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Data from Samnordisk runtextdatabas

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Hallfreðr vandræðaskáld Óttarsson (Hfr)

10th century; volume 1; ed. Diana Whaley;

III. Hákonardrápa (Hákdr) - 9

Hallfreðr vandræðaskáld ‘Troublesome-poet’ Óttarsson (Hfr) was brought up in Vatnsdalur, northern Iceland, probably in the 960s. He is the subject of Hallfreðar saga (Hallfr), which survives both as a continuous text (ÍF 8, 133-200) and interpolated into ÓT. The main strands of the saga are Hallfreðr’s unhappy relationship with Kolfinna Ávaldadóttir, his travels as trader, fighter and poet, his conversion to Christianity and his devotion to Óláfr Tryggvason, and all these aspects of his life occasioned poetry which partially survives.

Fragments of an early drápa for Hákon jarl Sigurðarson (r. c. 970-c. 995) are extant (Hfr HákdrIII; ÍF 8, 151), but the greater part of Hallfreðr’s court poetry, and the poetry edited in this volume, concerns King Óláfr Tryggvason (c. 995-c. 1000): Óláfsdrápa (Hfr Óldr) and Erfidrápa Óláfs Tryggvasonar (Hfr ErfÓl). Like other Icelanders, Hallfreðr accepted Christian baptism under the influence of Óláfr. The difficulty, for a poet and pagan, of this switch of religious allegiance is the theme of Hfr Lv 6-10V, and is, according to the sagas, alluded to in his nickname vandræðaskáld, lit. ‘Poet of difficulties’. The sagas agree that the name was bestowed by the king, though they differ about the precise reason (ÓTOdd 1932, 125-6; Hkr, ÍF 26, 331-2; Hallfr, ÍF 8, 155; ÓT 1958-2000, I, 387). Hallfreðr is attributed with a lost Uppreistardrápa ‘Restoration drápa’ (?), supposedly composed to atone for his journey into pagan Gautland (Västergötland, ÍF 8, 178). He is also credited in Hallfr (ÍF 8, 194-5) with an encounter with Eiríkr jarl Hákonarson (r. c. 1000-c. 1014) and in Skáldatal (SnE 1848-87, III, 257, 266, 280) with poetry for him; this is vestigially preserved in Eiríksdrápa (Hfr EirdrV). The saga also shows Hallfreðr presenting a flokkr to the Danish jarl Sigvaldi (ÍF 8, 168) and a poem to the Swedish king Óláfr Eiríksson (ÍF 8, 177-8), but no traces of these survive.

The marriage of Kolfinna, the love of Hallfreðr’s youth, to Gríss Sæmingsson provoked Hallfreðr both early and later in life to compose strikingly inventive stanzas which intertwine themes of yearning love and rivalry (Hfr Lv 1-3, 15-24V), and his níð against Gríss led to legal proceedings and indirectly to the killing of Hallfreðr’s brother Galti (Ldn, ÍF 1, 224; ÍF 8, 189-90). In the course of an adventure in Västergötland (Hfr Lv 12-14V), Hallfreðr met and married Ingibjǫrg Þórisdóttir, who died young, but not before bearing two sons, Auðgísl and Hallfreðr. According to Hallfr (ÍF 8, 196-9), Hallfreðr himself died at the age of nearly forty, from a combination of illness and injury as he sailed through the Hebrides; he was buried on Iona (cf. Hfr Lv 26-7V).

Hákonardrápa (‘Drápa about Hákon’) — Hfr HákdrIII

Kate Heslop 2017, ‘(Introduction to) Hallfreðr vandræðaskáld Óttarsson, Hákonardrápa’ in Kari Ellen Gade and Edith Marold (eds), Poetry from Treatises on Poetics. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 3. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 212.

stanzas:  1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8 

for reference only:  2x 

Skj: Hallfrøðr Óttarsson vandræðaskáld: 1. Hákonardrápa, omkr. 990 (AI, 155-6, BI, 147-8); stanzas (if different): 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9

in texts: LaufE, Skm, SnE

SkP info: III, 212

notes: refs from EM transcr.

old edition introduction edition manuscripts transcriptions concordance references search files

 

Note: The following transcriptions have been entered to aid the editing process. These may not have been fully reviewed and checked and may therefore not be reliable. You may wish to consult the manuscript images. Any corrections can be notified to the database editor.

1. R - 33v/5-33v/6
[...]sk þollvm stendr vllar avstr at miclv trꜹsti . reykilvndr hiɴ riki | randfars brvmaðr hari.
Tx - 34v/36-34v/36
Asc þollum stendr vllar austr at miclo trꜷsti | reuki lundr inn reiki randfars bru maðr hari.
W - 76/27-76/28
Ask þollum | stendr vllar avstr at miklv travsti ræyki lundr hinn rikí randfꜳ̋rs brvmaðr hꜳri
U - 32r/19-32r/20
Alþol[...] stendr vllar avstr | at miclo travsti ræki lvndr h[...] riki [...]ndfars bry[...]r haʀri
A - 10v/22-10v/23 (VEÞ)
Ask þollom stændr vllar ꜹstr at miklv trꜹs | ti ręki lvndr hinn ríki rand fárs brvmar hári .
C - 4v/28-5r/1
Ask þollum gengr vllar || ꜷstr at miklu trausti ræki lundr hiɴ riki randfars brumadr hari ·
2. R - 34r/6-34r/9
Ólitit brestr vti vndyrs svmvm rvɴvm hart | ahamþis skyrtvm hryngrap egils vapna. Þaþan | verþa fꜹtt fyrða fregn ec gerla þat sꜹrla rioþaz biork ibloþi ben fyr meilskv | rvm.
Tx - 35v/1-35v/4
Olitid brestr vti undyrs suinnom | runom hart a hamdiz scyrtom hryngraps egils vapna. Þa- | dan verda faut firda fregn ek gorla þat saurla rioduz biort j blodi benfur m- | eil scurom.
W - 77/26-77/28
Olitið brestr uti unn dyrs sumvm runnvm hart a hamðis skyrtvm | hryngrap egils vapna. Þaðan uerða fǫt fyrða fregn ek giorla | þat sǫrla rioðaz biort i bloði ben fvr meil skvrum.
U - 33r/5-33r/8
Olitinn brestr vti vnd | fvrs [...] [...]vls [...]nnvm hart a hamþis skyrtur hryn gialp eg[...]s vap | na þaþan verþa faut fyrþa fregn | [...]orla þat saurla rioþaz biort i bloþi ben fvr meils skvrvm
A - 11r/23-11r/26 (VEÞ)
Olitit bræstr vti vnn | dvrs frø̨mvm rvnnvm hart a hamdis skyrtvm hryngráp ægils vapna þa | þan verða fǫr fyrða frægn æk gærla þat sǫrla rioðaz biǫrt iblóði bæn bæn | fv́vr við mæil skvrvm .
C - 5v/8-5v/10
Vlitid brestr vti vnndyrs sumum ruɴum hart í hamdis skyrtum hry | ngrapn egils vapna · Þaþan verda faut fyrda fre | gn ek giorla þat saurla rioþaz bíork í blodi benfur fyr mellskurum ·
2x. R - 34r/7-34r/9
Þaþan | verþa fꜹtt fyrða fregn ec gerla þat sꜹrla rioþaz biork ibloþi ben fyr meilskv | rvm.
W - 77/27-77/28
Þaðan uerða fǫt fyrða fregn ek giorla | þat sǫrla rioðaz biort i bloði ben fvr meil skvrum.
Tx - 35v/2-35v/4
Þa- | dan verda faut firda fregn ek gorla þat saurla rioduz biort j blodi benfur m- | eil scurom.
U - 33r/7-33r/8 (KSH)
þaþan verþa faut fyrþa fregn | [...]orla þat saurla rioþaz biort i bloþi ben fvr meils skvrvm
A - 11r/24-11r/26 (VEÞ)
þa | þan verða fǫr fyrða frægn æk gærla þat sǫrla rioðaz biǫrt iblóði bæn bæn | fv́vr við mæil skvrvm .
C - 5v/9-5v/10
Þaþan verda faut fyrda fre | gn ek giorla þat saurla rioþaz bíork í blodi benfur fyr mellskurum ·
3. R - 34v/2-34v/3
7 geirrotv gꜹtvar gagls vid strengiar hagli hvngr | eyþundvm hanga hlóþvt iarni seðar.
Tx - 35v/31-35v/31
Og geir roto gautuar gagls | við streingiar hagli hungr eudondom hanga hlodut jarni sedar.
W - 78/22-78/23
Ok geir ǫtv gotvar | gagls uið strengia haglí hungr æyðundvm hanga hlǫðut iarni sǫðar
A - 11v/21-11v/22 (VEÞ)
Ok gæira tó gǫtvar gagls v strængiar hagli hvngr | æyðvndvm hanga hlæðvr iarni sæðar .
4. R - 36r/32-36r/34
Grams rvni lætr | glymia guɴ rikr hiɴ er hvꜹt likar hꜹgna hamri slegnar heipt braðr | of sic vaþir.
Tx - 37v/34-38r/2
Grams runi letr glymia || gunn ricr hinn er huartt licar  haugna hamri slegnar heiptbradr of sic v- | ader.
W - 82/16-82/18
Gra- | ms rvm lætr glymia gvnnríkr hinn er hvot likar hogna hamre slegnar heipt braðr | vm sik vaðir.
U - 35v/13-35v/14
Gramr rvni lætr glymia gvnnlikr | sa er hvot likar havgnar hamri slegnar heiptbraþr und si[...] vaþir
5. R - 21r/2-21r/3
Saɴyrþvm spenr sverþa þvaʀ þiɢiandi viɢiar biaʀ haddaþa | byriar bif qvan of sic þriþia .
Tx - 21v/2-21v/3
Sannyrdom spennir suerda snar þigiandi vigiar barr | har haddadr byriar bifquan vnd sic þridia .
W - 45/14-45/16
Sannyrðvm | spenr sverða svaʀ þiggiandí viggiar barr haddaða byriar bif kvan vnd sig þrí | ðía.
U - 26r/24-26r/26
Sanyrþvm spenir | sverþa snarþiɢiandi viɢian. barhoddaþa byriar biþqvan vnd | sik þriþia.
B - 4r/10-4r/11
Sannyrdinn spænnr suerda snarr þigiandæ viggiar bar haddada byriar bíf kuan vnnd sik | þridia.
6. R - 26r/31-26r/32
Þvi hyɢ fleyianda fræian fr̄ | iorð vnd menþverʀi itra ein a láta avðs mioc trꜹþan.
Tx - 27r/14-27r/14
Þui hyk fleiuanda f- | regian fer jord und men þuerri itrann einn at láta auds miok tra- | uðann.
W - 57/3-57/4
Hve fleygi[...]a frægían | f[...]vnd menn þuerr[...]itran æín at lata auðs miog tra[...]
U - 29v/4-29v/6
þui hyck fleygianda | frægian. fer iorð vnd men þverri itran eina at lata avþs systr | miok travþan.
B - 5r/21-5r/22
Þvi hygg fleyíande frægian ferr jord vnd me[...]ran æinn at | lata auds þerssa mioc trauðan.
7. R - 26r/26-26r/27
Rað lvkvz at sa siþan | snialladr konungs spialli atti einga dottvr onars viþ i grona.
R - 36v/1-36v/2
Rað | lvkvz at sa siþan sniallmælt konungs spialli atti einga dottvr onars vini grona
Tx - 27r/9-27r/9
Rad lu | kuz at sa sidan sniallradr konungs spialli atti einga dottor anars uidi
Tx - 38r/5-38r/5
Rad lucuz at sa sidan sn- | iallmeltr konungs spialli atti enga dottur anars uidi gro᷎na.
W - 56/31-56/32
Rað lvkvz at sa siðan | Rað lukuz at sa síðan sniallraðr konungs spiallí. atti einga dottur onars uiði grona ||
W - 82/21-82/21
Rað lukuz at sa siðan sniall mælltr konungs spiallí atte einga dottur onars víði grona.
U - 29v/2-29v/3
Raþ lukuz at sa siþan. sniallraþr konungs spialli. | atti einga dottr anas viðr græna.
U - 35v/18-35v/19
Raþ lvkv | zt at sa siþan sniallraþr konungs spialli.
B - 5r/16-5r/17
Rað laukz | at sá sidan sníallradr konungs spialle [...]ti o᷎nga dottur annars vidi gra[...]a.
8. R - 26r/28-26r/29
Breiðleita gat brvþi baleygs at ser teygia stefnir stavðvar hrafna sta | la rikis malvm.
Tx - 27r/11-27r/12
breidleita gat brudi baleugs at ser teugda ste- | fnir stauduar hrafna stala rikis malom.
W - 57/1-57/2
Bræiðleita gat bruði bꜳllæygs at ser teygða strefnir stoðvar hrafna stala | [...]iki[...] málum.
B - 5r/17-5r/18
Breidleíta | gat bruðe baleygs at sær teygda stefnir st[...]ðuar hrafna stala riks at [...]
Runic data from Samnordisk runtextdatabas, Uppsala universitet, unless otherwise stated