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Runic Dictionary

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Hallvarðr háreksblesi (Hallv)

11th century; volume 3; ed. Matthew Townend;

Knútsdrápa (Knútdr) - 8

Hallvarðr (Hallv) is an obscure figure, and the poem edited here is his only extant work. In Skáldatal he is listed once, amongst Knútr Sveinsson’s (r. 1018-35) poets (SnE 1848-87, III, 258, 267, 282), and he also appears to be mentioned only once in saga-sources, namely in Tómasskinna’s account of Knútr’s attempt to recruit Þormóðr Kolbrúnarskáld to his service (ÓH 1941, II, 803): Þormodr þackade honum fyrer bodit. enn kuozt eigi fær til ath ganga j stad haufud skalldanna er uerit haufdu med Knuti konungi. Þorarins loftungu eda Halluardz eda Ottars eda Sighuatz ‘Þormóðr thanked him for the invitation, but he said he was not able to take the place of the chief poets who had been with King Knútr: Þórarinn loftunga or Hallvarðr or Óttarr or Sigvatr’. The significance of Hallvarðr’s nickname, which is attributed to him in ÓH (ÓH 1941, I, 477), Hkr (ÍF 27, 311) and Knýtl (ÍF 35, 103), is unclear: blesi means ‘blaze (on a horse’s head)’ and the word occurs mostly as a masculine nickname, but who Hárekr was, and why Hallvarðr should be ‘Hárekr’s blaze’, is unknown (see Finnur Jónsson 1907, 170, 198 and Lind 1920-1, col. 136).

Knútsdrápa (‘Drápa about Knútr’) — Hallv KnútdrIII

Matthew Townend 2017, ‘(Introduction to) Hallvarðr háreksblesi, Knútsdrápa’ in Kari Ellen Gade and Edith Marold (eds), Poetry from Treatises on Poetics. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 3. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 230.

stanzas:  1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8 

Skj: Hallvarðr háreksblesi: Knútsdrápa (AI, 317-18, BI, 293-4); stanzas (if different): 4 | 5

in texts: Flat, Hkr, Knýtl, LaufE, ÓH, ÓHHkr, Skm, SnE

SkP info: III, 230

old edition introduction edition manuscripts transcriptions concordance references search files

 

(unlinked proper noun) (unclassified)reks 7/3

allr (adj.) ‘all...’allra 2/3, alls 8/2

2an (conj.) ‘than...’ — 7/4

3at (prep.) ‘at, to...’ — 6/2

3á (prep.) ‘on, at...’ — 1/4

baugr (noun m.) [°dat. -i/-; -ar] ‘ring...’baug 4/3

2beinn (adj.) [°beinan; compar. beinni, superl. beinastr/beinstr] ‘straight...’beinni 6/2

1bekkr (noun m.) [°-jar/-s, dat. -/-i; -ir] ‘bench...’bekkjar 1/3

binda (verb) [°bindr; batt/bant(cf. [$332$]), bundu; bundinn] ‘bind, tie...’bundin 5/1, bundit 3/8

bjúgr (adj.) [°compar. -ari] ‘bent...’bjúg 4/4

breiðr (adj.) [°compar. -ari, superl. -astr] ‘broad, wide...’breið 5/2

1bresta (verb) [°brestr; brast, brustu; brostinn] ‘burst, split...’brestr 4/2

brjótr (noun m.) ‘breaker...’ — 7/2

broddr (noun m.) [°dat. -i; -ar] ‘point of spear or arrow...’brodda 4/3

bœn (noun f.) [°-ar; -ir] ‘request, prayer...’bœnar 6/3

bǫð (noun f.) [°-s; -] ‘battle...’ — 6/3

bǫrkr (noun m.) [°dat. berki/bǫrk, acc. bark(Kjaln 9¹³n.); acc. bǫrku] ‘[bark]...’bark 6/4

bǫrr (noun m.) ‘tree...’bǫr 5/1

Danmǫrk (noun f.) ‘[Denmark]...’Danmǫrku 6/4

Danr (noun m.) [°dat. -; -ir] ‘Dane...’Dǫnum 7/2

dróttinn (noun m.) [°dróttins, dat. dróttni (drottini [$1049$]); dróttnar] ‘lord, master...’ — 8/2

dynja (verb) [°dunði] ‘resound...’ — 3/4

1dýr (noun n.) [°-s (spec.: dyʀiɴs KonrA 66⁴‡, etc., cf. Seip 1955 188-189); -] ‘animal...’ — 1/2

2einn (pron.) [°decl. cf. einn num.] ‘one, alone...’ — 6/2

eitr (noun n.) [°; dat. -um] ‘poison...’ — 5/4

Ella (noun m.) ‘Ella, Ælla, Ælle ...’Ellu 3/5

England (noun n.) ‘England...’Englandi 6/1

ferð (noun f.) [°-ar; -ir/-arMork 196¹²)] ‘host, journey...’ferðar 4/3

1fjall (noun n.) ‘mountain...’fjalla 8/2

fjǫturr (noun m.) ‘fetter...’fjǫturs 5/2

1fljótr (noun m.) ‘[Fljót]...’Fljóta 3/1

fljúga (verb) ‘fly...’ — 4/4

floti (noun m.) ‘fleet...’flota 3/8

forða (verb) ‘escape, avoid...’forðar 7/2

fram (adv.) ‘out, forth, forwards, away...’framm 3/1

framstafn (noun m.) ‘fore-stem...’framstafni 2/4

frá (prep.) ‘from...’ — 1/2

Freyr (noun m.) ‘(a god)...’ — 6/6

friðr (noun m.) ‘peace...’ — 6/2

frægr (adj.) [°-jan/-an; compar. -ri, superl. -jastr/-astr/-str] ‘famous, renowned...’ — 3/2

gjǫrð (noun f.) ‘girdle...’gjarðar 2/2

grand (noun n.) ‘injury...’grandar 5/3

grund (noun f.) ‘earth, land...’ — 5/1, grundu 1/2

haf (noun n.) [°-s; *-] ‘sea...’ — 2/1

hafa (verb) ‘have...’hefr 6/5

harðbrynjaðr (adj.) ‘hard-armoured...’harðbrynjuð 3/4

harðr (adj.) [°comp. -ari; superl. -astr] ‘hard, harsh...’harð 2/2

1hasla (noun f.) [°; -ur] ‘[hazel]...’hǫslu 7/1

1haukr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i/-; -ar] ‘hawk...’haukum 6/7

hefja (verb) ‘lift, start...’hefsk 6/2

heiftsnarr (adj.) ‘[battle-bold]...’heiptsnarr 3/3

hein (noun f.) [°-ar] ‘whetstone...’ — 5/3

herðir (noun m.) ‘sword...’herðir 3/7

1hildr (noun f.) ‘battle...’hildar 3/3

hjaldrǫrr (adj.) ‘[battle-eager one]...’ — 6/7

1hodd (noun f.) ‘gold, treasure...’hoddum 5/3

holmr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i/-; -ar] ‘island, islet...’holm 5/2

1hreinn (noun m.) [°; hreinar] ‘reindeer...’hreinum 1/4

hristir (noun m.) ‘shaker...’ — 2/1

2hungr (noun n.) ‘hunger...’ — 6/8

hvítr (adj.) [°-an; -ari, -astr] ‘white...’hvíta 4/2

Hǫðr (noun m.) ‘Hǫðr...’ — 5/4

2inn (art.) ‘the...’in 4/2

í (prep.) ‘in, into...’ — 2/1, 4/4

íss (noun m.) [°íss; dat. ísi/ís; ísar] ‘ice...’ — 2/4

ítr (adj.) ‘glorious...’ítran 8/1

jalmr (noun m.) ‘screech, noise...’jalm 6/6

jǫrð (noun f.) [°jarðar, dat. -u; jarðir/jarðar(DN I (1367) 304Š)] ‘ground, earth...’jarðar 7/1, 4/3, 8/1

Knútr (noun m.) ‘Knútr...’ — 3/1, 8/1

koma (verb) [kem, kom/kvam, kominn] ‘come...’komt 1/1

land (noun n.) [°-s; *-] ‘land...’landa 2/3, lands 5/3

láta (verb) ‘let, have sth done...’lézt 2/1, lézt 3/1, lézt 3/5

leið (noun f.) [°-ar, dat. -u/-; -ir/-ar] ‘path, way...’leiðar 5/2

Leikn (noun f.) ‘[Leikn, of Leikn]...’Leiknar 6/5

2leiptr (noun f.) ‘lightning...’leiptra 3/3

liggja (verb) ‘lie...’liggr 5/1

1líða (verb) ‘move, glide...’leið 3/2, liðu 1/2

ljóss (adj.) [°compar. -ari, superl. -astr] ‘bright...’ljósa 4/1

malmr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i; -ar] ‘metal...’malma 6/6

man (noun n.) ‘girl...’mans 3/7

már (noun m.) ‘gull...’ 3/6

mold (noun f.) [°-ar, dat. -u; -ir] ‘earth, soil...’ — 7/3

munkr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i/-; -ar] ‘monk...’munka 7/3

mæringr (noun m.) ‘famous one...’ — 7/4

mǫgr (noun m.) [°; megir, acc. mǫgu] ‘son, boy...’ — 1/4

naðr (noun m.) ‘snake...’naðri 5/4

Noregr (noun m.) ‘Norway...’Nóregi 6/8

nærri (adj. comp.) [°superl. nǽstr] ‘near, nearer, next...’ — 7/4

1nǫkkvi (noun m.) [°-a] ‘boat...’nǫkkva 6/3

oddr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i; -ar] ‘point of weapon...’odda 6/5

3of (prep.) ‘around, from; too...’ — 3/2

3ok (conj.) ‘and, but; also...’ — 3/6, 6/4, 6/5

orð (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘word...’ — 7/2

rakkr (adj.) [°compar. -ari] ‘bold...’ — 6/3

rauðr (adj.) [°compar. -ari] ‘red...’Rauð 4/1

ráða (verb) ‘advise, rule, interpret, decide...’ræðr 6/1

1reifa (verb) ‘endow, enrich...’reifðir 3/6

rendr (adj./verb p.p.) ‘[edged]...’rend 4/4

rít (noun f.) ‘shield...’ — 4/2

1rjóðr (noun m.) ‘reddener...’ — 6/4

ræsir (noun m.) ‘ruler...’ — 4/1

1salr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -; dat. sǫlum] ‘hall...’sal 8/2

sem (conj.) ‘as, which...’ — 8/1

sigrakkr (adj.) ‘[Battle-bold]...’ — 1/3

sik (pron.) [°gen. sín, dat. sér] ‘(refl. pron.)...’ — 6/6

sikulgjǫrð (noun f.) ‘[sword]...’sikul 2/2

2sjá (verb) ‘see...’sér 4/1

skip (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘ship...’ — 3/4

snyrti- ((prefix)) ‘[fine, Splendid]...’snyrti 3/7

sund (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘sound, strait; swimming...’ — 3/8, sunds 1/2

sundr (adv.) ‘(a)sunder...’ — 4/2

súðlangr (adj.) ‘long-planked...’Súðlǫngum 1/1

svalr (adj.) ‘cool...’svǫlum 5/4

Sveiði (noun m.) ‘Sveiði...’Sveiða 1/1

2Sveinn (noun m.) ‘Sveinn...’Sveins 1/4

sverð (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘sword...’ — 3/7

Sǫlsi (noun m.) ‘Sǫlsi...’Sǫlsa 1/3

til (prep.) ‘to...’ — 3/1

trǫð (noun f.) [°traðar; traðir] ‘path...’ — 1/4

tveir (num. cardinal) ‘two...’tvau 4/4

Ullr (noun m.) ‘Ullr...’Ullar 3/5

umband (noun n.) ‘[encircling band]...’umbands 2/3

3und (prep.) ‘under, underneath...’ — 5/1, 6/6, 7/1

valdr (noun m.) ‘ruler...’valdi 7/3

2vera (verb) ‘be, is, was, were, are, am...’Esat 7/1

3verja (verb) ‘defend...’verr 8/1

2vestr (adv.) ‘west, in the west...’ — 2/1

2við (prep.) ‘with, against...’ — 3/5

vigg (noun n.) ‘steed...’viggs 2/2, viggs 3/8

2vísa (verb) ‘show...’vísat 2/4

vǫrðr (noun m.) [°varðar, dat. verði/vǫrð; verðir, acc. vǫrðu] ‘guardian, defender...’ — 3/2

Yngvi (noun m.) ‘Yngvi, prince...’ — 6/1

þrøngva (verb) ‘press, throng...’þrungit 6/8

þú (pron.) [°gen. þín, dat. þér, acc. þik] ‘you...’ — 7/4

1þverra (verb) ‘diminish...’þverrir 6/7

2ægir (noun m.) ‘ocean, sea...’ægi 3/2

ættleifð (noun f.) ‘patrimony...’ — 3/6

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