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Guthormr sindri (Gsind)

10th century; volume 1; ed. Russell Poole;

Hákonardrápa (Hákdr) - 8

Skáldatal (SnE 1848-87, III, 273) lists Guthormr (Gsind) among the skalds serving the following kings: Haraldr hárfagri ‘Fair-hair’; Hálfdan svarti ‘the Black’ Haraldsson (no other skalds listed; omitted in the U text of Skáldatal); and Hákon góði ‘the Good’. Of the poems he may have composed for these rulers, only eight stanzas are extant, all apparently from Hákonardrápa (Hákdr).

Little is otherwise known about Guthormr’s identity, life and career. His place of origin is unknown, but Icelandic birth is hardly likely at this early date, and the name was always much commoner in Norway than in Iceland (Lind 1905-15, 397); equally unknown are his patronymic or matronymic. On the basis of internal evidence in Hákdr, he must have survived the battle at Rastarkálfr on the island of Fræði (Frei) c. 955; he is not mentioned after the death of King Hákon (c. 961), by which time, if he indeed composed for Haraldr hárfagri, he would have been an old man. The sole anecdote about Guthormr, transmitted in Hkr (HHárf, ÍF 26, 141-2) and ÓT (1958-2000, I, 12-13), tells that he was a good skald and a member of the following of Hálfdan svarti. He had earlier been in the entourage of Hálfdan’s father Haraldr hárfagri, was a friend of both men, and had composed a poem about each of them, for which he declined any reward, asking instead that the two men grant a special request from him on some future occasion. When Haraldr and Hálfdan subsequently fell out, his request was that they reconcile with one another, which they did. Credence is lent to this story by the Sendibítr of Jórunn skáldmær (Jór Send), which makes allusion to Guthormr and his stratagem with evident approval, though the details remain obscure (Kreutzer 1972; Jesch 1987, 6-10).

The spelling of the skald’s given name varies (Lind 1905-15, 397) and it is often abbreviated in references to him. The variation may reflect dual origins, in compounds of goð ‘god’ with either þormr ‘protector’ or ormr ‘snake’; alternatively the ‑ormr variant may derive from ‑þormr (AEW: Guðþormr). The name is mentioned in Jór Send 5/3 (see below) but the internal rhyming there provides no means of determining whether the first syllable terminated in ‑t or ‑ð. The standard spelling for the name when used in reference to this individual in the kings’ sagas was apparently Guthormr (Finnur Jónsson, LH I, 442), and that has been adopted in this edition. His nickname is vouched for in Jór Send 4/8. It may mean ‘Spark’ but its exact significance remains unclear. The name Sindri appears in SnE ms. R (added in a later hand) in reference to a dwarf craftsman (SnE 1998, I, 141) and is etymologically related to sindr n. ‘slag, dross’ (CVC: sindr; cf. LH I, 442 n. 4) and sindra ‘to sparkle’ (Lind 1920-1, 308). The nickname may therefore relate to smithing and crafts, perhaps meaning ‘metal-worker’, though the sense ‘shining’ is also possible, given that a mythical hall made of gold is said to be either owned by Sindri’s kin (Vsp 37/3-4) or named Sindri (SnE 2005, 53).

Hákonardrápa (‘Drápa about Hákon’) — Gsind HákdrI

Russell Poole 2012, ‘ Guthormr sindri, Hákonardrápa’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 156. <> (accessed 27 May 2022)

stanzas:  1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8 

Skj: Goþþormr sindri: Hákonardrápa (AI, 61-3, BI, 55-6)

in texts: Flat, HákGóð, Hkr, ÓT

SkP info: I, 156

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Note: The following transcriptions have been entered to aid the editing process. These may not have been fully reviewed and checked and may therefore not be reliable. You may wish to consult the manuscript images. Any corrections can be notified to the database editor.

1. Kx - 86v/10-86v/17 (VEÞ)
Bifrꜹ́cnom trað beckiar | blárꜹst konungr árom | mætr hloð milldingr jotum | mistar vifs ⸌nifs⸍ i drifo . | svangøþir rac siþan | sott (suott) jalfaþar flótta | (kvatgiliaþar (hrottgiliadar)[1] hylia | hrafn[2] víns) at mun sinom |
F - 15ra/30-15ra/33 (VEÞ)
Bif rꜹknom tráð | beckíar blá rꜹst konungr árom mø̨tr hloð milldingr íotvm mis | tar vífs i drifo · svangø̨ðir rȧk siðan skíott ialfaðar flótta | hrót giliaðar hylía hramn víns at mvn sínom ·
J1x - 51v/2-51v/6 (VEÞ)
Bifr | ꜹknvm trað bekiar bla rꜹst konungr arum mætr hloð mil | dingr iotom mistar vifs i drifu · Svangǫþir rak | siþan sott i alfaðar flotta hrot gyliaðar hyliaþar hra | fn vins at mun sinom ·
61 - 4rb/11-4rb/13 (VEÞ)
Bif roknum trað beckiar . blꜳ raust konungr ꜳrum . mœtr hloð m | illdingr ytum mistar uífs idrifu . suangiœðir rak siþan sott ial | faþar flotta . hrot gyliaþar hylia hrafn víns at mun sínum . |
Bb - 5va/5-5va/9 (VEÞ)
Bifraucknum trad | beckiar blaraustr konungr austann mętr hlod mil | díngr jotum . mistar vífs j drífo . svangædir rak | sidan sott Jalfadar flotta . hlaut gyljadar | hylía hrafns víns ath mun sinum .
Flat - 7rb/30-7rb/33 (VEÞ)
Bífroknnum trad bekkiar blaraust konung | arum mętr hlod milldíngr íotum mistar vífs idrífu suan brœdir ra | k sidan sott alm vedrs flotta hrot geliadar hyliar . hrafnn víns af mun | sínum ·
2. Kx - 86v/27-87r/5 (VEÞ)
Almdrosar for eíso | elrúɴr mꜹrom[3] suɴan | triono tingls[4] a grǫna || tveim einom sel[5] meina | þa er ellifo allar[6] | allreiðr dana skeiðar | valsendir rꜹð[7] vaɴdar[8] | viþfrøgr at þ siþan |
F - 15ra/38-15rb/3 (VEÞ)
Alm drósar fór eísom el rvɴr mꜹ́rom || suɴan triono tíngs a grø̨na tveim eínom sel meína · þa | er .xi. allar all reiðr dana skeiðar · val sendir rꜹð vandar við ⸝⸝ frø̨gr at þat siðan ·
J1x - 51v/11-51v/15 (VEÞ)
Almdro | sar for eisu elrunnr morv svnnan trionu tuigls a | grǫna tueím einom selmeina · þa er ellifu allir allrei | dr dana skeiþar valsendir rauð vindar viðfręgr at | þat siþan
61 - 4rb/18-4rb/20 (VEÞ)
Alm drosar for eisu el runnr mo᷎rum suɴan . trionu tíngls ꜳ | grœna tueim einum segl meína . þa er .xi. allar . allreiðr | dana skeidar . valsendir rauð vandar . við fregr at þat siðan . |
Bb - 5va/15-5va/19 (VEÞ)
Almdrosar for eíso ell runr | mórun sunnan triono tíngls ꜳ g⸌r⸍œnan tueímr | eínum sol meína þa er ellifo f̣ọṛ allar alldrí | dum dana . skridar val sendir raud vandar vid fræ | gr ath þvi sidann .
Flat - 7rb/36-7rb/39 (VEÞ)
Almdrosar of⸌or⸍ eísu elrunnr moíns | sunnan tríonu tragls a grœna tueim eínum selmeína þa er ellífu al | allar alreidr dana skreidar valsendir ʀaud vondar vídfręgr at þar | sidan ·
3. Kx - 87r/12-87r/15 (VEÞ)
Selund naði[9] þa siþan | socn-heɢr únd þic ⸌sic⸍ leɢia | vals og vinda frelsi | viðar scaneyiar[10] síþa[11] |
F - 15rb/6-15rb/8 (VEÞ)
Seluɴd naði þa | siðan sokn heɢr vnd síg leɢía · vals ok vínda frelsi við skán | eyiar siða ·
J1x - 51v/18-51v/20 (VEÞ)
Sælund nadr þa siþan soknhegr v | nd sik leɢia vals ok vinda frelsi viðr skaneyiar | siðo ·
61 - 4rb/23-4rb/25 (VEÞ)
Selund naði þa siþan . sokn | heggr vnd sik leggia . uals ok uínda frelsi . við skaneyiar | siða .
Bb - 5va/22-5va/24 (VEÞ)
Selund nadí þa | sidan sokcn heggr vnd sik legiaz . vals ok vín | da frelsí víd skaneyiar sida .
Flat - 7rb/41-7rb/42 (VEÞ)
Sœlo᷎nd nadir þu sidan soknn heggr vndir þíg leggia va| ls oknda frelse víd skaneyíar sída ·
4. Kx - 87r/24-87r/27 (VEÞ)
Scat gillda vaɴ scyldir | scꜹt jalfaðar[12] gꜹta | gullscyft[13] vaɴ gioflaztr | geirveðr i fǫr þeiri |
F - 15rb/11-15rb/13 (VEÞ)
Skát | gillda vaɴ skylldir skꜹt i alfadar gꜹta gvll skyflír vaɴ gíof | laztr geír veðr i fór þeiri ·
J1x - 52r/1-52r/3 (VEÞ)
Skatgillda vann skylldir sk | ꜹt ialfaðar gauta gullskylfir vann gioflastr i faur | þeiri
61 - 4rb/29-4rb/30 (VEÞ)
Skatt gillda uann skylldir skaut ialfaðar gauta . gull sk | yflir vann gíóflaztr . geír ueðr ifo᷎r þeiri .
Bb - 5va/26-5va/28 (VEÞ)
Skatt | gilda vann skyldir skaut jalfadar gauta . gull | skyfler vann gioflazstr geíʀvedr j for þeiri |
Flat - 7rb/45-7rb/46 (VEÞ)
Skattgillda vann skylldir ska | vt jalfadar gaute gull skylfir fann gioflazstr geír vedr j for þeire ·
5. Kx - 87v/15-87v/22 (VEÞ)
Oc socn hattar[14] setti | svellrioðr[15] at þvi flioði | onars ⸌Einars⸍ eiki grono (grǫno) | ꜹstr geð bø̨ti[16] hrꜹstan | þaɴ er aðr fra irom | iðvandr vm ⸌of⸍ com sceiðom (sudom) | salbrygðandi svegðis | svanvangs liþi þangat . |
F - 15rb/21-15rb/23 (VEÞ)
Ok sokn hvattr setti svell rioðr at þvi flioði · onars eiki gróno | ꜹstr geðbø̨ti hrꜹ́stan · þaɴ er aðr fra írom iðvandr of kom | skiðom sal brigðandi sveígðís svanvangs liþi þangat · |
J1x - 52r/10-52r/13 (VEÞ)
Oc sokn hattar setti suel r | ioðr at þi flioðe einars eiki grónu austr geþbóþi | hrꜹstan þann er aðr fra iromiðvanðr of kom skeidom | salbrigþande sveigdes svanfangs liðe þangat |
61 - 4rb/38-4va/2 (VEÞ)
Ok sokn hattar setti suell rioðr at þui flioði . einars eki seima || austr geð bœti hraustum . þann er aðr fra írum . iðuandr of kom | skiðum . salbrigðandi sueigðis suan fangs liði þangat . |
Bb - 5vb/1-5vb/4 (VEÞ)
Ok soknn hittir settí suelrio | dr ath þvi fliodí einars eikí græno austr sid bæ | tí hraustan . þann er adr fra Jrum id vandar ok kom skidum | salbrigdandí sueigdís suanfangs lidí þangat |
Flat - 7rb/53-7rb/55 (VEÞ)
Ok soknn hattar sette suol ríodr af þvi fliode onars | ekki grœnum austrs gedbœtis hraustan · þann er adr fra írum iduandr er kom | skidum salbrigdande sueigdízst suanfangs líde þangat
6. Kx - 95v/11-95v/18 (VEÞ)
Valþꜹgnir[17] ⸌rognir⸍ let vegnom | vígnestr saman bresta | handar vafs (nafs) af ⸌of⸍ hꜹfþom | hlym mildingom gildir (gildit) | þar gecc niorðr af nirði[18] | naddz[19] hámána raddar | valbrandz viðra[20] landa | vápnundoðum[21] suɴda | [22]
39 - 1va/32-1vb/1 (VEÞ)
Val | þaugnir let vegnvm vignestr saman bres | ta handar nafs af hofðom hlym miɴ | dingom gildit · Þar gecc niorðr af nir | ði naddz hamana raddar valbrandr || viðra landa uapnundundom svnda .
F - 16vb/20-16vb/24 (VEÞ)
Val | rꜹgnir let vegnom víg nestr saman bresta handar nafs af | hofðom hlym milldínngom gilldít · þar geck níorðr af nirði | naddz hamána raddar valbrandz viðra landa vapn vɴdoþom svɴ | da ·
J1x - 57v/18-57v/22 (VEÞ)
Valþamar læt uægnum uíg næst sama b | ræsta hannd uafs of haufþum hlym millding | um gilldir · þat gekk niorþr af nirði nandz h | á mana raddar ualbrandz uiþra landa uaþn unnduð | um sunda ·
61 - 5va/15-5va/18 (VEÞ)
Valþo᷎gnar let uegnum uíg nestr | saman bresta . handar uafs of ho᷎fdum hlym milldingum gillðar . þar | gekk niorðr af nirði naddz hꜳ mána raddar . ualbrandz | uiðra landa uopn unduðum sunda .
53 - 4va/20-4va/25 (VEÞ)
Valþagnar red vegnum . | vignestr saman bresta . handar vafs of hof | dum hlydin millding gilldir . þar geck niordr | af nidri . nadz hamana raddar . valbrandz | vidra landa . vapn vndvþum svnda .
325IX 1 a - 2ra/16-2ra/20 (VEÞ)
Ua | lþaugnar red vegnum · vignestr saman bresta · han | dar vafs of hofdvm · hlym milldíngr gilldar · þar | geck níordr af nírdi · nadz hamana raddar · val | brandr vidra landa · vapn vnduþvm sunda ·
Bb - 7rb/5-7rb/8 (VEÞ)
Valþaugnar red vegnum vignestr saman bresta | handar vafs ok hofdum hlym mildíngr gildann | þar geck níordr af nírdrí nadds hamana raddar | valbrandz vidra landa vapn vndudum sunda . |
Flat - 8ra/11-8ra/13 (VEÞ)
Valþeggnar let vegnum uígnestr saman | bresta hridar varps ok ho᷎fdum hlyttr milldingr gillde þar gek níordr af nírde n | addrs hamana raddar ualbraut uidra landa uopnundum let sunda ·
7. Kx - 95v/25-96r/3 (VEÞ)
Almdro⸌ꜹ⸍gar var (vard) ægis | (opt siɴ en ⸌er⸍ ec þess[23] miɴumz | harma ꜹlld fra ⸌fyrir⸍ scalldi[24] | heinsícs[25] vita rikis | bꜹð sǫkir he⸌æ⸍llt brícar || brǫðr sins og rac floþa (flæda)[26] | undan allar kindir | linrs a haf-sneckiom[27] |
39 - 1vb/6-1vb/10 (VEÞ)
Almdrogar var ægis opt sinn en ec þeꜱ | miɴumzc ha⸌r⸍ḷma aulld fyrir halldri hen | sics vita rikis · bauð sækir hellt bricar bre | dr sins ok rac flæðo vndan allar kindir eirik | a haf sneckiom .
F - 16vb/26-16vb/29 (VEÞ)
Almdrógar var | ǿ̨gís ópt síɴ er ek þess míɴvmz harma ꜹlld fyrir halldi heín síks | víta rikís · bꜹð sø̨kir hellt brikar brø̨ðr síns ok rak flø̨ðo | vɴdan allar kiɴdir eírík a haf sneckiom ·
J1x - 58r/3-58r/6 (VEÞ)
Almdrꜹgar uarð ægis opt sinn enn ek þæss minnumz | barma ꜹlld fyrir balldri bænsiks uita rikis bꜹd sǫkir | hællt brikar brǫþr sins oc flǫðu unndan allar | kinndir eriks a haf snækium ·
61 - 5va/21-5va/25 (VEÞ)
Alm draugar uarð ægis opt | sinn en ek þess minnumz barma aulld fyrir balldri bensiks uíta | rikis . bauð sœkir helt brikar . bræðr sins ok rak flœðu un | dan allar kindir . eiriks ꜳ haf skeiðum .
53 - 4va/28-4va/32 (VEÞ)
Almdravgar vard œgiss opt | sinn . en ek þess minnumz barma olld fyrir balldri | bensiks vita rikis . bavdsœkir hellt brikar | brœdr sins ok rak flædv vndan allir kindir | Eiriks a hafskeidum .
325IX 1 a - 2ra/24-2ra/27 (VEÞ)
Almdraugar vard œgiss · op | t sínni en ek þat mínnumz barma aulld fyrir balldri · br | œdr síns ok rak flœdv · vndan allir kíndir · eirikr | a haf skeidum · bensliks vita rikiss · baudsœkir he | llt brikar ·
Bb - 7rb/12-7rb/16 (VEÞ)
Alm | draugar var ægís opt sínn enn ek þat minniz . barma | aulld fyrir baldri brœdr síns ok rak flœdo . vndar | allir kindir Eirik ꜳ̋ haf skeidum baudsækir helt | beikar bensiks vita rikis .
8. Kx - 99v/9-99v/16 (VEÞ)
Hræddr for hiarta (hio᷎rva) raddar | hen (hverr) fra málma þverri | rogeiso gecc ræsir | raðsterkr framaʀ merkiom | gerʀa gramr i sneʀo | geir vífa[28] ser hlífa | hiɴ er yfriɴ gat jǫfra | oskvánar[29] byr mána |
39 - 2vb/12-2vb/17 (VEÞ)
Hræddr for [...]arta rað | ar heʀ fyrir malma þverri rog [...]isa gecc | ræsir rað stercr framaʀ merkiom . | geʀa gramr isneʀo gæirvifa ser [...]ifa . | hinn er vfirrinn gat iofra os kvanar | byr mana .
F - 17va/15-17va/18 (VEÞ)
Hrø̨ddr for | híarta raddar herr fyrir malma þverri · rog eiso geck rø̨sir | rað stercr framar merkiom · geyʀa gramr i sneʀo geirvifa ser | hlífa híɴ er yfriɴ gat iofra osk kvanar byr mána ·
J1x - 60r/23-60v/2 (VEÞ)
Hræddr for hiorfa raddar herr fyrir malma þuerʀe rog | eisu gek ræsir radsterkr framar merkiom gerʀa gramr i snerro || geirfifa ser hlifa hinn er yfrin gatt iófra ols kuanar b | yr mana ·
61 - 5va/36-5vb/1 (VEÞ)
Hreddr f⸌or⸍ | hio᷎rua raddar herr fyrir malma þuerri . rog eisu gekk rœsir . | rað sterkr framarr merkium . gerra gramr isnerro geiruifa ser || hlifa . hinn er yfriɴ gat iofra oðs kuanar byr mana .
53 - 4vb/6-4vb/9 (VEÞ)
Hrœddr | for hiorfa raddar . herr fyrir malma þverrdi . rog ei | sv geck rœsir [...] sterkr framarr merkium geira gramr | j snerru . geiruífa ser hlifa . hinn er yfrinn gat iofra | odskuanar byr mana .
325IX 1 a - 2rb/3-2rb/7 (VEÞ)
Hrœddr for hiorva r[...] | ddar · herr fyrir malma [...] geisu rœsir · rad | sterkr framarr merkín · gei[...] gramr [...]erru · geiru | ifa ser hlifua · hinn er yfrinn gat iofra odskuanar byr | mana ·
Bb - 7rb/31-7rb/35 (VEÞ)
Hrædr for hior | va raddar . herr fyrir malma þuerrí rogeiso geck ræ | sir rad sterkr framar merkíum . geíra gramr j snæro | geírvífa ser hlifa . hínn er yfrin gatt jofra ods | kuanar byr mana .
Flat - 8ra/25-8ra/27 (VEÞ)
Hrœddr f⸌or⸍ híorua raddar herr fyrir malma þuerri ʀog | œisu gek ʀœsir rad sterkr framar merkium gerra gramr j snerru geíríma ser hlífa | hínn er yfir gat íofra oskuœnan byr mana ·
Runic data from Samnordisk runtextdatabas, Uppsala universitet, unless otherwise stated