Note to stanza
 í Garða ‘into Russia’: Garðar or Garðaríki was an area of north-west Russia with Holmgarðr (Novgorod) as its chief settlement; see further Notes to Hharð Gamv 1/7II, Mark Eirdr 3/2II. The p. n. would translate as ‘precincts, enclosures’. On this type of trading settlement, located alongside rivers, see Westholm (2009, 136).
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