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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Eilífr Goðrúnarson (Eil)

10th century; volume 3; ed. Edith Marold;

1. Þórsdrápa (Þdr) - 23

Skj info: Eilífr Goðrúnarson, Islandsk skjald, omkr. 1000. (AI, 148-52, BI, 139-44).

Skj poems:
1. Et digt om Hakon jarl
2. Þórsdrápa
3. Af et kristeligt digt

Hardly anything is known about the life of Eilífr Goðrúnarson (Eil). According to Skáldatal (SnE 1848-87, III, 256, 266, 280), he was active as a skald at the court of Hákon jarl Sigurðarson in Norway around the end of the tenth century. Some scholars have argued that a word-play in a stanza preserved in Skm (SnE) conceals the name of Hákon jarl, thus confirming the information of Skáldatal, but the present edition, following Lie (1976, 399) is sceptical of that hypothesis (see Þdr 23, Note to [All]). Eilífr’s only surviving works are the long poem Þórsdrápa (Eil Þdr, 23 stanzas) and one fragment of a Christian poem (Eil Frag).

Þórsdrápa — Eil ÞdrIII

Edith Marold with the assistance of Vivian Busch, Jana Krüger, Ann-Dörte Kyas and Katharina Seidel, translated from German by John Foulks 2017, ‘(Introduction to) Eilífr Goðrúnarson, Þórsdrápa’ in Kari Ellen Gade and Edith Marold (eds), Poetry from Treatises on Poetics. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 3. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 68.

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Skj: Eilífr Goðrúnarson: 2. Þórsdrápa (AI, 148-52, BI, 139-44); stanzas (if different): 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20 | 21

in texts: Gramm, LaufE, LaufE, Skm, SnE, TGT

SkP info: III, 68

old edition introduction edition manuscripts transcriptions concordance references search files

 

-lofta (adj.) ‘soaring through air ...’lopta 10/4

1-riði (noun m.) ‘-rider...’riðar 12/5

-runninn (adj.) ‘[running]...’runninna 17/3

-røðr (noun m.) ‘[røðr]...’røðar 1/8

-svari (noun m.) ‘[bound]...’svara 9/2

-viðri (noun n.)viðri 9/8

(unknown) (unclassified)†sifuna† 12/1

af (prep.) ‘from...’ — 6/3, 9/7, 18/8, 21/3

1afl (noun m.) [°dat. -i; -ar] ‘hearth, forge...’afli 16/7

2afl (noun n.) [°-s; *-] ‘strength...’ — 10/2, afli 9/7

akarn (noun n.) ‘[acorns, acorn]...’akǫrn 11/1

aldr (noun m.) [°aldrs, dat. aldri; aldrar] ‘life, age...’ — 21/7

alfr (noun m.) [°; -ar] ‘elf...’alf 21/4, alfi 21/3

alin (noun f.) ‘forearm, ell...’ — 17/4

allr (adj.) ‘all...’alla 4/3, ǫll 4/4

alls (conj.) ‘since...’ — 23/1

almr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i; -ar] ‘bow, elm-bow...’Alm 16/5

2an (conj.) ‘than...’ — 3/4

2angr (noun n.) ‘grief, sin...’ — 16/6

arfi (noun m.) [°-a; -ar] ‘heir, heiress...’ — 11/5

arinn (noun m.) [°arins, dat. arni] ‘[stone, hearth]...’arin 20/4

1armr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i; -ar] ‘arm...’arma 3/2

3at (prep.) ‘at, to...’ — 4/2, 9/5, 20/5

5at (nota) ‘to (with infinitive)...’ — 1/2, 1/3, 2/3

1á (noun f.) [°-r; -r/-ir (aor nom. pl. Gul315e 41‰ repræsenterer if. Suppl4, [$1$] & ed. intr. 32 svag bøjning)] ‘river...’áar 6/8, ár 6/4

3á (prep.) ‘on, at...’ — 5/7, 10/3, 13/3, 14/7, 18/3, 23/3

áðr (adv.) [°//] ‘before...’ — 4/3, 12/5

1áss (noun m.) [°ásar/áss, dat. ǽsi/ás; ǽsir/ǽsar, gen. ása/ǽsa, dat. ásum/ǽsum, acc. ásu/ǽsi/ása] ‘rafter, ridge...’ — 9/8

áttrunnr (noun m.) ‘[kinsman]...’áttruðr 16/8

barð (noun n.) ‘prow, stern (of a ship)...’barða 12/4

barn (noun n.) [°-s; bǫrn/barn(JKr 345³), dat. bǫrnum/barnum] ‘child...’barna 8/6

1bágr (noun m.) [°; -ar] ‘strife...’bág 5/8

1bekkr (noun m.) [°-jar/-s, dat. -/-i; -ir] ‘bench...’bekk 20/8

1bella (verb) [°præt. sg. ball] ‘deal with...’ — 21/8

3bera (verb) [°berr; bar, báru; borinn] ‘bear, carry...’bornir 14/2

biðja (verb) [°biðr; bað, báðu; beðinn (beiþ- Martin¹ 573‡, bỏþ- HákEirsp 661‰, cf. ed. intr. xl)] ‘ask for, order, pray...’ — 2/4

2bifa (verb) [°-að-] ‘shudder, tremble...’Bifðisk 19/1

biti (noun m.) [°-a; -ar] ‘mouthful, bite...’bita 17/2

(noun n.) [°; bý] ‘bee...’ — 19/8

bíta (verb) [°bítr; beit, bitu; bitinn] ‘bite...’beitti 20/7

bjǫrn (noun m.) [°bjarnar, dat. birni; birnir, acc. bjǫrnu] ‘bear, Bjǫrn...’bjarnar 19/3

2blása (verb) [°blǽss; blés, blésu; blásinn] ‘blow...’blásin 9/8

1blika (noun f.) [°-u] ‘[gleam, a]...’bliku 21/4

blóð (noun n.) [°-s] ‘blood...’ — 8/7

2blóta (verb) [°-að-] ‘sacrifice...’blótinn 21/1

borð (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘side, plank, board; table...’borðs 12/3

bragð (noun n.) [°-s; *-] ‘action, movement, trick...’ — 5/6

1braut (noun f.) [°dat. -/-u; -ir] ‘path, way; away...’brautar 20/4, brautar 20/7, brautir 1/6

1brá (noun f.) [°brár; brár] ‘eyelash, eyebrow...’ — 15/4

breiðr (adj.) [°compar. -ari, superl. -astr] ‘broad, wide...’breiðan 6/6, breiðu 19/2

Breti (noun m.) [°; -ar] ‘Briton...’Breta 12/7

brjóst (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘breast, chest...’brjósti 18/8

brjóta (verb) [°brýtr; braut, brutu; brotinn] ‘to break, destroy...’braut 15/5, 5/5

brotningr (noun m.) ‘[fragment]...’brotningi 21/2

bróðir (noun m.) [°bróður/brǿðr/bróðurs, dat. bróður/brǿðr/breðr, acc. bróður/brǿðr; brǿðr/bróðr/breðr (brǿðrirnir Jvs291 75¹⁴), gen. brǿ---] ‘brother...’ — 22/1

brúðr (noun f.) [°brúðar, dat. & acc. brúði; brúðir] ‘woman, bride...’brúði 5/7

bræði (noun f.) [°-] ‘[violence, rage]...’ — 5/7

byrr (noun m.) [°-jar/-s; -ir, acc. -i/-u(SigrVal 188¹³)] ‘favourable wind...’byr 7/2

bǫl (noun n.) [°-s, dat. bǫlvi] ‘evil...’ — 5/5

bǫlkr (noun m.) [°dat. belki; acc. bǫlku/bǫlka] ‘section, room, wall...’balka* 14/4

Danr (noun m.) [°dat. -; -ir] ‘Dane...’Danir 13/6

djarfr (adj.) [°compar. -ari, superl. -astr] ‘bold...’djarfan 11/5

djúp (noun n.) [°-s; dat. -um] ‘depth, the deep...’ — 11/1

dolg (noun n.) ‘battle, enemy...’ — 13/2, dolgs 11/2

drepa (verb) [°drepr; drap, drápu; drepinn] ‘kill, strike...’drôpu 11/1

dreyri (noun m.) [°-a] ‘blood...’dreyra 5/4

dreyrugr (adj.) [°dreyrgan/dreyrugan; superl. dreyrgastr] ‘bloody...’dreyrgum 20/2

2drífa (verb) [°drífr; dreif, drifu; drifinn] ‘drive, rush...’Dreif 13/1

drjúgr (adj.) [°compar. -ari (drýgari [$1033$] „ ms. 56v‰, superl. -astr] ‘very, excessive...’ — 1/3

drós (noun f.) [°-ar; -ir] ‘lady...’drósar 18/6

1drótt (noun f.) ‘troop...’ — 13/4, dróttar 13/1

dynr (noun m.) [°dat. -; -ir] ‘din...’dyn 12/4

eið (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘?oath/headland...’ — 9/2

Eiðsfjǫrðr (noun m.)Eiðsfjarðar 11/6

1eisa (noun f.) [°; -ur] ‘flame, ember...’eisa 18/5

eitr (noun n.) [°; dat. -um] ‘poison...’eitri 6/7

1ekkja (noun f.) [°-u; -ur, gen. ekkna] ‘widow, woman...’ekkjur 10/6

Ella (noun m.) ‘Ella, Ælla, Ælle ...’Ellu 21/8

elliði (noun m.) [°-a] ‘[ship]...’elliða 15/7

2en (conj.) ‘but, and...’ — 7/7, 9/1

Endill (noun m.) ‘Endill...’Endils 3/8

endr (adv.) ‘formerly, once, again...’ — 2/7

epli (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘apple...’eplis 16/2

2er (conj.) ‘who, which, when...’þærs 15/3

ér (pron.) [°gen. yðvar/yðar, dat./acc. yðr] ‘you...’ — 23/1

faðir (noun m.) ‘father...’ — 1/4, 22/2

fall (noun n.) [°-s; *-] ‘fall...’ — 20/8, falli 11/4

falla (verb) ‘fall...’ — 8/2

fara (verb) [ferr, fór, fóru, farinn] ‘go, travel...’fór 10/7, fór 20/1

farmr (noun m.) [°dat. -i; -ar] ‘cargo...’ — 3/2

2fasta (adv.) ‘complete, firm, firmly...’ — 13/5

fastr (adj.) [°compar. -ari, superl. -astr] ‘firm, fast...’fast 9/1, fasta 14/5, fǫstum 21/5

fátíðr (adj.)Fátíða 16/1

Feðja (noun f.) ‘[Fedje]...’Feðju 7/8

felli (noun n.) ‘[felling, toppling]...’ — 7/7

fellir (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i] ‘slayer, feller...’felli* 1/1

fen (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘fen...’ — 9/4

ferð (noun f.) [°-ar; -ir/-arMork 196¹²)] ‘host, journey...’ — 13/3

fet (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘paw, step...’ — 6/2

firar (noun m.) ‘men...’firum 11/2

fjalfr (noun n.) ‘[hiding-place]...’fjalfrs 21/3

1fjall (noun n.) ‘mountain...’fjalla 7/7

1fjara (noun f.) ‘shore, foreshore...’fjǫru 12/6

fjǫr (noun n.) ‘life...’ — 1/2

fjǫrðr (noun m.) ‘fjord...’fjarð 16/2

fles (noun f.) [°; -jar] ‘[skerry, skerries]...’ — 13/4

flet (noun n.) ‘platform, floor...’ — 19/3

fljóð (noun n.) ‘woman...’fljóða 5/3

fljóta (verb) ‘flow, float...’flaut 9/2

fljúga (verb) ‘fly...’fló 18/6

2flóð (noun n.) ‘flood...’ — 13/6

flótti (noun m.) ‘flight, fleeing...’flótta 13/3

2flug (noun n.) ‘flight, ?precipice...’ — 1/1

fnœsa (verb) ‘[sprayed]...’fnœstu 6/8

forn (adj.) [°compar. -ari, superl. -astr] ‘ancient, old...’fornan 15/8, fornan 19/3

1fótr (noun m.) ‘foot, leg...’fót 19/4

fram (adv.) ‘out, forth, forwards, away...’framm 14/4

frá (prep.) ‘from...’ — 2/8

friðr (noun m.) ‘peace...’frið 14/6

fríðr (adj.) [°compar. -ari, superl. -astr] ‘beautiful, fair...’fríðrar 5/3, Fríðar 9/1

frumr (adj.) ‘supreme...’frum 5/4

2frœði (noun n.) ‘knowledge...’ — 16/1

funi (noun m.) ‘fire...’fun 13/5

fylving (noun f.) [°: -ar] ‘nut...’fylvingum 15/2

fyr (prep.) ‘for, over, because of, etc....’fyr 2/2, fyr 13/1, 8/4

fyrir (prep.) ‘for, before, because of...’ — 7/1, 13/8

2fyrri (adv.) ‘before, previously...’ — 3/1

fýsa (verb) ‘desire, encourage...’fýstusk 2/3

2fœra (verb) ‘bring...’fœrðr 14/5

fǫr (noun f.) ‘journey, fate; movement...’ — 3/1

1gagn (noun n.) ‘victory...’ — 22/2

galdr (noun m.) ‘chant, incantation...’galdrs 3/4

gammr (noun m.) ‘vulture...’gamm 2/2

Gandvík (noun f.) ‘White Sea...’Gandvíkr 2/6

1ganga (noun f.) ‘way...’gǫngu 2/1

2ganga (verb) [geng, gekk, gengu, genginn] ‘walk, go...’gingu 5/1, gingu 14/4

gangr (noun m.) ‘going, walking; course; success...’gangs 5/1

gaupa (noun f.) [°; -ur] ‘lynx...’gaupu 6/4

gaupn (noun f.) ‘palm, hollow of hand...’gaupnum 3/7

2Gauti (noun m.) ‘Gauti; Óðinn...’Gauta 9/2

2Gautr (noun m.) ‘Gautr, Óðinn...’Gauts 1/6

geð (noun n.) ‘mind...’ — 1/5

geðstrangr (adj.) ‘[mind-strong]...’Geðstrangrar 2/1

geirr (noun m.) ‘spear...’Geir 1/8

1gera (verb) ‘do, make...’gerðisk 2/5, gerðu 12/2

2geta (verb) ‘to beget, give birth to, mention, speak ...’gatat 8/3

gin (noun n.) ‘[mouth, jaws]...’ — 16/8

1gína (verb) ‘gape...’gein 17/1

2gjallr (adj.) ‘resounding...’gall 3/6

gjǫf (noun f.) ‘gift...’gjǫfum 23/4

gjǫrð (noun f.) ‘girdle...’gjarð 2/5, gjarðar 8/4

glammi (noun m.) ‘babble...’glamma 11/2

2Glaumr (noun m.) ‘Glaumr...’Glaums 20/1

gleypnir (noun m.) ‘swallower...’gleypnis 12/4

glymja (verb) ‘resound...’ — 7/6

1gnípa (noun f.) ‘peak...’gnípu 14/7

goð (noun n.) ‘(pagan) god...’goða 1/2

1gramr (noun m.) ‘ruler...’ — 20/2

gránn (adj.) ‘grey...’grán 14/8

greip (noun f.) [°; -r, -ar] ‘hand, talon...’greipar 18/8

greypr (adj.) [°compar. -ari] ‘cruel...’greypan 14/7

Gríðr (noun f.) [°dat./acc. -i] ‘[Gríðr, Gríður]...’Gríðar 10/8

Grímnir (noun m.) ‘Grimnir...’Grímnis 3/5, grímnis 5/8

2gróa (verb) ‘grow...’grœr 23/2

2grœnn (adj.) [°superl. grǿnastr/grǿnstr] ‘green...’grœnar 1/5

grǫn (noun f.) ‘mouth...’gran 3/5

2gulli (noun m.) ‘stepfather(?)...’ — 19/5

gunnr (noun f.) ‘battle...’gunn 5/2, gunnar 9/4, gunnar 18/2

gyrðill (noun m.) ‘[girdle]...’gyrðil 19/8

1gǫrr (adj.) ‘ample, perfect...’ — 3/1

gǫrva (adv.) ‘fully...’ — 20/1

haftr (noun m.) ‘god...’hapts 3/3

hagl (noun n.) [°-s; dat. *-um] ‘hail...’hagli 6/3

1hallr (noun m.) ‘skree hill...’halla 4/4

3hallr (adj.) ‘tilting, awry...’hal 8/2, hall 15/2

1hamarr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. hamri; hamrar] ‘hammer, cliff...’hamri 20/2

hann (pron.) [°gen. hans, dat. honum; f. hon, gen. hennar, acc. hana] ‘he, she, it, they, them......’þau 4/2, þeir 2/3

harðr (adj.) [°comp. -ari; superl. -astr] ‘hard, harsh...’Harð 8/1, harð 12/4

1harmr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i; -ar] ‘sorrow, grief...’harmi 20/6

hati (noun m.) ‘hater...’hat*ar 12/2

hauðr (noun n.) ‘earth, ground...’hauðrs 9/6

2háfr (noun m.) ‘dog fish...’háfs 7/4

3hár (adj.) [°-van; compar. hǽrri, superl. hǽstr] ‘high...’hôm 15/1

2Heðinn (noun m.) ‘[Heðinn, champions]...’Heðins 12/8

Heiðrekr (noun m.) ‘Heiðrekr...’Heiðreks 19/2

heiman (adv.) ‘from home...’ — 1/4

heimr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i/-; -ar] ‘home, abode; world...’heims 21/4

hellir (noun m.) [°-s/hells, dat. -i; -ar, acc. -a/-ra] ‘cave...’hellis 14/3, hellis 15/7

herðir (noun m.) ‘sword...’herði 9/5

herðr (noun f.) [°-ar(Thom² 447¹³); -ar] ‘shoulder...’herðar 8/1

herr (noun m.) [°-s/-jar, dat. -; -jar, gen. -ja/herra] ‘army, host...’Her 21/1, her 1/6

hersir (noun m.) [°-is; -ar] ‘cheiftan...’hersa 14/1

2heyja (verb) ‘fight, wage (battle)...’hæði 12/5

himinn (noun m.) [°himins, dat. himni; himnar] ‘heaven, sky...’himin 5/2, himin 10/3, himna 15/1

hjalt (noun n.) [°; *-] ‘hilt...’hjalts 6/3

hlaup (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘?fast-flowing, raid...’ — 6/4

hlátr (noun m.) [°hlátrs/hlátrar, dat. hlátri] ‘laughter...’ — 15/7

hlíf (noun f.) [°-ar; -ar] ‘shield, defence...’hlífar 12/3

hljóta (verb) ‘alot, gain...’hlaut 11/5, hlaut 20/4

hlymr (noun m.) ‘din...’hlym 7/6, 14/3

hlǫðr (noun m.) ‘feller, vanquisher ...’ — 14/7

hneitir (noun m.) ‘sword...’ — 21/1

1hnísa (noun f.) [°-u; -ur] ‘[porpoise]...’hnísu 10/7

1hóf (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘court, temple...’Hof 15/5

hógr (adj.) ‘comfortable...’hóg 21/2

hraðr (adj.) [°compar. -ari, superl. -astr] ‘[swift, fast]...’hrað 18/1

hregg (noun n.) ‘storm...’hreggi 7/5, hreggs 15/6

1hreinn (noun m.) [°; hreinar] ‘reindeer...’hreina 14/6

Hrekkmímir (noun m.)Hrekkmímis 10/6

hret (noun n.) ‘[tempest]...’ — 9/8

1hringr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -; -ar] ‘ring; sword...’hring 14/4

hristir (noun m.) ‘shaker...’hristis 13/5

Hrímnir (noun m.) ‘Hrímnir, sooty one...’Hrímnis 18/6

hrjóðandi (noun m.) ‘destroyer...’hrjóðendr 12/6

hryn (noun f.) ‘noise...’ — 7/7

hrǫnn (noun f.) [°; dat. -um] ‘wave...’ — 9/5

hugr (noun m.) ‘mind, thought, courage...’hug 11/6, hugum 14/2

hund (num. cardinal) [numeral] ‘hundred...’ — 15/8

hvárr (pron.) ‘who, which, what, whether...’hvôru 15/5

hvetja (verb) ‘incite, urge...’ — 1/2

hvettr (adj.) ‘[roaring]...’hvettan 7/2

hvél (noun n.) [°; -] ‘wheel...’ — 7/3

hylr (noun m.) [°-jar, dat. -; -ir] ‘pool...’hyl 12/5

hyrkneyfir (noun m.)kneyfi 13/1

hǫfuð (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘head...’hǫfði 19/1

hǫggva (verb) ‘to strike, put to death, cut, hew...’hǫggvin* 7/5

Hǫll (noun f.)Hallar 7/3

1hǫll (noun f.) [°hallar, dat. -u/-; hallir] ‘hall...’halla 3/6, 19/1

hǫnd (noun f.) [°handar, dat. hendi; hendr (hendir StatPáll³ 752¹²)] ‘hand...’handa 18/1

Hǫrðar (noun m.) ‘the Hǫrðar...’Hǫrða 12/3

1hǫttr (noun m.) ‘hood, hat...’hǫtt 14/8

Iði (noun m.) ‘Iði...’Iðja 2/8

il (noun f.) [°; -jar] ‘footsole...’ilja 3/7

2inn (art.) ‘the...’hitt 4/2, in 8/3

í (prep.) ‘in, into...’ — 3/1, 7/1, 13/4, 14/1, 14/5, 16/8, 19/7

ítr (adj.) ‘glorious...’ — 19/5

Jólnir (noun m.) ‘Jólnir...’Jólnis 13/7

jótr (noun m.) ‘molar...’jótrs 19/6

jǫrð (noun f.) [°jarðar, dat. -u; jarðir/jarðar(DN I (1367) 304Š)] ‘ground, earth...’jarðar 9/7

2Jǫrð (noun f.) ‘Jǫrð...’Jarðar 16/2

jǫtunn (noun m.) [°jǫtuns, dat. jǫtni; jǫtnar] ‘giant...’jǫtuns 20/8

kalfr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i; -ar] ‘calf...’kalfa 21/4

karmr (noun m.) [°; -ar] ‘[wagon-box]...’karms 20/6

kenna (verb) ‘know, teach...’ — 16/4

kind (noun f.) [°-ar; -r] ‘offspring, race...’kindar 2/7

kjǫlr (noun m.) [°kjalar, dat. kili; kjǫlir] ‘keel, ship...’kjǫl 15/8

knega (verb) ‘to know, understand, be able to...’Knátti 7/5, knôttu 13/7

kolga (noun f.) ‘breaker, wave...’kolgu 13/2

koma (verb) [kem, kom/kvam, kominn] ‘come...’kom 5/4, kom 10/4, kom 19/2, Kom 20/5

konr (noun m.) [°-ar] ‘kind, descendant...’kon 16/2, kon 23/2

2kumri (noun m.) ‘[Cumbrians]...’Kumra 14/3

kunnr (adj.) ‘known (?)...’kunn 17/4

kván (noun f.) [°-ar] ‘wife...’kvánar 14/8

2kveðja (verb) ‘say, greet...’kvað 1/5

1kveitir (noun m.) ‘[destroyer]...’ — 5/5

kveld (noun n.) [°-s] ‘evening...’ — 17/3

kvenna (noun f.) [°-u] ‘woman, wife...’kvinna 17/3

kviðjandi (noun m.) ‘[prohibitors]...’kviðjǫndum 11/3

kykvir (noun m.) ‘[quickeners]...’kykva 9/6

land (noun n.) [°-s; *-] ‘land...’lands 8/2

langr (adj.) [°compar. lengri, superl. lengstr] ‘long...’lang 18/4

láta (verb) ‘let, have sth done...’lét 2/1, lét 8/5

látr (noun n.) [°; dat. -um] ‘lair...’látrs 21/6

2leg (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘[lair]...’legs 16/3

leggr (noun m.) [°-jar, dat. -; -ir] ‘limb...’legg 19/4, leggs 17/4

leið (noun f.) [°-ar, dat. -u/-; -ir/-ar] ‘path, way...’ — 2/2, leiðar 6/6

2leiða (verb) [-dd] ‘lead; (-sk) grow tired...’leið 6/5

1leikr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -/-i; -ar] ‘sport, play...’leik 12/8

lið (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘retinue, troop...’ — 12/2, 21/5, liðs 20/7

liggja (verb) ‘lie...’ — 1/8

list (noun f.) [°-ar; -ir] ‘skill, art, virtue...’List* 14/5

Listi (noun m.) ‘[Lista]...’Lista 21/5

líta (verb) ‘look, see; appear...’leit 8/1

2ljósta (verb) ‘strike...’laust 16/5, laust 19/5

ljúga (verb) ‘lie...’ — 1/3

loft (noun n.) ‘air, sky...’lopti 18/3

Loftr (noun m.) ‘[Loptr, loft]...’Loptr 1/3

logi (noun m.) [°-a; -ar] ‘flame...’loga 15/1

Loki (noun m.) ‘[to Loki, Loki]...’Loka 5/6

2lundr (adj.) ‘minded...’ — 10/8

1lúta (verb) ‘(strong)...’ — 13/8

lyfta (verb) ‘lift, raise...’lypti 18/3

lǫgr (noun m.) [°lagar, dat. legi] ‘sea...’lǫg 1/4

maðr (noun m.) ‘man, person...’ — 8/3, mann 3/6, menn 16/4

Magni (noun m.) ‘Magni...’Magna 22/2

mágr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i/-; -ar] ‘brother-, father-, or son-in-law...’mága 5/8

1mál (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘speech, matter...’ — 7/2

með (prep.) ‘with...’ — 3/3, 7/8, 10/1, 10/8, 20/2

mega (verb) ‘may, might...’môttu 21/6

1megin (noun n.) [°-s, dat. magni/megni/megin(HirðB 398¹⁹); -] ‘might, strength; very...’ — 8/8

mein (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘harm, injury...’ — 3/2, meina 19/7

meiri (adj. comp.) [°meiran; superl. mestr] ‘more, most...’meira 11/6, mest 19/8

miðr (adj.) ‘middle, less, hardly...’miðjan 19/7

mildr (adj.) [°compar. -ri/-ari, superl. -astr] ‘mild, gentle, gracious, generous...’ — 5/6

minnkandi (noun m.) ‘diminisher...’minkanda 21/7

mjǫk (adv.) ‘very, much...’ — 6/5

Mór (noun m.) ‘serpent...’ 3/8

munnr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i; -ar] ‘mouth...’munni 17/4, munnum 18/2

mýgja (verb) ‘[press down]...’mýgðu 16/3

mýrr (noun f.) [°; -ar] ‘bog, moor...’mýrar 4/1

2mœrr (noun f.) ‘marsh...’mœrar 16/3, mœrar 23/2

1mǫl (noun f.) [°; malir] ‘[gravel]...’ — 7/6

2mǫrk (noun f.) [°merkr; merkr] ‘forest...’markar 7/1, 7/1

Mǫrn (noun f.) ‘Mǫrn...’Mǫrnar 8/6

naðr (noun m.) ‘snake...’naðra 7/4

Nanna (noun f.) ‘Nanna...’Nǫnnu 6/2

nauð (noun f.) [need, distress]nauðar 9/6

1nema (verb) ‘to take...’nam 16/1

2nema (conj.) ‘unless...’ — 8/5

nes (noun n.) [°-s; -, gen. -ja] ‘headland...’nesja 13/4

nest (noun n.) [°-s] ‘provisions...’nestum 19/8

net (noun n.) [°; -, gen. netja] ‘net...’nets 1/2

neytr (adj.) ‘[a useful]...’neytri 8/3

(conj.) ‘nor...’ — 7/3, 11/1, 11/7, 16/3, 21/5, 22/3

1niðr (noun m.) [°-s; niðjar/niðir, acc. niði] ‘son, kinsman, relative...’niðjum 2/4, niðjum 20/1

3niðr (adv.) ‘down...’ — 19/7

njarð- ((prefix)) ‘[strength]...’njarð 8/4

njótr (noun m.) ‘user, enjoyer...’ — 8/3

3of (prep.) ‘around, from; too...’ — 4/3, 6/4, 8/2, 20/3, 23/2

4of (particle) ‘(before verb)...’ — 19/2, 20/7, 21/8

3ok (conj.) ‘and, but; also...’ — 4/1, 5/1, 6/1, 12/1, 15/1

orð (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘word...’orða 23/1

Óðinn (noun m.) ‘Óðinn...’Óðins 16/7

ógn (noun f.) [°-ar; -ir] ‘terror, battle...’ — 11/5

ópnir (noun m.) ‘[crier, eagle]...’ópnis 3/7

3ór (prep.) ‘out of...’ — 6/5

óss (adj.) ‘[sparking]...’ós 18/6

ótti (noun m.) [°-a] ‘fear...’ótta 11/8, ótta 22/4

rann (noun n.) ‘house, hall...’ranns 14/2

rauðr (adj.) [°compar. -ari] ‘red...’rauð 17/2

raun (noun f.) [°-ar; -ir] ‘ordeal, proof, experience...’ — 10/2

ráð (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘advice, plan, control, power...’rôð 8/4

ráða (verb) ‘advise, rule, interpret, decide...’ — 23/4, réð 1/1

ráðinn (adj./verb p.p.) ‘determined...’ráðin 4/4

1reið (noun f.) [°-ar; -ir/-ar] ‘riding; chariot...’reiðar 15/6

4reiðr (adj.) [°superl. -astr] ‘angry...’Vreiðr 22/1

1reik (noun f.) [°-ar; -r] ‘hair-parting...’reikar 12/8

rein (noun f.) ‘strip of land...’reinu 23/3

rekkr (noun m.) [°; -ar] ‘man, champion...’rekka 20/8

2renna (verb) ‘run (strong)...’runnar 6/2, runnit 9/4

2reynir (noun m.) ‘tester...’ — 1/5

1rif (noun n.) [°-s; -, gen. -ja] ‘rib, reason...’rifs 13/6

risi (noun m.) [°-a; -ar] ‘[giant]...’risa 14/8

ríkr (adj.) ‘mighty, powerful, rich...’ríkri 2/6

run (noun n.) ‘[stream]...’run* 9/6

rygjar (noun m.) ‘Rogalanders...’Rygir 21/6

Rǫgnir (noun m.) ‘the Rǫgnir...’ — 3/4

Rǫskva (noun f.) ‘Rǫskva...’Vrǫsku 22/1

2rǫst (noun f.) [°; gen. rasta] ‘current...’rastar 11/4

1salr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -; dat. sǫlum] ‘hall...’sali* 15/4, sal 8/8, sal 20/3

1 (pron.) [°gen. þess, dat. þeim, acc. þann; f. sú, gen. þeirrar, acc. þá; n. þat, dat. því; pl. m. þeir, f. þǽ---] ‘that (one), those...’þat 10/2

2sáð (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘seed...’ — 23/4

sef (noun n.) [°; -] ‘[rush, Sef, mind]...’ — 5/8

2sefi (noun m.) ‘mind...’sef 23/3

segi (noun m.) [°-a; -ar] ‘[shreds, morsel]...’sega 16/6

seil (noun f.) [°; dat. -um] ‘strap...’ — 10/3

3seimr (noun m.) ‘thread...’seims 1/4

2sein (noun n.) ‘hindrance...’ — 14/6

setja (verb) ‘place, set, establish...’settu 7/2

setr (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘seat, abode...’setrs 2/8, setrs 9/3

1seyrir (noun m.) ‘[harasser]...’seyris 5/4

sigr (noun m.) [°sigrs/sigrar, dat. sigri; sigrar] ‘victory...’ — 20/4

sik (pron.) [°gen. sín, dat. sér] ‘(refl. pron.)...’sér 8/4, sér 8/6, 2/4, 8/2

sinnir (noun m.)sinni 10/1

2sía (noun f.) [°-u; -ur] ‘spark, molten substance...’síu 18/4

síðan (adv.) ‘later, then...’ — 12/1

sjalfr (adj.) ‘self...’sjalf 10/4

sjóli (noun m.) ‘ruler, chieftain, king ...’sjóla 10/3

skafl (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i; -ar] ‘snow-drift...’skafls 9/7

skaun (noun f.) ‘[shield]...’skaunar 10/2

skál (noun f.) [°-ar, acc. -/-u; -ir/-ar] ‘scales, cup...’ — 12/8

skerða (verb) ‘diminish...’ — 4/2

1skjalfa (verb) ‘shake - intrans....’skalfa 11/7, skelfra 22/3

skot (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘shot...’ — 7/4

Skotr (noun m.) ‘Scot...’Skotum 2/6

skógr (noun m.) [°-ar/-s, dat. -i; -ar] ‘forest...’skógar 21/2

2skyldr (adj.) ‘obliged...’skyld 12/7

skyndir (noun m.) [°dat. -] ‘hastener...’ — 18/1

skytja (noun f.) [°-u] ‘markswoman...’skytju 12/7

skǫmmu (adv.) ‘recently...’ — 2/2

snerri- ((prefix)) ‘[rushing]...’snerri 8/7

snotr (adj.) ‘wise...’snotrir 9/3

soða (verb) ‘[boiled]...’soðnum 16/7

sofa (verb) ‘sleep...’svôfu 7/4

sókn (noun f.) [°-ar; -ir] ‘attack, fight...’sóknar 3/3

2Són (noun f.) ‘Són...’Sónar 23/3

2spenna (verb) ‘span, surround...’spenndu 3/8

sprund (noun f.) ‘woman...’sprundi 15/8

1staðr (noun m.) [°-ar/-s; -ir] ‘place...’stað 6/5

stallr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i; -ar] ‘seat, stall, support...’stall 11/4, stalla 1/1

standa (verb) ‘stand...’stóð 22/1, stóðu 13/6

1stál (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘steel, weapon, prow...’stáli 10/5

steði (noun m.) [°-ja; -jar] ‘anvil...’steðja 7/8

steinn (noun m.) [°steins; steinar] ‘stone, colour...’ — 11/8, 22/4, steins 21/8

steypir (noun m.) [°-s] ‘overcomer, destroyer ...’ — 10/7

stik (noun n.) [°; -] ‘[a stake, stake]...’ — 6/6

stjóri (noun m.) [°-a; -ar] ‘steerer...’ — 15/5

stop (noun n.) ‘[cliff]...’ — 10/7

straumr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i/-; -ar] ‘stream, current...’straum 10/6, strauma 3/5

2stríð (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘affliction...’ — 10/8, 11/3

stríðr (adj.) ‘harsh...’stríðan 10/5

stǫð (noun f.) [°; -var] ‘harbour...’stǫðvar 11/3

støkkvir (noun m.) ‘dispenser, flinger...’ — 6/5

Suðri (noun m.) ‘Suðri...’Suðra 16/8

svarri (noun m.) [°-a] ‘(proud) lady...’svarra 3/2

svát (conj.) ‘so that, so as...’ — 18/1

1svelgja (verb) ‘swallow...’svalg 18/2

svell (noun n.) [°; -] ‘ice...’ — 4/3

sverð (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘sword...’ — 9/4, sverðs 12/2

sviptir (noun m.) [°-s] ‘flinger...’svipti 3/3

svíri (noun m.) [°-a; -ar] ‘neck...’svíra 8/7

Svíþjóð (noun f.) ‘[Sweden]...’Svíþjóðar 13/2

sylgr (noun m.) [°dat. -] ‘drink, draught...’sylg 18/3

Syn (noun f.) [°; -jar] ‘[Syn [lady], Syn]...’Synjar 20/3

sœkja (verb) ‘seek, attack...’sótti 13/3

sǫgn (noun f.) [°sagnar; sagnir] ‘narrative, message; troop, men...’sagna 3/4

targa (noun f.) [°*-u; *-ur] ‘shield...’tǫrgu 5/2

taug (noun f.) [°dat. -u; -ir/-ar(Ridd623 28³⁰)] ‘fishing-line, string ...’taugar 16/5, taugar 19/6

teiti (noun f.) ‘cheerfulness...’ — 16/4

til (prep.) ‘to...’ — 1/7, 2/7, 5/3, 8/7, 18/7

tívar (noun m.) ‘gods...’tívi 20/5

tollurr (noun m.) ‘[pole]...’tollurr 20/6

tor- ((prefix)) ‘difficult...’tor 4/4

troða (verb) ‘tread...’trôðusk 15/3

tróð (noun n.) ‘thatch, roof beam, rafter...’tróði 15/3

tryggr (adj.) [°tryggan/tryggvan; compar. -ari/-vari; superl. -jastr/-astr] ‘loyal...’ — 1/7

tungl (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘heavenly body...’tungls 15/4

tveir (num. cardinal) ‘two...’tveggja 15/6

tvíviðr (noun m.) ‘[bow]...’tvíviðar 20/5

tælandi (noun m.) ‘enticer...’tælendr 3/6

tǫng (noun f.) [°tangar, dat. -u/-; tengr/tangir] ‘tongs...’tangar 16/6, tangar 17/2

Ullr (noun m.) ‘Ullr...’Ullar 19/5

1um (prep.) ‘about, around...’um 3/8

3und (prep.) ‘under, underneath...’ — 19/3

undir (prep.) ‘under...’ — 21/3

2unz (conj.) ‘until...’ — 10/1

urð (noun f.) [°-ar, dat. -/-u; -ir] ‘stones...’urðar 6/7

út (adv.) ‘out(side)...’ — 13/8

vaða (verb) ‘advance, wade...’Óðu 9/1

vala (noun f.) [°*-u; *-ur] ‘joint, seeress...’vǫlur 7/3

2valr (noun m.) [°-s] ‘falcon...’val 21/6

vamm (noun n.) [°-s; *-] ‘blemish...’vamms 11/2

vaniðr (adj./verb p.p.) ‘familiar one, visitor...’vani*ðr 2/5, vanið 20/3

3vanr (adj.) ‘accustomed...’vanir 5/1

vargr (noun m.) [°dat. -i; -ar] ‘wolf...’vargs 5/2

varra (noun f.) ‘[waters]...’varra 6/1

vatn (noun n.) [°-s; -*] ‘water, lake...’tn 4/1

vaxa (verb) ‘grow, increase...’ — 8/8, vaxnar 8/1

1 (noun f.) [°vár] ‘woe, harm...’ 13/4

2váfa (verb) ‘hover, hang, swing...’váf 15/6

1vega (verb) ‘strike, slay...’ 21/1, 22/2

1veggr (noun m.) [°-jar/-s(Páll²A 257³³), dat. -/-i(kun defin.); -ir] ‘wall...’veggjar 1/7, veggjar 19/4

1vegr (noun m.) [°-s/-ar, dat. -i/-; -ar/-ir, gen. -a/-na, acc. -a/-i/-u] ‘way, path, side...’veg 6/1, veg 6/6, veg 19/6

2velta (verb) ‘wander (strong)...’oltnar 6/3

1ver (noun n.) [°-s; dat. -jum/-um] ‘sea...’ — 6/4, vers 5/3

2vera (verb) ‘be, is, was, were, are, am...’vas 14/5, vas 1/3, vas 4/3, vas 10/2, vas 14/6, Vôru 4/1

1verða (verb) ‘become, be...’varð 3/1, varð 14/3, Verðið 23/1, verðr 4/2

1 (noun n.) ‘house, sanctuary...’vés 13/8

vér (pron.) [°gen. vár, dat./acc. oss] ‘we, us, our...’oss 23/2

2við (prep.) ‘with, against...’ — 7/6, 11/4, 11/8, 12/3, 12/7, 15/3, 17/1, 22/4

vigg (noun n.) ‘steed...’viggs 1/8

vilgi (adv.) ‘not at all, by no means...’ — 1/7

vilja (verb) ‘want, intend...’vildi 5/6

2vinna (verb) ‘perform, work...’vann 6/2

vinr (noun m.) [°-ar, dat. -/(-i OsvReyk 92.17); -ir] ‘friend...’vin 23/4, 18/4

víkingr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i; -ar] ‘viking...’víkingar 9/3

væna (verb) ‘hope...’vændr 5/7

vǫl (noun f.) ‘[staff]...’ — 10/8

vǫllr (noun m.) [°vallar, dat. velli; vellir acc. vǫllu/velli] ‘plain, field...’vallar 15/2

Ymsi (noun m.) ‘Ymsi...’Ymsa 2/7

ýtir (noun m.) ‘giver...’ýta 10/1

þak (noun n.) [°-s; *-] ‘[roof, thatch]...’þaks 8/8

þang (noun n.) [°-s] ‘seaweed, kelp...’þangs 17/2

þar (adv.) ‘there...’ — 7/1, 14/6

þars (conj.) ‘where...’þars 14/1, 6/7

þás (conj.) ‘when...’þás 20/6, 2/5, 5/5, 13/5, 18/5, 19/1

þél (noun f.) [°; -ar] ‘file...’ — 7/6

þjalfi (noun m.) ‘Þjálfi, enclosure ...’Þjalfa 11/7, Þjalfa 22/3, 10/4

þjóð (noun f.) [°-ar, dat. -/-u; -ir] ‘people...’ — 6/8, þjóðar 12/6

þjófr (noun m.) [°dat. -i/-; -ar] ‘thief...’þjóf 16/6

þjóstr (noun m.) [°dat. -i] ‘rage, anger, rancour ...’þjósts 18/8

þjóta (verb) ‘roar...’þaut 7/8

2Þorn (noun m.) ‘Þorn...’Þorns 8/6, 14/2, Þorns 2/4

Þórr (noun m.) ‘Thor; giant, ogre, monster...’ — 2/2, Þórs 11/7, Þórs 22/3

Þrasir (noun m.) ‘[lover, Þrasir]...’þrasis 18/5, Þrasis 19/4

þrámóðnir (noun m.)þrámóðnis 18/7

Þriði (noun m.) ‘Þriði...’Þriðja 2/8

þrjótr (noun m.) [°-s; -ar] ‘obstinate one...’þrjóti 19/6, þrjóts 6/7

þróttr (noun m.) ‘strength, might, valour...’þróttar 11/8, þróttar 14/1, þróttar 22/4

1þruma (noun f.) [°; -ur] ‘thunder-clap...’þrumu 1/6

Þrúðr (noun f.) ‘Þrúðr...’Þrúðar 18/7

þrýsta (verb) ‘crush, press, thrust...’ — 2/3

þrǫngr (adj.) ‘tight, pressed...’þrǫngvar 18/4

þrøngva (verb) ‘press, throng...’þrungu 15/4

þrøngvir (noun m.) ‘forcer...’ — 17/1

þungr (adj.) ‘heavy...’þungum 17/1

1þverra (verb) ‘diminish...’þyrri 8/5

þverrir (noun m.) ‘dminisher...’ — 6/1, 8/5

þylja (verb) ‘recite...’Þylk 3/5

þyrja (verb) ‘race, rush, rage...’Þurði 9/5

œða (verb) ‘infuriate...’Œddu 10/5

œgir (noun m.) ‘terrifier...’ — 16/5

œstr (adj.) ‘raging...’ — 6/8

1ætt (noun f.) [°-ar; -ir] ‘family...’ættir 13/7

ǫl (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘ale...’ — 16/4

ǫld (noun f.) [°; aldir] ‘people, age...’aldar 21/7

ǫrr (adj.) ‘generous, brave...’ǫr 18/5

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