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Runic Dictionary

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Anonymous Poems (Anon)

VII. Vitnisvísur af Máríu (Vitn) - 26

Vitnisvísur af Máríu (‘Testimonial Vísur about Mary’) — Anon VitnVII

Kari Ellen Gade 2007, ‘ Anonymous, Vitnisvísur af Máríu’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry on Christian Subjects. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 7. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 739-57. <> (accessed 27 January 2022)

stanzas:  1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   10   11   12   13   14   15   16   17   18   19   20   21   22   23   24   25   26 

Skj: [Anonyme digte og vers XIV]: [B. 3]. Vitnisvísur af Maríu (AII, 483-7, BII, 520-6)

SkP info: VII, 754

old edition introduction edition manuscripts transcriptions concordance search files

21 — Anon Vitn 21VII

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Cite as: Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2007, ‘Anonymous Poems, Vitnisvísur af Máríu 21’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry on Christian Subjects. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 7. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 754.

Þagnar sætan signuð;
sonr hennar rieð þenna
fylla framburð allan
fríð sannindi þannin:
‘Það vitni ber eg brúði
bjart og gott,’ kvað dróttinn,
‘áðr sem mín bar móðir;
mær hefir satt að kæra.’

Signuð sætan þagnar; sonr hennar rieð fylla allan þenna framburð, fríð sannindi, þannin: ‘Það vitni, bjart og gott, ber eg brúði,’ kvað dróttinn, ‘sem móðir mín bar áðr; mær hefir satt að kæra.’

The blessed lady falls silent; her son did validate this entire statement, the splendid truth, thus: ‘That witness, bright and good, I bear about the woman,’ said the Lord, ‘which my mother bore before; the maiden has a true [cause] for complaint [lit. to complain].’

Mss: 713(85), 721(12r)

Readings: [1] signuð: signað 721    [2] sonr: son 713, 721;    rieð: tók 721    [4] þannin: ‘þannig’ 721    [8] að: om. 721

Editions: Skj: [Anonyme digte og vers XIV], [B. 3]. Vitnisvísur af Maríu 21: AII, 486, BII, 524, Skald II, 287; Kahle 1898, 54, Sperber 1911, 28, 72, Wrightson 2001, 37.

Notes: [All]: Cf. Mar (1871, 302): Þat sama ber ek her vm sem móðir min ‘I bear the same [testimony] about this as my mother’. — [2] rieð ‘did’: Used periphrastically with infin. fylla. Tók ‘began’ (so 712) is syntactically and metrically possible. — [4] fríð sannindi (n. acc. pl.) ‘splendid truth’: Lit. ‘splendid truths’. Sperber takes this as an expression for Christ (so also Schottmann 1973, 68 and n. 13, 375). — [6] gott ... dróttinn: The internal rhyme (-ott : -ótt-) is skothent rather than aðalhent, but it probably indicates the instability of the length of the vowel preceding the consonant cluster -tt. It is unclear whether the [o:] has been already shortened to [o], and here and elsewhere the length has been retained graphemically as <ó> in dróttinn ‘Lord’.

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