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Einarr Skúlason (ESk)

12th century; volume 2; ed. Kari Ellen Gade;

III. 1. Øxarflokkr (Øxfl) - 10

We know very little about the life of Einarr Skúlason (ESk). He is called prestr ‘priest’ and is mentioned in a catalogue (c. 1220) of priests of noble birth who were alive in western Iceland in 1143 (Stu 1878, II, 502). It is likely that he came from Borg, belonged to the Mýrar family and was a direct descendant of Þorsteinn Egilsson and a brother of Snorri Sturluson’s maternal grandfather (LH 1894-1901, II, 62-3; ÍF 3, 51 n. 3). He was probably born c. 1090. In 1153, he recited the poem Geisli ‘Light-beam’ (ESk GeislVII) in Kristkirken in Trondheim. He was marshal (stallari) at King Eysteinn Magnússon’s court, and he composed poetry in praise of the Norw. kings Sigurðr jórsalafari ‘Jerusalem-farer’ and Eysteinn Magnússon, Haraldr gilli(-kristr) ‘Servant (of Christ)’, Magnús inn blindi ‘the Blind’ Sigurðarson, Haraldr gilli’s sons, Ingi, Sigurðr munnr ‘Mouth’, and Eysteinn, and about the Norw. chieftain Grégóríus Dagsson (see SnE 1848-87, III, 254-5, 263-4, 269, 276-7, 286). According to Skáldatal, he also honoured the Norw. magnate Eindriði ungi ‘the Young’ Jónsson as well as Sørkvir Kolsson and Jón jarl Sørkvisson of Sweden and King Sveinn Eiríksson of Denmark (SnE 1848-87, III, 252, 258, 260, 268-9, 272, 283, 286). About the latter he recited a poem for which he received no reward (see ESk Lv 3; ÍF 35, 275). The extant portion of his poetic oeuvre consists of the following poems (excluding lvv.): Sigurðardrápa I (Sigdr I, five extant sts about Sigurðr jórsalafari); Haraldsdrápa I (Hardr I, two extant sts about Haraldr gilli); Haraldsdrápa II (Hardr II, five extant sts about Haraldr gilli); Haraldssonakvæði (Harsonkv, two extant sts about the sons of Haraldr gilli); Sigurðardrápa II (Sigdr II, one extant st. about Sigurðr munnr Haraldsson); Runhenda (Run, ten extant sts about Eysteinn Haraldsson); Eysteinsdrápa (Eystdr, two extant sts about Eysteinn Haraldsson); Ingadrápa (Ingdr, four extant sts about Ingi Haraldsson); Elfarvísur (Elfv, two extant sts about Grégóríus Dagsson); Geisli (GeislVII, seventy-one sts about S. Óláfr); Øxarflokkr (ØxflIII, ten extant sts about the gift of an axe).

It must be emphasised that, although the poetry included in the royal panegyrics below clearly belongs to poems of that genre, with two exceptions (Hardr II and Elfv), all the names of the poems are modern constructs (notably by Jón Sigurðsson and Finnur Jónsson). That also holds true for the assignment of sts to the individual poems. In some cases, sts were assigned to a particular poem for metrical reasons (so Run), in other cases because of the content or the named recipients of the praise. For the sake of convenience, the names of the poems and the sts assigned to them as found in Skj have been retained in the present edn. In addition to the royal encomia, a number of fragments and lvv. attributed to Einarr are preserved in SnE, TGT and LaufE (see ESk Frag 1-18III; ESk Lv 7-15III). These have been edited separately in SkP III. Six lvv. are transmitted in the kings’ sagas and edited below.

Øxarflokkr (‘Flokkr about an Axe’) — ESk ØxflIII

Kari Ellen Gade 2017, ‘(Introduction to) Einarr Skúlason, Øxarflokkr’ in Kari Ellen Gade and Edith Marold (eds), Poetry from Treatises on Poetics. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 3. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 140.

stanzas:  1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   10 

Skj: Einarr Skúlason: 11. Øxarflokkr(?) (AI, 477-9, BI, 449-51); stanzas (if different): 11

in texts: LaufE, Skm, SnE

SkP info: III, 140

old edition introduction edition manuscripts transcriptions concordance references search files

 

1 Vol. 3. Einarr Skúlason (biog. vol. 2), 1. Øxarflokkr, 1 [Vol. 3, 141] — ESk Øxfl 1III

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Þars Mardallar milli,
meginhurðar, liggr skurða,
Gauts berum galla þrútinn
grátr, dalreyðar látri.

Skj: Einarr Skúlason: 11. Øxarflokkr(?) 1 (AI, 477; BI, 449); dróttkvætt; ed. KEG; group: B; mss: R, Tx, W; texts: Skm 146
 
2 Vol. 3. Einarr Skúlason (biog. vol. 2), 1. Øxarflokkr, 2 [Vol. 3, 142] — ESk Øxfl 2III

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Eigi þverr fyr augna
Óðs beðvinu Róða
ræfrs (eignisk svá) regni
ramsvell (konungr elli).

Skj: Einarr Skúlason: 11. Øxarflokkr(?) 2 (AI, 477; BI, 449); dróttkvætt; ed. KEG; group: B; mss: A, C, R, Tx, U, W; texts: Skm 147, Skm 234
 
3 Vol. 3. Einarr Skúlason (biog. vol. 2), 1. Øxarflokkr, 3 [Vol. 3, 143] — ESk Øxfl 3III

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Hróðrbarni knák Hǫrnar
(hlutum dýran grip) stýra,
brandr þrymr gjalfrs á grandi,
gollvífiðu, hlífar;
(sáðs) berr sinnar móður
(svans unni mér gunnar
fóstr gœðandi Fróða)
Freys nipt bráa driptir.

Skj: Einarr Skúlason: 11. Øxarflokkr(?) 3 (AI, 478; BI, 450); dróttkvætt; ed. KEG; group: B; mss: 2368x, 743x, R, Tx, W; texts: LaufE 32(346), Skm 148
 
4 Vol. 3. Einarr Skúlason (biog. vol. 2), 1. Øxarflokkr, 4 [Vol. 3, 144] — ESk Øxfl 4III

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Nýt buðumk (Njarðar dóttur),
nálægt vas þat skála,
(vel of hrósak því) vísa
vǫrn, sævar, øx (barni).

Skj: Einarr Skúlason: 11. Øxarflokkr(?) 4 (AI, 478; BI, 450); dróttkvætt; ed. KEG; group: B; mss: R, Tx, U, W; texts: Skm 149
 
5 Vol. 3. Einarr Skúlason (biog. vol. 2), 1. Øxarflokkr, 5 [Vol. 3, 145] — ESk Øxfl 5III

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Gaf, sás erring ofrar,
ógnprúðr Vanabrúðar
þing Váfaðar þrøngvir
þróttǫflga mér dóttur;
ríkr leiddi mey mækis
mótvaldr á beð skaldi
Gefnar, glóðum drifna
Gautreks svana brautar.

Skj: Einarr Skúlason: 11. Øxarflokkr(?) 5 (AI, 478; BI, 450); dróttkvætt; ed. KEG; group: B; mss: R, Tx, U, W; texts: Skm 150
 
6 Vol. 3. Einarr Skúlason (biog. vol. 2), 1. Øxarflokkr, 6 [Vol. 3, 146] — ESk Øxfl 6III

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Frák at Fróða meyjar
fullgóliga mólu,
lætr stillir grið golli,
grafvitnis beð, slitna;
(mjúks) bera minnar øxar
meldr þann, við hlyn feldrar,
(konungs dýrkar fé) Fenju
fǫgr hlýr (bragar stýri).

Skj: Einarr Skúlason: 11. Øxarflokkr(?) 6 (AI, 478; BI, 450); dróttkvætt; ed. KEG; group: B; mss: 2368x, 743x, R, Tx; texts: LaufE 39(348), Skm 184
 
7 Vol. 3. Einarr Skúlason (biog. vol. 2), 1. Øxarflokkr, 7 [Vol. 3, 147] — ESk Øxfl 7III

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Blóðeisu liggr bæði
bjargs tveim megin geima
sjóðs (ák søkkva stríði)
snær ok eldr (at mæra).

Skj: Einarr Skúlason: 11. Øxarflokkr(?) 7 (AI, 478; BI, 450-1); dróttkvætt; ed. KEG; group: B; mss: 2368x, 743x, A, B, C, R, Tx, U, W; texts: LaufE 34(347), Skm 195
 
8 Vol. 3. Einarr Skúlason (biog. vol. 2), 1. Øxarflokkr, 8 [Vol. 3, 148] — ESk Øxfl 8III

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Dœgr þrymr hvert, en hjarta
hlýrskildir ræðr mildu
Heita blakks, of hvítum
hafleygr digulskafli;
aldri má fyr eldi
áls hrynbrautar skála
(ǫll viðr folka fellir
framræði) snæ bræða.

Skj: Einarr Skúlason: 11. Øxarflokkr(?) 8 (AI, 479; BI, 451); dróttkvætt; ed. KEG; group: B; mss: 2368x, 743x, 744x, A, B, C, R, Tx, U, W; texts: LaufE 37(347), Skm 196
 
9 Vol. 3. Einarr Skúlason (biog. vol. 2), 1. Øxarflokkr, 9 [Vol. 3, 149] — ESk Øxfl 9III

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Ráðvǫndum þák rauðra
randa ís at vísa
(grand berum hjalms í hendi)
hvarmþey drifinn Freyju.

Skj: Einarr Skúlason: 11. Øxarflokkr(?) 9 (AI, 479; BI, 451); dróttkvætt; ed. KEG; group: B; mss: 2368x, 743x, A, R, Tx, U, W; texts: LaufE 161(391), Skm 246
 
10 Vol. 3. Einarr Skúlason (biog. vol. 2), 1. Øxarflokkr, 10 [Vol. 3, 150] — ESk Øxfl 10III

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Séa megu rétt, hvé, Rævils
ríðendr, við brô Gríðar
fjǫrnis fagrt of skornir,
foldviggs, drekar liggja.

Skj: Einarr Skúlason: 11. Øxarflokkr(?) 10 (AI, 479; BI, 451); dróttkvætt; ed. KEG; group: B; mss: 2368x, 743x, A, R, Tx, U, W; texts: LaufE 144(384), Skm 247
 
Runic data from Samnordisk runtextdatabas, Uppsala universitet, unless otherwise stated