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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anonymous Lausavísur (Anon)

III. 3. Stanzas from Snorra Edda (SnE) - 18

not in Skj

2.1: Stanzas from Snorra Edda — Anon (SnE)III

Kari Ellen Gade, Margaret Clunies Ross and Matthew Townend 2017, ‘ Anonymous, Stanzas from Snorra Edda’ in Kari Ellen Gade and Edith Marold (eds), Poetry from Treatises on Poetics. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 3. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 512. <> (accessed 19 September 2021)

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SkP info: III, 525

old edition introduction edition manuscripts transcriptions concordance search files

13 — Anon (SnE) 13III

edition interactive full text transcriptions old edition references concordance


Cite as: Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2017, ‘Anonymous Lausavísur, Stanzas from Snorra Edda 13’ in Kari Ellen Gade and Edith Marold (eds), Poetry from Treatises on Poetics. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 3. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 525.

This helmingr (Anon (SnE) 13) is transmitted in mss R (main ms.), , A, B (and 744ˣ) and C of Skm (SnE) and in TGT (mss A and W). It is anonymous in all mss. In Skj Finnur Jónsson dates it to the tenth century, but it cannot be older than the middle of the eleventh century (see Note to l. 1 below).

Hrauð í himin upp glóðum
hafs; gekk sær af afli;
bǫrð, hykk, at ský skerðu;
skaut Ránar vegr mána.


The embers of the ocean were thrown up towards heaven; the sea moved powerfully; I believe that prows pierced the clouds; {the road of Rán} [SEA] dashed against the moon.

context: In Skm the helmingr illustrates that the name of Rán, wife of the sea-giant Ægir, can be used in kennings for ‘sea’ (vegr Ránar ‘the road of Rán’). In TGT it is given as an example of yperbola ‘hyperbole’ which is defined as follows (TGT 1927, 82): … yfirganga sannleiks yfir þat framm, sem trúanligt er, sem hér er kveðitHér er óeiginlig líking ok merking milli mǫru-elds ok náttúruligs loga ‘… the exaggeration of truth beyond that which is believable, as is said here … Here there is an improper comparison between, and an interpretation of, phosphorescence and normal fire’.

notes: [1]: This is a Type A-line with a resolved second lift and a heavy dip in position 4, which is a metrical type that originated among the skalds of the Norwegian king Haraldr harðráði ‘Hard-rule’ Sigurðarson (d. 1066). See Note to Hharð Gamv 2/1II and Kuhn (1983, 68). Hence it is highly unlikely that the present helmingr is older than from c. 1050 (see Introduction above).

texts: Skm 360, TGT 108, Gramm 110, SnE 362

editions: Skj Anonyme digte og vers [X]: III. C. Om sørejser 1 (AI, 184-5; BI, 174); Skald I, 93; SnE 1848-87, I, 500-1, II, 451, 534, 600, III, 103, SnE 1931, 175, SnE 1998, I, 95; SnE 1848-87, II, 174-5, 424, TGT 1884, 29, 110, TGT 1927, 82, 107.


GKS 2367 4° (R) 38v, 1 - 38v, 2 (SnE)  image  image  image  
Traj 1374x (Tx) 40r, 12 - 40r, 12 (SnE)  image  
AM 748 I b 4° (A*) 13r, 32 - 13r, 33 (SnE)  transcr.  image  image  
AM 757 a 4° (B) 6r, 2 - 6r, 3 (SnE)  image  image  image  image  
AM 744 4°x (744x) 35v - 35v (SnE)  image  
AM 748 II 4° (C) 7v, 15 - 7v, 17 (SnE)  image  image  
AM 748 I b 4° (A*) 7v, 9 - 7v, 11 (TGT)  transcr.  image  image  
AM 242 fol (W) 109, 24 - 109, 25 (TGT)  transcr.  image  image  image  
AM 761 a 4°x (761ax) 95r, 13 - 95r, 16 (Skáldatal)  image  
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