Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Note to stanza

1. 13. Eyvindr skáldaspillir Finnsson, 3. Lausavísur, 11 [Vol. 1, 230]

[3, 4] góðan byr týs þursa ‘good wind of the bondwoman of giants [GIANTESS > THOUGHT]’: Eyvindr hopes that he will now stand in the king’s good grace, having given up his gold to him. Although this kenning pattern is well-attested, its rationale and aetiology are not precisely understood (see SnE 1998, I, 108; Meissner 138-9; Frank 1997, and references there). The determinant týs, probably meaning ‘bondwoman’, ‘concubine’ or ‘enslaved sexual partner’, is obscure and clearly caused confusion in transmission (cf. Hkr 1893-1901, IV; LP: tý; NN §1041D; Olsen 1959, 101).


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