Data from Samnordisk runtextdatabas

login: password: stay logged in: help

Einarr skálaglamm Helgason (Eskál)

10th century; volume 1; ed. Edith Marold;

2. Vellekla (Vell) - 37

Little is certain about the life of Einarr skálaglamm ‘Tinkle-scales’ Helgason (Eskál), except that he came from a noble family from western Iceland. They were descendants of Bjǫrn austrœni ‘the Easterner’, i.e. ‘the Norwegian’, son of Ketill flatnefr ‘Flat-nose’. According to Ldn (ÍF 1, 123), Einarr’s mother was Niðbjǫrg, daughter of an Irish king. Einarr’s brother Ósvífr was the father of Guðrún Ósvífsdóttir, the heroine of Laxdœla saga. A few anecdotes link Einarr to Egill Skallagrímsson. Egils saga (Eg, ÍF 2, 268-73) tells of Einarr visiting Egill and the two talking at length about poetry. The meeting led to a long friendship, which is reflected in similarities between the two skalds’ poetry (de Vries 1964-7, I, 176). A valuable shield given to Egill by Einarr inspired Egill to compose a Skjaldardrápa or shield poem honouring the gift, of which only the first stanza has survived (Egill SkjalddrV).

Einarr must have lived c. 940-c. 990. He presumably spent much of his life at the court of Hákon jarl Sigurðarson in Norway, for whom he composed Vellekla (Eskál Vell) and another poem, Hákonardrápa (Eskál Hákdr). Two stanzas (Eskál HardrIII) that possibly stem from one or more Haraldsdrápur in honour of Haraldr blátǫnn ‘Blue-tooth’ Gormsson indicate that he might have spent time at the Danish court, perhaps as a companion of Hákon jarl. Skáldatal (SnE 1848-87, III, 256, 266, 280) mentions Einarr only as one of Hákon jarl’s skalds. Besides these poems, three lausavísur are preserved in Jvs, Fsk, Flat and Eg. The first two are part of a typical skald anecdote about court poetry and its reward, and are preserved in versions that differ sufficiently for them to be printed in both SkP I (Eskál Lv 1a and Lv 2a) and SkP V (Eskál Lv 1bV (Eg 124) and Lv 2bV (Eg 125)). The third (Eskál Lv 3) concerns the death of Þorleifr skúma Þorkelsson (Þskúm), an Icelandic retainer of Hákon jarl, at the battle of Hjǫrungavágr (Liavågen, c. 985).

According to Jvs (1969, 178-9), Einarr’s nickname skálaglamm ‘Tinkle-scales’ refers to a pair of precious and magically resounding scales (OIcel. skálar/skálir) with which Hákon jarl rewarded him for Vell (see Introduction to Eskál Lv 1-3). This explanation (apparently accepted in Finnur Jónsson 1907, 284) may, however, be a later etymological invention, and skálaglamm could instead derive from OIcel. skáli ‘hall, free-standing house’ either as part of a sky-, breast- or shield-kenning (Lie 1975, 643), or more likely as a ‘loud sound (glamm) in the hall’, in reference to his art of recitation. Jvs (1969, 178) also tells that Einarr earlier had the nickname Skjaldmeyjar-Einarr ‘Einarr of the shield-maiden’. Skjaldmeyjar are armed women who took part in battles (cf. Akv 16), but nothing is known about how Einarr got this nickname. According to Ldn and Jvs, Einarr drowned in Breiðafjörður on a voyage home (Ldn, ÍF 1, 123; Jvs 1969, 205); they add a legend according to which his scales (Jvs), or his shield and his coat (Ldn), wash ashore, inspiring the names of the islands Skáleyjar, Skjaldey and Feldarhólmr.

Vellekla (‘Lack of Gold’) — Eskál VellI

Edith Marold with the assistance of Vivian Busch, Jana Krüger, Ann-Dörte Kyas and Katharina Seidel, translated from German by John Foulks 2012, ‘(Introduction to) Einarr skálaglamm Helgason, Vellekla’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 280.

stanzas:  1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   10   11   12   13   14   15   16   17   18   19   20   21   22   23   24   25   26   27   28   29   30   31   32   33   34   35   36   37 

Skj: Einarr Helgason skálaglamm: 3. Vellekla, o. 986 (AI, 122-31, BI, 117-24); stanzas (if different): 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20 | 21 | 22 | 23 | 24 | 25 | 26 | 27 | 28 | 29 | 30 | 31 | 32 | 33 | 34 | 35 | 36 | 37

in texts: Flat, Fsk, Gramm, HGráf, Hkr, LaufE, ÓT, ÓTC, Skm, SnE, TGT

SkP info: I, 280

old edition introduction edition manuscripts transcriptions concordance references search files

 

-at (particle) ‘(neg. suffix)...’at 12/1

-geli (noun n.)geli 22/3

1-riði (noun m.) ‘-rider...’riði 27/8

-tein (noun f.) ‘[sword]...’tein 29/8

(non-lexical) (unclassified)barða 26/8, Hag 26/8, valda 33/2

af (prep.) ‘from...’ — 8/3, 21/5, 21/7, 23/8, 24/5

alda (noun f.) [°; *-ur] ‘wave...’ — 3/3

aldr (noun m.) [°aldrs, dat. aldri; aldrar] ‘life, age...’ — 3/4

alfr (noun m.) [°; -ar] ‘elf...’alfs 26/4

allr (adj.) ‘all...’alla 4/1, allan 14/6, 22/5, allri 21/7, allt 16/1, allt 22/5, allt 30/7, Ǫll 14/1

2an (conj.) ‘than...’ — 37/4

andr (noun m.) [°; andrar] ‘ski...’ǫndur 23/8

1annarr (pron.) [°f. ǫnnur, n. annat; pl. aðrir] ‘(an)other, second...’aðra 12/7, annan 23/4, ǫðrum 32/1

2annarr (num. ordinal) ‘second, other...’ǫðru 18/1

aptr (adv.) [°compar. -ar] ‘back...’ — 12/1, 15/6

askr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i/-; -ar] ‘ash, ash-tree, ash-ship...’ask 4/2

1at (noun n.) ‘[attack, strife]...’ — 15/4

3at (prep.) ‘at, to...’ — 8/2, 10/7, 13/3, 14/5, 15/7, 18/4, 19/3, 19/4, 20/3, 23/3, 23/8, 24/1, 24/5

4at (conj.) ‘that...’ — 11/5, 21/1, 21/5, 22/1, 25/1

5at (nota) ‘to (with infinitive)...’ — 5/3, 6/8, 7/4, 9/3, 26/1, 27/3, 30/3, 31/3

1auðr (noun m.) [°-s/-ar, dat. -i/-] ‘wealth...’auð 15/7

1auka (verb) [°eykr; jók, jóku/juku] ‘(str. intrans.) increase...’aukin 31/7, jók 10/3

aurr (noun m.) ‘sand or gravel bank, ford...’aur 25/2

2ausa (verb) [°eyss; jós, jósu/jusu; ausinn] ‘sprinkle, bail...’ — 5/3

1austr (noun m.) [°austrar, dat. austri; gen. austra] ‘bilge-water, baling...’ — 5/4

2austr (noun n.) [°-s] ‘the east...’ — 8/2

3á (prep.) ‘on, at...’ — 1/3, 7/4, 10/1, 17/1, 18/4, 19/3, 21/7, 22/1, 23/8, 25/2, 28/6, 29/2, 35/4

áðan (adv.) ‘before...’ — 15/5, 30/1

áðr (adv.) [°//] ‘before...’ — 8/1, 12/1, 14/5, 24/1, 24/3

Áli (noun m.) ‘Áli...’Ála 8/1

1árr (noun m.) [°dat. ár; ǽrir/árar, acc. áru] ‘messenger...’ôru 15/7

2Áss (noun m.) [°áss, dat. ási/ás; ásar] ‘god...’ás 15/4, ôss 31/3

band (noun n.) [°-s; *-] ‘band, bond...’banda 8/2, banda 14/4

barð (noun n.) ‘prow, stern (of a ship)...’ — 7/6

barði (noun m.) [°-a] ‘whale...’barða 30/6

barmr (noun m.) [°dat. -i; *-um] ‘rim...’barma 13/2

1bára (noun f.) [°-u; -ur] ‘wave...’ — 2/1

3bera (verb) [°berr; bar, báru; borinn] ‘bear, carry...’Bara 30/5, barat 30/5, 30/5, Berk 9/1

berg (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘rock, cliff...’ — 2/2, bergs 4/4

2berja (verb) [°barði; barðr/bariðr/barinn] ‘fight...’barða 11/2

Bestla (noun f.) ‘Bestla...’Bestlu 37/2

biðja (verb) [°biðr; bað, báðu; beðinn (beiþ- Martin¹ 573‡, bỏþ- HákEirsp 661‰, cf. ed. intr. xl)] ‘ask for, order, pray...’bað 23/5, bað 26/6, 19/8, biðk 1/1

bil (noun n.) ‘delay...’ — 6/4

birki (noun n.) ‘birch-...’birkis 4/3

1bjarga (verb) [°bergr (biærgr Alk619 77⁹; biargr ÓH619 119¹‡); barg, burgu; borginn] ‘to save, preserve...’barg 7/6, bjarg 7/6

bjóða (verb) [°býðr; bauð, buðu; boðinn (buð- Thom¹ 5²n.)] ‘offer, order, invite...’bauð 23/5, bauð 33/1

bjǫrk (noun f.) ‘birch...’bjarka 34/1, bjarkar 34/1

1blakkr (noun m.) ‘horse...’blakk 27/8

blót (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘sacrifice...’blóta 15/2

boði (noun m.) [°-a; -ar] ‘messenger, breaker...’ — 29/5

Boðn (noun f.) [°-ar] ‘(poetic mead vessel)...’Boðnar 2/1, Boðnar 4/3

bogi (noun m.) [°-a; -ar] ‘bow...’boga 7/5

bogna (verb) [°-að-] ‘[bows]...’ — 7/5

bogra (verb) [°-að-] ‘°walk stooped, walk doubled-up; grovel (...’ — 6/6

borð (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘side, plank, board; table...’ — 18/2, borðs 16/2, borðs 25/2

bógr (noun m.) [°dat. bǿgi; bǿgir, acc. bógu] ‘shoulder...’bóga 6/6

bragnar (noun m.) ‘men, warriors...’bragna 24/6

bragr (noun m.) [°-ar] ‘poem, poetry...’brag 7/5

brak (noun n.) ‘clash, noise...’ — 7/5

brandr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i; -ar] ‘sword, prow; fire...’branda 8/2, branda 21/6, brandi 21/6, 21/6, brǫndum 21/6

bregða (verb) [°bregðr/brigðr; brá, brugðu; brugðinn/brogðinn] ‘pull, jerk, break; change...’bregðr 12/7

breiðr (adj.) [°compar. -ari, superl. -astr] ‘broad, wide...’breiðan 6/2

brim (noun n.) ‘surf...’ — 1/4

brík (noun f.) [°-ar; -r] ‘plank...’bríkar 15/3, bríkar 17/4

brú (noun f.) [°-ar; brúar/brýr/brúr(Hák81 557ˆ)] ‘bridge, causeway...’brúar 15/6

brún (noun f.) [°; brýnn/-ir] ‘brows...’brúna 13/2

1brynja (noun f.) [°-u (dat. brynnoni Gibb 38⁹); -ur] ‘mailcoat...’ — 13/2

2búa (verb) [°býr (1. pers. býg NjM 330²⁴); bjó/bjuggi/bjǫggi/byggi, bjuggu/bjǫggu (præt. conj. byggi); búinn (n. sg. búit/bút)] ‘prepare, ready, live...’Búinn 20/1

3Búi (noun m.) ‘Búi...’ — 33/4

2byggja (verb) [°byggir/byggvir; byggði; byggðr] ‘inhabit, dwell; build, found...’ — 15/8, byggva 15/8

byggvir (noun m.) ‘dweller...’byggvi 32/2

byrgi (noun n.) [°-s; -, dat. byrgjum] ‘refuge...’byrgis 4/3

byrr (noun m.) [°-jar/-s; -ir, acc. -i/-u(SigrVal 188¹³)] ‘favourable wind...’byrjar 7/1, byrjar 21/8

bǫð (noun f.) [°-s; -] ‘battle...’bǫðvar 4/3

dagr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. degi/dag/dagi(Thom¹ 332¹‡n.); -ar] ‘day...’dag 29/4

danr (noun m.) [°dat. -; -ir] ‘Dane...’Dan 25/4

danskr (adj.) ‘Danish...’danskra 25/7

djarfr (adj.) [°compar. -ari, superl. -astr] ‘bold...’ — 33/4

Dofrar (noun f.) ‘Dofrar...’Dofra 25/7

dolg (noun n.) ‘battle, enemy...’dolga 29/3

2draugr (noun m.) ‘ghost...’ — 29/3

dregg (noun f.) [°-jar] ‘dregs...’dreggjar 1/4

drengr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -; -ir, gen. -ja] ‘man, warrior...’drengi 36/2, drengja 36/2, 29/3

dreyri (noun m.) [°-a] ‘blood...’dreyra 1/2

1drífa (noun f.) [°-u] ‘snow-storm...’drífu 7/2, drífu 10/8

drjúgr (adj.) [°compar. -ari (drýgari [$1033$] „ ms. 56v‰, superl. -astr] ‘very, excessive...’ — 29/3

dróttinn (noun m.) [°dróttins, dat. dróttni (drottini [$1049$]); dróttnar] ‘lord, master...’ — 25/8

dvergr (noun m.) [°-s; -ar] ‘dwarf...’dverga 4/4

1dýr (noun n.) [°-s (spec.: dyʀiɴs KonrA 66⁴‡, etc., cf. Seip 1955 188-189); -] ‘animal...’ — 19/4

3ef (conj.) ‘if...’ — 8/4, 20/1

efla (verb) [°-fld-/-að-(RómvUpph¹ 382²⁴)] ‘strengthen...’eflanda 24/7, eflandi 24/7

1egg (noun f.) [°-jar, dat. -ju/-(var. [$1655$]: AM 75 c fol “75 c”, etc.)/-i([$1656$], cf. [$1654$] 243-244); -jar/-jur([$1657$] 16¹³n.)] ‘edge, blade...’ — 22/6

eið (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘?oath/headland...’ — 6/2

2einn (pron.) [°decl. cf. einn num.] ‘one, alone...’einum 32/1

Einriði (noun m.) ‘Einriði...’Einriða 14/2

2eisa (verb) ‘[dash, roars]...’Eisar 3/1

ek (pron.) [°mín, dat. mér, acc. mik] ‘I, me...’ — 8/1, 21/5, mér 3/2

eldr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i/-(HómÍsl¹‰(1993) 24v²⁴); -ar] ‘fire...’eldi 32/1, eldum 33/1

2en (conj.) ‘but, and...’ — 23/2, 35/2, Enn 18/1

4en (conj.) ‘than...’ — 5/1, 14/1, 25/5, 37/4, enn 9/1

endi (noun m.) ‘end...’endum 32/8

2engi (pron.) ‘no, none...’ — 17/1, 30/2, ǫngr 30/2

2enn (adv.) ‘still, yet, again...’ — 25/5, 30/5

2er (conj.) ‘who, which, when...’ — 7/7, 21/1, 22/5, 25/1, hinns 33/3

erfa (verb) ‘[done honour]...’erfðan 12/1

1etja (noun f.) ‘aggression...’etju 6/8

eykr (noun m.) [°-s/-jar, dat. -; -ir, dat. -jum] ‘draught animal...’eykir 25/1

él (noun n.) [°; dat. -um] ‘storm...’ — 8/1

faðir (noun m.) ‘father...’feðr 37/2, fǫður 9/4, fǫður 12/2

2falda (verb) ‘cover, clothe...’faldinn 11/1, faldinn 25/6, faldinn 33/1

fall (noun n.) [°-s; *-] ‘fall...’ — 23/4, falls 14/6, fǫllum 31/1

falla (verb) ‘fall...’fallinn 25/6, fell 20/4, fellu 11/5

fang (noun n.) [°-s; *-] ‘grasp, tunic...’ — 24/8

fara (verb) [ferr, fór, fóru, farinn] ‘go, travel...’fór 11/7, fór 27/6, fór 33/3, fóru 22/8

fastr (adj.) [°compar. -ari, superl. -astr] ‘firm, fast...’fast 34/4

faxi (noun m.) ‘steed...’faxa 10/6, faxa 28/5

2 (verb) [°fǽr; fekk, fengu; fenginn] ‘get, receive...’fekk 29/1, fær 11/7

3fár (adj.) [°compar. fǽrri/fárri(Mág² 11ˆ), superl. fǽstr] ‘few...’færa 37/4

fellir (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i] ‘slayer, feller...’felli 29/2

fengr (noun m.) [°-jar/-s, dat. -/-i] ‘loot...’feng 24/8

3ferja (verb) ‘[to ferry, ferried]...’farði 14/8

(noun n.) [°fjár/féar; -] ‘cattle, money...’ — 19/6, 26/2

2finna (verb) ‘find, meet...’funnu 25/4

1firðr (noun m.) [°; -ir] ‘pl. Firðir...’firða 1/3

fíkinn (adj.) ‘greedy...’ — 21/2

1fjall (noun n.) ‘mountain...’ — 35/1

fjándi (noun m.) [°-a; fjándr/fjándar/fjándir] ‘enemy, devil...’fíandr 11/4

fjórir (num. cardinal) ‘four...’fjórum 21/5, fjórum 32/5

fjǫl- ((prefix)) ‘very-...’fjǫl 19/5

2fjǫl (noun n.) ‘very...’ — 37/1

fjǫlð (noun f.) ‘multitude...’fjǫl 19/2

fjǫr (noun n.) ‘life...’ — 10/2, 29/8, fjǫrvi 7/8, fjǫrvi 12/4

fjǫrðr (noun m.) ‘fjord...’fjarð 1/4, fjarðar 7/3

fjǫrvi (noun m.) ‘[life]...’fjǫrva 21/3, 21/3

fjǫturr (noun m.) ‘fetter...’fjǫturs 25/5

flagð (noun n.) ‘troll-woman...’flagðs 23/6

flaust (noun n.) ‘ship...’ — 22/7, flausta 5/4

fleiri (adj. comp.) [°superl. flestr] ‘more, most...’flest 3/4, flestr 37/2, flestu 37/1, flestu 37/2

fles (noun f.) [°; -jar] ‘[skerry, skerries]...’ — 3/4

2fley (noun n.) [°-s] ‘ship...’ — 2/4

fljóta (verb) ‘flow, float...’flaut 22/7

floti (noun m.) ‘fleet...’flota 6/2, flota 29/1

flótti (noun m.) ‘flight, fleeing...’flótta 28/6, Flótta 29/1

flýja (verb) ‘to flee, take flight...’ — 7/4

fold (noun f.) ‘land...’foldar 1/3

folk (noun n.) ‘people...’ — 12/6, 21/3, 21/6, 24/7, 32/6

for- ((prefix)) ‘exceedingly...’for 11/5

forðuðr (noun m.) ‘[protector]...’forðaðr 12/3, 12/3

fóstr (noun n.) ‘foster-...’ — 26/1

frakki (noun m.) ‘Frank, Norman...’Frakka 27/8

fram (adv.) ‘out, forth, forwards, away...’framm 12/8, framm 22/2

frá (prep.) ‘from...’ — 9/1, 30/8

freista (verb) ‘attempt, tempt...’ — 26/1

fremja (verb) ‘advance, perform...’fremsk 15/3, fremsk 16/3

Freyja (noun f.) ‘Freyja...’freyju 5/2

Freyr (noun m.) ‘(a god)...’frey 2/4, 12/5, 21/5

frétt (noun f.) ‘report...’fréttar 29/1

friðr (noun m.) ‘peace...’frið 17/4, friðar 19/8

fríss (noun m.) [°; -ir] ‘Frisian...’Frísa 27/5

frost (noun n.) ‘frost...’ — 26/1

Fróði (noun m.) ‘Fróði...’Fróða 31/4, 17/2

1frýja (noun f.) ‘[a reproach]...’frýju 5/2

2frýja (verb) ‘reproach, complain...’ — 7/4

frægr (adj.) [°-jan/-an; compar. -ri, superl. -jastr/-astr/-str] ‘famous, renowned...’ — 23/2, frægt 23/2

2fullr (adj.) [°compar. -ari, superl. -astr] ‘full, complete...’ — 35/2

fundr (noun m.) ‘discovery, meeting...’fund 25/8

fúrr (noun m.) ‘fire...’fúrs 11/6, fúrs 32/5

fylki (noun n.) ‘county...’ — 23/7, fylkjum 13/1

fylkir (noun m.) ‘leader...’fylki 27/5, 13/1, 24/7, fylkis 24/7

fylli (noun f.) ‘fill...’ — 35/1

2fyllr (noun f.) ‘[sea]...’ — 35/2

fyr (prep.) ‘for, over, because of, etc....’ — 3/1, 5/3, 9/1, 16/2, 19/7, 22/7, 23/1, 23/5, 26/7, 30/8

2fyrðr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -] ‘man...’fyrða 1/3, fyrða 21/3

1fyrri (adj. comp.) [°superl. fyrstr] ‘first...’ — 19/5

fyrvi (noun m.) ‘[his men]...’fyrva 21/3

2fœra (verb) ‘bring...’fœri 12/5

fǫr (noun f.) ‘journey, fate; movement...’ — 21/4

1gagn (noun n.) ‘victory...’gagni 31/2

galdr (noun m.) ‘chant, incantation...’galdra 3/4

gammr (noun m.) ‘vulture...’gamma 24/2, gamma 29/6, gammi 24/2

2ganga (verb) [geng, gekk, gengu, genginn] ‘walk, go...’ — 24/8, 27/3, gekk 29/1, gengi 24/8, gengit 30/7, gengr 4/1

garðr (noun m.) ‘enclosure, yard...’garð 27/2, garð 28/8, garða 30/6, garðs 14/8

gauti (noun m.) ‘man, Geat...’Gauta 29/8

Gautland (noun n.) ‘[Götaland]...’ — 30/8

gefa (verb) ‘give...’gaf 35/1, gefi 2/3

2gegn (prep.) ‘against...’ — 13/3, 27/1, gǫgn 27/1

geirr (noun m.) ‘spear...’geir 15/6, geir 17/4, geir 27/4, geira 14/7, geira 33/3

gengiligr (adj.) ‘[easy]...’gengiligt 27/3

1gera (verb) ‘do, make...’gerði 17/3, gerði 27/1, gerðisk 23/3, gervi 2/3, gjǫrðask 23/3, gǫrva 21/4

2geta (verb) ‘to beget, give birth to, mention, speak ...’gat 29/3

geymir (noun m.) ‘guardian, keeper...’ — 13/3

gilda (verb) ‘appraise...’gildandi 19/6

gjaldandi (noun m.) ‘°betaler...’ — 19/6

gjalla (verb) ‘to scream, shriek; to repay, return, pay...’gullu 35/2

glaða (verb) ‘gladden, rejoice, be merry...’glaðar 36/2

2glaðr (adj.) [°compar. -ari, superl. -astr] ‘cheerful, glad...’ — 6/3, 36/2

glam (noun n.) ‘[a crash]...’glammi 24/2

gleðja (verb) ‘gladden, rejoice...’gleðr 36/2

glymja (verb) ‘resound...’Glumði 22/5

glýjaðr (adj./verb p.p.) ‘satisfied, cheerful; delighter...’glýjaði 7/4, 7/4

Gnoð (noun f.) ‘ship, Gnóð...’Gnóðar 5/4

gnógr (adj.) [°compar. gnógari/gnǿgri, superl. gnógastr/gnǿgstr] ‘abundant...’gnógt 22/7

gnótt (noun f.) ‘abundance...’ — 10/4, 22/7

gnýr (noun m.) ‘din, tumult...’gný 33/3

goð (noun n.) ‘(pagan) god...’ — 14/7, 31/6

góðr (adj.) ‘good...’ — 17/2

1gramr (noun m.) ‘ruler...’gram 20/4, gram 26/8, 6/4, 23/2, 26/8, 28/7, 30/7

grand (noun n.) ‘injury...’ — 13/4, granda 13/3

gráp (noun n.) ‘hail...’ — 11/1, grápi 11/1

greddir (noun m.) ‘feeder...’ — 28/3

greip (noun f.) [°; -r, -ar] ‘hand, talon...’ — 11/1

grund (noun f.) ‘earth, land...’grundar 13/3, grundar 36/1

grynna (verb) ‘[shoal]...’grynni 4/4

grœna (verb) ‘[flourishes]...’grœr 15/5

gull (noun n.) ‘gold...’Goll 36/1

gumi (noun m.) [°-a; gumar/gumnar] ‘man...’gumar 24/1, gumna 28/7, gumnar 24/1, gumnum 28/7

gunnr (noun f.) ‘battle...’gunn 27/6, gunn 33/4, gunnar 24/1, Gunnar 33/3, 24/1, gunnum 28/7

gœðir (noun m.) ‘strengthener, increaser...’ — 16/3, gœðis 16/3

gœlir (noun m.) ‘gladdener...’gœli 22/3, gœlis 22/3

gætir (noun m.) ‘guardian...’gæti 17/3

Gǫndul (noun f.) ‘[Gǫndul, Göndul]...’Gǫndlar 6/3

haf (noun n.) [°-s; *-] ‘sea...’ — 10/6, 24/5, hafs 3/4, hafs 24/5

hafa (verb) ‘have...’hafði 6/4, hafði 12/2, hafði 30/1, hefk 37/3

haft (noun n.) [°; *-] ‘fetter...’hapta 15/6

hagl (noun n.) [°-s; dat. *-um] ‘hail...’ — 7/7, hagls 7/7

hagna (verb) ‘turn out...’hagna 3/2

hagnaðr (noun m.) ‘advantage...’ — 24/6

hald (noun n.) [°-s; *-] ‘support...’ — 10/5, 29/5

halda (verb) ‘hold, keep...’ — 20/3, haldinn 10/5

handan (adv.) ‘across...’ — 22/4

hann (pron.) [°gen. hans, dat. honum; f. hon, gen. hennar, acc. hana] ‘he, she, it, they, them......’hans 36/3, þann 9/3

Haraldr (noun m.) ‘Haraldr...’Haralds 10/8

harðr (adj.) [°comp. -ari; superl. -astr] ‘hard, harsh...’harð 11/2, harðan 27/2, 11/2, 26/6

hatti (noun m.) [°-a]hatta 15/6

Háarr (noun m.) ‘[Hárr, Hôarr]...’Hôars 10/8, Hôars 34/3

2hár (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘hair...’ — 10/6

3hár (adj.) [°-van; compar. hǽrri, superl. hǽstr] ‘high...’hás 34/3, 16/4, 31/8

2Heðinn (noun m.) ‘[Heðinn, champions]...’Heðins 6/6, Heðins 21/8, Heðins 22/6, Heðins 29/4, Heðins 32/6

hefja (verb) ‘lift, start...’hóf 6/7, Hóf 19/1

hefnd (noun f.) [°-ar; -ir] ‘revenge...’hefnð 9/1

heiðinn (adj.) ‘heathen...’heiðins 29/4

heimr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i/-; -ar] ‘home, abode; world...’heims 11/4

2heita (verb) ‘be called, promise...’heitir 5/1

herað (noun n.) [°-s; heruð] ‘district...’heruð 14/3

2herða (verb) ‘strengthen...’herðu 22/2

herðir (noun m.) ‘sword...’ — 18/3

herðr (noun f.) [°-ar(Thom² 447¹³); -ar] ‘shoulder...’herða 12/3, herðum 22/2

1herja (noun f.) ‘Herja, female follower ...’herjun 14/3

2herja (verb) ‘harry, ravage...’ — 30/3, herjuð 14/3

herr (noun m.) [°-s/-jar, dat. -; -jar, gen. -ja/herra] ‘army, host...’her 5/2, her 12/3, her 15/1, her 27/4, her 35/3, her 36/2, herjum 14/3, 20/4, 32/3

hersir (noun m.) [°-is; -ar] ‘cheiftan...’hersa 10/1

2heyja (verb) ‘fight, wage (battle)...’Háði 30/1, 20/2

2heyra (verb) ‘hear...’heyr 1/2, 1/1

1hildr (noun f.) ‘battle...’hildar 29/5, hildar 31/3, hildi 33/1

hilmir (noun m.) ‘prince, protector...’ — 11/1

himinn (noun m.) [°himins, dat. himni; himnar] ‘heaven, sky...’himins 32/8

hirð (noun f.) [°-ar; -ir/-ar(FskB— 53‡)] ‘retinue...’hirðar 31/3

hirðir (noun m.) [°hirðis/hirðirs, dat. & acc. hirði; hirðar/hirðir] ‘guardian, keeper, pastor...’hirði 26/6, 26/6

hiti (noun m.) [°-a; -ar] ‘[heat]...’hytar 19/1

1hjaldr (noun m.) ‘battle...’hjald 10/5, 33/2

1hjallr (noun m.) [°-s dat. -i; -ar] ‘°stillads, ophøjet stade, forhøjning; (s...’hjall 32/4

1hjalmr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i; -ar] ‘helmet...’Hjalm 11/1, Hjalm 33/1, hjalmi 25/5

hjarl (noun n.) ‘land...’ — 32/4, hjarli 32/4

hjǫrr (noun m.) ‘sword...’hjǫr 12/4, hjǫr 30/4, hjǫrs 7/8, hjǫrs 10/1

2hlaða (verb) ‘heap, pile...’hlóð 31/1

hlaupa (verb) ‘leap, run...’hljó 36/4

1hlið (noun f.) [°dat. -/-u; -ar] ‘side...’ — 26/7

hlíf (noun f.) [°-ar; -ar] ‘shield, defence...’hlífar 23/6

2hlíta (verb) ‘[endure]...’hlítik 5/1

hljóð (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘sound, silence, a hearing...’ — 2/4

hljóða (verb) ‘listen, sound...’hlýði 2/3

hljómr (noun m.) [°dat. -i] ‘sound...’hljóm* 9/2, hljóms 9/2

hljóta (verb) ‘alot, gain...’hlaut 31/4, 5/1, 36/3

hljótr (noun m.) ‘recipient...’hljót 36/4

Hlóriði (noun m.) ‘[Hlórriði]...’Hlórriði 14/8

hlummr (noun m.) [°; -ar] ‘oar-handle...’hlumm 23/5

hlunnr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i; -ar] ‘roller...’hlunn 23/5, hlunn 26/7

hlymr (noun m.) ‘din...’Hlym 23/5, hlym 26/7

2hlýða (verb) ‘hear, listen; be able...’ — 36/3

hlýja (verb) ‘protect...’hléðut 34/4

Hlǫðyn (noun f.) ‘Hlóðyn, Hlǫðyn...’Hlóðynjar 26/3

2Hlǫkk (noun f.) ‘Hlǫkk...’Hlakkar 7/7, Hlakkar 15/2

holmr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i/-; -ar] ‘island, islet...’holm 25/5

1hóf (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘court, temple...’hofs 14/4

1hót (noun n.) [°; -] ‘threats...’hot 4/2

Hrafn (noun m.) ‘Hrafn...’ — 35/4, Hrafna 9/1, hrafna 35/3, hrǫfnum 35/3

hrammi (noun m.) [°-a] ‘°(dyrs) forpote...’ — 24/2

hrammr (noun m.) [°dat. -i; -ar] ‘claws...’hramma 24/2, hramma 29/6

hrefn (noun m.) [masc noun] ‘raven...’hrefna 35/3

hríð (noun f.) [°-ar; -ir] ‘time, storm...’ — 10/2, hríðar 31/3

1hrjóta (verb) ‘fling, fly...’hraut 19/2

hrósa (verb) ‘praise...’ — 31/3

2hryggr (adj.) [°-van/-jan; compar. -vari/-ari/-ri; superl. -astr] ‘sorrowful, sad...’hryggja 15/8, hryggva 15/8

hræ (noun n.) [°; -] ‘corpse, carrion...’hré 35/3, 29/6, 35/3

hrǫnn (noun f.) [°; dat. -um] ‘wave...’hranna 9/4

hugr (noun m.) ‘mind, thought, courage...’Hug 1/1

hugsa (verb) ‘consider...’ — 32/3

hundrað (noun n.) [°-s; hundruð/-] ‘hundred...’hundruðum 24/4

hurð (noun f.) [°-ar, dat. -u/-; -ir] ‘door...’hurða 26/7, hurðar 26/7, hurðum 22/2

hvar (adv.) ‘where...’ — 32/1

1hverfa (verb) ‘turn, disappear...’Hvarf 12/1, 15/1, 23/5

2hverr (pron.) ‘who, whom, each, every...’Hver 31/5, hver 32/3, hverjum 14/3

hvǫt (noun f.) [°; dat. -um] ‘boldness...’ — 4/2

hyrr (noun m.) ‘fire...’hyr 1/2, hyrjar 19/1, hyrjar 30/3

hǫfuð (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘head...’hǫfðum 24/5

hǫggva (verb) ‘to strike, put to death, cut, hew...’hjó 7/5

Hǫgni (noun m.) ‘[Hǫgni, Högni]...’hǫgna 3/2, Hǫgna 34/3

hǫlðr (noun m.) [°-s; -ar] ‘man...’haulda 10/5, haulda 20/3

1hǫll (noun f.) [°hallar, dat. -u/-; hallir] ‘hall...’ — 2/3

hǫnd (noun f.) [°handar, dat. hendi; hendr (hendir StatPáll³ 752¹²)] ‘hand...’hǫndum 22/4

Hǫrðar (noun m.) ‘the Hǫrðar...’Hǫrða 12/3, Hǫrða 25/6, hǫrða 26/7

if (noun n.) ‘[doubt]...’ — 31/5

2inn (art.) ‘the...’Hitt 21/1, hitt 22/1, Hitt 25/1, 14/1, ins 30/5

í (prep.) ‘in, into...’ — 2/3, 6/3, 7/2, 11/3, 11/6, 27/1, 33/3

ímun (noun f.) ‘battle...’ — 16/2

jalkr (noun m.) ‘[Jálkr]...’Jalks 23/7

jarl (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i; -ar] ‘poet, earl...’ — 1/2, 18/2, 19/7, 30/1, 32/2, jarla 32/4, jarlar 32/4, jarli 16/1, jarls 11/8, jarls 12/8

jǫfurr (noun m.) ‘ruler, prince...’jǫfra 6/7, jǫfra 25/7, jǫfra 31/5, jǫfri 19/7, jǫfurs 2/4

jǫrð (noun f.) [°jarðar, dat. -u; jarðir/jarðar(DN I (1367) 304Š)] ‘ground, earth...’jarð 32/2, 15/5, jǫrðu 17/1

jǫtunn (noun m.) [°jǫtuns, dat. jǫtni; jǫtnar] ‘giant...’jǫtna 14/5

kaldr (adj.) [°compar. -ari] ‘cold...’kǫld 10/8

1kappi (noun m.) [°-a; -ar] ‘champion...’ — 6/7

kenndr (adj./verb p.p.) ‘renowned...’ — 32/8

knega (verb) ‘to know, understand, be able to...’knák 36/3, Knátti 24/5

kneyfir (noun m.) ‘oppressor, destroyer ...’kneyfi 19/1

koma (verb) [kem, kom/kvam, kominn] ‘come...’kom 11/3, kom 13/1, kom 26/4, kom 28/5, kom 30/4

konr (noun m.) [°-ar] ‘kind, descendant...’ — 31/2

konungr (noun m.) [°dat. -i, -s; -ar] ‘king...’ — 12/4, 19/6, 20/2, 26/2, konungs 12/4

kostigr (adj.) ‘splendid, virtued...’ — 37/1

1kostr (noun m.) [°-ar, dat. -i/-; -ir, acc. -i/-u] ‘choice, food, goods, good quality...’kostir 37/1

kunnr (adj.) ‘known (?)...’kunn 14/3, 14/3

Kvasir (noun m.) ‘Kvasir...’Kvasis 1/2

kveða (verb) ‘say, recite...’kvað 31/7

2kveðja (verb) ‘say, greet...’kvaddi 27/7, kveðk 31/7

1kyn (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘kin...’kunar 16/4, kunar 31/8

land (noun n.) [°-s; *-] ‘land...’ — 14/4, 22/4, landa 22/4, landi 13/4, landi 19/4, landi 23/8, lǫnd 8/2, lǫnd 14/4, lǫnd 22/4, lǫndum 21/6

langr (adj.) [°compar. lengri, superl. lengstr] ‘long...’langs 30/5

Laufi (noun m.) [°-a] ‘Laufi...’Laufa 10/7

laukr (noun m.) [°-s; -ar] ‘leek, mast...’lauks 8/3

laut (noun f.) ‘dell, hollow...’lautar 29/8, lautar 30/4

1 (noun f.) [°; -r] ‘surf...’ 4/4

2láð (noun n.) ‘earth, land...’ — 30/6

láta (verb) ‘let, have sth done...’lét 10/6, lét 14/1, lét 18/3, lét 21/2, lézk 20/1, lætr 15/7, lætr 36/1

leggja (verb) ‘put, lay...’lagði 23/6, lǫgðu 28/1

leggr (noun m.) [°-jar, dat. -; -ir] ‘limb...’leggjar 1/4

leið (noun f.) [°-ar, dat. -u/-; -ir/-ar] ‘path, way...’ — 28/2

1leikr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -/-i; -ar] ‘sport, play...’leik 28/2, 32/6

lengi (adv.) ‘for a long time...’ — 36/2

lengra (adv.) ‘longer, further...’ — 30/5

léttr (adj.) [°compar. -ari, superl. -astr] ‘easy, light...’lett 21/2

lið (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘retinue, troop...’ — 10/8, 27/4, liðs 28/2

liggja (verb) ‘lie...’ — 32/2, liggr 16/1

2lind (noun f.)lindar 32/7

linni (noun m.) ‘serpent...’linna 32/7

líf (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘life...’ — 10/8, lífi 10/7

lífi (noun n.) [°-s] ‘life...’lífum 10/7

lof (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘praise, leave, permission...’ — 9/2, 32/8, lofs 11/2

loft (noun n.) ‘air, sky...’lopt 30/6

Loftr (noun m.) ‘[Loptr, loft]...’lopt 11/2, Lopts 11/2

log (noun n.) [°; -] ‘flame...’ — 32/7, logs 28/1

lund (noun f.) [°-ar; -ir/-ar(Rém 301³¹)] ‘mind, way...’ — 6/8

1lundr (noun m.) [°-ar, dat. -i/-; -ar] ‘grove, tree...’lunda 24/4, 8/4

2lundr (adj.) ‘minded...’lundar 10/3, 6/8, 10/3

lungr (noun m.) ‘ship, longship...’lungs 32/7

lyndr (adj.) [°superl. -astr] ‘minded...’ — 10/3

lyng (noun n.) [°dat. -vi/-i; -] ‘heather...’lyngs 30/5

lœkr (noun m.) [°-jar, dat. -; -ir] ‘brook, stream...’lœki 28/6

maðr (noun m.) ‘man, person...’ — 13/2, 30/5, mann 23/4, mann 30/2, mannr 30/2, mǫnnum 14/2

magn (noun n.) [°-s] ‘strength...’magni 31/8

magna (verb) ‘strengthen, increase...’ — 31/8, magnar 4/2

2margr (adj.) [°-an] ‘many...’Mart 8/1

2marr (noun m.) ‘horse...’mǫrum 18/2

máni (noun m.) [°-a] ‘moon...’mána 6/5

máttr (noun m.) [°-ar, dat. mǽtti/mátt; mǽttir, dat. -um] ‘power...’mætti 36/3

með (prep.) ‘with...’ — 22/3, 27/5, 28/7, 32/5, 33/2

meðal (prep.) ‘between...’ — 10/4

megri (noun f.) ‘°udmagring...’ — 15/4

meiðr (noun m.) ‘beam, tree...’ — 24/3

meir (adv.) ‘further, again...’ — 21/1

meiri (adj. comp.) [°meiran; superl. mestr] ‘more, most...’meir 22/1, meira 21/1, mest 23/3

meirr (adv.) ‘more...’ — 21/1

Meiti (noun m.) ‘Meiti...’Meita 22/1

2men (noun n.) [°; dat. menjum] ‘neck-ring...’ — 10/4

méil (noun n.) ‘[arrow]...’ — 10/4

1mél (noun n.) ‘[time]...’ — 10/4

Miðjungr (noun m.) [°; -ar] ‘Miðjungr, giants...’miðjungar 28/2, 28/2, miðjungum 34/2

mildingr (noun m.) [°-s] ‘ruler, generous one...’mildingum 34/2

mildr (adj.) [°compar. -ri/-ari, superl. -astr] ‘mild, gentle, gracious, generous...’ — 19/6, 26/2, mildum 26/2

mjór (adj.) [°mjóvan; comp. mjór(r)i/mjár(r)i, superl. -str/mjóvastr] ‘slender...’mjó 22/2

mjúkr (adj.) [°compar. -ari, superl. -astr] ‘gentle, humble...’mjúk 22/2

mjǫðr (noun m.) [°dat. miði] ‘mead...’mjaðar 36/4

mjǫk (adv.) ‘very, much...’ — 22/2

1morð (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘killing, battle...’ — 21/2, 26/4, morði 23/1, morði 23/3, morðs 20/3, morðs 21/2, morðs 37/3

1mót (noun n.) [°; -] ‘meeting...’móti 18/4, móts 15/2, móts 22/1

munnr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i; -ar] ‘mouth...’munn 30/5

munr (noun m.) [°-ar/-s, dat. -/-i; -ir, acc. -i] ‘mind, pleasure...’mun 8/2

munu (verb) ‘will, must...’mun 12/6, mun 30/5, munk 5/1

myrðir (noun m.) ‘killer...’myrði 23/1

2myrkr (adj.) [°-an/-jan/-van; compar. -(v)ari/-ri, superl. -(v)astr] ‘dark, murky...’myrk 26/3

mær (noun f.) [°meyjar, dat. meyju; meyjar] ‘maiden...’mey 20/2

mærð (noun f.) ‘praise...’mærðar 37/3

mæringr (noun m.) ‘famous one...’ — 37/4

1Mœrir (noun m.) [°; -ir] ‘pl. Mœrir...’Mœra 21/1

2mærr (adj.) ‘famous...’mæra 22/1

mæti (noun n.) [°; -] ‘precious thing...’mæta 22/1, 36/3

mœtir (noun m.) ‘meeter...’mœta 21/1

mǫgr (noun m.) [°; megir, acc. mǫgu] ‘son, boy...’megi 15/4, megir 15/4

mǫrðr (noun m.) ‘[mǫrðr]...’ — 37/3

1mǫrk (noun f.) [°merkr, dat. -u/-; merkr/markir] ‘mark (unit)...’ — 21/2

2mǫrk (noun f.) [°merkr; merkr] ‘forest...’markar 25/4, markar 26/3, merkr 25/4

Narfi (noun m.) ‘Narfi...’ — 23/5

nár (noun m.) [°-s; -ir] ‘corpse...’nar 23/5, nás 22/7, nás 24/2

1nema (verb) ‘to take...’nam 9/3

2nema (conj.) ‘unless...’ — 17/2, 31/5

nes (noun n.) [°-s; -, gen. -ja] ‘headland...’nesjum 22/7

neytir (noun m.) ‘user...’ — 6/1

(conj.) ‘nor...’ — 5/1, 7/2, 12/6, 19/5, 34/1

1niðr (noun m.) [°-s; niðjar/niðir, acc. niði] ‘son, kinsman, relative...’ — 19/8

njóta (verb) ‘enjoy, use...’ — 36/4

Njǫrðr (noun m.) ‘Njǫrðr...’ — 17/3, 20/3, 29/2, Njǫrðum 26/7

norðan (adv.) ‘from the north...’ — 16/2, 18/2, 21/2, 25/2, 26/4

Noregr (noun m.) ‘Norway...’Nóregr 22/8, nóregs 22/8

(adv.) ‘now...’ — 15/5, 16/1, Nús 2/1

oddr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i; -ar] ‘point of weapon...’odd 6/1, odd 12/2, odda 7/2, odda 12/2, odda 28/3, oddum 28/3

of- ((prefix)) ‘too much...’of 7/1

3of (prep.) ‘around, from; too...’ — 4/1, 5/2, 14/6, 20/4, 27/7

4of (particle) ‘(before verb)...’ — 8/4, 10/3, 14/3, 21/4, 24/3, 25/6, 25/8, 30/7, 32/3, 34/4

3ok (conj.) ‘and, but; also...’auk 25/1, 1/3, 2/3, 6/1, 6/5, 7/3, 10/3, 10/4, 10/5, 11/5, 14/4, 15/1, 20/3, 21/4, 22/1, 23/6, 25/1, 25/5, 26/1, 27/4, 27/7, 29/5, 32/4, 33/2

olmr (adj.) [°compar. -ari, superl. -astr] ‘fierce, furious...’olmum 33/1

ó- ((prefix)) ‘un-...’ó 12/2, ó 15/8, ó 28/8

Óðinn (noun m.) ‘Óðinn...’ — 31/4

1óðr (noun m.) ‘poem...’óð 6/1

2óðr (adj.) [°compar. -ari, superl. -astr] ‘raging, furious...’óð 12/2

Óðrœrir (noun m.) ‘Óðrœrir...’Óðrœris 3/3

3ór (prep.) ‘out of...’ — 7/7, 28/1

óþyrmir (noun m.) ‘[crusher]...’ — 7/6

rakkliga (adv.) ‘[bravely]...’ — 7/8

rammr (adj.) [°compar. -ari, superl. -astr] ‘mighty...’Ramm 31/7, ramma 24/2, ramma 29/6

randi (noun m.) — 28/4

rann (noun n.) ‘house, hall...’ranni 30/2

rauðr (adj.) [°compar. -ari] ‘red...’rauð 6/5, rauð 15/3, rauðar 8/3

ráð (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘advice, plan, control, power...’ — 29/4

ráða (verb) ‘advise, rule, interpret, decide...’réð 12/3, ræðr 37/2

ráðr (noun m.) ‘[choice]...’ — 37/2

rás (noun f.) [°-ar; -ir] ‘running, course, company...’rásar 27/4

regn (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘rain...’regni 10/4

2reiða (verb) ‘carry...’reiðir 34/4

1reik (noun f.) [°-ar; -r] ‘hair-parting...’reikar 32/6

reki (noun m.) [°-a; -ar] ‘ruler...’reka 22/4, rekar 22/4, 22/4

remmir (noun m.) ‘strengthener...’remmis 10/2

2renna (verb) ‘run (strong)...’rennr 19/5, runnu 25/4, runnu 31/7

2reynir (noun m.) ‘tester...’ — 6/5, 7/5

2rigna (verb) ‘rain...’Rignði 10/1

1ríða (verb) ‘ride...’reið 18/1, ríðr 32/5

ríki (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘kingdom, power...’ — 8/3, 12/8, 16/4, 31/7

ríkr (adj.) ‘mighty, powerful, rich...’ — 15/4

róg (noun n.) [°-s] ‘strife, slander...’ — 6/6

róma (noun f.) ‘battle...’rómu 34/2

runnr (noun m.) [°dat. -i/-; -ar] ‘bush, tree...’runni 25/3, runnum 25/3, runnum 25/4

rúnr (adj.) ‘skilled in runes...’ — 10/5

rýrir (noun m.) ‘diminsher, destroyer...’rýri 31/6, 15/7

rœki (noun f.) [°; -] ‘[heeding, tending]...’ — 8/4

rœkir (noun m.) ‘[keeper]...’ — 15/3

rœkr (adj.) [°-jan; compar. -ari, superl. -astr] ‘cultivating...’rœkar 15/3

rǫgn (noun n.) ‘the gods (in names)...’ragna 31/2, 31/8

rǫgnir (noun m.) ‘the Rǫgnir...’ — 7/5, 27/2, Rǫgnis 3/2

rǫnd (noun f.) [°dat. -/-u; rendr/randir] ‘shield, shield-rim...’rand 15/3, randa 22/4, randar 8/3, randir 28/4, randir 30/8

saman (adv.) ‘together...’ — 22/8, 28/4

2sannr (adj.) [°-an; compar. -ari, superl. -astr] ‘true...’sǫnn 14/1, sǫnn 14/2

saxi (noun m.) [°; -ar] ‘Saxon...’Saxa 2/2, Sǫxum 28/5

1 (pron.) [°gen. þess, dat. þeim, acc. þann; f. sú, gen. þeirrar, acc. þá; n. þat, dat. því; pl. m. þeir, f. þǽ---] ‘that (one), those...’ — 21/6, 29/7, sás 12/5, sás 17/3, þat 5/2, þat 7/7, þat 9/3, þat 11/7, þat 13/2, þat 19/3, þat 24/6, þat 32/3, þás 9/1, þás 27/5, þeim 14/7, þeira 27/4, Þess 32/5, þess’s 4/2, þess’s 26/4, því 12/7

Sága (noun f.) ‘[Sága, for Sága]...’Sôgu 29/3

2sár (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘wound...’ — 27/4, sára 2/2

segja (verb) ‘say, tell...’ — 6/8, sǫgðu 28/1

segl (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘sail...’ — 6/6, segli 7/7, seglum 7/7

2seimr (noun m.) [°dat. -i] ‘gold...’seima 13/3

sem (conj.) ‘as, which...’ — 15/5

sendir (noun m.) ‘sender, distributor...’ — 36/1

senn (adv.) ‘at once...’ — 14/1

1serkr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -/-i; -ir] ‘shirt...’serkir 34/1, serkja 26/5, serkjar 4/3, serkjar 26/3, serkjar 26/5

setja (verb) ‘place, set, establish...’ — 6/8

sextán (num. cardinal) ‘sixteen...’sextían 32/4

séðr (adj./verb p.p.) ‘[seamed, sewn]...’séðir 34/4

sigr (noun m.) [°sigrs/sigrar, dat. sigri; sigrar] ‘victory...’sig 25/3, Sig 33/2, sig 34/1, 25/3

sik (pron.) [°gen. sín, dat. sér] ‘(refl. pron.)...’ — 13/4

silki (noun n.) ‘silk...’silkis 13/1, sylkis 13/1

3sinn (pron.) [°f. sín, n. sitt] ‘(refl. poss. pron.)...’ — 9/4, sinna 13/3, sinnar 13/3, sína 11/4, síns 9/4, sínum 13/3

2sinni (noun n.) [°-s;] ‘time, occasion; company, following...’ — 18/1

síðan (adv.) ‘later, then...’ — 12/6, 23/2

2síma (noun n.) ‘[band]...’ — 13/3

sjau (num. cardinal) ‘seven...’ — 13/1, 22/4

1sjá (pron.) [°gen. þessa dat. þessum/þeima, acc. þenna; f. sjá/þessi; n. þetta, dat. þessu/þvísa; pl. þessir] ‘this...’ — 22/4

2sjá (verb) ‘see...’ 29/6

sjór (noun m.) ‘sea...’sjó 30/8, 14/6, 30/8

2skaka (verb) ‘shake...’skók 7/5

skíð (noun n.) [°; -] ‘ski...’skíðs 12/6

skjómi (noun m.) ‘sword...’skjóma 9/2

skjóta (verb) ‘shoot...’skaut 7/5

skógr (noun m.) [°-ar/-s, dat. -i; -ar] ‘forest...’skóg 7/5

skulu (verb) ‘shall, should, must...’skuli 32/3, skyli 32/3

skundaðr (noun m.) ‘hastener...’skundaðar 32/7

1skúr (noun f.) [°; -ir] ‘shower...’skúrir 34/3, skúrum 11/6

ský (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘cloud...’ — 30/2

2slíkr (adj.) ‘such...’slíka 15/4, slíkan 17/4, slíku 12/8, slíku 15/4

slíta (verb) ‘to tear...’sleit 19/3

snerrinn (adj.) ‘[seasoned]...’ — 19/5

snjallr (adj.) ‘quick, resourceful, bold...’snjallir 11/5

snúnaðr (noun m.) ‘a change (for better)...’ — 13/2

snyrtir (noun m.) ‘polisher...’snyrti 11/7

snytrir (noun m.) ‘teacher, instructor...’snytri 11/7

sonr (noun m.) [°-ar, dat. syni; synir, acc. sonu, syni] ‘son...’seynir 11/8, son 37/2, synir 11/8

sorg (noun f.) [°-ar; -ir] ‘sorrow, affliction...’sorga 4/3, sorgar 4/3

sókn (noun f.) [°-ar; -ir] ‘attack, fight...’ — 18/3

sómr (noun m.) ‘honourable...’sóm 34/2

2spara (verb) ‘spare, withhold...’sparði 14/8, spér 35/2

spjǫr (noun n.) ‘spear...’ — 35/2

spor (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘track...’ — 22/3

stafr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -; -ir] ‘staff, post, stave, stick...’ — 12/2

standa (verb) ‘stand...’stendr 16/3

starf (noun n.) [°-s; *-] ‘exertion, task, trouble ...’ — 12/2

stefnandi (noun m.) ‘[summoner, driver]...’ — 35/3

stirðr (adj.) ‘stiff...’stirðan 26/6

stoða (verb) ‘to stay, support, back...’stóð 21/7

stórr (adj.) ‘large, great...’stóran 1/1, stórar 1/1

strangr (adj.) ‘strong...’Strǫng 24/1

styrr (noun m.) [°dat. -] ‘battle...’styr 23/4, styr 27/2

stýra (verb) ‘steer, control...’ — 14/7, 31/6

sund (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘sound, strait; swimming...’ — 6/8, 7/3, 28/5

sunn- ((prefix)) ‘[Sunn, southern]...’sunn 14/2

sunnan (adv.) ‘(from the) south...’ — 27/6, 33/4

sunnr (adv.) ‘south...’ — 25/4

svalr (adj.) ‘cool...’sval 7/4

svanr (noun m.) [°-s; -ir] ‘swan...’svan 7/4

svarfa (verb) — 22/3

svarri (noun m.) [°-a] ‘(proud) lady...’svarra 22/3

svá (adv.) ‘so, thus...’ — 32/2

svárr (adj.) — 13/2

svát (conj.) ‘so that, so as...’ — 28/7

svefja (verb) ‘lull to sleep, soothe...’svafði 6/4

sverð (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘sword...’sverða 7/3, sverða 18/3

sverra (verb) ‘swirl, seethe...’sverri 7/3

2svinnr (adj.) ‘wise...’svinni 14/1, svinnum 25/3

svǫrr (noun m.) ‘[bird]...’svǫr 22/3

sœkir (noun m.) ‘attacker...’sœki 28/6

sœkja (verb) ‘seek, attack...’sótt 18/4, sótti 25/8

sæll (adj.) ‘happy, blessed...’sæl 24/8, 24/8

sǫgn (noun f.) [°sagnar; sagnir] ‘narrative, message; troop, men...’ — 4/2, 21/4, Sogns 21/4

sǫngr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -vi/-; -var] ‘song...’song 4/2, sǫng 18/3

Sǫrli (noun m.) ‘Sǫrli...’Sǫrla 30/4

Sǫrvi (noun m.) ‘Sǫrvi...’Sǫrva 22/3, sǫrva 30/4

tafn (noun n.) [°-s; *-] ‘carrion...’tafni 35/4

2taka (verb) ‘take...’tekit 37/3, tœki 8/4

teinn (noun m.) [°dat. teini; teinar] ‘twig, rod...’teins 29/8

til (prep.) ‘to...’ — 15/2, 21/4, 22/1, 24/2, 29/1, 37/3

tírr (noun m.) [°-s] ‘glory, honour...’tírar 11/8

tjá (verb) ‘to put in order, prepare...’tér 2/2

toginn (adj./verb p.p.) ‘drawn...’togin 9/2, togins 9/2

týna (verb) ‘lose, destroy...’ — 29/7

Týr (noun m.) ‘Týr...’ — 29/2, 29/7, týs 5/2, týs 29/2

tǫgnir (noun m.) — 7/5

tǫnn (noun f.) [°tannar; tenn/tennr/tennar] ‘tooth...’tanni 35/4

uggr (noun m.) [°dat. -] ‘fear...’ — 21/7

Ullr (noun m.) ‘Ullr...’Ullar 4/1, Ullar 22/5, 21/7

1um (prep.) ‘about, around...’ — 5/4

1und (noun f.) [°; -ir] ‘wound...’unda 19/2

3und (prep.) ‘under, underneath...’ — 13/4, 16/1, 19/1, 24/2, 25/3, 30/2, 30/7, 32/1

2undr (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘wonder, marvel...’ — 27/6

1unna (verb) ‘love...’unnaðar 32/7

2unz (conj.) ‘until...’ — 25/3

upp (adv.) ‘up...’ — 6/7

út (adv.) ‘out(side)...’ — 14/5

úti (adv.) ‘out, outdoors, out at sea, abroad...’ — 6/1

valdr (noun m.) ‘ruler...’ — 20/1, 25/6

1valr (noun m.) [°dat. -i; -ir] ‘corpse, the slain...’val 14/6, val 20/2, val 26/5, Val 31/1, val 31/4, vals 24/2

vandr (adj.) ‘difficult...’ — 6/2

2vanr (adj.) ‘lacking...’vant 7/1

2varða (verb) ‘defend...’ — 7/6, 26/8, varðaðar 30/6

varðaðr (noun m.) ‘[guard]...’vǫrðuðr 12/3

varði (noun m.) [°-a] ‘°varde, (pyramide-/kegleformet) stendyng...’varða 26/8

vargr (noun m.) [°dat. -i; -ar] ‘wolf...’varga 7/6, 3/1

varp (noun n.) [°; dat. *-um] ‘°net; kast (med fiskenet); fangst; bølge...’†fꜹrf† 23/8, vǫrp 23/8

2varr (adj.) ‘wary...’ — 13/4

vaxa (verb) ‘grow, increase...’ — 2/2, 10/6

váð (noun f.) [°-ar; -ir] ‘clothes...’váða 29/4

vág (noun f.) [°-ar; -ir/vǽgr] ‘scales, balance...’vági 19/3

vágr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i/-; -ar] ‘sea, wave...’ — 3/1, vágs 27/8

vás (noun n.) [°-s; dat. -um] ‘hardship...’vas 22/7, 22/7

2veðr (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘weather, wind, storm...’ — 10/7, 16/3, 26/6, veðrs 10/7, veðrs 12/4, veðrum 6/3

1veggr (noun m.) [°-jar/-s(Páll²A 257³³), dat. -/-i(kun defin.); -ir] ‘wall...’veggjar 22/6

1vegr (noun m.) [°-s/-ar, dat. -i/-; -ar/-ir, gen. -a/-na, acc. -a/-i/-u] ‘way, path, side...’veg 14/5

velja (verb) ‘choose...’valdi 29/7

2venja (verb) ‘accustom, train...’vǫnðum 35/1

2vera (verb) ‘be, is, was, were, are, am...’er 11/1, 31/5, sér 26/4, var 22/1, var 23/7, var 24/1, var 28/1, var 30/1, vara 2/2, vas 13/2, vas 21/1, vas 24/6, vas 25/1, Vasat 7/1, Vasat 27/1, veri 3/2, væri 37/3

1verða (verb) ‘become, be...’varð 8/1, varð 9/3, varð 17/1, varð 21/1, Varð 23/1, varð 24/1, varð 28/1, varð 28/3, varð 31/2, varð 35/2, Varðat 12/5

3verja (verb) ‘defend...’varði 14/8, varði 26/8, varði 28/8

verjandi (noun m.) [°-a; -andr/-undr] ‘defender...’ — 21/3

verk (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘deed...’ — 3/2

2vestr (adv.) ‘west, in the west...’ — 11/3

1 (noun n.) ‘house, sanctuary...’ — 14/4, 14/5, 15/8

2 (noun n.) [°; -] ‘banner, standard...’ — 19/5

2við (prep.) ‘with, against...’ — 3/4, 12/7, 23/4, 23/7, 24/2, 26/1, 28/1, 34/3, 37/2

Viðurr (noun m.) ‘Viðurr...’ — 10/5, 27/6

vilðr (adj.) ‘desirable...’vilðri 29/7

vilja (verb) ‘want, intend...’vildi 19/6, vildi 20/1, vildi 26/2, vildi 29/7

Vinðr (noun m.) [°; vinðr/-ir] ‘the Wends...’vendar 19/4, Vinða 23/1, Vinða 27/7

2vinna (verb) ‘perform, work...’vann 9/4, vann 11/1, vann 30/7, 9/3

vinr (noun m.) [°-ar, dat. -/(-i OsvReyk 92.17); -ir] ‘friend...’vinar 11/2

virki (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘stronghold...’ — 26/5

1vit (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘wisdom, wit; visit...’ — 25/2

1vita (verb) ‘know...’veit 7/1, veit 21/5, veit 32/1, vit 32/1, viti 32/1

2vitni (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘witness...’ — 14/5

1víða (adv.) ‘widely...’ — 10/2, 16/3, 27/7

víðr (adj.) ‘far...’víð 23/2

víf (noun n.) ‘woman, wife...’vífs 7/2

víg (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘battle...’ — 19/3, víga 23/1, vígs 27/7

vígr (adj.) ‘aggressive, pernicious...’ — 28/4

2Vík (noun f.) ‘[Vík, Viken]...’ — 16/4

vín (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘wine...’ — 5/4, 11/4

Vína (noun f.) ‘[Dvina, Vína]...’Vínu 11/3

vísi (noun m.) [°-a] ‘leader...’vísa 3/1

vægi (noun n.) [°-s] ‘[with a sword]...’ — 19/3

1vægja (verb) ‘yield...’vægðisk 19/7, vægðit 19/7

vǫllr (noun m.) [°vallar, dat. velli; vellir acc. vǫllu/velli] ‘plain, field...’valla 29/4, velli 20/4, velli 29/2, vǫllu 31/1

vǫndr (noun m.) [°vandar, dat. vendi/vǫnd; vendir, acc. vǫndu/vendi] ‘rod, want, mast...’vandar 19/4

vǫrð (noun f.) ‘woman...’ — 1/3

vǫrðr (noun m.) [°varðar, dat. verði/vǫrð; verðir, acc. vǫrðu] ‘guardian, defender...’ — 9/3, 16/3

vǫxtr (noun m.) [°vaxtar, dat. vexti; vextir, acc. vǫxtu] ‘[growth]...’ — 11/3

1Yggr (noun m.) ‘Yggr...’ygg 36/4, Yggs 19/8, Yggs 36/4

ylgr (noun f.) [°acc. -i] ‘she-wolf...’ylgjar 35/4

ýr (noun m.) ‘yew, yew-bow, bow...’ý 28/8

ýta (verb) ‘launch...’Ýtti 21/5

ýtir (noun m.) ‘giver...’ýti 6/1, ýti 21/5

ýtri (adj. comp.) ‘outer side...’ — 21/5

þaðan (adv.) ‘from there...’ — 24/8

þar (adv.) ‘there...’ — 9/3, 13/2, 22/5, 24/6, 32/3

þarfr (adj.) ‘necessary, useful...’þarfir 15/1

þars (conj.) ‘where...’ — 28/1, 28/7, 30/1

þats (conj.) ‘that, which...’ — 2/1

2þá (adv.) ‘then...’ — 29/7

þás (conj.) ‘when...’ — 22/5, 26/5

þegn (noun m.) [°dat. -/-i; -ar] ‘thane, man, franklin...’ — 10/4, þegns 10/4

þengill (noun m.) ‘prince, ruler...’ — 36/2

þeysir (noun m.) ‘[racer]...’þeysi 5/3

þing (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘meeting, assembly...’ — 22/6, 30/3, þings 22/6, þings 30/3

þjóð (noun f.) [°-ar, dat. -/-u; -ir] ‘people...’ — 21/8, þjóðar 11/7, þjóðir 2/4, þjóðir 21/8, þjóðum 28/8

þjóstr (noun m.) [°dat. -i] ‘rage, anger, rancour ...’þjóstar 11/7

þjóta (verb) ‘roar...’þýtr 3/3

þótt (conj.) ‘although...’ — 27/1

þriði (num. ordinal) ‘third...’Þriðja 28/2

þrima (noun f.) ‘battle, din...’þrim 10/3

þrír (num. cardinal) ‘three...’þrimr 24/4, 11/8

þróttr (noun m.) ‘strength, might, valour...’Þróttar 11/6, 28/6

2Þróttr (noun m.) ‘Þróttr...’þróttar 11/7

þrunginn (adj.) — 24/3

þrymr (noun m.) [°-s] ‘din...’þrym 10/3, 28/1

þrøngva (verb) ‘press, throng...’þryngvi 24/3

þrøngvi (noun m.) [°-a] ‘enemy, oppressor...’ — 24/3

Þundr (noun m.) ‘Þundr...’Þundar 11/6, Þundar 19/2, Þundi 10/3

þú (pron.) [°gen. þín, dat. þér, acc. þik] ‘you...’ — 37/4

þverr (adj.) ‘across...’þver 10/3

því (adv.) ‘therefore, because...’ — 11/3, 21/7

þvít (conj.) ‘because, since...’ — 37/1

þyrja (verb) ‘race, rush, rage...’þurðu 22/2

þǫrf (noun f.) [°þarfar; þarfar/þarfir] ‘need...’ — 23/8

1ætt (noun f.) [°-ar; -ir] ‘family...’ — 31/6, ættum 17/2

ǫld (noun f.) [°; aldir] ‘people, age...’ — 12/7, 32/1

ǫlðr (noun n.) [°-s/-] ‘ale...’ǫldr 3/4

2ǫnd (noun f.) [°andar, dat. ǫnd/ǫndu; andir] ‘soul, breath...’ — 28/4

ǫndurr (noun m.) [°-s] ‘front, onset...’ǫndurt 23/7

ǫndverðr (adj.) ‘early, beginning...’ǫndvert 23/7

ǫr- ((prefix)) ‘eager[?]...’ǫr 5/3

ǫr (noun f.) [°dat. -/-u; ǫrvar/ǫrar] ‘arrow...’ǫrva 7/1

1ǫrn (noun m.) [°arnar, dat. erni; ernir, acc. ǫrnu] ‘eagle...’arn 28/3

ǫrr (adj.) ‘generous, brave...’ — 33/2

Runic data from Samnordisk runtextdatabas, Uppsala universitet, unless otherwise stated