Runic Dictionary

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Halldórr ókristni (Hókr)

11th century; volume 1; ed. Kari Ellen Gade;

Eiríksflokkr (Eirfl) - 8

Nothing is known about Halldórr ókristni ‘the Un-Christian’ (Hókr) aside from the fact that, according to Skáldatal (SnE 1848-87, III, 257, 266, 280), he was one of Eiríkr jarl Hákonarson’s poets. His nickname indicates that he must have been reluctant to convert to Christianity, and it is not surprising that he is connected with the court of the jarls of Hlaðir (Lade), given that Eiríkr’s father, Hákon jarl Sigurðarson, was the last heathen ruler of Norway. The eight stanzas below are what remain of Halldórr’s poetic oeuvre, and they show that he was well versed in myth and heroic legend and, in particular, that he was familiar with the poetry of earlier and contemporary skalds. In Skj, Finnur Jónsson gives his ethnicity as Icelandic, but that cannot be ascertained.

Eiríksflokkr (‘Flokkr about Eiríkr’) — Hókr EirflI

Kari Ellen Gade 2012, ‘(Introduction to) Halldórr ókristni, Eiríksflokkr’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 469.

stanzas:  1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8 

Skj: Haldórr ókristni: Eiríksflokkr, o. 1010 (AI, 202-4, BI, 193-5)

in texts: Flat, Fsk, Hkr, ÓT, ÓTC, ÓTOdd

SkP info: I, 469

old edition introduction edition manuscripts transcriptions concordance references search files

 

-mývill (noun m.) ‘[lump]...’mývils 5/5

af (prep.) ‘from...’ — 1/2, 5/1, 5/3, 6/7, 8/2

almr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i; -ar] ‘bow, elm-bow...’alm 1/2

aptr (adv.) [°compar. -ar] ‘back...’ — 6/3

3at (prep.) ‘at, to...’ — 2/1, 2/3, 3/7, 4/7, 5/1, 5/3, 5/6, 7/1, 8/2, 8/4, 8/5

5at (nota) ‘to (with infinitive)...’ — 8/7

1auðr (noun m.) [°-s/-ar, dat. -i/-] ‘wealth...’auðs 7/3

3á (prep.) ‘on, at...’ — 1/7, 4/4, 5/6, 6/1, 6/3, 7/3, 7/5, 7/8, 8/2

áðr (adv.) [°//] ‘before...’ — 8/7

barð (noun n.) ‘prow, stern (of a ship)...’Barða 3/5, Barða 5/6

1beita (noun f.) [°-u; -ur] ‘food, meal...’beitu 7/6

3bera (verb) [°berr; bar, báru; borinn] ‘bear, carry...’bar 8/1

biti (noun m.) [°-a; -ar] ‘mouthful, bite...’bita 4/6

bjóða (verb) [°býðr; bauð, buðu; boðinn (buð- Thom¹ 5²n.)] ‘offer, order, invite...’bauð 1/1

blik (noun n.) ‘gleam...’bliks 1/4

boði (noun m.) [°-a; -ar] ‘messenger, breaker...’boða 4/6

borð (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘side, plank, board; table...’ — 3/5

brim (noun n.) ‘surf...’ — 3/6

bróðir (noun m.) [°bróður/brǿðr/bróðurs, dat. bróður/brǿðr/breðr, acc. bróður/brǿðr; brǿðr/bróðr/breðr (brǿðrirnir Jvs291 75¹⁴), gen. brǿ---] ‘brother...’ — 8/8

1brynja (noun f.) [°-u (dat. brynnoni Gibb 38⁹); -ur] ‘mailcoat...’bryn 3/6

danskr (adj.) ‘Danish...’danska 4/8, danskra 4/8

dolgr (noun m.) [°dat. -; -ar] ‘enemy, battle...’Dolgs 4/5

2draga (verb) [°dregr; dró, drógu; dreginn/droget(Hirð NKS 1642 4° 146v²⁹; cf. [$962$])] ‘drag, pull, draw...’drógu 7/1, Drógusk 7/1

drengr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -; -ir, gen. -ja] ‘man, warrior...’drengi 6/4, drengir 4/2, drengja 7/7

dreyri (noun m.) [°-a] ‘blood...’dreyra 3/2

1drótt (noun f.) ‘troop...’ — 5/2, 7/8

dýrr (adj.) [°compar. -ri/-ari, superl. -str/-astr] ‘precious...’ — 7/7

1egg (noun f.) [°-jar, dat. -ju/-] ‘edge, blade...’ — 8/7

eiðr (noun m.) [°-s/-ar, dat. -i/-: -ar] ‘oath...’ — 6/8

2einn (pron.) [°decl. cf. einn num.] ‘one, alone...’einu 2/1, einum 2/1

eira (verb) [°-rð-] ‘°spare, spare (sby’s life); agree (badly...’eirðr 6/8

Eiríkr (noun m.) ‘Eiríkr...’Eireki 1/8

ek (pron.) [°mín, dat. mér, acc. mik] ‘I, me...’eg 8/7

2en (conj.) ‘but, and...’ — 8/5

Eynir (noun m.) [°; eynir] ‘the Eynir...’Eyna 2/1

él (noun n.) [°; dat. -um] ‘storm...’ — 1/2

Faðmir (noun m.) ‘[snake, Faðmir]...’faðmis 3/8

2falda (verb) ‘cover, clothe...’faldinn 8/1

fara (verb) [ferr, fór, fóru, farinn] ‘go, travel...’fór 2/1, fórut 5/5

2 (verb) [°fǽr; fekk, fengu; fenginn] ‘get, receive...’fekk 1/7

Fáfnir (noun m.) ‘Fáfnir...’Fáfnis 3/8

feitir (noun m.) ‘fattener...’ — 1/6

feitr (adj.) [°compar. -ari, superl. -astr] ‘°fed, tyk, korpulent, fyldig, kødfuld; f...’feitra 1/6, feittir 1/6

ferð (noun f.) [°-ar; -ir/-arMork 196¹²)] ‘host, journey...’ — 3/1

(noun n.) [°fjár/féar; -] ‘cattle, money...’fjár 5/5

fjorð (adv.) ‘last year...’ — 3/1, 5/3

fjǫrðr (noun m.) ‘fjord...’fjarð 5/5

flag (noun n.)flags 3/6

flagð (noun n.) ‘troll-woman...’flagðs 3/6

fljúga (verb) ‘fly...’ — 4/5

flótti (noun m.) ‘flight, fleeing...’flótta 7/8

folkharðr (adj.) ‘[war-hard one]...’ — 5/6

fram (adv.) ‘out, forth, forwards, away...’framm 4/5

1fránn (noun m.) ‘snake(?)...’frán 4/6

2fránn (adj.) ‘bright, shining...’fráns 4/6

friðr (noun m.) ‘peace...’frið 4/2

2frón (noun n.) ‘earth, land...’fróns 4/6

fundr (noun m.) ‘discovery, meeting...’fundar 2/8

2fylgja (verb) ‘follow, accompany...’ — 1/8, 4/5

fyr (prep.) ‘for, over, because of, etc....’ — 6/7

2fœra (verb) ‘bring...’fœrðu 5/5, fœrðuð 5/5

galkn (noun n.) ‘[monsters]...’gálkn 7/4, gǫlkn 7/4

2ganga (verb) [geng, gekk, gengu, genginn] ‘walk, go...’gekk 2/7

gangr (noun m.) ‘going, walking; course; success...’ — 4/4

geirr (noun m.) ‘spear...’geira 7/6

geitungr (noun m.) ‘wasp, bird...’geitunga 1/6

1gera (verb) ‘do, make...’Gerðisk 4/1

gerði (noun n.)Gerðis 4/1

Geri (noun m.) ‘Geri...’Gera 7/6

1gína (verb) ‘gape...’ginðu 7/2

gjalla (verb) ‘to scream, shriek; to repay, return, pay...’gullu 4/3

2glaðr (adj.) [°compar. -ari, superl. -astr] ‘cheerful, glad...’ — 8/6

glæsa (verb) ‘adorn...’glæstu 8/3

gnýr (noun m.) ‘din, tumult...’gný 8/5, 7/5

góðr (adj.) ‘good...’ — 8/8

1gramr (noun m.) ‘ruler...’gram 6/6, 1/3

grund (noun f.) ‘earth, land...’grundar 2/8

gull (noun n.) ‘gold...’golli 4/3

gullinn (adj.) ‘golden...’gollin 4/3, gullin 4/3

gumi (noun m.) [°-a; gumar/gumnar] ‘man...’gumnar 8/5

gunnr (noun f.) ‘battle...’gunn 1/4, gunnar 1/3, Gunnar 8/5

gyllinn (adj.)gyllin 4/3

haf (noun n.) [°-s; *-] ‘sea...’ — 6/5

hafa (verb) ‘have...’hafði 2/6, hafði 3/6, hǫfðu 6/5

hald (noun n.) [°-s; *-] ‘support...’halldz 6/6

halda (verb) ‘hold, keep...’ — 1/5, helt 1/3

hallandi (noun m.) ‘[diminisher]...’hallands 6/6

1hallr (noun m.) ‘skree hill...’hall 6/6

hann (pron.) [°gen. hans, dat. honum; f. hon, gen. hennar, acc. hana] ‘he, she, it, they, them......’hônum 2/5, hônum 4/6

harðr (adj.) [°comp. -ari; superl. -astr] ‘hard, harsh...’harða 3/1, harðan 3/1

hauðr (noun n.) ‘earth, ground...’hauðrs 7/3

heift (noun f.) [°-ar; -ir] ‘hatred, enmity...’heiptar 6/1

2heita (verb) ‘be called, promise...’Hét 6/1

heldr (adv.) ‘rather...’ — 3/1

hemingr (noun m.) ‘[Heming, Hemingr]...’Hemings 8/8

2herja (verb) ‘harry, ravage...’ — 1/5

hilmir (noun m.) ‘prince, protector...’hilmi 8/1, 8/1, hilmis 8/1

hitta (verb) ‘meet, encounter...’ — 3/2

hjal (noun n.) [°-s] ‘[talk, chatter]...’ — 8/1

1hjalmr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i; -ar] ‘helmet...’Hjalm 8/1, hjalms 3/7

hneitir (noun m.) ‘sword...’ — 1/1

hnita (verb) ‘[crashed]...’hnitu 3/2

hníga (verb) ‘sink, fall...’hneig 6/3, hné 6/3, hnigu 3/2

holmr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i/-; -ar] ‘island, islet...’holmi 3/7

hrár (adj.) ‘raw...’hra 1/6

1hreinn (noun m.) [°; hreinar] ‘reindeer...’hreina 2/5

1hringr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -; -ar] ‘ring; sword...’hrings 8/2

hríð (noun f.) [°-ar; -ir] ‘time, storm...’ — 3/8

1hrjóða (verb) ‘clear, destroy...’ — 8/7

hræ (noun n.) [°; -] ‘corpse, carrion...’ — 1/6

hugr (noun m.) ‘mind, thought, courage...’hug 6/2

1húnn (noun m.) [°; húnar] ‘knob...’hún 2/5

2hverr (pron.) ‘who, whom, each, every...’ — 1/5

2hyggja (verb) ‘think, consider...’hykka 5/1, Hykkat 5/1

hǫlðr (noun m.) [°-s; -ar] ‘man...’haulda 1/5, hauldar 1/5

2inn (art.) ‘the...’hina 3/2, 3/4, 4/4, 5/8, 8/4

í (prep.) ‘in, into...’ — 3/1, 4/7, 4/8, 7/4

jarl (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i; -ar] ‘poet, earl...’ — 2/6, 3/7, 5/3, 8/6, jarls 5/3

járn (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘iron, weapon...’éarn 7/4, jarn 7/4

jǫfurr (noun m.) ‘ruler, prince...’jǫfra 1/1, jǫfur 5/2

jǫrð (noun f.) [°jarðar, dat. -u; jarðir/jarðar(DN I (1367) 304Š)] ‘ground, earth...’jǫrðu 5/3

koma (verb) [kem, kom/kvam, kominn] ‘come...’kom 3/1, kom 5/3, kom 7/8, komsk 5/3, komt 5/3

konungr (noun m.) [°dat. -i, -s; -ar] ‘king...’ — 2/2

kóngr (noun m.) ‘king...’kóngi 2/2

krefja (verb) ‘request...’krafða 2/6, krafðan 2/6

2kveðja (verb) ‘say, greet...’kvôðu 4/5

land (noun n.) [°-s; *-] ‘land...’lands 6/6

langr (adj.) [°compar. lengri, superl. lengstr] ‘long...’langa 3/4, langa 4/4, langa 5/8, langa 8/4, langi 3/4, langi 8/4

leggja (verb) ‘put, lay...’lagði 3/6

leggr (noun m.) [°-jar, dat. -; -ir] ‘limb...’legg 4/6, leggs 4/6

lengi (adv.) ‘for a long time...’ — 4/2

1leygr (noun m.) ‘flame...’leygs 4/6

lið (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘retinue, troop...’liði 1/4

lítill (adj.) [°lítinn] ‘little...’lítt 5/7

1lúka (verb) ‘end, close...’lokit 6/8

lǫgr (noun m.) [°lagar, dat. legi] ‘sea...’lagar 2/5

maðr (noun m.) ‘man, person...’meðr 2/4, menn 4/7, mǫnnum 7/4

2margr (adj.) [°-an] ‘many...’mǫrg 7/8

már (noun m.) ‘gull...’môr 1/7

með (prep.) ‘with...’ — 6/2

meiðr (noun m.) ‘beam, tree...’ — 2/4

meitir (verb) ‘slicer...’ — 1/1

miðr (adj.) ‘middle, less, hardly...’mið 5/6

mikill (adj.) [°mikinn] ‘great, large...’mikinn 3/5, miklu 1/4, miklu 8/2, mykils 5/5

1morð (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘killing, battle...’morði 2/3

móðr (adj.) ‘weary...’ — 1/2

munnr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i; -ar] ‘mouth...’munnum 7/4

myrðir (noun m.) ‘killer...’myrði 6/7

mýill (noun m.)mýils 5/5

mætr (adj.) [°compar. -ri/-ari, superl. -astr] ‘honoured, respected...’ — 2/3

naðr (noun m.) ‘snake...’Naðri 8/6

neyta (verb) ‘use, enjoy...’ — 6/1

nýtr (adj.) [°compar. -ri, superl. nýztr/nýtastr] ‘useful, able...’nýta 6/1

3of (prep.) ‘around, from; too...’ — 4/4, 6/3, 6/6, 6/7

4of (particle) ‘(before verb)...’ — 2/6

3ok (conj.) ‘and, but; also...’ — 2/1, 4/7, 4/8, 5/6, 7/2, 7/4

ormr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i; -ar] ‘serpent...’Orm 4/4, Orm 5/8, ormin 4/4, ormin 5/8, ormin 8/4, orminn 3/4, orminn 8/4, 3/4, 8/4

ógnharðr (adj.) ‘[battle-hard one]...’ógnharðan 5/4

Óláfr (noun m.) ‘Óláfr...’Ôleifi 6/2

ónn (noun m.) ‘sword...’Óna 2/1

ótrauðr (adj.) ‘not reluctant...’ — 8/8

refill (noun m.) [°; reflar/reflir] ‘[wallhangings]...’refil 5/5

regin (noun n.) ‘divine power...’ — 3/6

Reginn (noun m.) ‘Reginn...’ — 3/6

4reiðr (adj.) [°superl. -astr] ‘angry...’reið 6/8

2reifr (adj.) ‘happy...’ — 6/2

reitir (noun m.) — 1/6

2reka (verb) ‘drive, force...’rekinn 3/6

1reyr (noun f.) ‘reed...’reyru 3/2

2reyr (noun n.) ‘reed...’ — 3/2

rjóða (verb) ‘to redden...’rauð 2/3

1rjóðr (noun m.) ‘reddener...’ — 1/2

runnr (noun m.) [°dat. -i/-; -ar] ‘bush, tree...’runna 4/8

saman (adv.) ‘together...’ — 3/2

2sár (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘wound...’sára 1/7

seggr (noun m.) [°; -ir] ‘man...’seggja 2/7

1senna (noun f.) [°; -ur] ‘quarrel...’sennu 4/7

2Sif (noun f.) ‘Sif...’Sifjar 5/7

sik (pron.) [°gen. sín, dat. sér] ‘(refl. pron.)...’ — 5/4

3sinn (pron.) [°f. sín, n. sitt] ‘(refl. poss. pron.)...’sína 6/4

1síða (noun f.) [°-u; -ur] ‘side...’síðu 3/8

sjau (num. cardinal) ‘seven...’ — 2/4

sjór (noun m.) ‘sea...’ 1/7, 7/5, sævar 5/7

Skánungr (noun m.) [°; -ar] ‘one of the Skánungar...’Skônunga 2/8

1skeið (noun f.) [°-ar; -r/-ar/-ir] ‘ship...’ — 8/3, skeiða 2/4, skeiðr 7/2, skeiðr 8/3, skeiðum 6/8

skera (verb) ‘cut...’skôrusk 3/3

2skræfa (verb)skræfðan 2/6

slíta (verb) ‘to tear...’sleit 7/6, slitu 4/2

snarpr (adj.) ‘sharp, keen...’snarpra 4/1

snjallr (adj.) ‘quick, resourceful, bold...’snjallan 6/6

snúa (verb) ‘turn...’sneri 8/5

sóti (noun m.) [°-a] ‘steed, Sóti...’ — 5/7

2spara (verb) ‘spare, withhold...’sparði 5/4, spǫrðu 5/4

spjǫr (noun n.) ‘spear...’ — 4/3

stjóri (noun m.) [°-a; -ar] ‘steerer...’ — 7/7

1støkkva (verb) ‘(str.) leap, spring; scatter...’stauk 6/3, stǫkk 6/3

2suðr (adv.) ‘south, in the south...’ — 1/3, 4/8, 8/5

sund (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘sound, strait; swimming...’sunds 1/3

sundr (adv.) ‘(a)sunder...’ — 2/8

sunna (noun f.) ‘sun...’sunnu 4/7

sunnan (adv.) ‘(from the) south...’ — 2/2

sunnr (adv.) ‘south...’ — 1/3, 4/8, 8/5

2svangr (adj.) ‘hungry...’ — 5/8

svá (adv.) ‘so, thus...’ — 2/1

svenskr (adj.)svænska 4/7

sverð (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘sword...’ — 2/3, sverða 4/1, sverða 7/5

2svinnr (adj.) ‘wise...’ — 1/3

Svíþjóð (noun f.) ‘[Sweden]...’Svíþjóðu 1/2

sylgr (noun m.) [°dat. -] ‘drink, draught...’sylg 1/8

sœfa (verb) ‘die, kill...’sæfar 5/7

sœkja (verb) ‘seek, attack...’sótta 5/7, sóttan 5/2

sœnskr (adj.) ‘Swedish...’sœnska 4/7

sœtr (adj.) ‘sweet...’sæt 2/7

sætt (noun f.) [°-ar; -ir] ‘settlement...’ — 2/7

2taka (verb) ‘take...’tók 8/6

tangi (noun m.) [°-a] ‘°del af kniv/sværd som går ind i skaftet...’ — 3/4

tigr (noun m.) [°-ar/-s(DN II (1309) 80¹², etc.); -ir, acc. -u] ‘a ten of, a decade; a ten of, a decade...’tøgum 2/4

til (prep.) ‘to...’ — 1/3

tingl (noun n.) ‘prow-board...’tingla 3/3

trǫð (noun f.) [°traðar; traðir] ‘path...’ — 5/6

tungl (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘heavenly body...’ — 3/3

tǫng (noun f.) [°tangar, dat. -u/-; tengr/tangir] ‘tongs...’tangar 3/4

1um (prep.) ‘about, around...’ — 6/7

1und (noun f.) [°; -ir] ‘wound...’ — 2/2

3und (prep.) ‘under, underneath...’ — 3/7

2unnr (noun f.) ‘wave...’unn 2/2, unn 2/5

urta (noun f.) — 6/5

út (adv.) ‘out(side)...’ — 1/1

varmr (adj.) [°compar. -ari] ‘warm...’varm 5/2

vágr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i/-; -ar] ‘sea, wave...’vági 7/1

vápn (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘weapon...’ — 6/8

2vefja (verb) ‘wrap...’vafit 7/4

1vega (verb) ‘strike, slay...’ 7/7

2vera (verb) ‘be, is, was, were, are, am...’var 7/5, var 8/7, varit 7/4, vas 5/7

1verða (verb) ‘become, be...’varð 6/7, varð 7/5, varð 8/7

3verja (verb) ‘defend...’varin 7/4

2við (prep.) ‘with, against...’ — 3/8, 5/8, 8/6, viðr 8/6

1viðr (noun m.) [°-ar, dat. -i/-; -ir, acc. -u/-i] ‘wood, tree...’við 5/6, 5/8

vigg (noun n.) ‘steed...’viggs 2/2

vilja (verb) ‘want, intend...’vildi 1/5

Vinðr (noun m.) [°; vinðr/-ir] ‘the Wends...’Vinða 6/7, Vinða 7/2

2vinna (verb) ‘perform, work...’vann 3/7, vann 5/2

viti (noun m.) [°-a; -ar] ‘beacon, marker...’vita 6/5, víta 4/6

vitr (adj.) ‘wise...’ — 7/1

víðr (adj.) ‘far...’vítt 7/1

víg (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘battle...’vígi 5/1, vígi 7/1, vígs 2/2

vægð (noun f.) [°-ar; -ir] ‘mercy...’ — 5/1

1vægja (verb) ‘yield...’vegja 5/1

þang (noun n.) [°-s] ‘seaweed, kelp...’ — 8/4

þangat (adv.) ‘there, thither...’ — 8/4, þengat 8/4

þar (adv.) ‘there...’ — 3/3, 8/3

þars (conj.) ‘where...’ — 4/3

2þá (adv.) ‘then...’ — 1/5, 3/3, 4/3, 8/3

þás (conj.) ‘when...’ — 2/5, 3/5, 5/5, 6/5

þengill (noun m.) ‘prince, ruler...’ — 6/4

þing (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘meeting, assembly...’þingi 8/2

þjóð (noun f.) [°-ar, dat. -/-u; -ir] ‘people...’ — 6/3, þjóði 7/3, þjóðir 7/3, þjóðir 8/3

þofta (noun f.) [°-u; -ur] ‘thwart, rowing-bench...’þoptur 6/3

þriði (num. ordinal) ‘third...’Þriðja 7/3

þunnr (adj.) ‘slender, thin...’þunn 7/4

því (adv.) ‘therefore, because...’ — 8/3

1ætt (noun f.) [°-ar; -ir] ‘family...’ — 8/8, ættar 2/7

1ǫrn (noun m.) [°arnar, dat. erni; ernir, acc. ǫrnu] ‘eagle...’ — 7/6

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