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Gunnlaugr Leifsson (GunnLeif)

13th century; volume 8; ed. Russell Poole;

VIII. 1. Merlínusspá I (Merl I) - 103

Gunnlaugr Leifsson (GunnLeif, d. 1218 or 1219) was a monk at the Benedictine house of Þingeyrar, a monastery near the shores of Húnaflói, in northern Iceland, that maintained close relations with the seat of the bishop at Hólar (Turville-Petre 1953, 135). Nothing is known concerning Gunnlaugr’s place of birth, upbringing or social origins. He was regarded in his own time as a man of singular Latin learning (LH II, 394-5) and worked in a distinguished historiographic and hagiographic milieu (de Vries 1964-7, II, 246). In a rare personal anecdote, perhaps apocryphal, Arngrímr Brandsson, a Benedictine monk and abbot at Þingeyrar (d. 1361 or 1362), tells that Gunnlaugr attempted to recite his new history of Saint Ambrose at the church at Hólar but was rebuffed by Bishop Guðmundr Arason (LH II, 394-5; Ciklamini 2008, 1). The two men were evidently on good terms at an earlier stage, however (Ciklamini 2004, 66), and, while bishop at Hólar, Guðmundr commissioned Gunnlaugr to prepare a life of Jón helgi ‘the Saint’ Ǫgmundarson and an account of portents and miracles pertaining to Þorlákr Þórhallsson, both in Latin (LH II, 394-5). 

Works ascribed to Gunnlaugr that survive in one form or other include the Latin life of Jón helgi, represented by a close Icelandic translation; the account of Þorlákr’s miracles; a Latin expansion of Gunnlaugr’s Þingeyrar colleague Oddr Snorrason’s life of King Óláfr Tryggvason, extant in the shape of excerpts translated into Icelandic; an Icelandic original version of Þorvalds þáttr víðfǫrla ‘The Tale of Þorvaldr the Far-traveller’ that may at one time have formed part of the life of Óláfr; and a now entirely lost life of Saint Ambrose (LH II, 394-403; Turville-Petre 1953, 194-200; Bekker-Nielsen 1958; de Vries 1964-7, II, 245-7; Würth 1998, 205-6; Ciklamini 2004, 66; Katrín Axelsdóttir 2005). The only work ascribed to Gunnlaugr that appears to survive in a relatively complete state is Merlínusspá ‘The Prophecies of Merlin’ (Merl I and II). It is also the sole medieval instance of a direct verse translation into Icelandic from Latin prose (Würth 1998, 206).

notes
no FJ abbr

Merlínusspá I (‘The Prophecies of Merlin I’) — GunnLeif Merl IVIII (Bret)

Russell Poole 2017, ‘(Introduction to) Gunnlaugr Leifsson, Merlínusspá I’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry in fornaldarsögur. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 8. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 38.

stanzas:  1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   10   11   12   13   14   15   16   17   18   19   20   21   22   23   24   25   26   27   28   29   30   31   32   33   34   35   36   37   38   39   40   41   42   43   44   45   46   47   48   49   50   51   52   53   54   55   56   57   58   59   60   61   62   63   64   65   66   67   68   69   70   71   72   73   74   75   76   77   78   79   80   81   82   83   84   85   86   87   88   89   90   91   92   93   94   95   96   97   98   99   100   101   102   103 

Skj: Gunnlaugr Leifsson: Merlínússpá II (AII, 22-36, BII, 24-45)

in texts: Bret

SkP info: VIII, 38

old edition introduction edition manuscripts transcriptions concordance references search files

 

-vǫrpuðr (noun m.) ‘-thrower...’varpaðar 58/6, varpaðir 103/3

(non-lexical) (unclassified) 85/5

af (prep.) ‘from...’ — 31/7, 33/7, 41/9, 51/2, 60/1, 61/5, 64/4, 64/5, 65/4, 68/8, 80/5, 84/1, 84/4, 93/7, 102/7

afarlítill (adj.)afarlitla 46/2

Afríkr (noun m.) ‘African person...’Affríkar 29/3, Affríkar 73/4

afrunr (noun m.) [°; -ir] ‘°transgression, sin; injustice...’afruna 103/8

agi (noun m.) [°-a] ‘[seas, turmoil]...’aga 43/2

akarn (noun n.) ‘[acorns, acorn]...’ — 88/8

akr (noun m.) [°akrs, dat. akri; akrar] ‘field...’akrar 38/8

aldingarðr (noun m.) [°dat. -i; -ar] ‘°garden, vegetable garden, orchard...’aldingǫrðum 47/8

aldr (noun m.) [°aldrs, dat. aldri; aldrar] ‘life, age...’ — 58/5, aldrs 49/4

aldri (adv.) ‘never...’ — 48/8

aldrspell (noun n.) ‘[life-destruction]...’ — 69/4

aldrœnn (adj.) ‘old, elderly...’aldrœnn 63/7

allr (adj.) ‘all...’alla 85/1, alla 86/3, allir 29/10, allir 91/6, allir 103/1, alls 97/7, Alt 5/5, ǫll 100/8, ǫllu 85/6

almærr (adj.) ‘[famed]...’almærri 82/2

Ambrósíus (noun m.) — 9/6

Anglía (noun f.) — 71/3

1annarr (pron.) [°f. ǫnnur, n. annat; pl. aðrir] ‘(an)other, second...’annan 7/8, 11/6, 49/3, 49/5, 85/3, annat 26/5, ǫðrum 19/4, ǫðrum 85/4, ǫnnur 94/1

2annarr (num. ordinal) ‘second, other...’ǫðru 9/8

aptr (adv.) [°compar. -ar] ‘back...’ — 49/6

1armr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i; -ar] ‘arm...’armi 41/10

asni (noun m.) [°-a; -ar] ‘°ass; of two stars in the constellation ...’ — 87/2

3at (prep.) ‘at, to...’ — 1/6, 15/6, 17/4, 17/6, 28/3, 31/3, 36/10, 44/2, 49/1, 49/8, 51/8, 52/8, 55/10, 56/3, 60/5, 74/2, 77/1, 89/10, 91/8, 94/8, 95/3, 101/3

4at (conj.) ‘that...’ — 1/5, 10/3, 35/5, 38/5, 43/9, 75/4, 94/7, 96/6

5at (nota) ‘to (with infinitive)...’at 48/6, 4/7, 6/4, 39/8, 41/8, 56/8, 71/5, 87/6, 93/2, 95/9, 100/2

auðigr (adj.) [°auðgan/auðigan; compar. auðgari/auðigri, superl. auðgastr/auðigastr] ‘wealthy...’auðgrar 61/8

1auðr (noun m.) [°-s/-ar, dat. -i/-] ‘wealth...’auð 58/6, auðar 56/4, auðs 94/4

aumr (adj.) [°compar. -ari, superl. -astr] ‘wretched, poor...’auma 23/6

1á (noun f.) [°-r; -r/-ir (aor nom. pl. Gul315e 41‰ repræsenterer if. Suppl4, [$1$] & ed. intr. 32 svag bøjning)] ‘river...’ár 22/7, ár 63/2, ár 68/7, ár 82/3, ár 99/7, ô 63/8

3á (prep.) ‘on, at...’ — 7/6, 16/7, 34/3, 34/7, 37/7, 38/10, 44/6, 45/2, 54/2, 62/2, 66/4, 66/5, 66/8, 66/9, 66/11, 68/4, 68/10, 72/6, 73/7, 74/5, 77/3, 77/5, 79/9, 83/6, 88/1, 88/5, 92/5, 98/6, 98/9, 101/2

áðan (adv.) ‘before...’ — 2/6, 80/6

áðr (adv.) [°//] ‘before...’ — 3/7, 23/7, 35/4, 62/5

ágætr (adj.) [°compar. ágǽtari/ágǽtri, superl. ágǽtastr/ágǽztr] ‘excellent...’ágæti 9/7

ákafr (adj.) [°compar. -ari, superl. -astr] ‘vehement, fiery...’ — 36/3

2ár (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘year, year’s abundance...’ — 75/8, ára 42/4, ára 43/1, ári 36/4

árgalli (noun m.) [°-a; -ar] ‘°failure of the crops, lean year...’ — 79/1

ársamr (adj.) ‘°fertile...’ársamir 38/7

áttbogi (noun m.) [°-a] ‘[offspring]...’ — 4/1

1áttungr (noun m.) [°; -ar] ‘kinsman...’ôttungar 28/1

Badon (noun ?) ‘Bath...’Bádónis 90/1

1bakki (noun m.) [°-a; -ar] ‘bank, slope...’bakka 17/4

bardagi (noun m.) [°-a; -ar] ‘[scourge, battles]...’ — 36/1

barn (noun n.) [°-s; bǫrn/barn(JKr 345³), dat. bǫrnum/barnum] ‘child...’barna 87/7, bǫrnum 19/8, bǫrnum 38/2

baugr (noun m.) [°dat. -i/-; -ar] ‘ring...’bauga 5/4, bauga 13/8, bauga 93/4, baugar 15/8

báðir (pron.) [°gen. beggja (báðra), nom./acc. n. bǽði] ‘both...’ — 15/3, bæði 61/6

belti (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘belt...’ — 16/4, 43/4

1ben (noun f.) [°-jar, dat. -; -jar , gen. -a(var. EiðKrC 402¹³: AM 77 4°— “D”)] ‘wound...’ — 53/3, benjum 66/7

3bera (verb) [°berr; bar, báru; borinn] ‘bear, carry...’bar 17/3, ber 94/4, 45/10, 70/4, Beri 101/7, Berr 74/5

2berja (verb) [°barði; barðr/bariðr/barinn] ‘fight...’berjask 18/4, berjask 77/7

biðja (verb) [°biðr; bað, báðu; beðinn (beiþ- Martin¹ 573‡, bỏþ- HákEirsp 661‰, cf. ed. intr. xl)] ‘ask for, order, pray...’bað 20/2, biðk 94/5

bíða (verb) [°bíðr; beið, biðu; beðit] ‘wait, suffer, experience...’bíði 103/7

bíldr (noun m.) [°-s] — 66/7

bíta (verb) [°bítr; beit, bitu; bitinn] ‘bite...’ — 66/2

bjað (noun n.) ‘land...’bjǫðum 68/8

bjarthaddaðr (adj.)bjarthaddaða 77/8

bjartr (adj.) [°compar. -ari, superl. -astr] ‘bright...’bjartar 57/1, bjartar 96/3

bjóða (verb) [°býðr; bauð, buðu; boðinn (buð- Thom¹ 5²n.)] ‘offer, order, invite...’Bauð 10/5, bauð 14/2, boðin 69/6, boðin 92/2

2bjóðr (noun m.) ‘inviter...’ — 21/3

blár (adj.) ‘black...’blôm 16/8

2blása (verb) [°blǽss; blés, blésu; blásinn] ‘blow...’ — 53/4, blásask 16/7, Blæs 75/1

blessa (verb) ‘bless...’blezaðr 37/5

2blístra (verb) [°-að-] ‘°make a strong blowing noise (of uncerta...’blístrar 76/3

blóð (noun n.) [°-s] ‘blood...’ — 53/7, blóði 31/2, blóði 53/3, blóði 77/1, blóði 91/8

blóðigr (adj.) [°blóðgan/blóðugan (f. dat. sg. bloðre Gulᴵ 82³⁴)] ‘bloody...’blóðgar 68/7

blómi (noun m.) [°-a; -ar] ‘flower...’blóma 44/5

borg (noun f.) [°-ar, dat. -; -ir] ‘city, stronghold...’ — 30/4, borgar 41/10, borgar 90/2, borgir 57/2, borgir 59/5, borgir 79/5, borgir 80/9, borgum 32/5, borgum 55/4, borgum 59/2

1bók (noun f.) [°bǿkr/bókar; bǿkr] ‘book...’bœkr 96/4, bœkr 100/2, 95/2

ból (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘dwelling...’ — 80/10

bót (noun f.) [°-ar; bǿtr] ‘compensation...’ — 103/8

bragnar (noun m.) ‘men, warriors...’bragna 79/6, 95/1, brǫgnum 81/2

bragningr (noun m.) [°; -ar] ‘prince, ruler...’bragninga 33/2

bragr (noun m.) [°-ar] ‘poem, poetry...’brag 94/6, bragar 21/3

brandr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i; -ar] ‘sword, prow; fire...’ — 67/6

brattr (adj.) [°compar. -ari, superl. -astr] ‘steep...’brǫttum 41/9

bráðr (adj.) [°compar. -ari, superl. -astr] ‘quick(ly)...’bráða 103/7, brátt 47/3

bregða (verb) [°bregðr/brigðr; brá, brugðu; brugðinn/brogðinn] ‘pull, jerk, break; change...’brugðit 53/2

breiðr (adj.) [°compar. -ari, superl. -astr] ‘broad, wide...’breiðu 30/3

brek (noun n.) [°; gen. -a] ‘[transgressions]...’breks 2/7

2brenna (verb) [°brennr/brenn; brann, brunnu; brunninn] ‘(strong, intransitive)...’ — 88/2

1bresta (verb) [°brestr; brast, brustu; brostinn] ‘burst, split...’ — 66/1, brestr 75/7

Breti (noun m.) [°; -ar] ‘Briton...’Breta 4/8, Breta 35/2, Breta 38/10, Breta 69/8, Breta 102/8, Bretum 2/2

Bretland (noun n.)Bretlandi 1/6

brezkr (adj.) ‘British...’brezka 2/8, brezka 21/4, brezka 67/5, brezkar 21/8, brezkar 35/10, brezkar 80/8, brezkir 62/4, 37/6, brezkri 5/3, brezkum 33/1, brezkum 47/3

Brittannía (noun f.)Brítannía 71/8

brjóst (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘breast, chest...’ — 67/10, 81/1, brjósti 66/10

brjóta (verb) [°brýtr; braut, brutu; brotinn] ‘to break, destroy...’brýtr 57/1

broddr (noun m.) [°dat. -i; -ar] ‘point of spear or arrow...’broddar 66/8

broti (noun m.) [°-a; -ar] ‘breaker...’brota 26/6, 19/2

1brott (adv.) ‘away...’ — 8/6, 15/4, 37/7, 44/6, 79/9

brunnr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i; -ar] ‘spring, well...’ — 77/2

Brutus (noun m.)Brútum 71/7, Brútus 70/3

brúðr (noun f.) [°brúðar, dat. & acc. brúði; brúðir] ‘woman, bride...’brúði 77/7

1brynja (noun f.) [°-u (dat. brynnoni Gibb 38⁹); -ur] ‘mailcoat...’ — 67/5, brynjur 66/1

buðlungr (noun m.) [°; -ar] ‘king, prince...’buðlungs 36/2, 1/5

1 (noun n.) [°-s, dat. -i/-(Landsl 39ˆ, DN III (1367) 279¹‡, DN XII (*1348›AM 902 a) 73³⁰); -] ‘homestead...’búi 32/6

2búa (verb) [°býr (1. pers. býg NjM 330²⁴); bjó/bjuggi/bjǫggi/byggi, bjuggu/bjǫggu (præt. conj. byggi); búinn (n. sg. búit/bút)] ‘prepare, ready, live...’ — 101/2, Býr 37/5

bygg (noun n.) [°-s] ‘barley...’byggs 39/7

2byggja (verb) [°byggir/byggvir; byggði; byggðr] ‘inhabit, dwell; build, found...’ — 3/6, 21/7, 39/8, byggva 47/4, byggva 80/7

1byskup (noun m.) [°-s/-(cf. [$489$]), dat. -i/-; -ar] ‘bishop...’byskups 30/1

byskupa (verb) [°-að-(præt. part. bẏskupt DI AM 687 a 4° 4³²)] ‘°(“to bishop” ɔ:) confirm...’ — 59/1

bœn (noun f.) [°-ar; -ir] ‘request, prayer...’bœnir 54/4

dagr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. degi/dag/dagi(Thom¹ 332¹‡n.); -ar] ‘day...’dags 10/2, degi 7/6, dǫgum 88/1

dalr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -/-i; -ir, acc. -i/-a] ‘valley...’dalir 99/9, dǫlum 22/8

Daniel (noun m.)Dáníel 98/1

Danr (noun m.) [°dat. -; -ir] ‘Dane...’Dana 25/10

2dauðr (adj.) ‘dead...’dauða 90/7, dauðan 36/7

Davíð (noun m.) ‘David...’Dávíð 99/2

2deila (verb) [°-ld-] ‘share out, deal...’ — 35/7

deilir (noun m.) ‘ruler, ordainer...’deili 13/4, 33/6

dimmr (adj.) [°superl. -astr] ‘dark...’dimmu 12/1

djúp (noun n.) [°-s; dat. -um] ‘depth, the deep...’djúpi 12/2

dolgr (noun m.) [°dat. -; -ar] ‘enemy, battle...’dolga 55/6

2draga (verb) [°dregr; dró, drógu; dreginn/droget(Hirð NKS 1642 4° 146v²⁹; cf. [$962$])] ‘drag, pull, draw...’ — 76/2

1draugr (noun m.) [°; -ar] ‘tree...’draugar 94/4

draumr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i/-; -ar] ‘dream...’drauma 98/2

dreki (noun m.) [°-a; -ar] ‘dragon, dragon-ship...’dreka 17/8, drekar 15/2, 45/6

drengr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -; -ir, gen. -ja] ‘man, warrior...’drengir 7/5, drengir 91/5

drepa (verb) [°drepr; drap, drápu; drepinn] ‘kill, strike...’ — 53/11, drepnir 32/10, drepnir 91/6

dreyrfáðr (adj.)dreyrfáið 66/3

dreyri (noun m.) [°-a] ‘blood...’dreyra 66/6

dreyrugr (adj.) [°dreyrgan/dreyrugan; superl. dreyrgastr] ‘bloody...’dreyrgar 22/7

1drífa (noun f.) [°-u] ‘snow-storm...’drífu 69/2

2drífa (verb) [°drífr; dreif, drifu; drifinn] ‘drive, rush...’drífr 38/3

drjúgligr (adj.) [°compar. -ri, superl. -ast-/-st-] ‘°sufficient, substantial, effective...’drjúglig 98/5, drjúgligir 15/1

drjúgr (adj.) [°compar. -ari (drýgari [$1033$] „ ms. 56v‰, superl. -astr] ‘very, excessive...’drjúgt 90/8

1drótt (noun f.) ‘troop...’dróttar 82/4, dróttir 36/8

dróttinn (noun m.) [°dróttins, dat. dróttni (drottini [$1049$]); dróttnar] ‘lord, master...’dróttni 78/4, dróttni 99/10

2dynjandi (adj./verb p.p.) — 82/3

1dýr (noun n.) [°-s (spec.: dyʀiɴs KonrA 66⁴‡, etc., cf. Seip 1955 188-189); -] ‘animal...’ — 50/2, 98/6, dýra 97/8, dýrs 95/6

dýrr (adj.) [°compar. -ri/-ari, superl. -str/-astr] ‘precious...’dýrar 82/6, dýri 99/1

dǫggva (verb) [°-að-] ‘bedew, be sprinkled...’ — 82/5

dǫrr (noun m.) ‘spear...’ — 66/4

eða (conj.) ‘or...’ — 8/9, 55/7, 56/7, 97/5, 97/6, 97/7, 97/8, 97/12

eðli (noun n.) [°-s; dat. -um] ‘nature...’ — 97/9

efla (verb) [°-fld-/-að-(RómvUpph¹ 382²⁴)] ‘strengthen...’eflask 23/5, eflðusk 4/5, eflisk 31/6

efri (adj. comp.) [°superl. efstr/øfstr (eft- [$1653$] 13r²³, etc.)] ‘higher, highest...’øfri 58/5

3eigi (adv.) ‘not...’ — 71/4, 75/7, 94/3

eigna (verb) [°-að-] ‘acquire...’eignaðisk 3/3, eignaðisk 102/10, eignuð 2/4

eik (noun f.) [°eikr/eikar; eikr] ‘oak...’eikr 70/6, eikr 72/8, eikr 88/4

1einn (num. cardinal) [°f. ein, n. eitt; pl. einir; superl. debil. -asti(Anna238(2001) 155³²)] ‘one; alone...’einn 84/4, 68/5, 86/3, eitt 57/5

2einn (pron.) [°decl. cf. einn num.] ‘one, alone...’ — 9/1, 33/7, 56/1

eirhestr (noun m.) [°dat. -i] ‘°horse of copper/bronze...’eirhesti 34/7

eirjǫfurr (noun m.) — 41/7

eirmaðr (noun m.)eirmann 34/3

eitr (noun n.) [°; dat. -um] ‘poison...’eitri 16/7

ek (pron.) [°mín, dat. mér, acc. mik] ‘I, me...’ — 94/7, mér 1/3

1ekkja (noun f.) [°-u; -ur, gen. ekkna] ‘widow, woman...’ekkjur 92/3

eldr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i/-(HómÍsl¹‰(1993) 24v²⁴); -ar] ‘fire...’eldi 5/7, eldi 16/8

2elta (verb) [°-lt-] ‘chase...’elti 17/7

2en (conj.) ‘but, and...’en 89/11, 5/1, 6/1, 7/5, 9/7, 17/5, 21/5, 26/7, 28/5, 31/5, 41/7, 43/5, 45/3, 49/5, 58/5, 61/5, 62/1, 65/5, 68/9, 69/6, 77/5, 83/7, 86/8, 89/5, 92/5, 99/7, 103/6, Enn 88/5

4en (conj.) ‘than...’ — 28/8

endr (adv.) ‘formerly, once, again...’ — 47/7

2engi (pron.) ‘no, none...’engan 7/7, 11/5, 97/1

1engill (noun m.) [°engils; englar] ‘angel...’englum 60/8

England (noun n.) ‘England...’Englandi 56/3

Englar (noun m.) ‘English people...’Engla 25/5, Engla 61/7, Englum 2/3

2enn (adv.) ‘still, yet, again...’ — 23/5, 35/3, 49/1, 55/1, 79/2, 86/8, 100/7, 101/3, 102/5

enskr (adj.) ‘English...’enska 2/5, enska 71/2, enska 102/1, enskar 62/8, enskir 29/9, enskrar 4/2, enskri 69/3, enskum 33/7

eptir (prep.) ‘after, behind...’ept 74/1, 20/5, 28/5, 37/2, 62/1, 84/6

2er (conj.) ‘who, which, when...’ 95/10, es 2/3, es 8/5, es 9/2, es 11/5, es 20/2, es 21/7, es 34/1, es 35/3, es 38/7, es 44/7, es 46/7, es 47/2, es 71/7, es 84/6, þats 14/2, þats 45/10, þeirs 37/2, þeirs 95/2, þeirs 101/2, þeirs 103/2

erfiði (noun n.) [°-s] ‘hardship...’ — 31/8

1ey (noun f.) [°-jar, dat. -ju/-; -jar] ‘island...’ — 75/4, 85/2, eyja 25/3, eyjar 71/1

4ey (adv.) ‘always...’ — 27/5

eybarmr (noun m.)eybarms 86/4

2eyða (verb) [°-dd-] ‘destroy...’eyddar 80/9, eyðask 79/5, eyðir 85/5, Eyðisk 71/1

eyland (noun n.) [°-s; *-] ‘island...’eylands 5/8

eystri (adj. comp.) [°superl. austastr/eystastr] ‘°østligere, som ligger mere mod øst...’eystra 5/6

eyverskr (adj.) ‘[army]...’eyverskir 50/3

él (noun n.) [°; dat. -um] ‘storm...’éli 64/6, éls 60/2

fagna (verb) [°-að-] ‘welcome, rejoice...’ — 99/5, fagnar 70/7

fagr (adj.) [°fagran; compar. fegri, superl. fegrstr] ‘fair, beautiful...’fagra 42/7, fagri 77/2, fǫgr 76/2

fagrbúinn (adj.) ‘beautifully adorned...’fagrbúin 51/5

fagrsili (noun m.) ‘[fine rope]...’ — 21/2

falla (verb) ‘fall...’ — 22/8, 23/2, 68/8, 69/1, 82/1, falli 101/10

fara (verb) [ferr, fór, fóru, farinn] ‘go, travel...’ — 27/7, 39/2, 62/3, 65/6, Farask 23/1, farit 95/4, ferð 86/10, ferr 37/3, Fersk 25/1, fór 5/5

farvegr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -; acc. -u]farveg 18/2

fastr (adj.) [°compar. -ari, superl. -astr] ‘firm, fast...’ — 75/6

2 (verb) [°fǽr; fekk, fengu; fenginn] ‘get, receive...’ — 46/1, 54/7, fær 31/7

3fár (adj.) [°compar. fǽrri/fárri(Mág² 11ˆ), superl. fǽstr] ‘few...’fáir 55/8, fátt 81/3

fáráðr (adj.)fárôðum 24/6

fásýnn (adj.) ‘[rarely-seen]...’fásýnir 15/7

3fella (verb) ‘fell, kill...’ — 55/7, fellir 57/4

Fenrir (noun m.) ‘Fenrir...’ — 29/2

ferð (noun f.) [°-ar; -ir/-arMork 196¹²)] ‘host, journey...’ferðar 60/3, ferðar 91/3, ferðir 24/8

(noun n.) [°fjár/féar; -] ‘cattle, money...’ — 32/7, 87/4, fjár 81/4

fimm (num. cardinal) ‘five...’ — 56/7

fimmtán (num. cardinal) ‘fifteen...’fimtán 43/3

2finna (verb) ‘find, meet...’finni 96/5

firar (noun m.) ‘men...’fira 36/6, firum 14/8, firum 90/6

fiskr (noun m.) ‘fish...’fiskum 52/8, fiskum 89/9

1fjall (noun n.) ‘mountain...’fjalli 7/4, fjalli 13/10, fjalli 14/4, Fjǫll 99/5, fjǫllum 70/1

1fjara (noun f.) ‘shore, foreshore...’fjǫru 86/4

fjǫlð (noun f.) ‘multitude...’ — 5/4, 22/6, 25/3, 43/10

fjǫrðr (noun m.) ‘fjord...’fjarð 39/7

fjǫrtjón (noun n.) — 89/10

fjǫtra (verb) ‘shackle, fetter...’ — 55/7

fjǫturr (noun m.) ‘fetter...’fjǫtri 42/2, fjǫtri 44/4

flaugun (noun f.) ‘°bevægen sig gennem luften, flyvende bev...’ — 66/5

fleinn (noun m.) [°dat. fleini] ‘spear...’flein 11/8, flein 69/2, flein 103/3, fleinn 66/5

fleiri (adj. comp.) [°superl. flestr] ‘more, most...’ — 56/7, 93/5

fljóð (noun n.) ‘woman...’ — 51/6

fljóta (verb) ‘flow, float...’flýtr 51/3

2fljótr (adj.) ‘quick...’fljótt 70/2, 87/3, fljótt 86/9

fljúga (verb) ‘fly...’ — 86/5

flotnar (noun m.) ‘mariners...’flotnum 1/1

flýja (verb) ‘to flee, take flight...’flýðu 80/6, flýr 79/9

fold (noun f.) ‘land...’á foldu 76/1, 35/8, 38/10, 39/8, 101/2, foldar 43/4, foldar 57/3, foldu 25/2, foldu 32/8, foldu 56/8

folk (noun n.) ‘people...’ — 66/6

forðum (adv.) ‘formerly, once...’ — 1/2, 2/1

1forflótti (noun m.) — 17/1

forn (adj.) [°compar. -ari, superl. -astr] ‘ancient, old...’forna 71/6, fornum 3/4, fornum 4/4

1fótr (noun m.) ‘foot, leg...’fótum 24/7

frami (noun m.) ‘success...’ — 27/6

framsýnn (adj.) ‘prophetic...’framsýnna 95/8

frá (prep.) ‘from...’ — 48/7, 74/4, 94/2

fráliga (adv.) — 62/3

1fránn (noun m.) ‘snake(?)...’ — 17/2

1fregna (verb) ‘hear of...’frá 8/3

frétt (noun f.) ‘report...’ — 9/2

frétta (verb) ‘ask, enquire...’frétti 11/2, Frétti 101/1

friðr (noun m.) ‘peace...’ — 75/5

fríðr (adj.) [°compar. -ari, superl. -astr] ‘beautiful, fair...’fríði 99/6

fróðr (adj.) [°compar. -ari, superl. -astr] ‘wise...’fróða 8/2, fróða 93/6, fróðari 19/3, fróði 11/1, fróði 96/6, fróðir 1/3

2frón (noun n.) ‘earth, land...’fróni 42/8, fróni 80/5, fróns 15/7

2frœði (noun n.) ‘knowledge...’ — 103/4

frœkn (adj.) ‘brave, bold...’frœknir 15/8

fugl (noun m.) ‘bird...’fogla 86/9, foglar 86/6

fulltingja (verb)fulltingir 24/5, fulltingir 29/1

fúss (adj.) [°compar. -ari, superl. -astr] ‘eager, willing...’fús 70/8

2fylgja (verb) ‘follow, accompany...’ — 29/4

fylki (noun n.) ‘county...’fylkis 58/4

fylkir (noun m.) ‘leader...’fylki 11/7, 8/1, fylkis 75/5

fyr (prep.) ‘for, over, because of, etc....’ — 9/3, 33/1, 45/9, 48/9, 49/4, 50/5, 66/10, 78/4, 96/9, 102/2

2fyrðr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -] ‘man...’fyrða 95/7, fyrðar 1/4, fyrðar 62/4, fyrðar 69/1, fyrðar 96/10, fyrðar 101/1, fyrðum 19/4, fyrðum 38/9

fyrir (prep.) ‘for, before, because of...’ — 83/2, 89/4, 94/9

fyrr (adv.) ‘before, sooner...’ — 2/2, 38/9

1fyrri (adj. comp.) [°superl. fyrstr] ‘first...’fyrra 58/3

fœzla (noun f.) ‘[with food]...’ — 81/2

fǫr (noun f.) ‘journey, fate; movement...’ — 73/5

gaflak (noun n.) ‘[javelin]...’gaflok 65/6

gamall (adj.) [°gamlan; compar. & superl. „ ellri adj.] ‘old...’gǫmul 8/7

2ganga (verb) [geng, gekk, gengu, genginn] ‘walk, go...’ — 44/2

gangr (noun m.) ‘going, walking; course; success...’gangi 66/11

2gapa (verb) ‘gapa...’ — 16/3

gaupa (noun f.) [°; -ur] ‘lynx...’gaupu 61/1

geð (noun n.) ‘mind...’geðs 82/7

gefa (verb) ‘give...’gefin 42/3, gefr 59/7, gæfi 97/4

gefandi (noun m.) [°-a; gefendr] ‘dispenser, giver...’gefendr 14/5

geirr (noun m.) ‘spear...’geira 4/6, 66/11

1gera (verb) ‘do, make...’ — 13/2, 18/1, 54/3, 73/6, 90/7, gerðu 7/6, Gerðu 14/1, gerðusk 15/3, Geri 103/5, gerir 34/1, Gerir 57/5, gerir 91/7, gerisk 6/3, Gerisk 16/1, gerisk 35/1, gerisk 101/5, Gervisk 89/9

2gerð (noun f.) ‘gear...’gerðar 6/6

geystr (adj.) ‘violent...’geyst 65/5

girnd (noun f.)girnð 76/8

1gjalda (verb) ‘pay, repay...’ — 48/1

gjalla (verb) ‘to scream, shriek; to repay, return, pay...’ — 68/2

glata (verb) ‘destroy...’glatask 52/4, glati 103/6

gleða (noun f.) ‘°glente...’gleðu 52/3

gleypa (verb) ‘swallow...’gleypði 8/8

glíkr (adj.) [°-jan/-an; compar. -ari, superl. -astr] ‘like, alike...’Glíkt 61/1

glóa (verb) ‘glow...’ — 45/1

glæstr (adj./verb p.p.) ‘adorned, shining, splendid...’glæstum 82/7

gnótt (noun f.) ‘abundance...’ — 77/4

gollurr (noun m.) ‘[pericardium]...’gollor 82/8

góðr (adj.) ‘good...’gótt 103/5

góligr (adj.) ‘splendid...’góligust 80/10

grafa (verb) ‘to dig, earth, bury...’ — 10/5, 13/1, grafnir 78/7

1gramr (noun m.) ‘ruler...’grami 60/4, 8/4, 27/3, 37/5, grams 28/2, grams 61/2

2gramr (adj.) ‘angry...’ — 87/8

granda (verb) ‘harm, injure...’grandat 35/4

gras (noun n.) ‘grass...’grasi 51/2

2gráta (verb) ‘weep...’ — 54/2, Grét 20/1

greiða (verb) ‘alleviate...’ — 20/2

greppr (noun m.) [°; -ar] ‘poet, man...’greppar 14/1

grimmliga (adv.) ‘fiercely...’ — 16/3, 32/9

grimmr (adj.) [°compar. -ari, superl. -astr] ‘fierce...’grimmum 44/1, grimmra 48/2, grimmu 64/5

grund (noun f.) ‘earth, land...’grund 48/6, 8/7, 10/5, 13/1, grundar 16/4, grundu 77/3, grundu 78/7

grundvǫllr (noun m.) ‘foundation...’ — 8/6

grœða (verb) ‘heal...’grœddu 44/8

grœna (verb) ‘[flourishes]...’Grœnask 70/5

2grœnn (adj.) [°superl. grǿnastr/grǿnstr] ‘green...’grœna 48/5, grœnni 25/2, grœnni 32/8

1guð (noun m.) [°***guðrs, guðis, gus] ‘(Christian) God...’guðs 37/12, guðs 45/2, guðs 103/9

guðr (noun f.) ‘battle...’ — 66/12

gull (noun n.) ‘gold...’ — 45/1, 51/1, gulli 74/6

gullsmiðr (noun m.)gullsmiða 87/4

gumi (noun m.) [°-a; gumar/gumnar] ‘man...’gumar 103/5, gumna 10/6, gumna 20/1, gumna 76/7, gumnar 32/10, gumnar 54/1, gumnum 14/2, gumnum 27/4, gumnum 78/8

gunnþorinn (adj.) ‘battle-brave...’ — 8/3

gylðir (noun m.) ‘wolf...’gylðis 52/5, gylðis 87/7

gyrðingr (noun m.) ‘[girdles]...’gyrðingar 16/6

2gæta (verb) ‘look after, care for...’Gætir 34/9

gǫfga (verb) ‘endow, worship...’gǫfgaðr 43/6

gǫfugr (adj.) [°gǫfgan/gǫfugan; compar. gǫfgari/gǫfugri, superl. gǫfgastr/gǫfugstr/gǫfugastr] ‘noble, glorious...’ — 20/3

2Gǫndul (noun f.) ‘Gǫndul...’Gǫndlar 64/6

gǫr (noun n.) — 68/1

gǫrla (adv.) ‘quite, fully...’ — 8/5, 84/8, 100/4

gǫrva (adv.) ‘fully...’gǫrst 52/3

hafa (verb) ‘have...’ — 22/3, 81/3, 85/8, 94/7, 103/2, hafði 14/9, hafði 28/8, hafi 13/7, hafi 103/9, hefir 35/3, hefk 93/7, hefr 96/7

hafr (noun m.) [°hafrs/-s(SnEU 56¹⁹), dat. hafri; hafrar] ‘goat...’ — 74/2

haga (verb) ‘arrange, behave...’hagat 96/8

hagl (noun n.) [°-s; dat. *-um] ‘hail...’ — 65/2

hagliga (adv.) ‘easily, comfortably ...’ — 17/5

halda (verb) ‘hold, keep...’ — 5/2, 65/8, 71/5

halr (noun m.) [°-s] ‘man...’ — 11/1, 96/6

hann (pron.) [°gen. hans, dat. honum; f. hon, gen. hennar, acc. hana] ‘he, she, it, they, them......’ — 17/3, 17/5, 17/7, 20/2, 24/5, 25/1, 27/1, 31/7, 32/5, 37/8, 42/5, 43/8, 45/10, 46/1, 46/7, 48/1, 48/5, 48/7, 48/9, 59/1, 59/7, 63/6, 74/5, 80/7, 83/7, 84/3, 85/7, 86/1, 86/7, 86/8, 97/3, hans 27/7, hans 32/3, hans 48/3, hans 74/3, hans 81/1, hans 85/5, hans 88/1, hennar 23/8, hennar 90/5, hon 71/3, hon 71/5, Honum 29/1, honum 45/8, hônum 46/3, hônum 96/9, þau 70/3, þeim 35/3, þeim 55/9, þeim 86/7, þeim 93/7, þeir 4/5, Þeir 18/1, þeir 26/3, þeir 35/5, þeir 35/7, Þeir 55/5, þeir 85/1, þeir 96/3, þeira 3/1, þeira 92/6, þeira 102/6, Þær 82/5

harðla (adv.) ‘very, highly, greatly...’ — 23/7, 88/2

harðr (adj.) [°comp. -ari; superl. -astr] ‘hard, harsh...’harði 36/5, hart 65/4

1harmr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i; -ar] ‘sorrow, grief...’ — 22/1, 23/3

hauðr (noun n.) ‘earth, ground...’hauðri 98/9, hauðrs 16/6

3hár (adj.) [°-van; compar. hǽrri, superl. hǽstr] ‘high...’hátt 68/2, 34/5, hôvan 69/7

1háttr (noun m.) [°-ar, dat. hætti; hættir, acc. háttu] ‘behaviour, measure, verse-form...’hôttr 95/8, hætti 94/8, hætti 102/6

heðan (adv.) ‘hence, from this place...’ — 38/3

hefja (verb) ‘lift, start...’ — 59/4, hófusk 98/10

hefna (verb) ‘avenge...’ — 87/6

hefnd (noun f.) [°-ar; -ir] ‘revenge...’hefnðir 48/10

hegja (noun f.) ‘[condition, events]...’hegju 20/4

heiðinn (adj.) ‘heathen...’heiðin 3/7, heiðnu 21/6, heiðni 5/5

heilagr (adj.) [°helgan; compar. -ari, superl. -astr] ‘holy, sacred...’ — 33/5, helgan 59/3, helgir 96/10, helgum 58/7

3heill (adj.) [°heilan; compar. heilli, superl. -astr/-str] ‘healthy, hale, hail...’Heilir 103/1

heilnæmr (adj.)heilnæm 90/6

heimr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i/-; -ar] ‘home, abode; world...’heimi 73/3, heimi 82/8

2heita (verb) ‘be called, promise...’hét 1/7, Hét 9/5

heiti (noun n.) ‘name, promise...’ — 71/6, 97/4

1hella (noun f.) [°-u; -ur] ‘cave, slab...’hellum 12/4

helmingr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i; -ar] ‘unit, troop...’ — 69/8

helverkr (noun m.) ‘[mortal illness]...’ — 36/6

herr (noun m.) [°-s/-jar, dat. -; -jar, gen. -ja/herra] ‘army, host...’her 24/6, her 36/3, her 36/7, her 47/3, her 79/4, her 101/5, herja 33/6, 5/6, 23/4, 38/4, hers 5/1

hertogi (noun m.) ‘duke...’ — 6/1

hestr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i; -ar] ‘horse, stallion...’hesti 63/3

2heyja (verb) ‘fight, wage (battle)...’háit 64/8, hár 31/3

2heyra (verb) ‘hear...’ — 92/8

hér (adv.) ‘here...’ — 93/1

hildingr (noun m.) [°; -ar] ‘king, ruler...’hildingar 77/6

hilmir (noun m.) ‘prince, protector...’hilmi 74/1, 34/6, 72/9, hilmis 81/6

himinn (noun m.) [°himins, dat. himni; himnar] ‘heaven, sky...’himin 58/8, himins 36/2, himins 54/6, himna 60/3

himinríki (noun n.) ‘Heaven...’ — 103/10

himinskaut (noun n.)himinskautum 27/8

hinnig (adv.) ‘here, hence...’hinig 65/5

hirða (verb) ‘hide, care for...’Hirtisk 100/1

Hispania (noun ?)Ispáníam 73/8

hitta (verb) ‘meet, encounter...’Hittisk 67/1

híð (noun n.) [°-s] ‘°hi, hule...’ — 45/7

1hjalmr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i; -ar] ‘helmet...’ — 66/9, 67/3

hjarl (noun n.) ‘land...’ — 39/2, 102/10, hjarli 68/4

hjǫrr (noun m.) ‘sword...’ — 67/2

2hlaða (verb) ‘heap, pile...’hlaðinn 68/6

2hlið (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘gate...’hliði 34/5

hlíf (noun f.) [°-ar; -ar] ‘shield, defence...’ — 66/10, 67/4

hljóða (verb) ‘listen, sound...’hlýði 1/3

hljóta (verb) ‘alot, gain...’hlýtr 69/7, Hlýtr 71/5

hlutr (noun m.) [°-ar, dat. -i/-; -ir, acc. -i/-u] ‘part, thing...’hlut 58/3

2hlýða (verb) ‘hear, listen; be able...’hlýtt 103/2

hlýrnir (noun m.) ‘heaven, heavenly body...’hlýrni 68/10

hneitir (noun m.) ‘sword...’ — 67/3

hnekkja (verb) ‘drive off, reject...’hnekkir 46/3, hnekt 23/7

hníga (verb) ‘sink, fall...’ — 33/1, hnígr 65/3

1hnoss (noun f.) [°; -ir] ‘treasure...’hnossir 59/8

1hodd (noun f.) ‘gold, treasure...’ — 97/3

hollr (adj.) [°compar. -ari, superl. -astr] ‘loyal...’ — 72/10

holmr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i/-; -ar] ‘island, islet...’holmi 77/5

horn (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘horn...’ — 74/6

horskliga (adv.) — 96/7

hrapa (verb) ‘[tumble down, rush]...’ — 68/1

1hringr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -; -ar] ‘ring; sword...’hringum 83/8

hringserkjaðr (adj.)hringserkjat 46/4

Hrist (noun f.) ‘Hrist...’Hristar 14/9

hróðr (noun m.) ‘encomium, praise...’ — 27/7

2hryggr (adj.) [°-van/-jan; compar. -vari/-ari/-ri; superl. -astr] ‘sorrowful, sad...’ — 38/3

hræ (noun n.) [°; -] ‘corpse, carrion...’hræva 68/1

3hræða (verb) ‘fear, be afraid...’hræðask 50/4

1hrøkkva (verb) ‘coil...’hrøkkr 17/6

hugr (noun m.) ‘mind, thought, courage...’huga 101/6

2hugspá (adj.) ‘[prophetic-minded]...’hugspár 14/10

hugtrúr (adj.) — 17/8

hugþekkr (adj.) ‘beloved...’ — 60/4

hundrað (noun n.) [°-s; hundruð/-] ‘hundred...’hundruð 43/7

hús (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘house...’ — 63/8, húsum 45/2

hvalr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i/-; -ir/-ar] ‘whale...’hval 52/10

hvass (adj.) [°-an; -ari, -astr] ‘keen, sharp...’ — 44/3, 84/2, hvassa 65/1, hvassir 52/9, hvǫssum 102/9

hvat (pron.) ‘what...’ — 8/4, 11/3, 13/7, 19/5, 100/5, 101/5

hvatr (adj.) [°-ari, -an; -astr] ‘keen, brave...’ — 63/4, hvatt 18/3

hvelpr (noun m.) [°; -ar] ‘°hvalp, hundehvalp, rovdyreunge; (I) (om...’hvelpar 52/9

1hverfa (verb) ‘turn, disappear...’hvarf 8/5, 49/6

2hverr (pron.) ‘who, whom, each, every...’ — 95/7, hvers 32/7, hvers 77/4

hvé (adv.) ‘how...’ — 95/3, 101/10

hvítdreki (noun m.) — 41/4

hvítmýlingr (noun m.) ‘white-muzzled one...’hvítmýlingar 67/9

hvítr (adj.) [°-an; -ari, -astr] ‘white...’hvíta 12/8, hvíta 17/7, hvíta 22/4, hvíta 28/6, hvíta 32/2, hvíta 47/6, hvíti 21/5, hvíti 39/1, hvítum 63/3, hvítum 63/5

hvǫtuðr (noun m.) ‘inciter...’ — 94/11

2hylja (verb) ‘to bury, cover, inhume...’ — 36/8, 85/1

hylli (noun f.) [°-] ‘favour...’ — 103/9

hymni (noun m.) [°-a; -ar] ‘[hymn]...’ymna 99/9

2hæða (verb) ‘to mock, scorn...’ — 100/2

hœkinn (adj.) ‘[vicious]...’hœknir 16/5

hœli (noun n.) ‘[refuge, boasting]...’hœlis 6/2

hǫfuð (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘head...’hǫfði 66/9, hǫfði 74/5, 57/8

hǫfugr (adj.) [°acc. hǫfgan, compar. hǫfgari] ‘heavy, difficult...’hǫfug 36/12, 23/3, hǫfugt 53/5

hǫggva (verb) ‘to strike, put to death, cut, hew...’Hǫggvask 16/5, Høggr 72/7

hǫlðr (noun m.) [°-s; -ar] ‘man...’hǫlða 65/3, hǫlða 67/10, hǫlðar 54/5, hǫlðar 100/1, hǫlðum 22/2

1hǫll (noun f.) [°hallar, dat. -u/-; hallir] ‘hall...’hallir 3/8, 37/10

hǫnd (noun f.) [°handar, dat. hendi; hendr (hendir StatPáll³ 752¹²)] ‘hand...’ — 67/7, hǫndum 81/4

hǫtuðr (noun m.) ‘hater...’ — 10/2, 60/2

illing (noun f.) [°-ar; -ar] ‘°ondskab; undertrykkelse, plage, fordærv...’illingar 87/1

illr (adj.) ‘bad, evil, unwell...’illa 62/5, illu 103/6, illum 84/3

2inn (art.) ‘the...’in 2/5, in 23/6, in 30/7, in 37/3, in 42/6, in 67/5, in 76/8, in 81/5, in 101/7, in 102/1, ina 21/6, ina 30/3, 5/5, 9/7, 11/1, 17/2, 17/3, 17/7, 21/1, 21/5, 22/4, 31/5, 32/2, 36/5, 39/1, 58/3, 58/5, 63/1, 67/2, 77/2, 79/2, 96/6, 99/1, 99/6, ins 28/2, ins 28/6, ins 47/6, ins 93/6, inu 42/7, inu 71/6, it 5/6, it 54/7, it 64/7, it 65/1, it 71/2, it 73/7

í (prep.) ‘in, into...’ — 3/4, 4/4, 7/4, 12/1, 12/4, 18/2, 23/4, 24/1, 25/4, 30/3, 37/10, 42/4, 43/2, 51/6, 52/1, 52/10, 55/1, 55/4, 58/1, 62/6, 66/6, 66/7, 66/12, 69/2, 73/3, 75/8, 76/4, 77/9, 78/6, 82/7, 83/3, 86/6, 88/8, 91/4, 93/8, 94/12, 100/6

írar (noun m.) ‘Irishmen...’Íra 57/2, Íra 61/7

1íri (noun m.) [°; -ar] ‘°indbygger i Irland, irlænder...’Íra 25/5

ítarligr (adj.) ‘magnificent...’ — 34/8

ítr (adj.) ‘glorious...’ítra 28/2

jaðarr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. jaðri; jaðrar] ‘edge, border...’ — 5/1

járn (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘iron, weapon...’jarni 5/7

jóð (noun n.) ‘child, offspring...’ — 61/2

jǫfurr (noun m.) ‘ruler, prince...’ — 37/6

jǫrð (noun f.) [°jarðar, dat. -u; jarðir/jarðar(DN I (1367) 304Š)] ‘ground, earth...’jaðar 5/8, jarðar 61/8, jarðir 21/8, jarðir 47/4, jarðir 80/8, jarðir 82/6, 2/1, jǫrðu 5/3, jǫrðu 98/6

Kaðvalodrús (noun m.)Káðvaládrus 64/2

kaldr (adj.) [°compar. -ari] ‘cold...’kaldar 90/4, kǫldum 92/5

kalfr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i; -ar] ‘calf...’kalfs 51/4

kall (noun n.) ‘cry, prayer...’ — 92/6

kalla (verb) ‘call...’ — 8/1, 64/1, kallaðisk 9/10, kǫlluð 71/4

Kambría (noun f.) — 70/8

kantari (noun m.) ‘Kent, Canter(-bury)...’Kantara 30/4

kapp (noun n.) [°-s; *-] ‘strength, vigour, courage...’kapps 41/4, kapps 92/1

kappgóðr (adj.) — 80/2

kappsamr (adj.) ‘vigorous...’kappsamar 35/9

karl (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i; -ar] ‘(old) man...’karla 91/7

kastra (noun n.) — 76/6

kaupskapr (noun m.)kaupskapar 80/1

kenna (verb) ‘know, teach...’kend 2/2, kend 71/7

kind (noun f.) [°-ar; -r] ‘offspring, race...’kindir 35/10

kirkja (noun f.) ‘church...’kœnir 3/6, kirkjur 23/2

kjǫlr (noun m.) [°kjalar, dat. kili; kjǫlir] ‘keel, ship...’kjal 95/6

klauf (noun f.) [°; -ir] ‘[his hoofs]...’klaufum 51/3

koma (verb) [kem, kom/kvam, kominn] ‘come...’Kemr 36/1, kemr 39/6, 24/2, 72/2, komnir 56/6, Kómu 7/1, Kømr 46/5, Kømr 79/1, Kømr 80/1, Kømr 84/1

kona (noun f.) [°-u; -ur/-r(KlmA1980 116¹¹), gen. pl. kvenna/kvinna] ‘woman...’konur 32/4

konr (noun m.) [°-ar] ‘kind, descendant...’kon 33/2, konar 32/7, konar 77/4, konar 97/7, 72/5

konungr (noun m.) [°dat. -i, -s; -ar] ‘king...’ — 34/10, 60/6, 99/2, 102/4, konungs 26/8

kornbreti (noun m.)Kornbreta 70/6

1kosta (verb) ‘try, strive...’ — 54/6

1kostr (noun m.) [°-ar, dat. -i/-; -ir, acc. -i/-u] ‘choice, food, goods, good quality...’kosti 23/8, kosti 97/12

Kónan (noun m.)nus 72/4, 64/1

Kóríneus (noun m.)Kórínéus 53/12

1kóróna (noun f.) [°-u, -ur] ‘crown...’kórónu 70/4

3kóróna (verb) ‘crown...’kórónask 41/3

kristinn (adj.) [°superl. kristnastr] ‘Christian...’kristnir 3/5

kristni (noun f.) [°-/-s(Ágr 26¹²)] ‘Christianity...’krístni 23/1

kristnibrot (noun n.) — 29/5

Kristr (noun m.) [°-s/-, dat. -i; -ar] ‘Christ...’Krists 59/7

kunna (verb) ‘know, can, be able...’kunni 9/4

kvánfang (noun n.) ‘match, marriage, wife...’kvánfǫng 92/2

kveða (verb) ‘say, recite...’kvað 10/1, kvað 19/2, kvað 21/3

2kveðja (verb) ‘say, greet...’Kvezk 98/5

kvelja (verb) ‘torment, torture...’kvalit 32/3, Kvelr 36/5

kvennsemi (noun f.)kvensemi 76/5

kverk (noun f.) [°; kverkr/-ar] ‘throat...’kverkr 82/9

kvern (noun f.) [°-ar; -ir/-ar] ‘[hand-mill]...’kvernar 63/8

kvistr (noun m.) [°dat. -i; -ir, acc. -i/-u] ‘twig, branch...’kvistir 83/5, kvistir 84/5, kvistum 88/6

kvæði (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘poem...’ — 93/8

1kyn (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘kin...’ — 32/3, 48/4, 53/6, kyni 29/6

kynna (verb) ‘make known, reveal...’kynni 95/5

kynsmaðr (noun m.)kynsmenn 53/11

kynstórr (adj.) ‘high-born...’kynstórri 72/3

laða (verb) ‘invite...’ — 28/3

land (noun n.) [°-s; *-] ‘land...’ — 83/8, landi 4/7, landi 23/4, landi 28/4, landi 37/4, landi 38/4, landi 51/6, landi 62/6, landi 75/8, landi 79/10, lands 12/6, lǫndum 25/7, lǫndum 74/2

landi (noun m.) [°-a; -ar] ‘°(ngns) landsmand; (om islænding)...’ — 86/6

landnyrðingr (noun m.) — 44/3, 84/2

landreki (noun m.) ‘land-ruler...’landrekar 78/5

langr (adj.) [°compar. lengri, superl. lengstr] ‘long...’langa 30/5, langa 54/7

latr (adj.) [°compar. -ari] ‘lazy, slow...’ — 87/6

lauf (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘leaf...’ — 42/1, laufi 83/7, laufi 85/2, laufi 85/6, laufi 86/2

laug (noun f.) [°-ar; dat. -u/-; -ar] ‘bath, hot spring...’laugar 90/4

2láð (noun n.) ‘earth, land...’ — 3/1, 22/5, 37/1, 38/1, láði 102/7

láta (verb) ‘let, have sth done...’Lát 13/1, 37/1, lét 8/1, Lætr 80/7

lávarðr (noun m.) [°-ar/-s dat. -i/-; dat. -um] ‘°(forholdet tjenende person vs. herre) (...’lávarðr 57/8

leggja (verb) ‘put, lay...’ — 18/8, leggjask 22/5

Legíónum (noun n.)Légíónum 30/6

2leiða (verb) [-dd] ‘lead; (-sk) grow tired...’leiði 101/6

leita (verb) ‘seek, look for, attack...’leitar 6/2

lengi (adv.) ‘for a long time...’ — 18/3

2león (noun n.) [°; -] ‘[lion]...’léons 52/7, léónis 57/7

lesa (verb) ‘read...’ — 95/2, Lesi 96/1, lesi 96/2, lesi 96/3

létta (verb) ‘to relieve, lighten...’ — 93/1

lið (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘retinue, troop...’ — 46/4, 65/3, liði 3/2, liði 47/2, liði 81/8

liða (verb) ‘travel...’liðit 102/7

lifa (verb) ‘live...’ — 37/2

lifri (noun m.) ‘°(heiti; for bror)...’lifra 53/10

1lind (noun f.) ‘linden-shield, linden tree...’lindar 88/6

1lindi (noun m.) [°-a; -ar] ‘belt, girdle...’lindar 12/5

linnr (noun m.) ‘snake...’liðr 17/4, linnar 18/4

1líða (verb) ‘move, glide...’liðin 100/7, liðna 101/4, Líðr 30/1, Líðr 32/1, Líðr 36/9, líðr 53/5, líðr 90/3

líf (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘life...’ — 54/7, 60/5

lífdagr (noun m.) ‘[his life]...’lífdaga 75/6

1lík (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘body, shape...’líki 24/1

3líka (verb)líkar 58/7

lítill (adj.) [°lítinn] ‘little...’lítlum 88/5

ljóð (noun n.) [°; -] ‘poem...’ — 93/2, 94/1

ljónar (noun m.) ‘men...’ljóna 91/3

ljóss (adj.) [°compar. -ari, superl. -astr] ‘bright...’ljósi 17/3, ljósum 42/2

ljótr (adj.) ‘ugly...’ljótt 78/4

lofði (noun m.) [°; -ar] ‘man...’lofða 11/2, lofða 87/5, lǫfðar 54/8

lofðungr (noun m.) [°; -ar] ‘king, leader...’lofðung 4/8, lofðungi 28/3, 24/2, 47/1

lofsæll (adj.) ‘praise-blessed, glorious...’ — 34/10

loft (noun n.) ‘air, sky...’lopti 66/4

lófi (noun m.) [°-a; -ar] ‘palm of hand...’lófum 99/8

1lundr (noun m.) [°-ar, dat. -i/-; -ar] ‘grove, tree...’lundar 44/4, lundi 83/6, lundi 88/8

Lundúnir (noun f.) ‘[London]...’Lundúna 34/9, Lundúna 83/4, Lundúnum 30/2, Lundúnum 43/9, Lundúnum 78/6, Lundúnum 91/4

lýðr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -; -ir] ‘one of the people...’lýða 22/6, lýða 27/2, lýða 38/2, lýða 43/10, lýða 53/6, lýða 78/3, lýði 2/8, lýði 21/4, lýðir 29/9, lýðs 102/8

lœgi (noun n.) — 84/1

lægja (verb) ‘humble, become lower...’lægir 45/4

1lǫð (noun f.) ‘[hospitality]...’laða 39/4

lǫgðir (noun m.) ‘sword...’lǫgðis 45/3

maðr (noun m.) ‘man, person...’ — 9/1, 9/10, 79/10, manna 36/11, manna 79/8, manns 67/7, manns 93/6, menn 92/7, menn 95/10, mǫnnum 92/1

malmr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i; -ar] ‘metal...’malm 64/8, malm 68/3, malm 94/11, malmar 66/2

manndauðr (noun m.) — 79/4

mannfjǫlði (noun m.)mannfjǫlða 39/6

mannkyn (noun n.) ‘mankind...’mannkyni 31/4, mannkyni 90/8

margfaldr (adj.) ‘manifold...’margfalda 99/3

margháttaðr (adj./verb p.p.)margháttaða 98/3

2margr (adj.) [°-an] ‘many...’margan 59/4, margar 92/4, 79/9, margra 57/6, margrar 82/10, Mart 26/5, mart 53/5, mart 90/3, mǫrg 36/12, mǫrgu 32/6, mǫrgu 51/2, mǫrgum 6/7, mǫrgum 94/12, mǫrgum 100/9

marka (verb) ‘to draw, mark, carve...’markar 63/6

1mál (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘speech, matter...’ — 94/8, môl 95/9, môl 100/10

mánuðr (noun m.) [°-aðar; -aðir/-uðir] ‘month...’ — 89/7

máttigr (adj.) [°compar. -ari/-ri, superl. -astr] ‘mighty...’môttug 67/7, môttug 89/8

máttr (noun m.) [°-ar, dat. mǽtti/mátt; mǽttir, dat. -um] ‘power...’mátt 31/8

með (prep.) ‘with...’ — 3/2, 27/8, 37/11, 38/9, 39/5, 60/8, 81/4, 83/8, 85/2

meðalkafli (noun m.) ‘sword-hilt...’ — 67/8

mega (verb) ‘may, might...’máttit 5/2, 18/5, 45/7, megut 26/3, megut 36/7, megut 65/7, Megut 86/5

meinliga (adv.) ‘[painfully]...’ — 53/1, 79/3

meiri (adj. comp.) [°meiran; superl. mestr] ‘more, most...’meira 18/6, meira 28/7, mest 68/4

2men (noun n.) [°; dat. menjum] ‘neck-ring...’ — 19/2, 26/6, menja 13/4

Menelógía (noun f.) — 30/8

1merki (noun n.) [°-s: -] ‘banner, sign...’merkjum 98/4

Merlínus (noun m.) — 9/9, 13/3, 19/1

metnuðr (noun m.) [°-aðar, dat. -aði] ‘pride, arrogance...’ — 76/4

miðja (noun f.) [°-u] ‘the middle...’miðju 52/1

mikill (adj.) [°mikinn] ‘great, large...’mikil 16/1, mikil 79/7, 22/1, mikils 97/6, mikit 89/6, mikla 64/7, mikli 79/2, miklu 3/2, miklu 31/7, miklu 46/8, miklum 39/5, miklum 43/2

mildingr (noun m.) [°-s] ‘ruler, generous one...’ — 6/8

2missa (verb) ‘lose, lack...’ — 102/3, missir 36/11, missir 49/3

Mist (noun f.) ‘Mist...’Mistar 75/1

Mont (noun n.) ‘[Alps]...’montum 92/8

morginn (noun m.) [°morgins, dat. morgni; morgnar] ‘morning...’morgin 7/8

móðir (noun f.) ‘mother...’móður 53/4

móti (prep.) ‘against...’ — 15/6, 17/6, 44/2, 55/10

mótpenningr (noun m.)mótpenningum 52/2

Mundia (noun f.)Mundíu 92/7

munu (verb) ‘will, must...’mun 19/5, mun 21/7, mun 22/5, mun 23/1, mun 23/5, Mun 24/1, mun 27/3, mun 27/5, mun 30/7, mun 34/2, mun 39/1, mun 43/8, mun 44/1, Mun 45/1, Mun 45/5, mun 46/1, mun 46/7, mun 47/1, Mun 47/5, mun 48/1, mun 49/5, mun 50/1, mun 51/1, mun 52/3, Mun 59/1, mun 61/1, mun 64/1, mun 71/3, Mun 72/1, mun 72/9, mun 73/5, Mun 81/1, mun 87/1, mun 89/7, mun 100/5, mun* 43/1, munu 37/1, munu 55/1, Munat 42/5, munk 93/1, 22/7, 27/1, 29/7, 52/5, 54/1, 54/5, 55/5, 55/8, 68/7, 70/3, 73/1, 76/1, 76/5, 82/5, 84/5, 90/1, 91/5, 92/1, 99/5

1mynda (verb) ‘shape...’mynt 94/7

2myrkr (adj.) [°-an/-jan/-van; compar. -(v)ari/-ri, superl. -(v)astr] ‘dark, murky...’myrk 100/9, myrkva 9/2

mækir (noun m.) ‘sword...’mæki 53/2, mæki 102/9

1mæla (verb) ‘speak, say...’mælir 99/4

mær (noun f.) [°meyjar, dat. meyju; meyjar] ‘maiden...’meyjum 76/3

mætr (adj.) [°compar. -ri/-ari, superl. -astr] ‘honoured, respected...’mæta 30/7

naðr (noun m.) ‘snake...’naðr 21/5, 32/2

nafn (noun n.) [°-s; *-] ‘name...’ — 71/2, nafni 9/8, nafns 49/7

nálga (verb) ‘[draws near]...’nálgask 45/8

1nema (verb) ‘to take...’nemi 100/3, numin 61/10, numnar 52/6, numnir 33/4

Neustria (noun f.)Néústría 61/9, Néústríe 56/2

neyð (noun f.) [°dat. -] ‘need, distress...’nauðr 79/7, nauðr 32/1

(conj.) ‘nor...’ — 5/4, 42/7, 102/8

3niðr (adv.) ‘down...’ — 13/10, 14/3, niðri 11/4

niðri (adv.) ‘below...’ — 12/2

1norðr (noun n.) [°-s] ‘[Norwegians, north]...’ — 25/10

Noregr (noun m.) ‘Norway...’Nóregs 25/9

nótt (noun f.) ‘night...’nóttum 54/2

(adv.) ‘now...’ — 1/1, nús 102/4

nýlunda (noun f.) — 13/9

nýr (adj.) [°nýjan; compar. nýrri, superl. nýjastr] ‘new...’nýju 101/7

nýtr (adj.) [°compar. -ri, superl. nýztr/nýtastr] ‘useful, able...’nýtastr 56/1, nýtir 54/8, nýtra 79/8

næst (adv.) ‘next...’ — 92/6

2nǫkkvi (adv.) ‘somewhat, a little ...’nøkkvi 29/8

nǫs (noun f.) [°; nasar/nasir] ‘nose, nostrils...’nǫsum 75/2

3of (prep.) ‘around, from; too...’ — 26/6, 29/6, 34/5, 35/2, 35/4, 35/7, 35/8, 36/3, 42/6, 46/6, 53/6, 75/4, 75/5, 77/7, 79/4, 86/3, 89/2, 101/5

4of (particle) ‘(before verb)...’ — 49/6

ofan (adv.) ‘down...’ — 41/8

3ok (conj.) ‘and, but; also...’ — 3/1, 3/5, 5/7, 6/5, 11/1, 11/5, 12/8, 13/6, 14/5, 15/1, 16/8, 18/3, 18/7, 20/5, 22/6, 24/7, 25/3, 25/5, 25/6, 25/10, 26/1, 27/7, 28/1, 28/4, 30/5, 32/4, 32/6, 33/5, 34/5, 35/8, 36/9, 37/8, 39/5, 41/5, 43/10, 44/5, 48/7, 50/5, 52/7, 53/9, 54/3, 57/3, 59/3, 60/5, 61/7, 61/10, 63/5, 64/3, 67/2, 67/3, 67/4, 67/6, 67/8, 67/10, 73/4, 79/3, 81/5, 82/9, 85/5, 86/1, 88/1, 89/1, 90/5, 93/3, 95/5, 96/4, 96/5, 99/4, 99/6, 99/9, 100/4, 101/6, 103/10

orð (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘word...’ — 93/5, orða 82/1

ormr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i; -ar] ‘serpent...’orma 19/6, orma 97/8, ormar 12/3, ormar 18/5, ormar 49/2, ormar 50/4, orms 28/6

óðal (noun n.) [°-s, dat. óð(a)li/óðrli; óðul, dat. óðlum/óðrlum] ‘(hereditary) property...’óðals 62/2

ófs (adv.) ‘excessively...’ — 88/3

ógløggr (adj.)óglǫgt 26/7

ógurligr (adj.) ‘horrible...’ógurligt 19/7

ólíkr (adj.) ‘unlike...’ólíkir 12/6

ólítill (adj.) ‘not small...’ólítit 10/4

3ór (prep.) ‘out of...’ór 75/2, 13/10, 14/4, 22/8, 30/2, 37/4, 38/4, 47/7, 51/3, 72/3, 72/8, 74/6, 74/8, 78/7, 79/10, 82/1, 88/4, 89/11, úr 15/4

ósami (noun m.)ósama 2/7

ósáttr (adj.)ósáttar 62/7

Óskará (noun f.)Óskarô 89/5

óss (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i; -ar] ‘estuary, mouth...’ósa 89/2

pallium (noun ?)pallío 59/6

Perítónisá (noun f.)Peritónis 63/2

prófeti (noun m.) [°-a; -ar] ‘[prophets]...’própheta 100/10

prúðr (adj.) [°superl. -astr] ‘magnificent, proud...’prúði 63/1

2rak (noun n.) [°; *-] ‘omen, lore...’rǫk 31/1, rǫk 78/1

2raka (verb)rakði 94/10

rammligr (adj.) ‘strong...’rammligar 88/3, rammligir 50/7

rammr (adj.) [°compar. -ari, superl. -astr] ‘mighty...’rǫmmu 42/6

rangr (adj.) ‘wrong, false...’ranga 76/8

rauðr (adj.) [°compar. -ari] ‘red...’rauða 12/7, rauði 17/2, rauði 21/1, rauði 31/5

4 (noun n.) ‘[earth]...’rás 12/8, rás 21/2

rábiti (noun m.)Rábítar 73/1

ráð (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘advice, plan, control, power...’ — 58/2, 78/3, ráða 48/2

ráða (verb) ‘advise, rule, interpret, decide...’ — 42/8, 56/8

ráðandi (noun m.) [°-a; ráðendr] ‘ruler...’ráðanda 97/11

Rán (noun f.) ‘Rán...’Ránar 89/1

ránsemi (noun f.) — 52/4, 87/8

reiðing (noun f.) [°dat. -u; -ar] ‘°bevægelse (frem og tilbage), røre, tumu...’reiðingu 58/1

2reisa (verb) ‘to raise, erect...’ — 26/3

2reka (verb) ‘drive, force...’ — 44/6

2rekja (verb) ‘unwind; track, trace...’Rekr 99/1

3rekja (verb) — 95/9

rekkr (noun m.) [°; -ar] ‘man, champion...’rekkum 20/8

2renna (verb) ‘run (strong)...’renn 83/1, renn 89/2, Rennask 15/5

reyna (verb) ‘test, try, experience...’reynisk 10/7

réttlæti (noun n.) ‘justice...’réttlætis 50/2

1rigna (verb) ‘[it rains]...’rignir 31/2

1ríða (verb) ‘ride...’Ríðr 63/1

ríki (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘kingdom, power...’ — 46/7, 57/6, 98/8

ríkja (verb) ‘rule...’ríkir 48/8, Ríkir 49/1, 41/6, 42/5, 50/1, 87/2

rísta (verb) ‘carve, raise...’ristnar 32/4

rjóða (verb) ‘to redden...’roðinn 69/5, Rýðr 53/7

rjúka (verb) ‘smoke, reek...’Rýkr 64/5

roðinn (adj.) ‘reddened...’ — 67/6

roðull (noun m.)roðla 96/4

rómverr (noun m.)Rúmverjar 26/1

rúm (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘place...’ — 84/7, 85/7, rúmi 15/4

ræna (verb) ‘rob...’ — 4/7, 46/8, Ræntr 32/5

ræsir (noun m.) ‘ruler...’ræsi 26/2, ræsi 73/2, 57/5

rǫkstæltr (adj.)rǫkstælta 20/7

rǫnd (noun f.) [°dat. -/-u; rendr/randir] ‘shield, shield-rim...’ — 26/4

Sabrínus (noun m.)Sábrínus 89/3

safna (verb) ‘gather...’samna 80/4, samnar 6/7

1saga (noun f.) [°*-u; *-ur] ‘story, saga...’ — 10/8, sǫgum 3/4, sǫgum 4/4

salmr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i/-; -ar] ‘[psalms]...’sálma 96/1

2sama (verb) ‘befit...’samit 93/8

saman (adv.) ‘together...’ — 101/10

1Saxi (noun m.) [°; -ar] ‘Saxon...’Saxa 24/8

saxneskr (adj.)saxneska 39/3, saxneskir 41/5, 4/3

1 (pron.) [°gen. þess, dat. þeim, acc. þann; f. sú, gen. þeirrar, acc. þá; n. þat, dat. því; pl. m. þeir, f. þǽ---] ‘that (one), those...’ — 8/6, 9/1, 9/9, 27/3, 34/1, 47/1, 57/1, 72/5, sás 23/3, sás 24/3, sás 37/6, sás 87/3, 46/5, 102/1, sús 2/3, sús 77/9, Þat 10/1, þat 11/5, þat 13/9, þat 20/5, þat 28/5, þat 31/3, þat 35/1, þat 49/1, þat 61/3, þat 62/1, þat 83/2, þat 84/8, þat 89/4, þat 89/6, þat 95/1, þat 95/5, þat 96/5, þat 97/2, þat 101/9, þats 7/3, þats 50/3, Þau 94/1, þaus 95/10, þaus 98/7, þaus 98/9, þá 80/7, þeim 61/5, þeim 83/6, þeim 89/11, þeims 29/3, þeims 80/5, þeims 81/3, þeims 94/9, Þeir 12/5, Þeir 91/5, þeirar 6/6, þeirs 55/9, þess 7/7, þess 84/7, þess 94/5, því 42/7, því 51/8, því 89/10

2sáð (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘seed...’ — 47/5

sárr (adj.) [°compar. -ari, superl. -astr] ‘sore, painful; wounded...’sárar 48/10

sáttr (adj.) [°compar. -ari, superl. -astr] ‘reconciled, at peace...’sáttir 35/6

seggr (noun m.) [°; -ir] ‘man...’seggi 8/2, seggir 41/6

segja (verb) ‘say, tell...’sagaðr 4/3, sagat 14/10, sagði 11/7, sagði 13/3, sagði 20/8, sagt 7/3, Seg 19/1, segik 22/3, Segir 98/1, 1/4

seil (noun f.) [°; dat. -um] ‘strap...’ — 12/7

2seimr (noun m.) [°dat. -i] ‘gold...’seim 14/5

4selja (verb) ‘hand over, sell, give...’seldi 8/10

sem (conj.) ‘as, which...’se*m 8/7, 14/8, 96/9

2semja (verb) ‘befit...’ — 93/2

setja (verb) ‘place, set, establish...’settr 37/12

sex (num. cardinal) ‘six...’ — 53/9

siðbót (noun f.) — 51/8

sigr (noun m.) [°sigrs/sigrar, dat. sigri; sigrar] ‘victory...’ — 22/3, 36/10, 69/7, sigri 33/4

sik (pron.) [°gen. sín, dat. sér] ‘(refl. pron.)...’ — 34/3

siklingr (noun m.) [°; -ar] ‘king, ruler...’siklingar 33/3, siklingar 56/5

silfr (noun n.) [°-s] ‘silver...’ — 51/4, silfri 74/8

3sinn (pron.) [°f. sín, n. sitt] ‘(refl. poss. pron.)...’sinni 61/3, sín 37/7, sín 45/7, sín 86/8, sína 55/5, sína 98/2

sitja (verb) ‘sit...’sat 1/5, 43/8, sitr 34/8, sitr 56/1, Sitr 74/1

1síða (noun f.) [°-u; -ur] ‘side...’síðu 25/9

síðan (adv.) ‘later, then...’ — 2/4, 13/6, 15/5, 31/6, 34/6, 53/9, 55/2, 83/1, 86/1, 98/10, 101/9

síðarr (adv.) ‘later...’síðar 29/8

2síðr (adv.) ‘less, hardly...’zt 35/5

sjalfr (adj.) ‘self...’sjalfir 29/7, sjalfir 35/5, sjalfir 50/6, sjalfir 55/6, 34/2, sjalfri 61/4, sjǫlf 3/3, sjǫlfum 89/11

sjau (num. cardinal) ‘seven...’ — 33/3, 33/8, 89/3, 89/7

1sjá (pron.) [°gen. þessa dat. þessum/þeima, acc. þenna; f. sjá/þessi; n. þetta, dat. þessu/þvísa; pl. þessir] ‘this...’þenna 94/6, þessa 20/4, þessi 78/1, þessi 100/6, þessu 103/4, þessum 94/2, þetta 60/5

2sjá (verb) ‘see...’ 7/7, 101/9, sék 12/7, sék 26/7, sék 53/3, sék 83/2, sék 84/8, sék 89/4, 78/1, 98/5

sjór (noun m.) ‘sea...’sjóvar 29/2, 50/5

1skap (noun n.) [°-s; *-] ‘mind, fate...’ — 74/4, skǫp 42/6, skǫpum 49/8

2skapa (verb) ‘form...’skapat 74/8

skati (noun m.) [°-a; -nar] ‘chieftan, prince...’skata 9/3, skata 74/7, skǫtum 97/3

skegg (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘beard...’ — 74/7

skelfir (noun m.) ‘terrifier...’ — 56/4

3skella (verb) — 99/8

skepna (noun f.) [°-u; -ur] ‘creation...’skepnu 97/10

skeyti (noun n.) [°; -] ‘arrow, missile...’ — 49/4

skilfingr (noun m.) ‘lord, king...’skilfinga* 64/3

1skilja (verb) ‘separate, understand...’skili 100/4, 74/3

skip (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘ship...’ — 37/7

1skipa (verb) ‘change, place...’skipat 69/4

skíra (verb) ‘baptise, purify...’skírask 29/10

skjótla (adv.) — 37/8, 38/6

skjǫldr (noun m.) [°skjaldar/skildar, dat. skildi; skildir, acc. skjǫldu] ‘shield...’skildi 66/8

skorningr (noun m.) ‘°klæde, dug...’skorninga 13/2

skot (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘shot...’skotum 65/8

skoti (noun m.) [°; -ar] ‘[adversaries]...’Skota 25/6

Skotland (noun n.) ‘[Scotland]...’Skotlandi 64/4

skógr (noun m.) [°-ar/-s, dat. -i; -ar] ‘forest...’skógar 38/5, skóga 57/4, skógi 55/1, skógi 72/8, 99/6, skógum 88/4

2skrýða (verb) ‘adorn, clothe...’ — 59/2

skuggi (noun m.) [°-a; -ar] ‘shadow...’skugga 49/7

skulu (verb) ‘shall, should, must...’skalk 1/1

skynja (verb) ‘learn, understand...’ — 9/4

skynsemi (noun f.) — 100/3

ský (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘cloud...’ — 65/7

skýrr (adj.) ‘clear...’skýrum 9/3

skœðr (adj.) ‘dangerous...’skœðar 99/7, skœðir 55/2

Skǫgul (noun f.) ‘Skǫgul...’Skǫglar 65/7, 39/7

2slíkr (adj.) ‘such...’slíkt 34/1, slíku 60/1, slíku 70/7

sløkkva (verb) ‘extinguish...’sløkkvir 81/7

smáviði (noun n.) — 72/10

smiðr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i/-; -ar/-ir, acc. -a/-i/-u] ‘smithy, something crafted...’smiðum 6/8

smíða (verb) ‘craft...’ — 3/8, 6/4, smíðuð 76/6

1smíði (noun f.) ‘[craftsmanship]...’smíðar 7/1

2snara (verb) ‘turn (quickly)...’snarat 51/1

snarpr (adj.) ‘sharp, keen...’snarpir 53/10, 31/3

snarr (adj.) ‘gallant, bold...’snart 15/6

snarráðr (adj.) ‘swift-counselled, resolute...’ — 39/4

snákr (noun m.) ‘snake...’snák 22/4, snáka 14/6, snáka 16/2, snákar 89/12, 31/5, snáks 47/6

snót (noun f.) [°; -ir] ‘woman...’ — 39/3, snótum 51/7

snytrir (noun m.) ‘teacher, instructor...’ — 20/6

sofa (verb) ‘sleep...’ — 12/1

sonr (noun m.) [°-ar, dat. syni; synir, acc. sonu, syni] ‘son...’ — 72/7

sókn (noun f.) [°-ar; -ir] ‘attack, fight...’ — 16/1

sótt (noun f.) [°-ar; -ir] ‘illness...’ — 36/9

spakligr (adj.) ‘wise...’spaklig 10/7

spakr (adj.) ‘quiet, gentle, wise...’spakir 7/2, spǫkum 11/8

1spá (noun f.) [°-r; -r/-ir] ‘prophecy...’ — 20/7, spár 94/9, spô 99/3

2spá (verb)spát 13/7

spámaðr (noun m.) ‘prophet...’spámanna 96/2, spámanns 10/8, spámanns 95/4

spásaga (noun f.) — 100/8, spásǫgu 93/3, spásǫgu 96/8, spásǫgu 101/8

2spillir (noun m.) ‘destroyer...’ — 13/8, spillis 93/4

1spjall (noun n.) ‘story...’spjǫll 96/1, spjǫll 97/12, spjǫll 101/7, spjǫllum 94/10, spjǫllum 95/3

spjǫr (noun n.) ‘spear...’ — 68/2, 97/11

spor (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘track...’ — 76/4

1spretta (verb) ‘spurt, spring...’Sprett 52/1

1staðr (noun m.) [°-ar/-s; -ir] ‘place...’stað 7/7, stað 59/3, stað 94/12

stafr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -; -ir] ‘staff, post, stave, stick...’staf 63/6

steinn (noun m.) [°steins; steinar] ‘stone, colour...’steina 8/8

steypa (verb) ‘throw down, cast off...’ — 61/4, steypir 36/4

stillir (noun m.) ‘ruler...’stilli 26/4, stilli 58/8

stíga (verb) ‘step...’ — 41/8

stjóri (noun m.) [°-a; -ar] ‘steerer...’ — 10/6, 34/4

stofn (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i; -ar] ‘pole, tree-stump...’stofni 84/4

1stóll (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i/-; -ar] ‘seat, throne...’ — 30/1

stórr (adj.) ‘large, great...’Stór 31/1

strengr (noun m.) [°-jar; -ir] ‘string, rope, bow-string...’strengjum 65/4

2stríð (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘affliction...’ — 36/12

stund (noun f.) [°-ar, dat. -u/-; -ir] ‘time, hour...’ — 46/2, stundu 102/2

2styðja (verb) ‘protect, support...’studda 98/4

stýra (verb) ‘steer, control...’stýrir 47/2

stýrir (noun m.) ‘ruler, controller...’stýris 82/4

sultr (noun m.) [°-ar, dat. -i/-] ‘famine, hunger...’ — 31/4, 36/9

2sumr (pron.) ‘some...’sumt 93/7

sunnan (adv.) ‘(from the) south...’ — 46/5, 50/5, 56/6

svá (adv.) ‘so, thus...’ — 38/1, 48/9, 99/4

sveit (noun f.) [°-ar; -ir] ‘host, company...’ — 46/6

sverð (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘sword...’ — 60/2

1svik (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘deceit, treachery; poison...’ — 48/9

svífa (verb) ‘sweep...’Svífr 65/1

svíkja (verb) ‘betray, deceive...’svíkr 76/7

syngja (verb) ‘sing...’ — 99/10

sæll (adj.) ‘happy, blessed...’ — 37/11, sælum 37/11

sǫk (noun f.) [°sakar; sakar/sakir] ‘cause, offence...’sǫkum 61/5

2taka (verb) ‘take...’ — 30/7, 34/2, 45/5, 84/7, 87/3, tekit 47/5, Tekr 48/9, tekr 57/7, tekr 85/7, tók 3/7

takmark (noun n.)takmǫrk 42/3

tal (noun n.) [°-s; *-] ‘talk, speech; number...’tali 42/4, tǫlu 100/6

targa (noun f.) [°*-u; *-ur] ‘shield...’ — 67/1

tákna (verb) — 19/5, Táknar 21/1, Táknar 97/9, táknat 100/5, tôknuðu 98/7

tálaukinn (adj./verb p.p.)tálaukit 48/4

tállauss (adj.) ‘[without deceit]...’tállausa 81/5

tálsamr (adj.) — 45/6

telja (verb) ‘tell, count...’talðrar 97/10, taliðr 37/9, taliðr 60/7, 55/10

Tems (noun f.) — 91/8

tigr (noun m.) [°-ar/-s(DN II (1309) 80¹², etc.); -ir, acc. -u] ‘a ten of, a decade; a ten of, a decade...’tigi 43/3

til (prep.) ‘to...’ — 4/6, 6/5, 7/1, 54/6, 57/3, 63/2, 86/8

2tíðr (adj.) [°compar. tíðari, superl. tíðastr] ‘popular...’tíðastr 27/4

tígn (noun f.) [°-ar; -ir] ‘honour...’ — 30/5, Tígnar 59/5, tígnum 61/10

tígna (verb) ‘honour...’ — 27/1

tírgǫfugr (adj.) — 37/9

tírr (noun m.) [°-s] ‘glory, honour...’tíri 43/6

tírœðr (adj.) ‘[counted in tens]...’tírœð 43/5

tíunda (verb)tíundat 48/3

tjossi (noun m.)†tiossa† 75/2

2tjón (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘loss...’ — 79/6, 91/2, 91/7

toginn (adj./verb p.p.) ‘drawn...’togni 67/2

tolfti (num. ordinal) ‘twelfth...’tolfta 37/10

trauðr (adj.) ‘reluctant...’trautt 45/5

traust (noun n.) [°-s/-] ‘support, protection...’trausti 52/6

traustr (adj.) ‘trusty...’traust 83/3, traustan 6/3

treysta (verb) ‘trust, believe in...’treystask 55/9

tré (noun n.) [°-s; tré/trjó, gen. trjá, dat. trjóm/trjám] ‘tree...’ — 83/4

troða (verb) ‘tread...’trøðr 24/7

tryggðarlauss (adj.)tryggðarlausa 14/7

tunga (noun f.) [°-u; -ur] ‘tongue, language...’ — 81/6, tungur 27/2

tungl (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘heavenly body...’tungls 60/8

turn (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i/-; -ar] ‘tower...’ — 6/3, turnar 50/8, turni 83/3

tuttugu (num. cardinal) ‘twenty...’ — 91/1

tún (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘homefield, enclosure...’túnum 52/10

tveir (num. cardinal) ‘two...’tveggja 16/2, tveggja 19/6, tveim 12/4, 77/6, tvær 59/6

tvennr (adj.) ‘two...’tvennir 49/2, tvennir 12/3

tvíviðr (noun m.) ‘[bow]...’tvíviðar 65/2

tyggi (noun m.) ‘prince, sovereign...’tyggja 60/7, 6/4, tyggja 98/8

Týr (noun m.) ‘Týr...’ — 14/8

tœma (verb) ‘[was allotted]...’tœmir 38/1

tǫnn (noun f.) [°tannar; tenn/tennr/tennar] ‘tooth...’Tennr 52/5

ugga (verb) ‘to fear, suspect...’ — 26/2, 50/6, 73/2

3und (prep.) ‘under, underneath...’ — 11/3, 24/7, 49/7

undan (adv.) ‘away, away from...’ — 18/8

undir (prep.) ‘under...’ — 10/3, 25/1

2undr (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘wonder, marvel...’ — 89/6

2unz (conj.) ‘until...’ — 78/5, 85/3

upp (adv.) ‘up...’ — 48/7, 83/1, 94/2

uppgangr (noun m.)uppgang 46/1

uppi (adv.) ‘up, up in...’ — 7/4, 27/5

út (adv.) ‘out(side)...’ — 25/6, 73/3

útan (prep.) ‘outside, without...’ — 29/4

úthaf (noun n.)úthafi 25/4

útlendr (adj.)útlendra 86/10

vakna (verb) ‘wake, awake...’ — 55/3, vǫknuðu 15/2

valbreti (noun m.) ‘French Briton...’Valbreta 70/2

vald (noun n.) [°-s; *-] ‘strength, power...’ — 28/7

valda (verb) ‘cause...’olli 8/4, 10/1

valkǫstr (noun m.) ‘corpse-pile...’ — 68/6

Valland (noun n.) ‘[Gaul]...’Vallandi 72/6

valskr (adj.) ‘foreign, French...’valskir 50/8, 102/4, valskra 25/8

vargr (noun m.) [°dat. -i; -ar] ‘wolf...’vargar 52/7, vargar 55/3

vatn (noun n.) [°-s; -*] ‘water, lake...’ — 10/4, vatna 97/5, vatni 11/3, vatni 13/5, vatni 14/3, vatns 18/2, vǫtn 90/5

vaxa (verb) ‘grow, increase...’ — 38/6, vex 88/7

várr (pron.) [°f. ór/vár; pl. órir/várir] ‘our...’órum 47/7, óra 101/3

2veðr (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘weather, wind, storm...’ — 45/3, veðrs 97/6

vegligr (adj.) ‘magnificent...’vegligastr 24/3

1vegr (noun m.) [°-s/-ar, dat. -i/-; -ar/-ir, gen. -a/-na, acc. -a/-i/-u] ‘way, path, side...’ — 89/1

veiða (verb) ‘hunt, catch...’ — 55/4

2veita (verb) ‘grant, give...’Veitið 13/5, veitt 14/4

vel (adv.) ‘well, very...’ — 58/8

veldi (noun n.) ‘realm...’ — 35/7, veldis 102/3

2vella (verb) ‘boil - strong, intransitive...’ — 89/8

vellskati (noun m.) ‘generous chieftain...’ — 1/7

Venedócía (noun f.)Venedócíam 53/8

1ver (noun n.) [°-s; dat. -jum/-um] ‘sea...’ — 10/2

2vera (verb) ‘be, is, was, were, are, am...’ 102/4, ro 56/5, es 75/5, eru 12/5, eru 32/9, eru 35/9, Eru 42/1, Eru 51/5, eru 62/7, eru 66/3, eru 83/5, eru 92/3, eru 93/5, eru 94/1, eru 100/9, Es 4/1, es 13/9, Es 22/1, es 23/4, es 23/7, es 32/3, es 32/5, es 48/3, es 52/1, Es 58/1, es 60/7, es 62/5, es 68/3, Es 69/5, es 74/7, es 78/3, Es 79/7, Es 87/5, es 89/6, esat 74/3, esat 100/7, est 19/3, 95/3, 95/7, vas 1/2, vas 2/1, vas 9/1, vas 10/3, vas 17/1, 27/3, 43/1, verit 28/8, vesa 61/2, vesa 81/1, vôru 38/8, væri 11/4

1verða (verb) ‘become, be...’orðnar 92/4, varð 14/3, Varð 102/1, 31/1, 35/6, 52/8, 55/8, 89/12, 90/2, verðr 28/7, Verðr 29/5, verðr 33/5, verðr 37/8, verðr 41/9, verðr 45/10, Verðr 48/5, Verðr 53/1, Verðr 60/1, verðr 64/7, Verðr 68/5, verðr 69/3, Verðr 77/1, Verðr 91/1, verðrat 51/7

1verpa (verb) ‘to throw, cast (up)...’verpr 68/10

vestrœnn (adj.) ‘[western]...’vestrœnir 44/7

1vél (noun f.) [°-ar; -ar/-ir] ‘deceit, trick; device...’vélar 45/9

véla (verb) ‘betray, trick...’vélti 2/6

2við (prep.) ‘with, against...’ — 26/4, 65/8, 68/5, 71/7, 79/6, 94/6, 101/8

1viðr (noun m.) [°-ar, dat. -i/-; -ir, acc. -u/-i] ‘wood, tree...’viðar 42/1, viðar 97/5, viðum 36/10, viðum 95/6

Vigrir (noun m.) ‘[vigrir]...’vigra 72/5

vilja (verb) ‘want, intend...’vill 61/3

villigalti (noun m.)villigaltar 24/4, 80/3

villigǫltr (noun m.) — 72/1

1vindr (noun m.) [°-s/-ar; -ar] ‘wind...’vindar 44/8

2vinna (verb) ‘perform, work...’vinna 48/6, 49/8

vinr (noun m.) [°-ar, dat. -/(-i OsvReyk 92.17); -ir] ‘friend...’vin 76/7, 9/5, 20/1, 75/1, 87/5, vinum 37/12

2virða (verb) ‘value, appraise...’Virði 97/1

virðr (noun m.) ‘man...’virðum 80/4

1vita (verb) ‘know...’veitk 26/5, vissi 11/6, Viti 95/1, vitið 13/6, vitut 95/10

vitlauss (adj.)vitlausu 97/2

vitr (adj.) ‘wise...’vit 62/2

2vitra (verb) ‘appear, reveal...’vitrask 78/8

víðlendr (adj.) ‘widely-landed...’ — 73/6

víðr (adj.) ‘far...’víða 35/8, víðri 77/9, víðum 25/7, víz 50/7

víf (noun n.) ‘woman, wife...’ — 76/2

vífni (noun f.) — 74/4

víg (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘battle...’ — 18/1, 19/7, 69/6

vígdjarfr (adj.) ‘battle-bold...’ — 72/2

vígroði (noun m.)vígroða 68/9

vísi (noun m.) [°-a] ‘leader...’ — 73/5

víti (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘punishment...’ — 45/9

Vortígernus (noun m.) — 1/8

vǫk (noun f.) [°vakar; vakir/vakar] ‘[ice-hole, gap]...’ — 82/2

vǫllr (noun m.) [°vallar, dat. velli; vellir acc. vǫllu/velli] ‘plain, field...’ — 69/5

vǫlundr (noun m.) [°; -ar] ‘[a labyrinth]...’vǫlundar 7/2

vǫrð (noun f.) ‘woman...’varðar 53/7

vǫxtr (noun m.) [°vaxtar, dat. vexti; vextir, acc. vǫxtu] ‘[growth]...’vexti 66/12

yfir (prep.) ‘over...’ — 32/1, 63/7, 90/3

Yngvi (noun m.) ‘Yngvi, prince...’yngva 9/5, yngva 72/7

yppa (verb) ‘extol, lift up...’Yppir 70/1

ýmiss (adj.) ‘various, alternate...’ýmsir 18/6, ýmsir 18/7

ýtr (noun m.) ‘man; launcher...’ýtum 7/3

ýtri (adj. comp.) ‘outer side...’ýtra 73/7

þaðan (adv.) ‘from there...’ — 4/5

þangat (adv.) ‘there, thither...’ — 6/5

þannig (adv.) ‘thus, there, that way...’þinig 80/2

þar (adv.) ‘there...’þar 18/7, 10/3, 12/1, 18/5, 24/1, 38/5, 49/3, 63/5, 84/1, 84/5, 85/3, 92/3

þars (conj.) ‘where...’ — 3/5

þats (conj.) ‘that, which...’ — 1/2, 7/5

2þá (adv.) ‘then...’ — 23/5, 35/1, 39/1, 41/3, 44/1, 44/5, 48/1, 50/1, 51/1, 54/1, 54/5, 75/7, 76/1, 86/5, 87/1, 90/7

þegn (noun m.) [°dat. -/-i; -ar] ‘thane, man, franklin...’þegnum 28/4

þekða (verb)þekðu 14/6

3þekja (verb) ‘thatch, cover...’þekr 75/4, þekr 83/7, þekr 86/1

þengill (noun m.) ‘prince, ruler...’ — 20/3

þermla (verb) ‘[to lack]...’þermlask 61/6

þeygi (adv.) ‘not at all...’ — 45/4, 102/5

þing (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘meeting, assembly...’ — 64/8, þings 94/11

þingdjarfr (adj.)þingdjarfa 37/3, 60/6

þjóð (noun f.) [°-ar, dat. -/-u; -ir] ‘people...’ — 2/5, 3/7, 21/6, 23/6, 35/2, 37/4, 54/3, 61/3, 69/3, þjóða 25/8, þjóðar 4/2, þjóðar 29/6, þjóðar 82/10, þjóðir 62/8, þjóðir 94/5

þjóðann (noun m.) ‘prince, sovereign...’þjóðans 81/8

þjóðkonungr (noun m.) ‘mighty king...’þjóðkonungs 58/2

1þoka (noun f.) [°-u; -ur] ‘[Fog, mist]...’þoku 75/3

þollr (noun m.) ‘fir-tree...’ — 11/8

þorsti (noun m.) [°-a; -ar] ‘[thirst]...’þorsta 81/7

þó (adv.) ‘though...’ — 29/7, 56/5, 62/5, 72/9, 78/3, 93/5, 94/7, 100/9, þós 77/3, Þós 102/5

þótt (conj.) ‘although...’ — 97/3

þrekstórr (adj.) — 85/8

þrennr (adj.) ‘three(fold)...’þrennar 78/2

þrima (noun f.) ‘battle, din...’ — 68/3, þrimu 4/6

þrír (num. cardinal) ‘three...’ — 83/5, þrjú 43/7, þrjú 85/7

3þruma (verb) ‘? - used this one...’ — 84/6

þurr (adj.) ‘dry...’þurrar 82/9

þú (pron.) [°gen. þín, dat. þér, acc. þik] ‘you...’ — 19/3

1þúsund (noun f.) [°; -ir] ‘thousand...’þúsunda 91/2

þvengr (noun m.) [°; -ir] ‘thong...’ — 39/2

því (adv.) ‘therefore, because...’ — 48/7

þvíat (conj.) ‘because...’ — 2/5, 45/8, 86/7

þvílíkr (adj.) ‘such...’þvílíkri 75/3

2þykkr (adj.) ‘thick...’þykku 86/2

þý (noun f.) [°-jar/-ar, acc. -ju; -jar] ‘bondswoman...’þýjum 59/7

1þægja (verb)þægjar 54/4

þægr (adj.) ‘acceptable, delightful ...’þægjar 59/8

2ægir (noun m.) ‘ocean, sea...’ægi 46/6

œgja (verb) ‘terrify...’œgir 86/7

œgr (adj.) ‘awe-inspiring, fearsome...’ — 73/7

2æra (verb) ‘make fertile...’ært 62/6

1ætt (noun f.) [°-ar; -ir] ‘family...’ — 72/4, 102/2, ættar 51/4

ævi (noun f.) [°-/-ar] ‘life...’ — 58/4, 101/4

ǫðlingr (noun m.) [°; -ar] ‘prince, ruler...’ǫðlings 27/6, ǫðlingum 33/8

ǫflugr (adj.) ‘mighty, strong...’ǫflgar 70/5

ǫld (noun f.) [°; aldir] ‘people, age...’aldar 19/8, aldar 20/6, aldar 34/4, aldir 78/2

ǫldurmaðr (noun m.) ‘[leaders]...’ — 63/4

ǫr (noun f.) [°dat. -/-u; ǫrvar/ǫrar] ‘arrow...’ǫrvar 67/4

ørlag (noun n.) ‘(pl.) primal law, fate...’ørlǫg 26/8

ǫrliga (adv.) — 88/7

Runic data from Samnordisk runtextdatabas, Uppsala universitet, unless otherwise stated