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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Gunnlaugr Leifsson (GunnLeif)

13th century; volume 8; ed. Russell Poole;

VIII. 2. Merlínusspá II (Merl II) - 68

Skj info: Gunnlaugr Leifsson, Islandsk munk, d. 1218 (AII, 10-36, BII, 10-45).

Skj poems:
Merlínússpá I
Merlínússpá II

Gunnlaugr Leifsson (GunnLeif, d. 1218 or 1219) was a monk at the Benedictine house of Þingeyrar, a monastery near the shores of Húnaflói, in northern Iceland, that maintained close relations with the seat of the bishop at Hólar (Turville-Petre 1953, 135). Nothing is known concerning Gunnlaugr’s place of birth, upbringing or social origins. He was regarded in his own time as a man of singular Latin learning (LH II, 394-5) and worked in a distinguished historiographic and hagiographic milieu (de Vries 1964-7, II, 246). In a rare personal anecdote, perhaps apocryphal, Arngrímr Brandsson, a Benedictine monk and abbot at Þingeyrar (d. 1361 or 1362), tells that Gunnlaugr attempted to recite his new history of Saint Ambrose at the church at Hólar but was rebuffed by Bishop Guðmundr Arason (LH II, 394-5; Ciklamini 2008, 1). The two men were evidently on good terms at an earlier stage, however (Ciklamini 2004, 66), and, while bishop at Hólar, Guðmundr commissioned Gunnlaugr to prepare a life of Jón helgi ‘the Saint’ Ǫgmundarson and an account of portents and miracles pertaining to Þorlákr Þórhallsson, both in Latin (LH II, 394-5). 

Works ascribed to Gunnlaugr that survive in one form or other include the Latin life of Jón helgi, represented by a close Icelandic translation; the account of Þorlákr’s miracles; a Latin expansion of Gunnlaugr’s Þingeyrar colleague Oddr Snorrason’s life of King Óláfr Tryggvason, extant in the shape of excerpts translated into Icelandic; an Icelandic original version of Þorvalds þáttr víðfǫrla ‘The Tale of Þorvaldr the Far-traveller’ that may at one time have formed part of the life of Óláfr; and a now entirely lost life of Saint Ambrose (LH II, 394-403; Turville-Petre 1953, 194-200; Bekker-Nielsen 1958; de Vries 1964-7, II, 245-7; Würth 1998, 205-6; Ciklamini 2004, 66; Katrín Axelsdóttir 2005). The only work ascribed to Gunnlaugr that appears to survive in a relatively complete state is Merlínusspá ‘The Prophecies of Merlin’ (Merl I and II). It is also the sole medieval instance of a direct verse translation into Icelandic from Latin prose (Würth 1998, 206).

notes
no FJ abbr

Merlínusspá II — GunnLeif Merl IIVIII (Bret)

Russell Poole 2017, ‘(Introduction to) Gunnlaugr Leifsson, Merlínusspá II’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry in fornaldarsögur. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 8. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 134.

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Skj: Gunnlaugr Leifsson: Merlínússpá I, fri oversættelse (AII, 10-21, BII, 10-24); stanzas (if different): 43, 45/1-4 | 44 | 45/5-8

in texts: Bret

SkP info: VIII, 134

old edition introduction edition manuscripts transcriptions concordance references search files

 

Note: The following transcriptions have been entered to aid the editing process. These may not have been fully reviewed and checked and may therefore not be reliable. You may wish to consult the manuscript images. Any corrections can be notified to the database editor.

1. Hb - 49r/11-49r/12 (VEÞ)
Raþvmz segia svnbals viðvm spar spakligar spamannz gvfvgs þers er a brei | ðv bretlandi het merlinvs margvitr gvmmi .
2. Hb - 49r/12-49r/14 (VEÞ)
Sagðr var lyðvm ok landrekvm | myrkt at raða morg rók fyrir kiæ᷎ʀ var hann kristin kyni þio | ðar varað a molldv maðr vitrari
3. Hb - 49r/14-49r/16 (VEÞ)
Leita ytar orð at van | da viti flotnar þat frꝍðis þersa helldr fysvmz nv for herra minna | miðsamlig rok monnvm segia
4. Hb - 49r/16-49r/17 (VEÞ)
Liös man lyðvm lioðborg vera þo er i frœði flest að | raða þat er fyrir íofvʀ olldvm sagþi brezkri þioðv nv skal brag kveða
5. Hb - 49r/17-49r/19 (VEÞ)
Sar er viðri | vintonia þat er borgar nafn brvnnar þrennir þeir mvnv liði lꝍkivm skifta þrir vlikir | i þria staðæ
6. Hb - 49r/19-49r/20 (VEÞ)
Ein er brvnna beztr at reyna ey̋kr avðstofvm alldr ef drecka ne | sott hofvg sꝍkir havlþa þa er bergt hafa beiskv vatni
7. Hb - 49r/20-49r/22 (VEÞ)
Jllr er annaʀ allir svellta þeir | er af beckíar bergia dreckv þo er enn þriðia þyngst at reyna · deyia þeir allir er | þar drecka af ne hrꜵ gvma hyliaz folldv
8. Hb - 49r/22-49r/24 (VEÞ)
Uilia havlldar hylia brvnna þa er | flestvm hal f[...]r spell gera en þat lyðir a log bera allt verðr að oðrv en aðr se grvnd | at grioti griot at vatni viðr at avsk en at avskv vatn |
9. Hb - 49r/25-49r/28 (VEÞ)
Farið er at meyiv margfroðaztri i kaps | avðga knvtz skogar borg at hon læk | ningar leiti þioðvm ok hon fiʀi menn | fari slikv
10. Hb - 49r/28-49r/32 (VEÞ)
Tekr hon at reyna | ok at raða fiolð tekr hon iþrottir | allar fremia andar siþan snot | a brvnna ok hon brvðþv | ʀa baða gervir
11. Hb - 49r/32-49v/1 (VEÞ)
Hon þa | dreckr eð dyra vatn ok | mattr v þat magnaz brvðar || berr hon i hꝍgri hendi sinni kynstór kona kolidonis skog en en i lofa man lvndvna borg |
12. Hb - 49v/2-49v/3 (VEÞ)
Gengr hon siþan gott fron yfir sva at sporvm snótar sprettr vpp logi m rommvm reyk rvteneos | sa vekr ok verkn verþioðv gerr
13. Hb - 49v/3-49v/4 (VEÞ)
Geriz ogvrlegt op i landi er gvllskogvl grætr hástofvm ok þióta | tekr þioð m henni innan vm alla ey m ringvm
14. Hb - 49v/4-49v/6 (VEÞ)
Hrottr drepr hana hin er tvenna .v. | kræs a havsi hornkvstv ber · en hafa koronv kvistir .ííí. enn .vi. aðrir sialfir verða at visvndar | verstvm hornvm .
15. Hb - 49v/6-49v/7 (VEÞ)
Þeir þiotandi þrir vm ræra · bvnir at beriaz bretlandz eyiar þa man vakna | viðr en danski ok manz roddv mæla sialfri
16. Hb - 49v/7-49v/9 (VEÞ)
Komþv cimbria m cornbretvm segþv | vontoni vollr þig vm skyfir færðo hirðis siot hinig er lengra lvng at laði mvnv | liðir allir havfþi fylgia þat er hialp gvma ·
17. Hb - 49v/9-49v/10 (VEÞ)
En sætaz svndi fagna hans man stoll vera yfir | stoðvm tvennvm þo hefir gvmnvm grandað morgvm hvitrar vllar hverskyns litir
18. Hb - 49v/10-49v/12 (VEÞ)
Borg man | falla veit ek kana þioðvm þviat hon eiðrofa aðr vm gerðiz mvnv griðbitar giorla drepnar | gelldr vintona vandra manna
19. Hb - 49v/12-49v/13 (VEÞ)
Mvn biarnigvll borg vpp gera smiðar hæsta hóll landreki | hana mvn remma rikr oddviti . d. fagra tvrna ·
20. Hb - 49v/13-49v/15 (VEÞ)
Ðat lvndvnvm | likar illa eykr hon . ííj. lvtvm þycka veɢi kostar hon keppiz v konvngiðnir | mer svðr vm fiall frægð af smiði eyr teins ok borg tekr at geisa |
21. Hb - 49v/16-49v/17 (VEÞ)
Enn vm horska dyr hleðst alldini harðla goðv þvi er hilmir velr koma fvglar þar flivg | andi til af vogvm viða vitia epla
22. Hb - 49v/17-49v/18 (VEÞ)
Enn biarnígvll byr vm velar leynir hann eplvm | lvndvnvm i grefr i grvndv gavtvr haligar fystr til f[...]giar flaraðvgt dyr |
23. Hb - 49v/19-49v/20 (VEÞ)
Þa man orr molldv mæla steinar · ok verþioðar vęl vpp koma ey man viðaz en valir | skialfa ok siorr saman sækia fikivm sva at millim landa mal vm heyri
24. Hb - 49v/20-49v/22 (VEÞ)
Kemr or sk | ogi kalaterio fvgl flvganda sa er fira villir flygr vm nottvm nysir gerla kallar | hegra hvern fvgl til þin er vm tvivetri talrað samið
25. Hb - 49v/22-49v/24 (VEÞ)
Flyckiaz fvglar fara þeir | i sæði eyða þeir ockrvm ok alldini svlltr verðr ok sott se ek mart fyrir man | davða mikill mein gengr vm þioðir .
26. Hb - 49v/24-49v/28 (VEÞ)
Enn fvgl eptir þat ferr ve | str i dal þan er galabes gvmnar kalla · hann man | hefiaz [...] hæsta fiall ok þar vpp i | eikrlimv treiðr[...] hann a fvg | la vestr
27. Hb - 49v/28-49v/33 (VEÞ)
Þria klekr hann vnga | þvi reiðri i eigi er hegra kyn hvg | þekt firvm þar er vargr [...] | biorn ok að vissv r[...] | fr slægr ok sinvm sialld | an verr alin
28. Hb - 49v/33-50r/2 (VEÞ)
Uaxa þar all[...] vpp brꝍðr saman er || at giarnir þeir gott að vinna refr ⸌af⸍ moðór ræðr grimlega tapar henni sa tynir sa | vða er grenbvi giarna a ʀiki
29. Hb - 50r/2-50r/3 (VEÞ)
Bræðr vill hann sina beita velvm tekr hors hofvð | hilldingr a sig enn hoddskata ræðaz baðir flyia barmar brott or landi ·
30. Hb - 50r/3-50r/5 (VEÞ)
Ok svðr | skal sveitar leita vekr vargr ok biorn villigallta enn giallti þeim gengi sinv he | itr hvatlega þviat hann hvg trvir
31. Hb - 50r/5-50r/6 (VEÞ)
Ðeir snarlega svndravkn bva dragaz litinn þeir landher | saman gnyr er meir gengr lið roa hylr hogna siot herkorn skipa
32. Hb - 50r/6-50r/8 (VEÞ)
Hallda þeir svnn | ann vm svalann ægi bretlandz avit bvaz til romo enn refr hinig m recka lið ferr fralega | folld at veria ·
33. Hb - 50r/8-50r/9 (VEÞ)
Hrið geriz hialma hlifar klofna erv ramlega randir kniðar gnesta | geirar er gvðr vakin verðr viða lið at vallroði ·
34. Hb - 50r/9-50r/11 (VEÞ)
Dregr el yfir ógnar lioma gerir drivgan | dyn dýrra malma gnyr er a glæstvm gondlar himni ok i horðvm hlamm hlackar tiolldvm | erað skiolsamar skavglir kapvr hrytr hagl boga hlift gegnari
35. Hb - 50r/11-50r/13 (VEÞ)
Grenia graner garmar | sliðra bitr fran freki ferð halsgerðar ryfr gramr gvma gollor hals bregðr benlogi | bygðvm hiarna ero brotnar miok borgir heila ·
36. Hb - 50r/13-50r/15 (VEÞ)
Se ek ve vaða verðr mitt skaða syngr sa | ræk⸌ʀ⸍vngr snyrti dreyngivm en a leið fara lægiorn ara ioð ok ylgiar en til sylgiar hrapa her | nvmin hvartveɢi born ·
37. Hb - 50r/15-50r/16 (VEÞ)
Enn refr gerir raða a gallta þviat hann reisa matti rond v hanvm | sva læt⸌r⸍ doglingr sem hann davðr se · brað lik hvlið lofþvngs breta ·
38. Hb - 50r/16-50r/18 (VEÞ)
Enn galltti þat eggiar at re | yna blæs hann i anlit ok i avgv gram en refr v þat ræðr a gallta fær hann af honvm föt enn vinstra | hlvstina hægri fyrir hrydiarnes ·
39. Hb - 50r/18-50r/19 (VEÞ)
Enn i fialli nest faðygt hofvð hyɢr færtǫpvðr flærð | at æxla ef villgolltr vargi ok birni segir sarlega sorg ok missv .
40. Hb - 50r/19-50r/21 (VEÞ)
Enn hravstir brꝍðr | hvgga gallta · kveðaz sar mvnv sialfir grꝍða fara skvlvm baðir fotar at leita hlvstar | ok hala þer her bittv gallti
41. Hb - 50r/21-50r/22 (VEÞ)
En refr ofan renn or fialli ferr fárhvgaðr finna gallta hann | byðr sættir af svikvm einvm kvez hann mart v svin mæla vilia
42. Hb - 50r/22-50r/24 (VEÞ)
Trvþv mer gallti ek | ek man heill vera svik ek alldregi svin i trygðvm fvnd skvlvm leɢia ok frið gera skalltv | ein gera ockar i millim
43. Hb - 50r/24-50r/25 (VEÞ)
Er fvndr lagiðr ok friðr samiðr koma milldingar malstefnv | til en a fvndi þeim flærðir reynaz banar hertoga brezkr landreki
44. Hb - 50r/27-50r/28 (VEÞ)
ok svins a[...] þat a sig hame brigðr ok brꝍðra biðr slꝍglega En er þeir | koma kosti at fꝍra bitr hann baða .ij. ok b[..]nar hlyrvm
45. Hb - 50r/25-50r/27 (VEÞ)
Ok a sialfan sig | siþan festir leparðz hofvð lofðvng[...] þat ræðr hann lyðvm ok lofþa fiolð þar þrytr þersa | þengils sogv
46. Hb - 50r/28-50r/30 (VEÞ)
Er a hans dogvm hoɢormr alin | sa er fyrðvm vill fiorspell gera sva er hann langr at vm lvndvnir heiðar hvalr hring | of mæler ok sva oðr at vrðar sigð[...]liðendr alla gleypir
47. Hb - 50r/30-50r/32 (VEÞ)
Hann cambrie kallar | sveitir ok norðhvmrv nanar hiarðir ok vtravt tems at þvʀv drengs dolg þorins | drecka lyðir
48. Hb - 50r/32-50r/33 (VEÞ)
Uerða siþaʀ a sama landi lꝍpartar .vij. lini bornir þeir hafa brvsa bol | g⸌i⸍ꜹrn hofvð erv daðlavser doglings synir
49. Hb - 50r/33-50r/34 (VEÞ)
Þeir flest taka flioða sveitar hervigs | samir ok hora mengi ok sameignar sinnar kvanar gera geirvanir geigr er i slikv ||
50. Hb - 50v/1-50v/2 (VEÞ)
Langt er at tina þat er lofða vínr vm alldar far ytvm sagði er fæst i þvi fagrt at heyra . | læt ek liða þat ok lok segia
51. Hb - 50v/2-50v/3 (VEÞ)
Verðr a folldv kvað en froði halr styriolld mikil storar | ognir vig ok velar vargolld ok kolld hrímí hverskonar hiortv lyða
52. Hb - 50v/3-50v/5 (VEÞ)
Ða mvnv gley | maz galavser menn ok sællifir seɢir drecka leita að fagna ok v fe vna vell að ꝍxla ok | vexmvni
53. Hb - 50v/5-50v/6 (VEÞ)
Hagr geriz havlda hættr i morgv mvnað fyrða rað fagr at reyna | dyliaz drivgvm dráms i vaðendr v síalfa síg síaz eckí at.
54. Hb - 50v/6-50v/8 (VEÞ)
Verst er i he⸌i⸍me veitað | svn foðvr slita þeir sifivm sva synir v feðra kannaz engi v kvnna menn ne na̋na fræ | nðr nirðir bavga
55. Hb - 50v/8-50v/9 (VEÞ)
Havfvgt er að heyra þatz vm her geriz lifa fenaðar fyrðar | lifi hyɢia a þenna þragiarnan heim ok hverskonar hafna giæzkv
56. Hb - 50v/9-50v/11 (VEÞ)
Mvn eð hvita sil | fr havlldvm granda ok gvll gera gvmna blinda himni hafna en a havðr sia svikr | ofdryckia yta mengi
57. Hb - 50v/11-50v/12 (VEÞ)
Lifir en danska drott at holldi gerir ey við ser ollð at moti þvi | mvnv en tignv tiðmork himins liosi sínv fra lyð snva
58. Hb - 50v/12-50v/14 (VEÞ)
Enn grvnd eftir þat groða ha | fnar ne skvr ofan or skyivm kemr sol ok mani sialf annan veg fara fagr skopvð en þav | fyʀ hafe ·
59. Hb - 50v/14-50v/15 (VEÞ)
Ok þar a hlyrni heiðar stiornar ma marka þvi molldar hvergi svmar fara | ofgar svmar annan veg af enne gomlv gongv sinni
60. Hb - 50v/15-50v/17 (VEÞ)
Svmar sꝍkiaz at en svmar fiʀaz · | bregða liosi ok litvm fógrvm beriaz vindar þav erv veðr mikil ok hliom gera meðal himin | tvngla
61. Hb - 50v/17-50v/18 (VEÞ)
Geisar geime gengr hann vpp ilopt slikt er ogvrlegt ytabornvm slikt er ogvrlegt | vpp at telia man en forna molld af firvm verða
62. Hb - 50v/18-50v/19 (VEÞ)
Uæri mart monnv kynna or folk | stafs fornv kvæði ek mvn þo þeygi fleira þrottar þings þollvm segia
63. Hb - 50v/19-50v/20 (VEÞ)
Þo hefir ek sa | gt seɢia kindvm slikt er bok brognvm kynner nyti ser níotar stala slika sogn ok sez fyrir |
64. Hb - 50v/21-50v/21 (VEÞ)
Sia v synd ok svika raðvm ok allz kyns illvm verkvm drygivm dað drottin e⸌l⸍skvm hrindvm ort illv raðe |
65. Hb - 50v/22-50v/23 (VEÞ)
Skrivpt er lif lyða barna vndir hreɢskahliðar tialldi en lifs lavsn liða eigi goð eða | ill gvmna mengis
66. Hb - 50v/23-50v/24 (VEÞ)
Gleðivz óll i goðvm hvg ok v ván vex ok dyrðar giætvm goðs gley | mvm illv oflvm optt andar fryði
67. Hb - 50v/24-50v/25 (VEÞ)
Biðívm opt bragna stilli ꝍztan eflð ollv hiarta [...] | viðfrægr virða stiori dꝍgr ok dag drottar giæti
68. Hb - 50v/25-50v/26 (VEÞ)
Ok herþarfr hrindi gerla gvmna liðs gran | di hveriv sva at til lifs leiði gerfva þioðar vorðr þetta mengi
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