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Runic Dictionary

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Bǫlverkr Arnórsson (Bǫlv)

11th century; volume 2; ed. Kari Ellen Gade;

Drápa about Haraldr harðráði (Hardr) - 8

Nothing is known about Bǫlverkr except that, according to Fsk (ÍF 29, 245) and Skáldatal (SnE 1848-87, III, 254, 262, 275), he was the brother of the skald Þjóðólfr Arnórsson (ÞjóðA). See also Finnur Jónsson in SnE 1848-87, III, 590-1.

Drápa about Haraldr harðráði — Bǫlv HardrII

Kari Ellen Gade 2009, ‘(Introduction to) Bǫlverkr Arnórsson, Drápa about Haraldr harðráði’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 286-93.

stanzas:  1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8 

Skj: Bǫlverkr Arnórsson: Drape om Harald hårdråde (AI, 385-7, BI, 355-7)

in texts: Flat, Fsk, H-Hr, Hkr, HSig, MH, Mork, ÓH, Skm, SnE

SkP info: II, 286-93

old edition introduction edition manuscripts transcriptions concordance references search files

 

af (prep.) ‘from...’ — 1/2, 8/1

all- ((prefix)) ‘very...’all 7/6

1armr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i; -ar] ‘arm...’armi 2/8

3at (prep.) ‘at, to...’ — 2/7, 4/2, 5/3

4at (conj.) ‘that...’ — 5/1

3austr (adv.) [°compar. -ar, superl. -ast] ‘east, in the east...’ — 1/7

3á (prep.) ‘on, at...’ — 3/2, 5/4, 5/7, 5/8, 7/6, 8/5

2ár (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘year, year’s abundance...’ — 1/7, 3/3, 8/4

1áss (noun m.) [°ásar/áss, dat. ǽsi/ás; ǽsir/ǽsar, gen. ása/ǽsa, dat. ásum/ǽsum, acc. ásu/ǽsi/ása] ‘rafter, ridge...’ási 1/4

barð (noun n.) ‘prow, stern (of a ship)...’barði 2/6, bǫrð 4/2

barmr (noun m.) [°dat. -i; *-um] ‘rim...’barm 2/8

1bára (noun f.) [°-u; -ur] ‘wave...’bôru 8/6

2beit (noun n.) ‘ship...’ — 2/7

3bera (verb) [°berr; bar, báru; borinn] ‘bear, carry...’bôru 2/3

bjóða (verb) [°býðr; bauð, buðu; boðinn (buð- Thom¹ 5²n.)] ‘offer, order, invite...’bautt 7/3

Bláland (noun n.) ‘North Africa, Africa ...’Blálands 5/4

2blása (verb) [°blǽss; blés, blésu; blásinn] ‘blow...’blés 4/1

blóð (noun n.) [°-s] ‘blood...’blóði 4/1

borg (noun f.) [°-ar, dat. -; -ir] ‘city, stronghold...’borgar 2/7

brandr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i; -ar] ‘sword, prow; fire...’brand 2/2

breiðr (adj.) [°compar. -ari, superl. -astr] ‘broad, wide...’breiddu 5/3

2brynja (verb) [°-að-] ‘armour...’brynjaðar 2/4

2búa (verb) [°býr (1. pers. býg NjM 330²⁴); bjó/bjuggi/bjǫggi/byggi, bjuggu/bjǫggu (præt. conj. byggi); búinn (n. sg. búit/bút)] ‘prepare, ready, live...’bjótt 8/1

byrr (noun m.) [°-jar/-s; -ir, acc. -i/-u(SigrVal 188¹³)] ‘favourable wind...’ — 5/3

dan (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -] ‘Dane...’Danir 8/6

drengliga (adv.) [°superl. -ast] ‘[valiantly]...’ — 4/3

dreyrafullr (adj.) ‘[gore-filled]...’dreyrafull 4/4

dróttinn (noun m.) [°dróttins, dat. dróttni (drottini [$1049$]); dróttnar] ‘lord, master...’ — 4/3

dýrr (adj.) [°compar. -ri/-ari, superl. -str/-astr] ‘precious...’dýra 5/7, 8/5

døkkr (adj.) [°-van; compar. -vari/-ari/-ri, superl. -vastr/-astr] ‘dark...’døkkri 8/5

2einn (pron.) [°decl. cf. einn num.] ‘one, alone...’einnar 7/8

2en (conj.) ‘but, and...’ — 1/5, 2/3, 5/5, 7/3, 7/7

1enda (verb) [°-að-] ‘end, last...’Endisk 7/5

2er (conj.) ‘who, which, when...’es 1/2, es 7/1, es 7/4, þars 4/1, þars 4/7

eyrir (noun m.) [°eyris, dat. eyri; aurar] ‘ounce, money, property...’eyri 4/4

fagr (adj.) [°fagran; compar. fegri, superl. fegrstr] ‘fair, beautiful...’fǫgr 2/8, fǫgru 8/2

ferð (noun f.) [°-ar; -ir/-arMork 196¹²)] ‘host, journey...’ — 6/2

2finna (verb) ‘find, meet...’funduð 7/4

framr (adj.) [°compar. framari/fremri, superl. framastr/fremstr] ‘outstanding, foremost...’fremra 1/5

1fregna (verb) ‘hear of...’frák 1/5

friðliga (adv.) ‘[peacefully]...’ — 7/6

friðr (noun m.) ‘peace...’frið 1/6

frændi (noun m.) ‘kinsman, male relative...’frænda 7/5

fylla (verb) ‘fill...’fylldan 1/3

fyr (prep.) ‘for, over, because of, etc....’ — 2/2, 2/6, 4/5, 8/7

1gagn (noun n.) ‘victory...’ — 6/4

2ganga (verb) [geng, gekk, gengu, genginn] ‘walk, go...’gekk 3/2, gekk 6/2, gekk 8/2

Garðar (noun m.) ‘Russia...’Gǫrðum 1/8

garðr (noun m.) ‘enclosure, yard...’garðs 2/6

gjalfr (noun n.) [°-s] ‘surge, waves...’ — 8/3

glæstr (adj./verb p.p.) ‘adorned, shining, splendid...’glæstum 8/4

1gramr (noun m.) ‘ruler...’ — 1/5, 6/1

grund (noun f.) ‘earth, land...’ — 7/4

grœði (noun n.) ‘swell...’ — 8/3

2grœnn (adj.) [°superl. grǿnastr/grǿnstr] ‘green...’grœn 7/3

gull (noun n.) ‘gold...’ — 7/3

gunnr (noun f.) ‘battle...’gunni 1/2, gunni 6/1

hafa (verb) ‘have...’hefr 6/1

hann (pron.) [°gen. hans, dat. honum; f. hon, gen. hennar, acc. hana] ‘he, she, it, they, them......’hônum 7/3

harðr (adj.) [°comp. -ari; superl. -astr] ‘hard, harsh...’Hart 2/1

hauðr (noun n.) ‘earth, ground...’hauðri 8/7

3hár (adj.) [°-van; compar. hǽrri, superl. hǽstr] ‘high...’hôum 2/8

2heimila (verb) ‘[granted]...’Heimil 7/1

herr (noun m.) [°-s/-jar, dat. -; -jar, gen. -ja/herra] ‘army, host...’ — 8/7

2heyja (verb) ‘fight, wage (battle)...’háðisk 3/3, háðisk 6/3

2heyra (verb) ‘hear...’heyrðak 7/1

1hildr (noun f.) ‘battle...’ — 3/4

hilmir (noun m.) ‘prince, protector...’ — 2/5

2hlaða (verb) ‘heap, pile...’hlaðnar 8/8

1hodd (noun f.) ‘gold, treasure...’ — 7/2

hold (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘flesh...’holds 1/3

hrafn (noun m.) [°hrafns; dat. hrafni; hrafnar] ‘raven...’ — 1/3

hrár (adj.) ‘raw...’hrás 1/4

2hverr (pron.) ‘who, whom, each, every...’hverri 6/4, hvert 3/3

hǫggva (verb) ‘to strike, put to death, cut, hew...’hjó 6/2

illr (adj.) ‘bad, evil, unwell...’illa 8/8

2inn (art.) ‘the...’it 1/7, it 8/4

it (pron.) [°gen. ykkar, dat./acc. ykkr] ‘you (two)...’ykkar 7/5

í (prep.) ‘in, into...’ — 1/4, 1/8, 3/1

jǫfurr (noun m.) ‘ruler, prince...’ — 5/2

jǫrð (noun f.) [°jarðar, dat. -u; jarðir/jarðar(DN I (1367) 304Š)] ‘ground, earth...’jǫrðu 4/2

knýja (verb) ‘press forward, urge, drive...’kníði 2/1

land (noun n.) [°-s; *-] ‘land...’landi 2/2

laukr (noun m.) [°-s; -ar] ‘leek, mast...’lauka 5/5

2láð (noun n.) ‘earth, land...’láði 8/1

láta (verb) ‘let, have sth done...’lézt 1/2

leiðangr (noun m.) [°leiðangrs, dat. leiðangri; leiðangrar] ‘naval levy...’ — 8/1

lið (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘retinue, troop...’liði 4/6

liggja (verb) ‘lie...’ 5/3, 8/5

1lík (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘body, shape...’ — 4/8

2ljósta (verb) ‘strike...’Laust 5/5

lofðungr (noun m.) [°; -ar] ‘king, leader...’ — 5/6

lǫgr (noun m.) [°lagar, dat. legi] ‘sea...’ — 8/2

2Magnús (noun m.) ‘Magnús...’ — 7/4

malmr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i; -ar] ‘metal...’malma 2/5

2margr (adj.) [°-an] ‘many...’mǫrg 2/7

2máli (noun m.) [°-a; dat. -um] ‘agreement...’mála 3/2

mikill (adj.) [°mikinn] ‘great, large...’Mikla 2/6, miklu 4/6

mildingr (noun m.) [°-s] ‘ruler, generous one...’ — 1/1

milli (prep.) ‘between...’miðli 7/6

mjǫll (noun f.) [°dat. -/-u] ‘fresh snow...’ — 5/8

munnr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i; -ar] ‘mouth...’munn 1/2

mækir (noun m.) ‘sword...’mækis 1/1

mætr (adj.) [°compar. -ri/-ari, superl. -astr] ‘honoured, respected...’ — 2/5

nenninn (adj.) ‘vigorous...’ — 6/1

(conj.) ‘nor...’ — 1/5

nærri (adj. comp.) [°superl. nǽstr] ‘near, nearer, next...’næsta 1/7, næsta 8/4

3of (prep.) ‘around, from; too...’ — 1/1, 4/8, 8/2

4of (particle) ‘(before verb)...’ — 1/3

3ok (conj.) ‘and, but; also...’ — 3/2, 6/2

3ór (prep.) ‘out of...’ — 6/4

prýða (verb) ‘adorn...’prýddr 5/3

2rausn (noun f.) ‘forecastle...’ — 5/1

ráða (verb) ‘advise, rule, interpret, decide...’Rétt 5/1

3reiði (noun n.) [°-s] ‘tackle, rigging...’ — 2/4

reiðmæltr (adj./verb p.p.) ‘[angry-spoken]...’ — 5/2

2renna (verb) ‘run (strong)...’renndusk 4/2

2rista (verb) ‘carve...’reist 8/3

rísta (verb) ‘carve, raise...’reisti 5/5

rjóða (verb) ‘to redden...’rauð 3/1

rómalda (noun f.) ‘[war]...’rómǫldu 7/8

sand (noun n.) ‘sand...’ — 4/7

sem (conj.) ‘as, which...’ — 3/4

sik (pron.) [°gen. sín, dat. sér] ‘(refl. pron.)...’ — 4/5

Sikiley (noun f.) ‘[Sicily]...’ — 4/6

síðan (adv.) ‘later, then...’ — 3/3, 6/3, 7/2, 7/7

sjalfr (adj.) ‘self...’sjalfir 3/4

2sjá (verb) ‘see...’ 2/5, 8/7

sjór (noun m.) ‘sea...’ 5/6

1skeið (noun f.) [°-ar; -r/-ar/-ir] ‘ship...’skeiðr 2/4, skeiðr 8/7, skeiðum 5/2

skerðir (noun m.) ‘diminisher...’skerði 1/6

skip (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘ship...’ — 8/2

skjaldrim (noun f.) ‘[shield-rail]...’ — 5/7

skokkr (noun m.) ‘bottom-board...’skokka 4/8, 8/5, skokks 5/8

skrautla (adv.) ‘[proudly]...’ — 2/3

skríða (verb) ‘creep, glide...’skriðu 2/7

1skúr (noun f.) [°; -ir] ‘shower...’ — 2/3, 5/7

2skynda (verb) ‘rush, hasten...’skyndi 4/7

snarpr (adj.) ‘sharp, keen...’snǫrp 6/3

snekkja (noun f.) [°-u; -ur] ‘warship...’snekkju 2/2

1snerra (noun f.) [°-u] ‘onslaught...’ — 6/4

snjallr (adj.) ‘quick, resourceful, bold...’ — 3/1

1staðr (noun m.) [°-ar/-s; -ir] ‘place...’staðnir 8/8

1stál (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘steel, weapon, prow...’stáli 5/4, stôl 3/2

stillir (noun m.) ‘ruler...’ — 3/1

stokkinn (adj./verb p.p.) ‘spattered, splattered...’ — 5/8

2stóð (noun n.) [°-s] ‘stud-horse...’stóðum 8/3

stríðir (noun m.) ‘opponent, fighter...’ — 7/2

strjúka (verb) ‘furbish, wipe...’straukt 1/1

styrr (noun m.) [°dat. -] ‘battle...’styr 3/1

sunnan (adv.) ‘(from the) south...’ — 4/5

súð (noun f.) [°-ar; gen. -a] ‘planking, ship...’ — 4/1

svalr (adj.) ‘cool...’svǫl 2/1

svartr (adj.) ‘black...’svartan 2/1

2Sveinn (noun m.) ‘Sveinn...’ — 7/8

sveiti (noun m.) [°-a] ‘blood...’ — 4/7

sverð (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘sword...’sverðum 6/2

sætt (noun f.) [°-ar; -ir] ‘settlement...’ — 7/7

1søkkva (verb) ‘sink, strong intrans....’sokkit 4/8

3und (prep.) ‘under, underneath...’ — 4/5

vargr (noun m.) [°dat. -i; -ar] ‘wolf...’ — 1/4

1vega (verb) ‘strike, slay...’vátt 4/3

2vera (verb) ‘be, is, was, were, are, am...’vast 1/7, vôru 8/6

1verða (verb) ‘become, be...’varð 4/1, varð 7/1, 1/6

2við (prep.) ‘with, against...’ — 4/4, 5/1, 5/6

vilja (verb) ‘want, intend...’vilduð 3/4

2vinna (verb) ‘perform, work...’Vann 4/5, vannt 1/3

vætta (verb) ‘expect...’vætti 7/7

2þá (adv.) ‘then...’ — 6/3, 8/6

þjóta (verb) ‘roar...’þaut 1/4

þrǫmr (noun m.) [°dat. þremi; gen. þrama] ‘rail, rim...’þrǫm 5/8

þungr (adj.) ‘heavy...’þungan 5/6

þú (pron.) [°gen. þín, dat. þér, acc. þik] ‘you...’þér 1/6, þér 7/2

ǫrðiglyndr (adj.) ‘[resolute]...’ǫrðuglyndr 1/8

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