Runic Dictionary

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Jǫkull Bárðarson (Jǫk)

11th century; volume 1; ed. Diana Whaley;

Lausavísur (Lv) - 2

According to Snorri Sturluson (ÓH 1941, I, 503; ÍF 27, 331), Jǫkull (Jǫk) was the son of Bárðr Jǫkulsson of Vatnsdalur, northern Iceland; he is described as a big, powerful man and a great traveller. He was uncle of the saga hero Grettir Ásmundarson and tried unsuccessfully to dissuade him from tackling the revenant Glámr (ÍF 7, 117). Jǫkull became a follower of Hákon jarl Eiríksson (on whom, see ‘Ruler biographies’ in Introduction to this volume), and this allegiance led, in the late 1020s, to both his triumph and his downfall, as commemorated in the two lausavísur attributed to him.

Lausavísur — Jǫk LvI

Diana Whaley 2012, ‘(Introduction to) Jǫkull Bárðarson, Lausavísur’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 813.

stanzas:  1   2 

Skj: Jǫkull Bárðarson: Lausavísur (AI, 314, BI, 291)

in texts: Flat, Fsk, Hkr, ÓH, ÓHHkr

SkP info: I, 813

old edition introduction edition manuscripts transcriptions concordance references search files

 

-sær (adj.)sær 2/8

af (prep.) ‘from...’ — 2/1

3at (prep.) ‘at, to...’ — 1/3

4at (conj.) ‘that...’ — 1/2

3á (prep.) ‘on, at...’ — 1/7, 2/3, 2/8

1ben (noun f.) [°-jar, dat. -; -jar , gen. -a(var. EiðKrC 402¹³: AM 77 4°— “D”)] ‘wound...’ — 2/6

betri (adj. comp.) [°superl. beztr/baztr; pos. „ góðr adj.] ‘better, best...’betra 2/2

blóð (noun n.) [°-s] ‘blood...’ — 2/5

bysja (verb) ‘[streamed, gushes]...’Byss 2/5

digr (adj.) [°digran; compar. digrari, superl. digrastr] ‘fat, large...’digri 1/8

2eiga (verb) [°á/eigr (præs. pl. 3. pers. eigu/eiga); átti, áttu; átt] ‘own, have...’átti 1/5

ek (pron.) [°mín, dat. mér, acc. mik] ‘I, me...’ — 1/2, mér 2/5, mik 2/8

2en (conj.) ‘but, and...’ — 1/1

2er (conj.) ‘who, which, when...’sús 2/3

frá (prep.) ‘from...’ — 1/1

funi (noun m.) ‘fire...’funa 1/6

1gramr (noun m.) ‘ruler...’ — 1/7

gǫfugr (adj.) [°gǫfgan/gǫfugan; compar. gǫfgari/gǫfugri, superl. gǫfgastr/gǫfugstr/gǫfugastr] ‘noble, glorious...’ — 2/7

hafa (verb) ‘have...’hefk 2/2

1heið (noun f.) ‘payment...’ — 2/8

hilmir (noun m.) ‘prince, protector...’ — 2/7

1hjalmr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i; -ar] ‘helmet...’hjalm 2/7

hljóta (verb) ‘alot, gain...’Hlautk 1/1

2hlýr (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘cheek, bow...’ — 1/4

hregg (noun n.) ‘storm...’hreggs 1/3

1hreinn (noun m.) [°; hreinar] ‘reindeer...’hreini 1/3

2inn (art.) ‘the...’ — 1/8

kleif (noun f.) [°; -ar] ‘cliff...’kleifar 1/6

3kvíða (verb) ‘fear...’ — 1/2

lǫgr (noun m.) [°lagar, dat. legi] ‘sea...’legi 2/4

mœði (noun f.) [°-] ‘exhaustion...’ — 2/1

opt (adv.) ‘often...’ — 2/2

Óláfr (noun m.) ‘Óláfr...’Ôleifr 1/6

3ór (prep.) ‘out of...’ — 2/5

ótrauðr (adj.) ‘not reluctant...’ótrauð 2/4

rauðr (adj.) [°compar. -ari] ‘red...’rauðum 2/4

2reiði (noun f.) [°-] ‘anger...’ — 2/8

ræna (verb) ‘rob...’ræntr 1/8

1 (pron.) [°gen. þess, dat. þeim, acc. þann; f. sú, gen. þeirrar, acc. þá; n. þat, dat. því; pl. m. þeir, f. þǽ---] ‘that (one), those...’þvís 1/5

2sár (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘wound...’sôr 2/1

sigr (noun m.) [°sigrs/sigrar, dat. sigri; sigrar] ‘victory...’sigri 1/8

sitja (verb) ‘sit...’setit 2/2

2síð (adv.) ‘late...’ — 1/2

sjalfr (adj.) ‘self...’ — 1/7

1sjá (pron.) [°gen. þessa dat. þessum/þeima, acc. þenna; f. sjá/þessi; n. þetta, dat. þessu/þvísa; pl. þessir] ‘this...’þessi 2/5

skip (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘ship...’skipi 1/4

spræna (verb) ‘spurt...’sprændi 2/3

stétt (noun f.) [°-ar; -ir] ‘path...’stéttar 1/5

stýra (verb) ‘steer, control...’ — 1/4

Sult (noun f.) ‘[Sylte]...’ — 1/1

sumar (noun n.) [°-s; sumur/sumar] ‘summer...’sumri 1/7

1svíða (verb) ‘cause pain, burn...’ — 2/1

1sæta (noun f.) [°-u; -ur] ‘woman, lady...’ — 1/1

tjá (verb) ‘to put in order, prepare...’ték 2/6

1und (noun f.) [°; -ir] ‘wound...’unds 2/3

1vangr (noun m.) ‘field, plain...’vangs 1/4

ván (noun f.) [°-ar, dat. -/-u; -ir] ‘hope, expectation...’vôn 1/3

2venja (verb) ‘accustom, train...’venjask 2/6

2vera (verb) ‘be, is, was, were, are, am...’erumk 1/3, vas 1/7

1verpa (verb) ‘to throw, cast (up)...’verpr 2/7

vér (pron.) [°gen. vár, dat./acc. oss] ‘we, us, our...’oss 2/3

2við (prep.) ‘with, against...’ — 2/2, 2/6

ýr (noun m.) ‘yew, yew-bow, bow...’ý 1/5

þrek (noun n.) ‘courage, strength...’ — 2/6

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