj.) ‘clear...’skýrs 3/7

1snarla (adv.) ‘quickly...’ — 3/2

snarpr (adj.) ‘sharp, keen...’Snǫrp 11/1

snarr (adj.) ‘gallant, bold...’snarir 5/4, 9/7

snilld (noun f.) [°-ar] ‘eloquence, courage...’snildar 3/7

snjallr (adj.) ‘quick, resourceful, bold...’snjalla 4/8, Snjallir 5/1, 7/1

snœfr (adj.) ‘vigorous, skilful, strong...’Snœfrir 4/1

spyrja (verb) [spurði] ‘ask; hear, find out...’spurðisk 9/1

stafn (noun m.) [°dat. -i/-; -ar] ‘prow...’stafna 9/2

standa (verb) ‘stand...’stóð 11/5

1stál (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘steel, weapon, prow...’stála 3/8, stála 6/6

stefnir (noun m.) ‘commander...’ — 11/3

stillir (noun m.) ‘ruler...’ — 2/4, 3/6, 7/1

stingr (noun m.) [°; -ir] ‘rod...’stinga 8/6

stinnr (adj.) ‘stiff, firm...’stinnum 9/8

stofna (verb) ‘make, inflict, begin...’stofnuðu 3/1

stórr (adj.) ‘large, great...’stóran 8/1, 6/5

straumr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i/-; -ar] ‘stream, current...’ — 11/2

2stríða (verb) ‘fight...’stríddu 6/5

strǫnd (noun f.) [°strandar, dat. -u/-; strandir/strendr] ‘beach, shore...’ — 2/8

stýra (verb) ‘steer, control...’stœrðir 12/1

1støkkva (verb) ‘(str.) leap, spring; scatter...’stǫkk 4/6

sumar (noun n.) [°-s; sumur/sumar] ‘summer...’sumri 1/4

sund (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘sound, strait; swimming...’sunda 4/6

sunnan (adv.) ‘(from the) south...’ — 4/5, 8/5

svar (noun n.) [°; -*] ‘answer...’svǫr 3/2

svá (adv.) ‘so, thus...’ — 12/8

sveipandi (noun m.) ‘[spreader]...’sveipanda 12/2

sveit (noun f.) [°-ar; -ir] ‘host, company...’ — 6/4

sverð (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘sword...’sverðum 8/4

Sverrir (noun m.) ‘Sverrir...’Sverris 12/7

2svipta (verb) ‘deprive, snatch...’ — 9/6

syngja (verb) ‘sing...’sungu 10/8

sýna (verb) ‘show, seem...’sýndisk 1/3

sýnn (adj.) ‘visible...’sýnni 5/3

sœkja (verb) ‘seek, attack...’sótti 12/3

sætt (noun f.) [°-ar; -ir] ‘settlement...’ — 3/6, 5/3

sǫk (noun f.) [°sakar; sakar/sakir] ‘cause, offence...’sakar 3/4

2taka (verb) ‘take...’tók 5/3, tók 7/1

til (prep.) ‘to...’ — 8/5

tunga (noun f.) [°-u; -ur] ‘tongue, language...’tungur 10/8

tungl (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘heavenly body...’ — 10/2

tveir (num. cardinal) ‘two...’ — 12/4

tvennr (adj.) ‘two...’tvenna 5/2, tvennan 1/2

undan (adv.) ‘away, away from...’ — 4/6, 12/5

ungr (adj.) ‘young...’ungir 3/1

upp (adv.) ‘up...’ — 8/2

uppi (adv.) ‘up, up in...’ — 6/7

valdr (noun m.) ‘ruler...’vald 4/3

Valr (noun m.) [°; -ir] ‘Valr, ?horse...’Vǫlum 8/6

varla (adv.) ‘hardly...’ — 4/2

vatn (noun n.) [°-s; -*] ‘water, lake...’vatni 9/5

2vári (noun m.) ‘[pledges]...’várar 3/7

2veðr (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘weather, wind, storm...’ — 9/5

vefa (verb) ‘enfold, weave...’ofna 11/3

1vega (verb) ‘strike, slay...’ 10/7, vegin 8/4

vegligr (adj.) ‘magnificent...’veglig 1/3

2veita (verb) ‘grant, give...’veitti 3/2

2vera (verb) ‘be, is, was, were, are, am...’vas 6/5, vas 12/5, væri 7/2

1verpa (verb) ‘to throw, cast (up)...’yrpi 11/1

2við (prep.) ‘with, against...’ — 4/3, 6/3

1viðr (noun m.) [°-ar, dat. -i/-; -ir, acc. -u/-i] ‘wood, tree...’ — 1/3

vigg (noun n.) ‘steed...’ — 4/6

vilja (verb) ‘want, intend...’vildi 12/8

1vindr (noun m.) [°-s/-ar; -ar] ‘wind...’vinda 9/6

vinr (noun m.) [°-ar, dat. -/(-i OsvReyk 92.17); -ir] ‘friend...’vinir 4/4

víðr (adj.) ‘far...’víða 2/2

vísi (noun m.) [°-a] ‘leader...’vísa 1/4

vǫllr (noun m.) [°vallar, dat. velli; vellir acc. vǫllu/velli] ‘plain, field...’velli 10/6

Yngvi (noun m.) ‘Yngvi, prince...’ — 9/7

ýtr (noun m.) ‘man; launcher...’ýtar 4/7

þar (adv.) ‘there...’ — 12/3

þars (conj.) ‘where...’ — 6/5

2þá (adv.) ‘then...’ — 1/2, 2/1, 3/5, 5/3, 6/2, 7/1

þás (conj.) ‘when...’ — 9/1

þegn (noun m.) [°dat. -/-i; -ar] ‘thane, man, franklin...’þegna 11/6, þegnum 8/8

þengill (noun m.) ‘prince, ruler...’þengil 7/3

þing (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘meeting, assembly...’ — 3/1

þingfrœkn (adj.) ‘[battle-daring]...’ — 8/6

þjóð (noun f.) [°-ar, dat. -/-u; -ir] ‘people...’ — 6/8

þótt (conj.) ‘although...’ — 6/4

þrútinn (adj./verb p.p.) ‘swollen...’Þrútin 9/5

Þrœndr (noun m.) [°; þrǿndir/þrǿndr] ‘people from Tröndelag...’Þrœnda 2/1, Þrœndir 7/3

þrøngva (verb) ‘press, throng...’þrungu 10/3

þungr (adj.) ‘heavy...’ — 7/4

þunnr (adj.) ‘slender, thin...’Þunnum 8/5

þvít (conj.) ‘because, since...’ — 6/6

2æ (adv.) ‘always, forever...’ — 6/6

œðri (adj. comp.) ‘nobler, higher...’œstum 10/3

1ætt (noun f.) [°-ar; -ir] ‘family...’ — 12/7

ǫðlingr (noun m.) [°; -ar] ‘prince, ruler...’ǫðlings 4/3

ǫfund (noun f.) [°-ar; -ir] ‘envy...’ — 6/2

ǫld (noun f.) [°; aldir] ‘people, age...’aldir 4/2

1ǫnn (noun f.) ‘concern, worry...’ — 2/6

ørlag (noun n.) ‘(pl.) primal law, fate...’ørlǫg 6/3

Runic data from Samnordisk runtextdatabas, Uppsala universitet, unless otherwise stated