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Markús Skeggjason (Mark)

12th century; volume 2; ed. Jayne Carroll;

Eiríksdrápa (Eirdr) - 32

Markús Skeggjason (Mark) was the son of Skeggi Bjarnason and possibly a brother of the poet Þórarinn Skeggjason (ÞSkegg). He was lawspeaker in Iceland from 1084 until his death on 15 October 1107. In Íslendingabók (Íslb, ÍF 1, 22) he is named as an important informant for Ari Þorgilsson about the lives of the earlier lawspeakers in Iceland. He had gained this information from his brother, father and grandfather. Markús appears to have had close ties to the Church: during his time as lawspeaker, and with his guidance, Gizurr Ísleifsson, bishop of Skálholt (1081-1118), established the Icel. tithe laws (ÍF 1, 22). Markús was among the most respected poets in the canon of the C13th and he is cited often in SnE and TGT (see below).

In Skáldatal, Markús is associated with S. Knútr Sveinsson of Denmark (d. 1086), Eiríkr inn góði ‘the Good’ Sveinsson of Denmark (d. 1103), and Ingi Steinkelsson of Sweden (d. 1110) (SnE 1848-87, III, 252, 258, 260, 267, 271, 283, see also 348-53). An extended hrynhent poem about Eiríkr (Mark Eirdr), composed after his death in 1103, and one helmingr about ‘Sveinn’s brother’, probably S. Knútr (Mark KnútdrIII), survive, alongside one helmingr and a couplet from a possible drápa about Christ (Mark KristdrIII) and two lvv. (Mark Lv 1-2III). Aside from Eirdr, all of Markús’s extant poetry is transmitted in SnE or TGT, and it has been edited in SkP III.

Eiríksdrápa (‘Drápa about Eiríkr’) — Mark EirdrII

Jayne Carroll 2009, ‘(Introduction to) Markús Skeggjason, Eiríksdrápa’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 432-60.

stanzas:  1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   10   11   12   13   14   15   16   17   18   19   20   21   22   23   24   25   26   27   28   29   30   31   32 

Skj: Markús Skeggjason: 1. Eiríksdrápa, o. 1104 (AI, 444-52, BI, 414-20); stanzas (if different): 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20 | 21 | 22 | 23 | 24 | 25 | 26 | 27 | 28 | 29 | 30 | 31 | 32

in texts: Knýtl, LaufE, Skm, SnE

SkP info: II, 432-60

old edition introduction edition manuscripts transcriptions concordance references search files

 

af (prep.) ‘from...’ — 5/1, 5/8, 21/2, 23/4, 28/3, 30/5, 31/1

alda (noun f.) [°; *-ur] ‘wave...’ǫldu 14/2

aldri (adv.) ‘never...’ — 6/5, 27/5

all- ((prefix)) ‘very...’all 10/7

allr (adj.) ‘all...’Alla 7/5, alla 24/7, alla 29/6, allan 3/5, alls 29/2, allt 12/3, ǫll 25/3, ǫllu 23/7

allvaldr (noun m.) [°-s; -ar] ‘mighty ruler...’allvald 3/3, allvalds 28/5

1alþýða (noun f.) [°-u] ‘all the people...’ — 21/6

1annarr (pron.) [°f. ǫnnur, n. annat; pl. aðrir] ‘(an)other, second...’aðra 15/2, 12/2, annars 27/5, annat 7/3

armleggr (noun m.) [°dat. -/-i; -ir, gen. -ja, dat. -jum/-um(var. ÆvMi𲉠76⁴ „ Æv AM 240XV fol 1r¹Š)] ‘upper arm...’armleggjar 5/4

3at (prep.) ‘at, to...’ — 1/1, 9/4, 11/4, 13/2, 16/3, 17/3, 23/7, 29/7

4at (conj.) ‘that...’ — 6/5, 12/1, 32/1

5at (nota) ‘to (with infinitive)...’ — 2/1, 8/2, 8/4, 10/6, 13/1, 19/4, 20/6, 26/4, 26/6, 30/6

auðigr (adj.) [°auðgan/auðigan; compar. auðgari/auðigri, superl. auðgastr/auðigastr] ‘wealthy...’auðig 10/4

1auðr (noun m.) [°-s/-ar, dat. -i/-] ‘wealth...’auð 5/1, auð 7/2, auð 28/2, auði 3/3, auði 24/1

austan (adv.) ‘from the east...’ — 4/2

2austr (noun n.) [°-s] ‘the east...’ — 3/2

austrvegr (noun m.) [°dat. -i/-; acc. -a/-u] ‘the East (e.g. the Baltic, Russia), the ...’austrveg 3/5

3á (prep.) ‘on, at...’ — 4/3, 7/6, 17/8, 18/1, 19/4, 25/4, 27/2, 31/2, 32/2

áðan (adv.) ‘before...’ — 28/5

áðr (adv.) [°//] ‘before...’ — 24/7

ástvinr (noun m.) [°-ar, dat. -; -ir] ‘dear friend...’ — 21/7

átta (num. cardinal) ‘eight...’ — 28/8

áttkonr (noun m.) ‘[descendant]...’ — 10/3

balkaðr (adj.) ‘[protected]...’balkat 8/3

barð (noun n.) ‘prow, stern (of a ship)...’bǫrð 14/4

Bár (noun f.) ‘[Bari]...’Bôr 9/1

1bára (noun f.) [°-u; -ur] ‘wave...’bôru 4/3

beiðir (noun m.) ‘demander...’ — 7/1

3bera (verb) [°berr; bar, báru; borinn] ‘bear, carry...’bôru 16/2, Bôru 27/1

betr (adv.) [°superl. bezt/bazt; pos. „ vel adv.] ‘better...’beztr 23/7

biðja (verb) [°biðr; bað, báðu; beðinn (beiþ- Martin¹ 573‡, bỏþ- HákEirsp 661‰, cf. ed. intr. xl)] ‘ask for, order, pray...’bað 22/3

bíða (verb) [°bíðr; beið, biðu; beðit] ‘wait, suffer, experience...’beiðat 29/3

bjartr (adj.) [°compar. -ari, superl. -astr] ‘bright...’bjart 26/7, bjartan 7/2, bjǫrtum 24/1

bjǫrn (noun m.) [°bjarnar, dat. birni; birnir, acc. bjǫrnu] ‘bear, Bjǫrn...’Bjarnar 24/2

2blása (verb) [°blǽss; blés, blésu; blásinn] ‘blow...’blés 17/4

bleyðiskjarr (adj.) ‘[cowardice-shy]...’bleyðiskjarrs 27/2

blíðr (adj.) [°n. sg. nom. & acc. blítt/blíðt; compar. -ari, superl. -astr] ‘gentle, happy...’Blíðan 24/1, blíði 3/6

blóði (noun m.) ‘blood-brother...’ — 18/1

borð (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘side, plank, board; table...’borði 23/8

borðviðr (noun m.) [°-ar, dat. -i] ‘[plank-wood]...’borðvið 4/5

borg (noun f.) [°-ar, dat. -; -ir] ‘city, stronghold...’borgar 30/1, borgum 17/1, borgum 27/1

botn (noun m.) [°dat. -i; -ar] ‘bottom...’botni 32/2

bragningr (noun m.) [°; -ar] ‘prince, ruler...’ — 9/2

breiðr (adj.) [°compar. -ari, superl. -astr] ‘broad, wide...’breiðan 4/5

3brenna (verb) [(weak, transitive)] ‘to burn (weak, intr.)...’brenndi 20/4

brimi (noun n.) ‘[wave]...’ — 22/2

broddr (noun m.) [°dat. -i; -ar] ‘point of spear or arrow...’broddi 4/4

bróðir (noun m.) [°bróður/brǿðr/bróðurs, dat. bróður/brǿðr/breðr, acc. bróður/brǿðr; brǿðr/bróðr/breðr (brǿðrirnir Jvs291 75¹⁴), gen. brǿ---] ‘brother...’ — 4/6, 9/1

1brynja (noun f.) [°-u (dat. brynnoni Gibb 38⁹); -ur] ‘mailcoat...’bryn 7/1, brynjur 18/4

buðlungr (noun m.) [°; -ar] ‘king, prince...’ — 13/4, 26/7

2búa (verb) [°býr (1. pers. býg NjM 330²⁴); bjó/bjuggi/bjǫggi/byggi, bjuggu/bjǫggu (præt. conj. byggi); búinn (n. sg. búit/bút)] ‘prepare, ready, live...’bjó 4/1, bjósk 26/5, búna 24/5

byggð (noun f.) [°-ar; -ir] ‘dwelling, settlement...’ — 26/8, 29/6, byggðum 20/2

1byskup (noun m.) [°-s/-(cf. [$489$]), dat. -i/-; -ar] ‘bishop...’byskups 25/8

bœta (verb) [°-tt-] ‘better, emend, compensate...’ — 10/6, bœtir 11/3

bǫð (noun f.) [°-s; -] ‘battle...’bǫðvar 23/7

Danmǫrk (noun f.) ‘[Denmark]...’ — 4/8, 25/1

danr (noun m.) [°dat. -; -ir] ‘Dane...’Dana 1/2, Dana 27/8, Dana 30/8

danskr (adj.) ‘Danish...’danska 25/4

dauði (noun m.) [°-a; -ar] ‘death...’dauða 29/5

dolgr (noun m.) [°dat. -; -ar] ‘enemy, battle...’dolga 29/7

dómr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i; -ar] ‘judgement; court; -dom, -ness (suffix)...’dóma 10/2, dómi 6/6, dóms 23/1

drengr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -; -ir, gen. -ja] ‘man, warrior...’Drengir 5/1, drengir 16/2, drengir 17/7

drepa (verb) [°drepr; drap, drápu; drepinn] ‘kill, strike...’drap 18/2

2drífa (verb) [°drífr; dreif, drifu; drifinn] ‘drive, rush...’dreif 18/1

dróttinn (noun m.) [°dróttins, dat. dróttni (drottini [$1049$]); dróttnar] ‘lord, master...’ — 25/1

drúpa (verb) [°-pð-] ‘droop...’drúpir 29/7

dyggr (adj.) [°dyggvan/dyggan; compar. -vari/-ari/-ri, superl. -vastr/-astr/-str] ‘trustworthy...’dyggvan 29/8

dýrð (noun f.) [°-ar/-a(NoDipl(1279) 44²ˆ); -ir] ‘glory...’ — 8/4, dýrðar 5/4

dýrka (verb) [°-að-] ‘glorify, worship...’dýrkar 25/3

dýrr (adj.) [°compar. -ri/-ari, superl. -str/-astr] ‘precious...’dýrra 26/5, dýrri 1/1, dýrri 32/1

dǫglingr (noun m.) [°; -ar] ‘king, ruler...’dǫglings 25/2

1egg (noun f.) [°-jar, dat. -ju/-(var. [$1655$]: AM 75 c fol “75 c”, etc.)/-i([$1656$], cf. [$1654$] 243-244); -jar/-jur([$1657$] 16¹³n.)] ‘edge, blade...’eggjar 17/6

2eiga (verb) [°á/eigr (præs. pl. 3. pers. eigu/eiga); átti, áttu; átt] ‘own, have...’átti 7/1, átti 13/4

einart (adv.) ‘incessantly...’ — 21/8

einkar (adv.) ‘extremely...’ — 3/6

2einn (pron.) [°decl. cf. einn num.] ‘one, alone...’eitt 27/7

Eiríkr (noun m.) ‘Eiríkr...’Eirekr 5/3, Eirekr 6/5, Eirekr 7/7, Eirekr 10/8, Eirekr 11/1, Eirekr 17/5, Eirekr 20/4, Eirekr 21/1, Eirekr 28/6, Eireks 2/1

1eisa (noun f.) [°; -ur] ‘flame, ember...’Eisur 20/5

eldi (noun n.) ‘fire...’ — 20/3

eljun (noun f.) [°eljunar] ‘energy...’ — 25/4

elli (noun f.) [°-] ‘old age...’ — 29/3

elri (noun n.) ‘alder-tree...’elris 20/8

2en (conj.) ‘but, and...’ — 5/6, 14/3, 17/7, 18/4, 20/7

2engi (pron.) ‘no, none...’ — 2/2, 27/8, 30/6, engr 3/7

2er (conj.) ‘who, which, when...’es 3/7, es 8/1, es 19/3, es 23/6, es 26/1, s 3/4

erfð (noun f.) [°-ar; -ir] ‘inheritance...’erfðir 21/5

erki- ((prefix)) ‘arch-...’erki 25/3

erkistóll (noun m.) [°·stóls, dat. ·stóli/stól; ·stólar] ‘archbishopric...’erkistól 11/2

eydan (noun m.) ‘island-Dane...’Eydana 22/8

2eyða (verb) [°-dd-] ‘destroy...’eyddi 5/5, eyddi 6/1, Eyðisk 12/1

eyðir (noun m.) ‘destroyer...’ — 4/7

él (noun n.) [°; dat. -um] ‘storm...’ — 32/2

2falda (verb) ‘cover, clothe...’faldinn 16/4

falla (verb) ‘fall...’ — 20/6, fell 17/8

fara (verb) [ferr, fór, fóru, farinn] ‘go, travel...’fór 10/5, fór 26/3

2 (verb) [°fǽr; fekk, fengu; fenginn] ‘get, receive...’fær 27/5

Fenney (noun f.) ‘Venice...’Fenneyjar 8/4

fergir (noun m.) ‘destroyer...’ — 6/1

2festa (verb) ‘fasten, betrothe, promise...’festu 21/3

fimm (num. cardinal) ‘five...’ — 9/4, 23/4

fíkjum (adv.) ‘fiercely...’ — 6/2

1fjall (noun n.) ‘mountain...’fjǫll 31/2

fjarri (adv.) ‘far, far from it, unlikely...’ — 32/1

flaust (noun n.) ‘ship...’ — 4/2, 23/6

flaustr (noun n.) ‘ship...’Flaustum 22/1

fleiri (adj. comp.) [°superl. flestr] ‘more, most...’fleira 28/6, flestir 5/7, flestir 30/7, flestum 7/8

flotnar (noun m.) ‘mariners...’flotna 32/2

flýja (verb) ‘to flee, take flight...’flýðu 21/2

fold (noun f.) ‘land...’foldar 3/2, foldar 22/2

foldvǫrðr (noun m.) ‘[land-guardian]...’foldvǫrð 30/7

folk (noun n.) ‘people...’folka 22/1, folks 4/7

folkvápn (noun n.) ‘[battle-weapons]...’folkvôpn 18/3

1fótr (noun m.) ‘foot, leg...’fœti 10/6

Frakkland (noun n.) ‘[France]...’Frakklands 24/2

fram (adv.) ‘out, forth, forwards, away...’framm 16/2

framr (adj.) [°compar. framari/fremri, superl. framastr/fremstr] ‘outstanding, foremost...’fremra 2/2

frá (prep.) ‘from...’ — 10/2, 25/2

1fregna (verb) ‘hear of...’frásk 6/5, fregit 29/4, 25/6

freista (verb) ‘attempt, tempt...’ — 30/4

fremð (noun f.) ‘honour...’fremðar 3/1

fremja (verb) ‘advance, perform...’framði 5/6, framði 18/3, framði 25/5

friðland (noun n.) ‘[secured land]...’ — 8/3

friðr (noun m.) ‘peace...’friði 26/8

Fróði (noun m.) ‘Fróði...’Fróða 5/8

frœknligr (adj.) ‘[a brave]...’frœknligt 7/2

2fullr (adj.) [°compar. -ari, superl. -astr] ‘full, complete...’full 20/2

fundr (noun m.) ‘discovery, meeting...’fundi 24/8

2fylgja (verb) ‘follow, accompany...’fylgðu 7/4

fylkir (noun m.) ‘leader...’ — 5/2, 8/3, 18/4, 30/8

fylkja (verb) ‘marshal...’fylkði 15/4

fyr (prep.) ‘for, over, because of, etc....’ — 14/4, 23/8

2fyrðr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -] ‘man...’fyrða 5/7

fyrr (adv.) ‘before, sooner...’ — 21/8

fýsa (verb) ‘desire, encourage...’fýstisk 8/1, fýstisk 26/1

2fœða (verb) ‘to feed, give food to, bring up, bear, g...’fœðisk 32/1

fœðir (noun m.) ‘feeder, nourisher...’ — 3/1

2fœra (verb) ‘bring...’ — 11/1

fǫr (noun f.) ‘journey, fate; movement...’ — 26/6

gamall (adj.) [°gamlan; compar. & superl. „ ellri adj.] ‘old...’gǫmlu 19/2

2ganga (verb) [geng, gekk, gengu, genginn] ‘walk, go...’ — 8/2, 19/4, gangi 14/2, gekk 9/1, gekk 16/3

Garðar (noun m.) ‘Russia...’Garða 3/2, Gǫrðum 4/2

garðr (noun m.) ‘enclosure, yard...’garð 18/1, gǫrðum 14/4

gefa (verb) ‘give...’gaf 5/2, gefit 28/6

1gera (verb) ‘do, make...’gerði 26/6, gerðisk 13/2, gerðut 30/4, gørva 23/3

1gerð (noun f.) ‘deed...’gjǫrð 1/1

gjald (noun n.) ‘payment, reward, return...’gjǫld 21/3, gjǫldum 9/4

gjalfr (noun n.) [°-s] ‘surge, waves...’gjalfri 32/4

gjǫf (noun f.) ‘gift...’gjafir 24/4

glymja (verb) ‘resound...’glumðu 18/3, 15/3

gnógr (adj.) [°compar. gnógari/gnǿgri, superl. gnógastr/gnǿgstr] ‘abundant...’gnógt 7/3

góðr (adj.) ‘good...’góðir 5/8

1gramr (noun m.) ‘ruler...’ — 12/2, 23/6

grand (noun n.) ‘injury...’ — 20/8

grimmr (adj.) [°compar. -ari, superl. -astr] ‘fierce...’grimmir 21/3

grund (noun f.) ‘earth, land...’grundar 1/2, grundar 24/8, grundar 25/2

grœða (verb) ‘heal...’ — 26/4

grœðir (noun m.) ‘?healer, ?ocean...’ — 14/3, 23/1

1guð (noun m.) [°***guðrs, guðis, gus] ‘(Christian) God...’guðs 6/8, guðs 9/3

guðdómr (noun m.) ‘God’s dominion...’guðdóm 9/2

gull (noun n.) ‘gold...’golli 10/4, gulli 28/2

gumi (noun m.) [°-a; gumar/gumnar] ‘man...’gumnar 21/4

gœða (verb) ‘endow...’gœddi 24/1, gœddu 3/3

gǫfugr (adj.) [°gǫfgan/gǫfugan; compar. gǫfgari/gǫfugri, superl. gǫfgastr/gǫfugstr/gǫfugastr] ‘noble, glorious...’gǫfguð 27/4

hafa (verb) ‘have...’hafði 7/5, hefr 32/1

1hagr (noun m.) [°-s; -ir] ‘situation, condition...’hag 11/3

halda (verb) ‘hold, keep...’ — 6/8, 13/1, helt 2/3, helt 14/1

halfr (adj.) ‘half...’halfa 28/3

halla (verb) ‘turn sideways, sway, lean...’ — 6/6

hamall (adj.) ‘wedge-shaped...’hamalt 15/3

1hamla (noun f.) [°*-u; *-ur] ‘rowing position...’hǫmlu 19/2

hann (pron.) [°gen. hans, dat. honum; f. hon, gen. hennar, acc. hana] ‘he, she, it, they, them......’ — 7/6, 26/6, hans 3/7, hônum 5/8, Hônum 24/5, hônum 25/7, hônum 28/7, hônum 30/3, þeim 13/2, þeira 20/4

Haraldr (noun m.) ‘Haraldr...’Haralds 10/1

harða (adv.) ‘very...’ — 22/6

harðr (adj.) [°comp. -ari; superl. -astr] ‘hard, harsh...’harða 28/4, harðan 26/3, harðir 17/3

harma (verb) ‘[mourns, lament]...’ — 29/5

1harri (noun m.) [°-a] ‘lord...’Harra 1/1, harra 5/5, harra 24/6, harra 27/2, harra 28/3, harra 30/8, 26/5

hauðr (noun n.) ‘earth, ground...’ — 22/8

hauklundaðr (adj.) ‘[hawk-minded]...’hauklundaðan 1/2

hauss (noun m.) [°hauss, dat. hausi/haus; hausar] ‘skull...’hausi 31/1

háll (adj.) [°[af e-u]] ‘slippery, deceitful...’hôla 6/7

3hár (adj.) [°-van; compar. hǽrri, superl. hǽstr] ‘high...’hôri 21/1, hôtt 20/5, hôva 32/3, hæst 28/1

hefta (verb) ‘restrain, end...’hepti 6/2

hegna (verb) ‘punish...’ — 6/4

hegnir (noun m.) ‘punisher...’hegni 30/5, 18/2

heiðinn (adj.) ‘heathen...’Heiðin 20/1, 19/1

2heiðr (noun m.) ‘honour - gen. -ar...’heiðar 3/8

heilagr (adj.) [°helgan; compar. -ari, superl. -astr] ‘holy, sacred...’heilagt 25/5, helga 10/2

heimr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i/-; -ar] ‘home, abode; world...’heims 26/5, heims 29/6

heitr (adj.) [°compar. -ari, superl. -astr] ‘hot, ardent...’heitan 17/8

helmingr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i; -ar] ‘unit, troop...’helming 26/3, helmings 4/4

hergangr (noun m.) ‘[onslaught]...’hergang 22/7

herr (noun m.) [°-s/-jar, dat. -; -jar, gen. -ja/herra] ‘army, host...’herjar 23/3, 17/1, 19/1, 27/3, 29/7

hersir (noun m.) [°-is; -ar] ‘cheiftan...’hersa 22/5, hersa 26/4, hersa 28/8

herskip (noun n.) ‘warship...’ — 28/7

hervíg (noun n.) ‘warfare...’hervígs 24/5

2heyra (verb) ‘hear...’ — 2/1

hélugr (adj.) ‘rime-spread, frosted ...’hélug 14/4

hildingr (noun m.) [°; -ar] ‘king, ruler...’ — 15/4, 25/5, 28/1

1hildr (noun f.) ‘battle...’hildar 5/6

hilmir (noun m.) ‘prince, protector...’hilmi 17/4, 22/7

himinn (noun m.) [°himins, dat. himni; himnar] ‘heaven, sky...’himna 25/8, himni 20/8

hingat (adv.) ‘(to) here...’ — 11/4

1hjaldr (noun m.) ‘battle...’hjaldri 16/3

hjaldrganga (noun f.) ‘[battle-advance]...’ — 17/2

1hjalmr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i; -ar] ‘helmet...’hjalmi 16/4

hjarta (noun n.) [°-; *-u] ‘heart...’ — 7/2, hjǫrtu 20/1

hjǫrr (noun m.) ‘sword...’hjǫrva 30/1

2hlið (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘gate...’ — 8/4

hlíf (noun f.) [°-ar; -ar] ‘shield, defence...’hlífar 15/3, Hlífum 22/5

hlífa (verb) ‘protect...’ — 9/3

hljóta (verb) ‘alot, gain...’hljótum 11/3

1hlýða (noun f.) ‘washboard...’ — 14/3, Hlýðu 4/5

2hlýða (verb) ‘hear, listen; be able...’ — 21/6

2hlýr (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘cheek, bow...’hlýrum 4/3

hlýri (noun m.) ‘brother...’hlýra 24/2, 10/1

1hnoss (noun f.) [°; -ir] ‘treasure...’hnossum 27/4

hnøggvi (noun f.) ‘stinginess, parsimony ...’ — 3/4

hollr (adj.) [°compar. -ari, superl. -astr] ‘loyal...’holl 23/3

holr (adj.) ‘open...’hola 4/3

hraustr (adj.) [°compar. -ari, superl. -astr] ‘strong, valiant...’hraustan 30/7

2hreinn (adj.) [°compar. hreinari/hreinni, superl. hreinastr/hreinstr] ‘pure...’hrein 23/4

4hringja (verb) ‘[ring, to ring]...’ — 27/3

1hringr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -; -ar] ‘ring; sword...’hring 32/4, Hringum 5/5, hringum 10/3

hrista (verb) ‘shake...’hristi 14/3

hristimeiðr (noun m.) ‘[brandishing-trees]...’hristimeiðar 30/2

hróðigr (adj.) ‘glorious...’ — 7/1

hróðr (noun m.) ‘encomium, praise...’ — 1/1

hryggð (noun f.) [°-ar] ‘sorrow...’hryggðar 20/2

2hryggr (adj.) [°-van/-jan; compar. -vari/-ari/-ri; superl. -astr] ‘sorrowful, sad...’hryggva 29/8

hús (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘house...’húsum 20/5

hvargegn (adj.) ‘[that very capable]...’hvargegnan 25/6

1hvergi (adv.) ‘nowhere...’ — 7/4, 30/1

2hverr (pron.) ‘who, whom, each, every...’hver 15/2, 32/3

hylli (noun f.) [°-] ‘favour...’ — 9/3

hǫfuðkirkja (noun f.) ‘cathedral...’hǫfuðkirkjur 23/2

hǫfuðskjǫldungr (noun m.) ‘[principal kings]...’hǫfuðskjǫldunga 9/4

hǫfugr (adj.) [°acc. hǫfgan, compar. hǫfgari] ‘heavy, difficult...’hǫfgan 28/2

hǫlðr (noun m.) [°-s; -ar] ‘man...’haulda 20/3, haulda 25/7, hauldar 21/3

1hǫll (noun f.) [°hallar, dat. -u/-; hallir] ‘hall...’hallir 20/6

hǫnd (noun f.) [°handar, dat. hendi; hendr (hendir StatPáll³ 752¹²)] ‘hand...’hendr 6/3, 19/4

hǫrgr (noun m.) [°; -ar] ‘cairn, shrine...’Hǫrga 17/1

illr (adj.) ‘bad, evil, unwell...’illu 13/2

2inn (art.) ‘the...’hinn 3/7, hitt 8/1, hitt 12/1, hitt 26/1, in 26/2, 3/6, ins 26/5, it 22/6

í (prep.) ‘in, into...’ — 2/4, 3/2, 3/8, 4/4, 4/6, 9/1, 10/8, 14/1, 17/1, 20/2, 20/5, 20/8, 25/1, 27/5, 28/2, 28/4, 29/1

ítr (adj.) ‘glorious...’ítrir 3/4

2jafna (verb) ‘[equal]...’jafnask 27/7

jafnstórr (adj.) ‘[so much]...’jafnstórt 12/1

jarl (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i; -ar] ‘poet, earl...’jarla 30/5

járn (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘iron, weapon...’jǫrn 17/7

Jórsalir (noun m.) ‘[Jerusalem]...’Jórsala 26/8

jóti (noun m.) [°; -ar] ‘one of the Jótar...’Jóta 24/8

jǫfurr (noun m.) ‘ruler, prince...’jǫfra 2/4, jǫfra 27/6, jǫfrar 30/4, jǫfri 7/8

3kanna (verb) ‘know, be able...’ — 26/6

kapp (noun n.) [°-s; *-] ‘strength, vigour, courage...’ — 30/6

keisari (noun m.) [°-a; -ar] ‘emperor...’keisara 24/4

kenna (verb) ‘know, teach...’kenndr 4/8

ker (noun n.) ‘vessel...’kers 32/2

keyra (verb) ‘drive, whip, fling...’keyrði 22/5

kind (noun f.) [°-ar; -r] ‘offspring, race...’kindir 15/1

klæði (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘clothes...’klæðum 28/5

knega (verb) ‘to know, understand, be able to...’knátti 4/7, knôttu 15/3

Knútr (noun m.) ‘Knútr...’Knúts 4/6

knýja (verb) ‘press forward, urge, drive...’kníða 22/2, kníði 10/7, kníðusk 17/3

knǫrr (noun m.) [°knarrar, dat. knerri; knerrir, acc. knǫrru/knerri] ‘(a kind of) ship...’knǫrru 5/2

koma (verb) [kem, kom/kvam, kominn] ‘come...’kom 13/3

konungr (noun m.) [°dat. -i, -s; -ar] ‘king...’konung 29/2, 6/2, 12/3, 26/2, konungs 30/2

krefja (verb) ‘request...’krafði 12/3, krafði 29/1

2kringr (adj.) [°compar. -ri] ‘[encircled]...’kringðum 32/4

Kristr (noun m.) [°-s/-, dat. -i; -ar] ‘Christ...’Krists 12/4

kross (noun m.) [°-, dat. -i; -ar] ‘cross, crucifix...’krossa 27/4

kunna (verb) ‘know, can, be able...’kunni 6/4, kunni 6/7, kunnit 3/7

2kveðja (verb) ‘say, greet...’kveðk 1/1

1kyn (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘kin...’ — 5/7

kynda (verb) ‘kindle...’kyndusk 20/5

lag (noun n.) [°-s; *-] ‘layer; (pl.) law...’lǫg 6/8

land (noun n.) [°-s; *-] ‘land...’ — 22/6, lǫndum 29/1

langr (adj.) [°compar. lengri, superl. lengstr] ‘long...’langan 2/3, langan 8/2

láðmaðr (noun m.) ‘guide...’láðmenn 24/6

láta (verb) ‘let, have sth done...’lét 6/3, lét 23/3, lét 23/6, lét 24/3, lét 24/5, lét 25/1, lét 31/1

leið (noun f.) [°-ar, dat. -u/-; -ir/-ar] ‘path, way...’ — 24/7

2lenda (verb) ‘give land, put ashore...’ — 4/8

2lest (noun f.) [°; -ir] ‘a lest...’ — 28/3

leyfa (verb) ‘permit; praise...’leyfði 12/3, leyfir 32/3

lið (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘retinue, troop...’liði 15/4

liðhraustr (adj.) ‘[troop-bold]...’ — 26/2

liggja (verb) ‘lie...’ 21/8

1líða (verb) ‘move, glide...’leið 20/7

líf (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘life...’ — 26/7, lífi 17/6

2líka (adv.) ‘likewise, also...’ — 24/4

2ljósta (verb) ‘strike...’Lýst 8/1, Lýst 26/1

lof (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘praise, leave, permission...’ — 2/1, 28/1, lofi 3/8

lofðungr (noun m.) [°; -ar] ‘king, leader...’ — 8/1

1lundr (noun m.) [°-ar, dat. -i/-; -ar] ‘grove, tree...’Lundi 25/2

1lúka (verb) ‘end, close...’lauk 15/1, lauk 22/7

lykja (verb) ‘lock up, enclose...’lukði 22/1

lýðr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -; -ir] ‘one of the people...’lýða 20/1

1lækna (verb) ‘heal, cure...’læknask 26/1

læsa (verb) ‘enclose, lock...’ — 22/3

lǫstr (noun m.) [°lastar, dat. lesti/lǫst; lestir, acc. lǫstu/lasta(Mar655XXXII 462Š)] ‘fault, sin...’lestir 7/4

maðr (noun m.) ‘man, person...’ — 2/2, 27/8, 32/3, manna 13/3, manns 3/8, menn 3/4, menn 17/3, menn 27/1, menn 29/6, mǫnnum 12/2

magna (verb) ‘strengthen, increase...’ — 9/2

malmr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i; -ar] ‘metal...’malmi 16/4

manvit (noun n.) ‘common sense...’ — 7/3

2margr (adj.) [°-an] ‘many...’margar 7/6

1marr (noun m.) ‘sea...’mar 31/2

máttr (noun m.) [°-ar, dat. mǽtti/mátt; mǽttir, dat. -um] ‘power...’máttar 28/8

með (prep.) ‘with...’ — 21/1, 23/5, 26/3

mega (verb) ‘may, might...’ 25/6, mátti 7/7, mátti 27/7

meiri (adj. comp.) [°meiran; superl. mestr] ‘more, most...’meira 7/7, mest 7/4, mestr 7/8

1merki (noun n.) [°-s: -] ‘banner, sign...’ — 11/2, 17/4

merkja (verb) ‘mark, signify...’merkð 23/8

metnuðr (noun m.) [°-aðar, dat. -aði] ‘pride, arrogance...’metnað 27/6

mikill (adj.) [°mikinn] ‘great, large...’miklu 15/4, miklum 16/3

Miklagarðr (noun m.) ‘[Constantinople]...’Miklagarði 28/4

mildingr (noun m.) [°-s] ‘ruler, generous one...’ — 10/5, 16/3

1minni (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘memory...’ — 7/3

1morð (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘killing, battle...’morði 17/3

móðr (adj.) ‘weary...’móðum 10/6

móti (prep.) ‘against...’ — 27/2

munkr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i/-; -ar] ‘monk...’munka 10/5

munu (verb) ‘will, must...’mun 9/3

musteri (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘church, temple...’ — 23/4

mœðir (noun m.) ‘[troubler]...’ — 26/4

mærð (noun f.) ‘praise...’mærðar 3/6

nafn (noun n.) [°-s; *-] ‘name...’ — 3/7

1 (verb) ‘reach, get, manage...’náði 11/1, nôðu 20/6, næði 24/7

1nema (verb) ‘to take...’nam 7/6, numnir 21/4

nenna (verb) ‘strive, be inclined...’nenna 8/4

norðan (adv.) ‘from the north...’ — 23/8, 26/3

2norðr (adv.) ‘north...’ — 11/4

nýtr (adj.) [°compar. -ri, superl. nýztr/nýtastr] ‘useful, able...’ — 22/6

nærri (adj. comp.) [°superl. nǽstr] ‘near, nearer, next...’næst 19/4

oddr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i; -ar] ‘point of weapon...’odda 17/5, 4/4, oddum 22/3

3of (prep.) ‘around, from; too...’ — 3/5, 10/5, 11/2, 15/1, 16/1, 17/4, 19/1, 20/3, 22/6, 29/6

ofrhugi (noun m.) ‘recklessness...’ — 7/8

ofvægr (adj.) ‘invincible, overwhelming...’ — 29/3

3ok (conj.) ‘and, but; also...’ — 5/2, 5/3, 7/2, 7/3, 10/4, 16/4, 22/4, 23/7, 27/4, 28/8

olmr (adj.) [°compar. -ari, superl. -astr] ‘fierce, furious...’olman 22/7

opt (adv.) ‘often...’ — 5/3

orð (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘word...’orðum 11/4

orðstírr (noun m.) ‘glory...’orðstír 2/3

Ǫzurr (noun m.) ‘[Ǫzurr, Ǫssur]...’Ǫzur 25/6

óðastrangr (adj.) ‘furiously turbulent ...’óðastrǫngum 14/1

2óðr (adj.) [°compar. -ari, superl. -astr] ‘raging, furious...’óðu 4/6

ógn (noun f.) [°-ar; -ir] ‘terror, battle...’Ógnir 30/5

3ór (prep.) ‘out of...’ — 4/2, 19/2, 27/1

ósiðr (noun m.) ‘immorality...’ósið 6/4

ótal (noun n.) ‘countless...’ — 18/2, 20/3

1ótta (noun f.) [°-u] ‘dawn...’óttu 20/7

páfi (noun m.) [°-a; -ar] ‘Pope...’ — 12/4

port (noun n.) [°; -] ‘[stronghold, town]...’porti 19/2

prúðr (adj.) [°superl. -astr] ‘magnificent, proud...’prúðan 3/3

rammr (adj.) [°compar. -ari, superl. -astr] ‘mighty...’ramr 5/6

randgarðr (noun m.) ‘shield-wall...’randgarðs 24/3

rauðr (adj.) [°compar. -ari] ‘red...’rauðri 22/8, rauðu 10/4, rauðu 28/2

raun (noun f.) [°-ar; -ir] ‘ordeal, proof, experience...’raunar 30/3

ráð (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘advice, plan, control, power...’ráða 3/1

ráða (verb) ‘advise, rule, interpret, decide...’ráði 12/1, réð 21/7

2reiða (verb) ‘carry...’ — 3/8

2reiði (noun f.) [°-] ‘anger...’ — 30/2

reifir (noun m.) ‘presenter, gladdener ...’ — 22/5

rekkr (noun m.) [°; -ar] ‘man, champion...’rekka 15/1

2reynir (noun m.) ‘tester...’ — 25/7, 28/7

risnumaðr (noun m.) ‘[doughty man]...’ — 15/2

ríkir (noun m.) ‘[A ruler]...’ — 27/6

ríkr (adj.) ‘mighty, powerful, rich...’ríks 24/4

Rín (noun f.) ‘[Rhine]...’Rínar 31/2

rísta (verb) ‘carve, raise...’reist 30/4

rjóða (verb) ‘to redden...’rauðan 18/1, roðnum 31/1

róg (noun n.) [°-s] ‘strife, slander...’rógs 18/2

Róm (noun n.) ‘Rome...’Rómi 10/2, Róms 8/2, Róms 10/8

rýrir (noun m.) ‘diminsher, destroyer...’ — 4/1, 24/3

ræsir (noun m.) ‘ruler...’ — 31/1

rǫf (noun f.) ‘amber...’ — 5/4

rǫnd (noun f.) [°dat. -/-u; rendr/randir] ‘shield, shield-rim...’rand 18/1, 30/3, Rǫndu 15/1, rǫndu 22/4

1salr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -; dat. sǫlum] ‘hall...’sali 20/4

saxi (noun m.) [°; -ar] ‘Saxon...’Saxa 11/2

Saxland (noun n.) ‘[Saxony]...’ — 23/8

1 (pron.) [°gen. þess, dat. þeim, acc. þann; f. sú, gen. þeirrar, acc. þá; n. þat, dat. því; pl. m. þeir, f. þǽ---] ‘that (one), those...’þanns 25/3, þat 21/8, þat 29/8, þau 23/5, þeir 3/4, þeir 19/3, þeiri 10/8, þess 30/4, því 7/4, því 21/7

sál (noun f.) [°-ar, dat. -u/-; -ir] ‘soul...’sôl 10/6, sôl 26/4

2sár (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘wound...’sôr 26/2

sás (conj.) ‘the one who...’ — 7/7

sáttarof (noun n.) ‘[truce-breaking]...’ — 13/4

seggr (noun m.) [°; -ir] ‘man...’seggja 17/6, seggjum 5/4

sem (conj.) ‘as, which...’ — 12/3

1sess (noun m.) [°-, dat -/-i;n dat. -um] ‘seat, throne...’ — 2/4

setja (verb) ‘place, set, establish...’settan 25/1, setti 23/1

sex (num. cardinal) ‘six...’ — 28/8

sigr (noun m.) [°sigrs/sigrar, dat. sigri; sigrar] ‘victory...’sigri 21/4, sigrs 6/8

sik (pron.) [°gen. sín, dat. sér] ‘(refl. pron.)...’sér 6/7, sér 24/3, sér 27/7, 18/3

siklingr (noun m.) [°; -ar] ‘king, ruler...’siklings 29/5

1síð (noun f.) [°; -ir] ‘um síðir: in the end...’síðir 19/1

1síða (noun f.) [°-u; -ur] ‘side...’síðu 22/2

síðan (adv.) ‘later, then...’ — 4/7, 9/1, 29/5

sjalfr (adj.) ‘self...’sjǫlfum 28/3

1sjá (pron.) [°gen. þessa dat. þessum/þeima, acc. þenna; f. sjá/þessi; n. þetta, dat. þessu/þvísa; pl. þessir] ‘this...’þessi 2/4

2sjá (verb) ‘see...’ 8/3

skammr (adj.) ‘short...’skammt 25/2

skip (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘ship...’skipum 14/2

skína (verb) ‘shine...’ — 31/2

skjaldborg (noun f.) ‘shield-wall...’ — 22/8

1skjalfa (verb) ‘shake - intrans....’skalf 14/3

skjóta (verb) ‘shoot...’skaut 4/3

skjǫldungr (noun m.) ‘king...’skjǫldungs 11/4

skrín (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘shrine...’ — 10/4, 27/4

2skrýða (verb) ‘adorn, clothe...’skrýddar 23/2, skrýddr 16/4

skulu (verb) ‘shall, should, must...’skal 8/1, skal 26/1

1skúr (noun f.) [°; -ir] ‘shower...’skúrir 17/5

2slíkr (adj.) ‘such...’slíkan 27/6

slíta (verb) ‘to tear...’ — 3/4

sløngvir (noun m.) ‘slinger...’ — 5/5

smíða (verb) ‘craft...’ — 23/6

2snara (verb) ‘turn (quickly)...’snǫruð 17/2

snarr (adj.) ‘gallant, bold...’ — 30/8

snilli (noun f.) ‘eloquence...’ — 4/8, 7/5

snjallr (adj.) ‘quick, resourceful, bold...’snjalla 24/6, snjallan 29/2, snjallir 29/6, 23/7

sól (noun f.) [°-ar, dat. -u/-; -ir] ‘sun...’ — 31/2

spjalli (noun m.) ‘confidant...’ — 24/6

springa (verb) ‘burst, spring apart...’sprungu 18/4

standa (verb) ‘stand...’ — 20/8, stóðu 30/5, stóðusk 30/1

steinn (noun m.) [°steins; steinar] ‘stone, colour...’steini 23/4

sterkr (adj.) ‘strong...’sterkan 17/4

steypir (noun m.) [°-s] ‘overcomer, destroyer ...’steypi 29/7

stillir (noun m.) ‘ruler...’stilli 9/3, stilli 16/1, stilli 21/6, 3/5, 5/6, 29/3

1stígr (noun m.) [°dat. -; -ar/-ir, acc. -a/-u] ‘path...’stíg 25/8

1stóll (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i/-; -ar] ‘seat, throne...’stól 25/3, stóls 5/8

stórr (adj.) ‘large, great...’Stóra 10/1, stórar 24/3, stórum 5/3, stórum 27/1

strengja (verb) ‘[test, made]...’ — 30/6

2stríð (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘affliction...’ — 29/4

strǫnd (noun f.) [°strandar, dat. -u/-; strandir/strendr] ‘beach, shore...’ — 22/4

stund (noun f.) [°-ar, dat. -u/-; -ir] ‘time, hour...’stundu 21/2

2styðja (verb) ‘protect, support...’studdi 4/5

styrjǫld (noun f.) [°-aldar; -aldir] ‘conflict, war, battle...’ — 16/1

stýfa (verb) ‘cut...’ — 6/3

stýrandi (noun m.) [°-a; -endr] ‘ruler, steerer...’ — 29/2

stýrir (noun m.) ‘ruler, controller...’ — 24/2

stǫng (noun f.) [°stangar, dat. -u; stangir/stengr] ‘pole...’stengr 16/2

sumarr (noun m.) ‘[summer]...’sumars 4/4

sunnan (adv.) ‘(from the) south...’ — 12/4, 13/3

svalr (adj.) ‘cool...’svalri 22/4

svát (conj.) ‘so that, so as...’ — 5/7, 15/2

2Sveinn (noun m.) ‘Sveinn...’Sveini 21/8

sveit (noun f.) [°-ar; -ir] ‘host, company...’sveitir 10/7

sveiti (noun m.) [°-a] ‘blood...’ — 17/8

sverð (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘sword...’ — 5/2

1svik (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘deceit, treachery; poison...’ — 4/7

svikdómr (noun m.) ‘[treacherous]...’svikdóms 13/3

svífa (verb) ‘sweep...’sveif 20/3

syngja (verb) ‘sing...’sungit 27/3, sungu 17/7

sœfa (verb) ‘die, kill...’sœfðusk 17/7

sœkja (verb) ‘seek, attack...’sótti 3/1, sótti 10/1

1sæla (noun f.) [°-u; -ur] ‘bliss...’sælu 6/7

2taka (verb) ‘take...’tók 15/2, tók 27/3, tók 28/5

telja (verb) ‘tell, count...’talði 21/5

til (prep.) ‘to...’ — 6/7, 8/2, 10/8, 12/2, 24/5, 25/8, 26/5

1tíð (noun f.) [°-ar; -ir] ‘time...’tíða 23/6

2tíðr (adj.) [°compar. tíðari, superl. tíðastr] ‘popular...’ — 3/6

tírr (noun m.) [°-s] ‘glory, honour...’tíri 23/5

tjá (verb) ‘to put in order, prepare...’tér 29/8

treystir (noun m.) ‘trier, encourager, occupier...’ — 22/1

tryggð (noun f.) [°-ar; -ir/-ar] ‘security, oath...’tryggðar 23/5

tryggr (adj.) [°tryggan/tryggvan; compar. -ari/-vari; superl. -jastr/-astr] ‘loyal...’tryggða 26/8

tunga (noun f.) [°-u; -ur] ‘tongue, language...’tungu 25/4, tungur 7/6

týna (verb) ‘lose, destroy...’týndu 17/6

ugga (verb) ‘to fear, suspect...’uggðu 30/7

3und (prep.) ‘under, underneath...’ — 21/8

undan (adv.) ‘away, away from...’ — 21/2

ungr (adj.) ‘young...’ — 7/6, 18/4

unnandi (noun m.) [°-a; -endr] ‘lover...’unnanda 12/4

uppi (adv.) ‘up, up in...’ — 20/7

uppreist (noun f.) ‘success, improvement ...’ — 21/1

1úrigr (adj.) ‘wet...’úrga 22/4

út (adv.) ‘out(side)...’ — 9/1, 10/2, 26/6, 29/1

útan (prep.) ‘outside, without...’ — 10/7, 11/1

4vaka (verb) ‘awaken...’vakði 17/5

valdari (noun m.) ‘[wielder]...’ — 6/8

valdr (noun m.) ‘ruler...’ — 10/7

valkǫstr (noun m.) ‘corpse-pile...’valkǫst 17/8

1vangr (noun m.) ‘field, plain...’vangi 19/4

vargr (noun m.) [°dat. -i; -ar] ‘wolf...’Vǫrgum 6/1

varpaðr (noun m.) ‘[thrower]...’varpaðar 32/4

vaxa (verb) ‘grow, increase...’óx 16/1

3vár (noun n.) ‘spring...’ — 4/1

várr (pron.) [°f. ór/vár; pl. órir/várir] ‘our...’várn 11/3

2veðr (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘weather, wind, storm...’veðri 4/6

1vegr (noun m.) [°-s/-ar, dat. -i/-; -ar/-ir, gen. -a/-na, acc. -a/-i/-u] ‘way, path, side...’veg 8/2

2vegr (noun m.) [°-s/-ar, dat. -] ‘honour...’veg 4/2

2veita (verb) ‘grant, give...’veitti 5/3, veitti 28/7

veldi (noun n.) ‘realm...’ — 10/5, 13/1, 21/7, 25/5, 27/5

2vera (verb) ‘be, is, was, were, are, am...’es 29/4, vas 3/7, vas 7/7, vas 10/8, vas 17/2, vas 21/1, vas 27/3, vas 27/7, vas 28/6, vôru 20/1, Vôru 23/5

1verða (verb) ‘become, be...’urðu 5/7, urðu 19/3, urðu 21/4, varð 3/5, varð 21/6, varðat 30/3, verðr 2/1, vǫrðu 3/2, vǫrðu 19/3

3verja (verb) ‘defend...’varði 10/3, varðisk 17/1

verǫld (noun f.) [°-aldar, dat. -/-u; -aldir] ‘world, age...’ — 2/4, 29/8

vér (pron.) [°gen. vár, dat./acc. oss] ‘we, us, our...’ — 11/3

2við (prep.) ‘with, against...’ — 2/3, 4/8, 22/7, 27/8, 28/1, 28/5, 30/3, 30/8

vilja (verb) ‘want, intend...’vildi 6/5, vildi 9/2, vildi 19/1, vildi 26/7

1villa (noun f.) [°-u; -ur] ‘error...’ — 13/2

Vinðr (noun m.) [°; vinðr/-ir] ‘the Wends...’Vinða 4/1, Vinða 6/1, Vinða 14/4, Vinða 20/2, 13/1, 21/2

vinr (noun m.) [°-ar, dat. -/(-i OsvReyk 92.17); -ir] ‘friend...’ — 23/3

virki (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘stronghold...’ — 19/3, 23/2

1vita (verb) ‘know...’veit 2/2

vitr (adj.) ‘wise...’ — 28/4

1víða (adv.) ‘widely...’ — 23/1, 29/4

víðr (adj.) ‘far...’vítt 20/6

víg (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘battle...’vígs 19/2

vígðr (adj.) ‘consecrated...’vígðan 25/8

víking (noun f.) [°dat./acc. -/-u] ‘viking journey...’ — 6/2

2vísa (verb) ‘show...’vísar 25/7

vísi (noun m.) [°-a] ‘leader...’vísa 16/2, 22/3

1víss (adj.) ‘wise, certain(ly)...’vís 23/1

vǫrðr (noun m.) [°varðar, dat. verði/vǫrð; verðir, acc. vǫrðu] ‘guardian, defender...’ — 32/2

Yngvi (noun m.) ‘Yngvi, prince...’yngva 5/1, yngva 10/3, 2/3, 14/1, 21/5

ýtri (adj. comp.) ‘outer side...’ýtra 22/6

þangat (adv.) ‘there, thither...’ — 14/2, 17/2, 21/5

þar (adv.) ‘there...’ — 8/3, 23/3

þars (conj.) ‘where...’ — 18/3

þats (conj.) ‘that, which...’ — 11/3, 13/4, 27/7

2þá (adv.) ‘then...’ — 13/3, 15/3, 21/3

þás (conj.) ‘when...’ — 27/3

þegn (noun m.) [°dat. -/-i; -ar] ‘thane, man, franklin...’þegna 18/2, þegnum 6/4

þengill (noun m.) ‘prince, ruler...’þengil 2/2, þengil 27/8, 6/3

þiggja (verb) ‘receive, get...’þá 28/1, þôgu 5/1

þing (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘meeting, assembly...’þings 7/1

þjóð (noun f.) [°-ar, dat. -/-u; -ir] ‘people...’ — 25/3

þjófr (noun m.) [°dat. -i/-; -ar] ‘thief...’þjófa 6/3

þora (verb) ‘dare...’þorði 30/6, þorðut 13/1

þó (adv.) ‘though...’ — 28/6

þungr (adj.) ‘heavy...’ — 25/4

2þykkja (verb) ‘seem, think...’þótti 20/7

þyrft (noun f.) [°-ar] ‘need...’þyrftar 12/2

ævi (noun f.) [°-/-ar] ‘life...’ — 32/3

ǫðla (verb) ‘gain...’ǫðlask 26/7

ǫðlingr (noun m.) [°; -ar] ‘prince, ruler...’ — 7/5, 24/7

ǫld (noun f.) [°; aldir] ‘people, age...’aldar 29/4, aldar 21/7, aldar 28/1, 2/1

2ǫnd (noun f.) [°andar, dat. ǫnd/ǫndu; andir] ‘soul, breath...’Andar 29/1

ǫndurr (noun m.) [°-s] ‘front, onset...’ǫndurt 4/1

ǫrr (adj.) ‘generous, brave...’ — 5/2, 22/3, ǫrvan 16/1

Runic data from Samnordisk runtextdatabas, Uppsala universitet, unless otherwise stated