Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Óláfr hvítaskáld Þórðarson (Ólhv)

13th century; volume 2; ed. Lauren Goetting;

2. Hrynhenda (Hryn) - 12

Skj info: Óláfr Þórðarson hvítaskáld, Islandsk skjald og lærd, d. 1259. (AII, 92-8, BII, 104-10).

Skj poems:
1. Et digt om kong Hákon
2. Et hrynhent digt
3. Árónsdrápa
4. Af et digt om Thomas Becket
5. Lausavísur

prose works

Óláfr hvítaskáld ‘White Skald’ Þórðarson (Ólhv) was an accomplished Icel. scholar and a prolific poet. Details of his life are documented in Sturlunga saga (Stu), Hákonar saga Hákonarsonar (Hák), and Knýtlinga saga (Knýtl). He was born c. 1210-12 at Staður on Snæfellsness, Iceland, as the eldest son of Þórðr Sturluson and his concubine Þóra. He was the nephew of Snorri Sturluson (SnSt; d. 1241), with whom he spent long periods of time as a young man, and the older brother of Sturla Þórðarson (Sturl; d. 1284). In 1237 he left Iceland with Snorri to embark upon a career as a professional poet at the courts of Scandinavia. According to Skáldatal (SnE 1848-87, III, 256-8, 260, 378-84) Óláfr composed poetry in honour of a large number of kings and noblemen, including the following: (in Norway) Jarl Skúli Bárðarson (d. 1240), King Hákon Hákonarson (d. 1263) and his son Hákon ungi ‘the Young’ Hákonarson (d. 1257), Jarl Knútr Hákonarson (d. 1261); (in Sweden) King Eiríkr Eiríkson (d. 1250); (in Denmark) King Valdimarr Valdimarsson (d. 1241). Because of Óláfr’s close association with Valdimarr, from whom he hafði ... margar ágætligar frásagnir ‘got ... many excellent narratives’ (ÍF 35, 315), he is thought by some to have written Knýtl, which recounts the history of Dan. rulers (see LH 1894-1901, II, 275, 784-5). Around 1242 Óláfr returned to Iceland and founded a school at Stafaholt in Borgarfjörður, where he wrote the Third Grammatical Treatise (TGT) and devoted himself to teaching and writing until his death in 1259. In addition to these pursuits, he was ordained subdeacon at some point after his return to Iceland and also served as lawspeaker 1248-50.

Most of Óláfr’s extant poetry consists of encomia to King Hákon Hákonarson and is inserted throughout the prose in Hák. This includes part of Hrynhenda (Ólhv Hryn), one st. from a Poem about Hákon (Ólhv Hák), and two lvv. (Ólhv Lv). One lv. traditionally assigned to him, has been reassigned in the present edn to Óláfr svartaskáld Leggsson (Ólsv Love 3III). Aside from the aforementioned, the remainder of Óláfr’s known poetic works includes two sts from ÁrónsdrápaDrápa about Árón’ (Ólhv ÁrdrIV), composed about his friend Árón Hjǫrleifsson, and two sts from ThómasdrápaDrápa about Thomas (ꜳ Becket)’ (Ólhv ThómdrIII), recorded in the Fourth Grammatical Treatise (FoGT). Finally, nine fragments of sts from TGT (Ólhv FragIII), treated as anonymous in previous eds, are attributed to Óláfr in this edn.

Hrynhenda (‘Falling, flowing metre’) — Ólhv HrynII

Lauren Goetting 2009, ‘(Introduction to) Óláfr hvítaskáld Þórðarson, Hrynhenda’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 658-70.

 1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   10   11   12 

Skj: Óláfr Þórðarson hvítaskáld: 2. Et hrynhent digt, 1240 (AII, 93-7, BII, 105-8)

in texts: Flat, Hák

SkP info: II, 658-70

old edition introduction edition manuscripts transcriptions concordance references search files

 

1 Vol. 2. Óláfr hvítaskáld Þórðarson, 2. Hrynhenda, 1 [Vol. 2, 658-9] — Ólhv Hryn 1II

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Mærir glǫddusk miklu ári
menn, bôru þá ávǫxt tvennan
(veglig sýndisk) viðr ok fuglar
(vísa grein) á sumri einu.

Skj: Óláfr Þórðarson hvítaskáld: 2. Et hrynhent digt 1 (AII, 93; BII, 105); hrynhent; ed. LG; group: A2; mss: 325VIII 5 a, 42x, 761bx, 81a, E, F, Flat; texts: Flat 828, Hák 4
 
2 Vol. 2. Óláfr hvítaskáld Þórðarson, 2. Hrynhenda, 2 [Vol. 2, 659-60] — Ólhv Hryn 2II

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Orð sendi þá jǫfri Þrœnda
afrendr konungr víða lendum;
fólkprúðr keyrði flota breiðan
(flugu borð of haf) stillir norðan;
fyrðar mæltu á hendr sem harðast,
hófsk ǫnn af því lendum mǫnnum,
errinn bjó með herskip harri
Hákarlastrǫnd, frǫmum jarli.

Skj: Óláfr Þórðarson hvítaskáld: 2. Et hrynhent digt 2 (AII, 93; BII, 105); hrynhent; ed. LG; group: A2; mss: 304x, 42x, 761bx, 81a, E, F, Flat; texts: Flat 849, Hák 25
 
3 Vol. 2. Óláfr hvítaskáld Þórðarson, 2. Hrynhenda, 3 [Vol. 2, 660-1] — Ólhv Hryn 3II

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Þing stofnuðu jǫfrar ungir,
jarl veitti svǫr ræsi snarla,
hersar bôru á hilmi dýran
(hjaldrs fýstu þeir) sakar kaldar;
alt lagði þá frǫmuðr frægða,
fekk sætt af því stillir rekka,
snildar skýrs ok seldi várar
sitt mál í kné lituðs stála.

Skj: Óláfr Þórðarson hvítaskáld: 2. Et hrynhent digt 3 (AII, 93-4; BII, 105); hrynhent; ed. LG; group: A2; mss: 304x, 325VIII 5 b, 42x, 761bx, 81a, E, F, Flat; texts: Flat 851, Hák 27
 
4 Vol. 2. Óláfr hvítaskáld Þórðarson, 2. Hrynhenda, 4 [Vol. 2, 661-2] — Ólhv Hryn 4II

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Snœfrir drógu enn meðal jǫfra,
aldir kóðu varla haldask
ǫðlings heit við allvald mætan,
árskapðan grun vinir hvárskis;
minnigr bjoggi siklingr sunnan
sunda vigg, en jarl stǫkk undan
(ýtar brugðusk jǫfri nýtum)
austr of fjall með drengi snjalla.

Skj: Óláfr Þórðarson hvítaskáld: 2. Et hrynhent digt 4 (AII, 94; BII, 105-6); hrynhent; ed. LG; group: A2; mss: 304x, 325VIII 5 b, 42x, 761bx, 81a, E, F, Flat; texts: Flat 853, Hák 29
 
5 Vol. 2. Óláfr hvítaskáld Þórðarson, 2. Hrynhenda, 5 [Vol. 2, 662-3] — Ólhv Hryn 5II

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Snjallir fóru mága í millum
menn, seldusk þeir gísla tvenna,
sýnni tók þá sætt, er funnusk
snarir bragningar, herr at magna;
nafnbœtr jók sás Nóregs gætir,
niðjum prýddr, ok sikling skrýddi,
bjǫrtu heiti, bǫðvar fljótan,
blíðs hertoga, gjǫfum fríðum.

Skj: Óláfr Þórðarson hvítaskáld: 2. Et hrynhent digt 5 (AII, 94; BII, 106); hrynhent; ed. LG; group: A2; mss: 304x, 42x, 761bx, 81a, E, F, Flat; texts: Flat 854, Hák 30
 
6 Vol. 2. Óláfr hvítaskáld Þórðarson, 2. Hrynhenda, 6 [Vol. 2, 663-4] — Ólhv Hryn 6II

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Fláræði kom framm of síðir,
friðbann hóf þá ǫfund manna,
eigi má við ørlǫg bægjask
jǫfra sveit, þótt rôðug heiti;
stórr var harmr, þars stríddu harrar
stála hregg, þvít æ mun beggja
rausnar-kapp ok ríki uppi,
ramri þjóð, meðan jǫrð heldr flóði.

Skj: Óláfr Þórðarson hvítaskáld: 2. Et hrynhent digt 6 (AII, 94-5; BII, 106); hrynhent; ed. LG; group: A2; mss: 42x, 761bx, 8, 81a, E, F, Flat; texts: Flat 856, Hák 33
 
7 Vol. 2. Óláfr hvítaskáld Þórðarson, 2. Hrynhenda, 7 [Vol. 2, 664] — Ólhv Hryn 7II

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Hauksnjallr tók þá hersa stillir
hæra nafn en mundang væri;
Þrœndir efldu þengil reyndan;
þungr magnaðisk agi bragna.

Skj: Óláfr Þórðarson hvítaskáld: 2. Et hrynhent digt 7 (AII, 95; BII, 106); hrynhent; ed. LG; group: A2; mss: 42x, 761bx, 8, 81a, E, F, Flat; texts: Flat 857, Hák 34
 
8 Vol. 2. Óláfr hvítaskáld Þórðarson, 2. Hrynhenda, 8 [Vol. 2, 664-5] — Ólhv Hryn 8II

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Hilmir fór með herskap stóran,
hildar borð, á Upplǫnd norðan,
mæki skôrusk ljós á Lôku;
lá ferð vegin skǫrpum sverðum;
þunnum reið til Þrándheims sunnan
þingfrœkn jǫfurr Vǫlum stinga;
herskip brendi hilmir grundar
hyggju gegn, en líf gaf þegnum.

Skj: Óláfr Þórðarson hvítaskáld: 2. Et hrynhent digt 8 (AII, 95; BII, 107); hrynhent; ed. LG; group: A2; mss: 42x, 761bx, 8, 81a, E, F, Flat; texts: Flat 861, Hák 38
 
9 Vol. 2. Óláfr hvítaskáld Þórðarson, 2. Hrynhenda, 9 [Vol. 2, 666] — Ólhv Hryn 9II

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Norðan rendi, næst þás spurðisk,
nafnkunnr jǫfurr, skíðum stafna,
(bôrur léku brǫndum hæri)
brodda hríð, fyr Nóregs síðu;
þrútin lôgu veðr á vatni,
vinda ript né gramr bað svipta,
snarr yngvi kvað sigrbyr fenginn
sinni ferð at hjaldri stinnum.

Skj: Óláfr Þórðarson hvítaskáld: 2. Et hrynhent digt 9 (AII, 95-6; BII, 107); hrynhent; ed. LG; group: A2; mss: 42x, 55 A, 761bx, 8, 81a, E, F, Flat; texts: Flat 867, Hák 44
 
10 Vol. 2. Óláfr hvítaskáld Þórðarson, 2. Hrynhenda, 10 [Vol. 2, 667] — Ólhv Hryn 10II

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Hallgeislat rauð hvatt í Oslu
hildar tungl með skata mildum,
ræstir þrungu jǫfrar œstum,
járnfaldit lið, saman hjaldri;
brǫndum skýfðusk blóðgar randir,
bleikir fellu menn at velli,
hlífarlauss vá gramr með gæfu,
gyltar sungu hjalta tungur.

Skj: Óláfr Þórðarson hvítaskáld: 2. Et hrynhent digt 10 (AII, 96; BII, 107); hrynhent; ed. LG; group: A2; mss: 42x, 761bx, 8, 81a, E, F, Flat; texts: Flat 871, Hák 48
 
11 Vol. 2. Óláfr hvítaskáld Þórðarson, 2. Hrynhenda, 11 [Vol. 2, 668-9] — Ólhv Hryn 11II

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Snǫrp bitu jôrn, sem ísmǫl yrpi
óðastraumr; með heitu blóði
herstefnir rauð hamri ofna
hildar serki framar merkjum;
grimmum stóð á Gǫndlar himni
grár regnbogi Hnikars þegna,
harða lustu fylking fyrða
fáreldingar meginsára.

Skj: Óláfr Þórðarson hvítaskáld: 2. Et hrynhent digt 11 (AII, 96; BII, 108); hrynhent; ed. LG; group: A2; mss: 42x, 761bx, 8, 81a, E, F, Flat; texts: Flat 874, Hák 51
 
12 Vol. 2. Óláfr hvítaskáld Þórðarson, 2. Hrynhenda, 12 [Vol. 2, 669-70] — Ólhv Hryn 12II

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Aldri bǫrðusk afli stœrðir,
ógnsveipanda blóðgum greipum
hirð sótti þar hvǫss at garði,
harrar tveir af drengskap meira;
undan reið, sás fremstr var fundinn,
fyrða gramr, at jǫfnum byrðum;
Sverris ætt fekk sigr at réttu;
svá vildi guð framiðr mildi.

Skj: Óláfr Þórðarson hvítaskáld: 2. Et hrynhent digt 12 (AII, 96-7; BII, 108); hrynhent; ed. LG; group: A2; mss: 42x, 55 A, 761bx, 8, 81a, E, F, Flat; texts: Flat 876, Hák 53
 
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