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Eyvindr skáldaspillir Finnsson (Eyv)

10th century; volume 1; ed. Russell Poole;

2. Háleygjatal (Hál) - 16

Eyvindr (Eyv, c. 915-990) has been called the last important Norwegian skald (Genzmer 1920, 159; also Boyer 1990a, 201). He is listed in Skáldatal (SnE 1848-87, III, 253, 256, 261, 265-6) among the poets of Hákon góði ‘the Good’ Haraldsson and Hákon jarl Sigurðarson. His maternal grandmother was a daughter of Haraldr hárfagri ‘Fair-hair’, and he seems to have been close to Haraldr’s son Hákon góði from early on, serving at his court as one of a group of brilliant skalds. After Hákon’s death he resided at the court of Haraldr gráfeldr ‘Grey-cloak’, but relations with Haraldr seem to have soured quickly, as evidenced by his lausavísur. Eyvindr spent the last part of his life with the powerful Hákon jarl Sigurðarson of Hlaðir (Lade), whose family had supported Hákon góði against the sons of Eiríkr blóðøx ‘Blood-axe’. According to Hkr (ÍF 26, 221), in addition to Háleygjatal (Hál), Hákonarmál (Hák) and the lausavísur, Eyvindr composed a poem Íslendingadrápa, but this has not come down to us. The epithet skáldaspillir is usually interpreted to mean ‘Plagiarist’, literally ‘Destroyer (or Despoiler?) of Poets’ in reference to his habit of drawing inspiration from and alluding to earlier compositions, specifically Ynglingatal (Þjóð Yt) for Hál and Eiríksmál (Anon Eirm), along with several eddic poems, for Hák (see Introductions to Hál and Hák). The alternative interpretation ‘Poem-reciter’ proposed by Wadstein (1895a, 88) is unconvincing; see further Olsen (1962a, 28), and Beck (1994a). For further biographical information, see LH I, 447-9, Holm-Olsen (1953) and Marold (1993a).

Háleygjatal (‘Enumeration of the Háleygir (people of Hálogaland)’) — Eyv HálI

Russell Poole 2012, ‘(Introduction to) Eyvindr skáldaspillir Finnsson, Háleygjatal’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 195.

stanzas:  1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   10   11   12   13 

for reference only:  1x   3x   11x 

Skj: Eyvindr Finnsson skáldaspillir: 2. Háleygjatal, c. 985 (AI, 68-71, BI, 60-2); stanzas (if different): 2 | 3-4 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13-14 | 14 | 15 | 16

in texts: Flat, Fsk, Gramm, HGráf, HHárf, Hkr, LaufE, ÓT, ÓTC, Skm, SnE, TGT, Yng

SkP info: I, 195

old edition introduction edition manuscripts transcriptions concordance references search files

 

-blœtr (adj.) ‘worshipped, bleeding ...’blœtr 2/1

2-kynja (verb) ‘[kindled]...’kynt 5/5

af (prep.) ‘from...’ — 10/5

ala (verb) [°elr; ól, ólu; alinn] ‘to beget, produce, procreate...’alinn 10/4

aldr (noun m.) [°aldrs, dat. aldri; aldrar] ‘life, age...’ — 7/5

aldri (adv.) ‘never...’ — 7/5

alfr (noun m.) [°; -ar] ‘elf...’ — 11/9

alin (noun f.) ‘forearm, ell...’alnar 10/3

allr (adj.) ‘all...’allt 12/1

allz (conj.) ‘°(introducing a dependent causal clause)...’alz 8/3

andr (noun m.) [°; andrar] ‘ski...’ǫndur 2/11

3at (prep.) ‘at, to...’ — 1/2, 3/1, 6/2, 7/8, 11/8, 11/12, 13/1

2austr (noun n.) [°-s] ‘the east...’ — 4/4

3austr (adv.) [°compar. -ar, superl. -ast] ‘east, in the east...’ — 12/1

3á (prep.) ‘on, at...’ — 5/2, 7/8, 9/8

2Áss (noun m.) [°áss, dat. ási/ás; ásar] ‘god...’Ása 2/3

1áttungr (noun m.) [°; -ar] ‘kinsman...’ôttung 10/7, ôttungr 7/7

bági (noun m.) [°-a] ‘adversary...’ — 3/2

bein (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘bone...’beins 2/9

Beli (noun m.) ‘Beli...’Belja 3/3

3bera (verb) [°berr; bar, báru; borinn] ‘bear, carry...’bar 1/12, bar 6/4

2berr (adj.) [°compar. -ari, superl. -astr] ‘bare...’ — 7/3

1bjórr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -] ‘beer...’bjór 9/3

2blanda (verb) [°blendr; blett, blendu; blandinn] ‘mix, blend (strong)...’blandinn 8/8

2blása (verb) [°blǽss; blés, blésu; blásinn] ‘blow...’blásinn 8/8

blóð (noun n.) [°-s] ‘blood...’blóði 8/4

bógr (noun m.) [°dat. bǿgi; bǿgir, acc. bógu] ‘shoulder...’bœgi 12/4

brú (noun f.) [°-ar; brúar/brýr/brúr(Hák81 557ˆ)] ‘bridge, causeway...’ — 13/4

brúðr (noun f.) [°brúðar, dat. & acc. brúði; brúðir] ‘woman, bride...’ — 12/3

2búa (verb) [°býr (1. pers. býg NjM 330²⁴); bjó/bjuggi/bjǫggi/byggi, bjuggu/bjǫggu (præt. conj. byggi); búinn (n. sg. búit/bút)] ‘prepare, ready, live...’bjuggu 2/8

2byggja (verb) [°byggir/byggvir; byggði; byggðr] ‘inhabit, dwell; build, found...’byggðu 2/8, byggva 3/4

býr (noun m.) [°býjar/bjár/bjór/bjárs, dat. -; gen. býa/bjá, dat. bjóm/bjám, acc. býi/býa/bjá] ‘dwelling, down...’býs 12/2

bær (adj.) [adj] ‘bare, naked...’ — 7/3

dagr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. degi/dag/dagi(Thom¹ 332¹‡n.); -ar] ‘day...’dag 11/4

dalr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -/-i; -ir, acc. -i/-a] ‘valley...’dǫlum 1/10

2deila (verb) [°-ld-] ‘share out, deal...’deilir 5/4

dís (noun f.) [°; -ir] ‘dís, woman...’ — 2/11

dolgr (noun m.) [°dat. -; -ar] ‘enemy, battle...’ — 3/3, dolgs 3/3

drúpa (verb) [°-pð-] ‘droop...’drúpir 5/2

Egðir (noun m.) ‘the Egðir...’Egða 12/2

2en (conj.) ‘but, and...’ — 4/1

4en (conj.) ‘than...’enn 4/6

2enn (adv.) ‘still, yet, again...’ — 13/2

2er (conj.) ‘who, which, when...’es 1/9, es 4/6, es 7/4, es 8/2, es 11/6, hinns 9/2, Þeims 12/1

2eyða (verb) [°-dd-] ‘destroy...’eyðǫndum 11/8

eyrr (noun f.) ‘land-spit...’eyrar 5/8

fagnafundr (noun m.) [°; -ir] ‘[welcome meeting]...’ — 11/5

falla (verb) ‘fall...’fellu 8/2

far (noun n.) [°-s; *-] ‘travel, vessel, trace, life, conduct...’ — 1/11, fars 1/7

farmr (noun m.) [°dat. -i; -ar] ‘cargo...’farma 9/5, farms 1/7

Fjalir (noun f.) ‘[Fjaler]...’Fjǫlum 7/8

2fjǫl (noun n.) ‘very...’ — 5/5

fjǫr (noun n.) ‘life...’fjǫrvi 9/6

fljúga (verb) ‘fly...’fljúgandi 1/12

floti (noun m.) ‘fleet...’flota 11/6

frami (noun m.) ‘success...’frama 9/5

Freyr (noun m.) ‘(a god)...’Freys 7/7, Freys 11/3

fylkir (noun m.) ‘leader...’fylkis 5/6

fœrir (noun m.) ‘[bringer]...’fœri 2/2

galgi (noun m.) ‘gallows...’galga 1/7

2geta (verb) ‘to beget, give birth to, mention, speak ...’gat 2/2, gat 2/12, gôtum 13/2

Gillingr (noun m.) ‘[for Gillingr]...’ — 1/3, Gillings 1/3

gjald (noun n.) ‘payment, reward, return...’gjǫldum 1/4

Glói (noun m.) — 9/8

glǫtuðr (noun m.) ‘destroyer...’glǫtuð 4/7

Gná (noun f.) ‘Gná...’Gnô 2/11

gnýr (noun m.) ‘din, tumult...’gný 7/6, gný 8/6

goð (noun n.) ‘(pagan) god...’goða 1/8

Goðlaugr (noun m.) ‘[Guðlaugr]...’ — 4/1

1gramr (noun m.) ‘ruler...’grams 1/7

grimmr (adj.) [°compar. -ari, superl. -astr] ‘fierce...’grimman 4/2

Haddingi (noun m.) ‘[Haddingjar]...’haddinga 9/4, Haddingja 9/4

Hallgarðr (noun m.) ‘Hallgarðr...’Hallgarðs 8/3

4Hallr (noun m.) ‘Hallr...’ — 6/1

halr (noun m.) [°-s] ‘man...’ — 6/1

hann (pron.) [°gen. hans, dat. honum; f. hon, gen. hennar, acc. hana] ‘he, she, it, they, them......’hans 1/5, honum 9/2, þeira 11/12

Haraldr (noun m.) ‘Haraldr...’Haralds 8/3

1haukr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i/-; -ar] ‘hawk...’hauka 9/3

Háarr (noun m.) ‘[Hárr, Hôarr]...’Hôars 1/2, Hôars 6/2

3hár (adj.) [°-van; compar. hǽrri, superl. hǽstr] ‘high...’hás 6/2, 7/1

heimr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i/-; -ar] ‘home, abode; world...’heimum 2/6

Hergrímnir (noun m.) ‘Hergrímnir...’Hergrímnis 6/4

1hlið (noun f.) [°dat. -/-u; -ar] ‘side...’ — 1/1

hljóð (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘sound, silence, a hearing...’ — 1/1, hljóðs 1/1

hráki (noun m.) [°-a] ‘spittle...’hráka 9/3

hreyr (noun ?) ‘cairn...’ — 5/6

Hrímgrímnir (noun m.) ‘Hrímgrímnir...’Hrímgrímnis 6/4

hrísgrísnir (noun m.) ‘hrísgrísnir...’Hrísgrísnis 6/4

hrísnir (noun m.)hrísnis 6/4

2hrókr (noun m.) ‘cormorant...’hróka 9/3

Hrungnir (noun m.) ‘Hrungnir proper name...’Hrungnis 6/4

hrør (noun n.) [°; dat. -um] ‘corpse...’ — 5/6

1hverr (noun m.) [°dat. -; -ar] ‘kettle, hot spring...’hver 1/6

hǫggva (verb) ‘to strike, put to death, cut, hew...’hjó 4/5

Hǫgni (noun m.) ‘[Hǫgni, Högni]...’Hǫgna 7/2

hǫss (adj.) ‘grey...’hǫsvan 6/3

2inn (art.) ‘the...’hinn 1/9

í (prep.) ‘in, into...’ — 1/6, 2/4, 2/6, 7/6, 10/2, 10/7, 10/8

jarðráðandi (noun m.) ‘land-ruler...’jarðráðendr 9/7, jarðráðendr 11/7

jarl (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i; -ar] ‘poet, earl...’jarla 3/2

járn (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘iron, weapon...’ — 2/4

jól (noun n.) [°; -] ‘midwinter feast...’jólum 10/2

jóln (noun n.) ‘[gods]...’Jólna 13/1

jór (noun m.) ‘stallion, steed...’ 4/5

jǫrð (noun f.) [°jarðar, dat. -u; jarðir/jarðar(DN I (1367) 304Š)] ‘ground, earth...’jarða 9/7, jarðar 10/2

knýja (verb) ‘press forward, urge, drive...’kníði 11/10

konungr (noun m.) [°dat. -i, -s; -ar] ‘king...’konunga 4/4

kunna (verb) ‘know, can, be able...’kunnt 5/5

kunnr (adj.) ‘known (?)...’ — 5/5

1kyn (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘kin...’kun 7/1

land (noun n.) [°-s; *-] ‘land...’ — 10/6

látr (noun n.) [°; dat. -um] ‘lair...’ — 10/5

leggja (verb) ‘put, lay...’lagði 7/8

letja (verb) ‘deprive...’lattr 10/5

lið (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘retinue, troop...’liði 11/12

liggja (verb) ‘lie...’liggr 12/4

líð (noun n.) ‘drink...’líði 1/2

líf (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘life...’ — 10/5, lífs 10/5

lof (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘praise, leave, permission...’ — 13/3

Lóðurr (noun m.) ‘Lóðurr...’Lóðurs 8/7

lǫgr (noun m.) [°lagar, dat. legi] ‘sea...’lagar 11/11, legi 1/6

maðr (noun m.) ‘man, person...’mann 2/6, manna 8/4

man (noun n.) ‘girl...’ — 2/6

2margr (adj.) [°-an] ‘many...’marga 2/10, margir 8/3

meðan (conj.) ‘while...’ — 1/3, 1/5

meiðr (noun m.) ‘beam, tree...’meið 4/8, 5/3

mein (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘harm, injury...’ — 11/2

meirr (adv.) ‘more...’ — 2/5

2men (noun n.) [°; dat. menjum] ‘neck-ring...’ — 4/7

merkja (verb) ‘mark, signify...’merkt 5/7, merktr 5/7

3minni (adj. comp.) [°superl. minnstr] ‘less, least...’minnstr 11/1

mær (noun f.) [°meyjar, dat. meyju; meyjar] ‘maiden...’meyjar 7/2

2mærr (adj.) ‘famous...’mær 2/5, 2/5

mǫgnuðr (noun m.) ‘increaser...’ — 1/11

mǫgr (noun m.) [°; megir, acc. mǫgu] ‘son, boy...’magar 8/3

1 (verb) ‘reach, get, manage...’námu 9/6

náreiðr (adj.) ‘[corpse-bearing]...’ — 5/1

nes (noun n.) [°-s; -, gen. -ja] ‘headland...’ — 5/8, 8/5, nesi 5/2, ness 8/5

1niðr (noun m.) [°-s; niðjar/niðir, acc. niði] ‘son, kinsman, relative...’ — 2/3

Njǫrðr (noun m.) ‘Njǫrðr...’Njarðar 10/2

1næma (verb) ‘deprive...’næmðu 9/6

oddr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i; -ar] ‘point of weapon...’odda 7/6

3of (prep.) ‘around, from; too...’ — 5/6

4of (particle) ‘(before verb)...’ — 8/8, 10/4, 10/5

ofrkapp (noun n.) ‘[belligerence]...’ — 4/3

Ǫgló (noun f.) ‘Ǫgló...’Ǫglói 9/8

3ok (conj.) ‘and, but; also...’ — 2/8, 2/10, 5/1, 6/1, 7/5, 8/1, 9/1, 10/1

ormr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i; -ar] ‘serpent...’orms 10/3

Óðinn (noun m.) ‘Óðinn...’Óðni 2/12

ófælinn (adj.) ‘[unflinching]...’ — 10/4

3ór (prep.) ‘out of...’ — 1/6, 1/10

1 (noun f.) ‘nook, corner...’ — 9/7

reki (noun m.) [°-a; -ar] ‘ruler...’rekar 10/6

1ríða (verb) ‘ride...’riðu 4/8

1 (pron.) [°gen. þess, dat. þeim, acc. þann; f. sú, gen. þeirrar, acc. þá; n. þat, dat. því; pl. m. þeir, f. þǽ---] ‘that (one), those...’ — 6/1, Þann 2/1, þat 8/1, þau 2/5

sem (conj.) ‘as, which...’ — 13/4

1serkr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -/-i; -ir] ‘shirt...’serk 6/3

Sigarr (noun m.) ‘Sigarr...’Sigars 4/5

sigr (noun m.) [°sigrs/sigrar, dat. sigri; sigrar] ‘victory...’sigrs 4/5

sigra (verb) ‘win, gain victory...’sigrað 9/1

Sigurðr (noun m.) ‘Sigurðr...’Sigurð 9/1, 9/1

3sinn (pron.) [°f. sín, n. sitt] ‘(refl. poss. pron.)...’ — 7/5

síðan (adv.) ‘later, then...’ — 7/5

sjór (noun m.) ‘sea...’sævar 2/9

Skaði (noun f.) ‘Skaði...’ — 2/8

skati (noun m.) [°-a; -nar] ‘chieftan, prince...’skatna 2/7

skattr (noun m.) [°dat. -i; -ar] ‘treasure, wealth...’skatt 2/2

skáld (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘poet...’skald 2/1

skjǫldr (noun m.) [°skjaldar/skildar, dat. skildi; skildir, acc. skjǫldu] ‘shield...’skjald 2/1

skulu (verb) ‘shall, should, must...’skyldi 7/4

sonr (noun m.) [°-ar, dat. syni; synir, acc. sonu, syni] ‘son...’sonum 9/2, sunu 2/10, synir 4/6

stafr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -; -ir] ‘staff, post, stave, stick...’Stafa 8/5

steinn (noun m.) [°steins; steinar] ‘stone, colour...’steina 13/4, steini 5/7

stillir (noun m.) ‘ruler...’stillis 13/3

2stóð (noun n.) [°-s] ‘stud-horse...’ — 11/11

stórr (adj.) ‘large, great...’stóran 8/6

Straumey (noun f.) ‘[Straumeyjar]...’Straumeyjar 5/8

straumr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i/-; -ar] ‘stream, current...’straum 5/8

sumbl (noun n.) [°; -] ‘banquet, drinking feast...’ — 13/1

sunnan (adv.) ‘(from the) south...’ — 11/10

surtr (noun m.) ‘Surtr...’Surts 1/9

svanr (noun m.) [°-s; -ir] ‘swan...’svǫnum 9/2

sverð (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘sword...’ — 11/9

svíkja (verb) ‘betray, deceive...’sviku 10/8, 10/8

2søkk (noun n.) ‘treasure...’ — 1/10

telja (verb) ‘tell, count...’teljum 1/8

temja (verb) ‘tame...’tamði 4/2

til (prep.) ‘to...’ — 1/8, 12/2

tryggð (noun f.) [°-ar; -ir/-ar] ‘security, oath...’ — 10/8

tryggr (adj.) [°tryggan/tryggvan; compar. -ari/-vari; superl. -jastr/-astr] ‘loyal...’trygg 10/8

Týr (noun m.) ‘Týr...’ — 9/5, týs 9/5, Týs 10/7, týs 12/3

3und (prep.) ‘under, underneath...’ — 12/4

út (adv.) ‘out(side)...’ — 3/1

útrǫst (noun f.) ‘[outlying tract]...’ — 3/1

2val (noun n.) ‘choice...’vals 9/4

1valr (noun m.) [°dat. -i; -ir] ‘corpse, the slain...’val 9/4, val 12/3

vágr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i/-; -ar] ‘sea, wave...’ — 8/8

vápn (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘weapon...’ — 7/3

2veðr (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘weather, wind, storm...’veðri 6/2

1vega (verb) ‘strike, slay...’ — 7/4

2veita (verb) ‘grant, give...’veitti 9/2

2vera (verb) ‘be, is, was, were, are, am...’var 10/2, var 10/4, var 11/1

1verða (verb) ‘become, be...’Varð 7/1, varð 8/1, varð 10/4, varð 11/1

3verðr (adj.) ‘worth, worthy...’verðan 11/4

vér (pron.) [°gen. vár, dat./acc. oss] ‘we, us, our...’ — 13/2

2við (prep.) ‘with, against...’ — 2/4, 2/12, 4/3, 4/8, 7/3, 8/6, viðr 4/3

1viðja (noun f.) [°; -ur] ‘[from Járnviðr]...’viðju 2/4

1viðr (noun m.) [°-ar, dat. -i/-; -ir, acc. -u/-i] ‘wood, tree...’viði 2/4, 7/3

vika (noun f.) [°-u; -ur] ‘week...’viku 5/4

vilja (verb) ‘want, intend...’vildak 1/1, vildi 3/4, Viljak 1/1

vilna (verb) — 1/1

vindugr (adj.) ‘[by windswept]...’vinga 5/3

vinnandi (noun m.) [°; vinnendr] ‘worker, winner...’vinnǫndum 11/2

vinr (noun m.) [°-ar, dat. -/(-i OsvReyk 92.17); -ir] ‘friend...’vinar 8/7, vinir 8/2, 2/7

vík (noun f.) ‘bay...’víkr 5/4

Yngvi (noun m.) ‘Yngvi, prince...’Yngva 4/6, 11/3

yppa (verb) ‘extol, lift up...’yppik 1/4

þar (adv.) ‘there...’ — 8/1, 11/1

þars (conj.) ‘where...’ — 5/4, 5/5, 10/6

2þá (adv.) ‘then...’ — 10/6

þás (conj.) ‘when...’ — 2/5, 3/1, 11/9

þeysa (verb) ‘hasten...’þeystu 11/6

2þolinn (adj./verb p.p.) ‘[patient]...’þolnar 13/1

Þrœndr (noun m.) [°; þrǿndir/þrǿndr] ‘people from Tröndelag...’þrændr 9/7

þvíat (conj.) ‘because...’ — 1/5

1ætt (noun f.) [°-ar; -ir] ‘family...’ — 1/5

ǫðlingr (noun m.) [°; -ar] ‘prince, ruler...’ǫðlingi 10/1, 10/1

ǫlun (noun f.) ‘[ale-feast]...’ — 10/2

2ǫnd (noun f.) [°andar, dat. ǫnd/ǫndu; andir] ‘soul, breath...’ — 11/4

Runic data from Samnordisk runtextdatabas, Uppsala universitet, unless otherwise stated