Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Bjarni byskup Kolbeinsson (Bjbp)

13th century; volume 1; ed. Jonna Louis-Jensen;

Jómsvíkingadrápa (Jóms) - 45

Skj info: Bjarni Kolbeinsson, Orknøsk biskop, d. 1222. (AII, 1-10, BII, 1-10).

Skj poems:
Jómsvíkingadrápa

Bjarni Kolbeinsson (Bjbp) was born into a powerful family in the Orkney Islands, possibly c. 1150-60 (af Petersens, Jvs 1879, 122). His father was the Norwegian-Orcadian chieftain Kolbeinn hrúga ‘Heap’ and his mother was Herborg, a great-granddaughter of Páll jarl Þorfinnsson on the maternal side (see Ættaskrár [Genealogies] II in ÍF 35). Bjarni was also very well connected: he was a close friend of Haraldr jarl Maddaðarson (ÍF 35, 289), sent precious gifts to Hrafn Sveinbjarnarson in Iceland on three occasions (Guðrún P. Helgadóttir 1987, 2-3), and had connections with the Oddaverjar (see further Einar Ól. Sveinsson 1937, 17-18, 34-9).

Bjarni was Bishop of Orkney from 1188 (ÍF 35, 289) until his death on 15 September 1223. Among his achievements as bishop were the exhumation and canonisation of Rǫgnvaldr jarl Kali Kolsson (ÍF 35, 282; SkP II, 575) and the extension of St Magnús’s Cathedral in Kirkwall. Bjarni was also a diplomat and is known to have travelled to Norway for political reasons in 1194-5, 1208-9, 1210, 1218 and 1223 (see Bugge 1875, 244; Holtsmark 1937a, 2-3); he probably died in Norway (Jón Stefánsson 1907-8, 46).

Bjarni is introduced as Bjarni skáld ‘Poet’ in Orkn (ÍF 35, 193), but Jómsvíkingadrápa (Jóms) is the only literary work attributed to him in medieval sources. Suggestions that he compiled Orkn (Jón Stefánsson 1907-8) and the þulur in SnE (Bugge 1875) have not been generally accepted; see Introduction to Jóms below on the attribution of Anon Mhkv to Bjarni.

notes
my abbr.

Jómsvíkingadrápa (‘Drápa about the Jómsvíkingar’) — Bjbp JómsI

Emily Lethbridge 2012, ‘(Introduction to) Bjarni byskup Kolbeinsson, Jómsvíkingadrápa’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 954.

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Skj: Bjarni Kolbeinsson: Jómsvíkingadrápa (AII, 1-10, BII, 1-10); stanzas (if different): 2 | 3 | 4

in texts: ÓT

SkP info: I, 954

old edition introduction edition manuscripts transcriptions concordance references search files

 

-fengr (adj.) ‘[dominant]...’fengr 29/2

-lákr (noun m.) ‘[lákr]...’lák 13/8, láki 34/2, lákr 26/8

-ligr (adj.) ‘-ly...’ligar 11/5, ligt 41/6

-ráðr (adj.) ‘-ful...’ráðr 9/6

-vetna (adv.) ‘[where]...’vetna 7/1, vetna 30/1

-þegi (noun m.) ‘[heir, tainers]...’þegi 28/7

(non-lexical) (unclassified) 4/1, 4/3, 4/4, 4/7, 5/1, 5/2, 5/5, 5/6, 6/1, ... 23/2, ... 23/3, 23/7

(unknown) (unclassified)fǫrluðum 33/2

af (prep.) ‘from...’ — 12/5, 27/3, 36/7, 37/3

aldri (adv.) ‘never...’aldrigi 4/2

allfár (adj.) ‘[very little]...’allfátt 3/6

allr (adj.) ‘all...’allri 23/1, allir 36/2, allri 15/1, allri 19/1, allri 27/1, allri 31/1, allri 35/1, Alls 39/5, ǫll 38/3, ǫllu 8/4

allstórr (adj.) ‘very large...’allstórum 5/4

almr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i; -ar] ‘bow, elm-bow...’álmr 27/3

anda (verb) [°-að-] ‘breathe, live; (past part.) die...’andat 35/2

1annarr (pron.) [°f. ǫnnur, n. annat; pl. aðrir] ‘(an)other, second...’aðra 2/1, aðra 39/5, annat 5/3, ǫnnur 38/4

arfi (noun m.) [°-a; -ar] ‘heir, heiress...’arfa 7/8, 24/5

arfr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i/-(Frost— 215¹²); -ar] ‘inheritance...’arf 28/7

3at (prep.) ‘at, to...’at 22/8, at 23/8, 1/1, 2/6, 2/7, 4/2, 6/2, 8/4, 8/6, 9/5, 13/6, 14/7, 15/8, 17/3, 18/7, 19/8, 20/3, 22/6, 25/7, 26/5, 27/8, 29/2, 31/8, 35/2, 35/8, 42/7, 43/2, 43/7

4at (conj.) ‘that...’ — 1/7, 9/7, 11/2, 11/7, 16/1, 17/1, 20/2, 29/7, 33/3, 36/1, 38/1

5at (nota) ‘to (with infinitive)...’ — 2/5, 5/3, 6/5, 6/8, 7/7, 8/3, 12/3, 13/1, 14/3, 14/6, 22/3, 26/7, 30/6, 34/3, 37/2, 38/6, 40/2, 40/6, 42/5, 45/1

atferð (noun f.) [°-ar; -ir] ‘behaviour...’atferðar 1/4

atróðr (noun m.) [°dat. ·róðri] ‘rowing...’atróðr 23/2

1auðr (noun m.) [°-s/-ar, dat. -i/-] ‘wealth...’auð 10/5

auga (noun n.) [°auga; augu/augun, gen. augna] ‘eye...’augu 32/5

1auka (verb) [°eykr; jók, jóku/juku] ‘(str. intrans.) increase...’aukit 22/7, 2/5, aukask 10/7

3á (prep.) ‘on, at...’á 24/4, á 40/8, 2/3, 15/2, 15/6, 16/3, 16/7, 17/5, 18/1, 18/5, 20/6, 24/3, 28/8, 31/2, 32/3, 33/7, 36/8, 37/8, 40/2, 40/4

áðr (adv.) [°//] ‘before...’ — 30/5, 36/3, 39/7

ágæti (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘fame, excellence...’ágæta 11/4

Áki (noun m.) ‘Áki...’Áka 8/8, Áka 28/7, Áka 29/6, Áka 42/6

Ármóðr (noun m.) ‘Ármóðr...’Ármóð 21/6, Ármóði 29/8

2Áss (noun m.) [°áss, dat. ási/ás; ásar] ‘god...’Ás 13/8, Ás 26/8, Ás 34/2

áta (noun f.) [°-u; -ur] ‘food...’átu 31/3

áttján (num. cardinal) ‘eighteen...’átján 41/2

ávallt (adv.) ‘always...’valt 38/1

bardagi (noun m.) [°-a; -ar] ‘[scourge, battles]...’bardaga 7/2

3barr (adj.) ‘ready...’ — 13/1

bál (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘fire...’báls 16/4

1bára (noun f.) [°-u; -ur] ‘wave...’bárur 16/8

2ben (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘wound...’ — 32/7

3bera (verb) [°berr; bar, báru; borinn] ‘bear, carry...’bar 37/3, berum 5/7

2berja (verb) [°barði; barðr/bariðr/barinn] ‘fight...’barði 32/8, bǫrðusk 22/2

biðja (verb) [°biðr; bað, báðu; beðinn (beiþ- Martin¹ 573‡, bỏþ- HákEirsp 661‰, cf. ed. intr. xl)] ‘ask for, order, pray...’bað 15/3, bað 24/1, bað 33/5, Bað 36/1

binda (verb) [°bindr; batt/bant(cf. [$332$]), bundu; bundinn] ‘bind, tie...’bundit 2/4

bitr (adj.) [°bitran; superl. bitrastr] ‘sharp, biting...’bitra 7/3

1bjarga (verb) [°bergr (biærgr Alk619 77⁹; biargr ÓH619 119¹‡); barg, burgu; borginn] ‘to save, preserve...’burgusk 28/6, burgusk 39/6

bjóða (verb) [°býðr; bauð, buðu; boðinn (buð- Thom¹ 5²n.)] ‘offer, order, invite...’buðu 17/7, buðu 18/1

1bjórr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -] ‘beer...’bjór 1/6

2blása (verb) [°blǽss; blés, blésu; blásinn] ‘blow...’ — 32/7

blóð (noun n.) [°-s] ‘blood...’ — 28/8

2blóta (verb) [°-að-] ‘sacrifice...’ — 30/6

boði (noun m.) [°-a; -ar] ‘messenger, breaker...’ — 36/5

bolginn (adj.) ‘[swollen]...’bólginn 31/2

borð (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘side, plank, board; table...’ — 36/1, 37/2

borg (noun f.) [°-ar, dat. -; -ir] ‘city, stronghold...’ — 28/4

brandr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i; -ar] ‘sword, prow; fire...’branda 7/3

1braut (noun f.) [°dat. -/-u; -ir] ‘path, way; away...’ — 33/3

bráðr (adj.) [°compar. -ari, superl. -astr] ‘quick(ly)...’brátt 29/7

bregða (verb) [°bregðr/brigðr; brá, brugðu; brugðinn/brogðinn] ‘pull, jerk, break; change...’brá 35/6

breiðr (adj.) [°compar. -ari, superl. -astr] ‘broad, wide...’breiðra 28/3

brjóta (verb) [°brýtr; braut, brutu; brotinn] ‘to break, destroy...’brotit 34/8

brjótr (noun m.) ‘breaker...’ — 13/6

broti (noun m.) [°-a; -ar] ‘breaker...’brotar 10/5, 37/1, 42/3

brúðr (noun f.) [°brúðar, dat. & acc. brúði; brúðir] ‘woman, bride...’brúði 32/2

brún (noun f.) [°; brýnn/-ir] ‘brows...’brúna 28/3

bugr (noun m.) [°dat. -/-i] ‘hollow, bend...’bug 27/6

3Búi (noun m.) ‘Búi...’Búi 37/4, Búa 14/4, Búa 36/4, 9/5, 12/3, 13/1, 25/2, 26/2

byrr (noun m.) [°-jar/-s; -ir, acc. -i/-u(SigrVal 188¹³)] ‘favourable wind...’byr 33/6, 33/8

bǫð (noun f.) [°-s; -] ‘battle...’ — 13/2, 29/2, 36/2

bǫðgjarn (adj.) ‘extremely battle-eager ...’bǫðgjarnastir 7/4

bǫl (noun n.) [°-s, dat. bǫlvi] ‘evil...’ — 26/4

danr (noun m.) [°dat. -; -ir] ‘Dane...’Dan 10/2

danskr (adj.) ‘Danish...’danska 40/1

darr (noun n.) [°; *-um] ‘spear...’darra 10/1, darra 15/6, darra 30/2, darra 39/7

2dauðr (adj.) ‘dead...’ — 40/4

2dár (adj.) ‘[charmed]...’dátt 3/1

dolgr (noun m.) [°dat. -; -ar] ‘enemy, battle...’dólga 40/1

dorg (noun f.) [°-ar; -ar] ‘trolling-line, fishing-line...’dorgar 3/2

dóttir (noun f.) [°dóttur, dat. dóttur/dǿtr/dóttir, acc. dóttur/dóttir, nom. dóttir/dóttur; dǿtr, gen. dǿtra (cf. [$1592$])] ‘daughter...’dóttur 14/8

2draga (verb) [°dregr; dró, drógu; dreginn/droget(Hirð NKS 1642 4° 146v²⁹; cf. [$962$])] ‘drag, pull, draw...’dró 35/3

2drekka (verb) [°drekkr; drakk, drukku; drukkinn/drykkinn] ‘drink...’drukku 10/6

drengr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -; -ir, gen. -ja] ‘man, warrior...’Dreng 3/1, dreng 39/8, drengir 28/6, drengir 29/4, drengja 8/2, drengja 39/2, 40/2

drepa (verb) [°drepr; drap, drápu; drepinn] ‘kill, strike...’drepr 23/1, drepr 15/1, drepr 19/1, drepr 27/1, drepr 31/1, drepr 35/1

dreyri (noun m.) [°-a] ‘blood...’dreyra 40/3

dreyrugr (adj.) [°dreyrgan/dreyrugan; superl. dreyrgastr] ‘bloody...’dreyrgra 10/1

1drífa (noun f.) [°-u] ‘snow-storm...’drífu 30/5

2drífa (verb) [°drífr; dreif, drifu; drifinn] ‘drive, rush...’dreif 16/3

dynr (noun m.) [°dat. -; -ir] ‘din...’dyn 39/7

dǫrr (noun m.) ‘spear...’ — 40/3

eða (conj.) ‘or...’ — 12/8

efla (verb) [°-fld-/-að-(RómvUpph¹ 382²⁴)] ‘strengthen...’ — 7/7, 12/3

2efna (verb) [°-fnd-] ‘fulfil...’efnak 43/5

1egg (noun f.) [°-jar, dat. -ju/-(var. [$1655$]: AM 75 c fol “75 c”, etc.)/-i([$1656$], cf. [$1654$] 243-244); -jar/-jur([$1657$] 16¹³n.)] ‘edge, blade...’ — 43/8, eggja 23/6, eggjar 21/3

2eiga (verb) [°á/eigr (præs. pl. 3. pers. eigu/eiga); átti, áttu; átt] ‘own, have...’ — 26/7, 45/1

3eigi (adv.) ‘not...’eigi 4/5, 11/7, 13/7, 21/2, 22/7, 38/5, 40/5, 43/5

einkum (adv.) ‘[especially]...’ — 11/1

2einn (pron.) [°decl. cf. einn num.] ‘one, alone...’Ein 23/1, einir 39/4, einni 40/8, eina 3/7, Ein 15/1, Ein 19/1, Ein 27/1, Ein 31/1, Ein 35/1, einum 22/6

Eiríkr (noun m.) ‘Eiríkr...’Eirekr 21/3, Eirekr 41/1, Eirekr 44/2, Eireks 38/8

ek (pron.) [°mín, dat. mér, acc. mik] ‘I, me...’mér 4/8, mér 23/1, mér 23/8, 1/5, mér 1/8, mér 2/3, mér 2/7, mér 3/8, mér 14/7, mér 15/1, mér 15/8, mér 19/1, mér 19/8, mér 27/1, mér 27/8, mér 31/1, mér 31/8, mér 35/1, mér 35/8, mik 2/2, mik 6/3

eldr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i/-(HómÍsl¹‰(1993) 24v²⁴); -ar] ‘fire...’eld 3/4, eld 37/1, eldi 26/1, 19/2

elri (noun n.) ‘alder-tree...’ — 19/3

2engi (pron.) ‘no, none...’enga 39/5, Engan 1/1, engir 1/7

2enn (adv.) ‘still, yet, again...’ — 2/1, 3/7, 11/1

eptir (prep.) ‘after, behind...’ — 37/5, 39/1

2er (conj.) ‘who, which, when...’ — 15/7, 18/2, 20/5, 22/2, 29/5, 32/5, 42/3, 43/6

erfi (noun n.) [°-s] ‘funeral feast...’ — 10/5

1ey (noun f.) [°-jar, dat. -ju/-; -jar] ‘island...’eyjar 19/3, eyjar 35/3

eyrir (noun m.) [°eyris, dat. eyri; aurar] ‘ounce, money, property...’aura 44/1, aurum 36/7

él (noun n.) [°; dat. -um] ‘storm...’ — 27/2, 32/1, 43/3, éli 29/5

faðir (noun m.) ‘father...’feðra 10/8

fagr (adj.) [°fagran; compar. fegri, superl. fegrstr] ‘fair, beautiful...’gr 2/4, fǫgr 6/3

faldr (noun m.) [°; -ar] ‘headdress...’fald 14/4

falla (verb) ‘fall...’fell 28/8, fell 33/8

1fanga (verb) [°præt. part. fanginn] ‘capture...’fengra 9/2

fara (verb) [ferr, fór, fóru, farinn] ‘go, travel...’fór 42/2, fórk 4/2

1fasta (noun f.) ‘fast, fasting...’fǫstu 35/6

fála (noun f.) ‘troll-woman, giantess...’fálu 42/1

3fella (verb) ‘fell, kill...’felldi 28/2

fengr (noun m.) [°-jar/-s, dat. -/-i] ‘loot...’feng 4/6

fimm (num. cardinal) ‘five...’ — 6/4, 22/8

2finna (verb) ‘find, meet...’fundinn 18/8

firar (noun m.) ‘men...’ — 17/6

fíkjum (adv.) ‘fiercely...’ — 12/6, 26/8, 41/6

fjón (noun f.) ‘hatred...’ — 12/8

fjǫr (noun n.) ‘life...’ — 43/8

fjǫrnir (noun m.) ‘helmet...’fjǫrnis 42/1

flaumr (noun m.) [°dat. -] ‘eddy...’flaumi 6/3

fleinn (noun m.) [°dat. fleini] ‘spear...’flein 4/8

fleiri (adj. comp.) [°superl. flestr] ‘more, most...’fleira 5/4, flestu 8/6

flokkr (noun m.) ‘group, flock...’flokki 20/4

floti (noun m.) ‘fleet...’flota 17/2, flota 33/4

folk (noun n.) ‘people...’fólk 35/2, fólki 25/1

fors (noun m.) ‘torrent...’forsum 4/1

fram (adv.) ‘out, forth, forwards, away...’Framm 1/5, framm 24/7, framm 25/1, framm 29/4, framm 30/7

2fránn (adj.) ‘bright, shining...’frán 25/2, frán 32/5

1fregna (verb) ‘hear of...’frágum 9/7, frágum 41/3, frák 7/1, frák 10/7, frák 12/1, frák 21/1, frák 28/1, frák 29/7, frák 30/1, frák 32/1, frák 36/3, frák 38/1, frák 39/5, frák 40/3

frægr (adj.) [°-jan/-an; compar. -ri, superl. -jastr/-astr/-str] ‘famous, renowned...’ — 20/8, frægra 12/7

frœkn (adj.) ‘brave, bold...’ — 14/3, frœknum 29/3

2fullr (adj.) [°compar. -ari, superl. -astr] ‘full, complete...’full 29/3

fundr (noun m.) ‘discovery, meeting...’ — 20/7

2fylgja (verb) ‘follow, accompany...’fylgði 39/3, 13/1, 14/3

fyr (prep.) ‘for, over, because of, etc....’fyr 23/1, 1/5, 3/2, 5/7, 9/3, 15/1, 19/1, 24/7, 27/1, 30/3, 31/1, 35/1, 36/1, 37/2, 41/4

2fyrðr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -] ‘man...’fyrða 12/7, fyrða 26/6, fyrðum 20/7, fyrðum 41/8

2fyrri (adv.) ‘before, previously...’ — 42/8

fýsa (verb) ‘desire, encourage...’fýstu 45/3

2fœra (verb) ‘bring...’ — 1/6

fǫr (noun f.) ‘journey, fate; movement...’farar 34/4, 2/8, 13/8

galdr (noun m.) ‘chant, incantation...’gǫldrum 4/2

2ganga (verb) [geng, gekk, gengu, genginn] ‘walk, go...’ — 24/2, 26/4, 38/6, 40/2, gekk 15/6, gekk 24/7, gekk 25/1, gekk 31/2, gekk 45/1, gengu 25/7, gengu 29/4

gefa (verb) ‘give...’gafsk 10/3, gefit 44/2

1gegn (adj.) [°compar. -ri, superl. -astr/-str] ‘reliable...’ — 43/2

geirr (noun m.) ‘spear...’Geir 17/8, geir 18/3, geir 25/5, geira 35/7

1gera (verb) ‘do, make...’gerðu 40/7, Gerðisk 42/5, gerðu 25/5, gerva 15/7

2geta (verb) ‘to beget, give birth to, mention, speak ...’gat 8/3, gat 42/7, gatk 1/3, gátu 11/6, 8/1

geystr (adj.) ‘violent...’geystir 25/8

1gífr (noun n.) ‘troll-woman...’gífrs 35/6

1gína (verb) ‘gape...’gein 31/6

gjarn (adj.) [°compar. -ari, superl. -astr] ‘eager...’ — 2/6, gjarnir 17/6

gjósa (verb) ‘gush...’gaus 19/6

2glaðr (adj.) [°compar. -ari, superl. -astr] ‘cheerful, glad...’ — 21/8

glygg (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘storm...’ — 23/6

glymja (verb) ‘resound...’glumði 32/3

glymr (noun m.) ‘noise...’glym 7/6

gnauða (verb) ‘roar...’gnauðaði 19/2

Gná (noun f.) ‘Gná...’ — 42/4

gnýja (verb) ‘roar...’gnúði 16/7, gnúði 27/2, gnúði 33/7

gnýr (noun m.) ‘din, tumult...’gný 15/7, gný 30/2, gný 35/7

góðr (adj.) ‘good...’Góð 23/5, Góð 15/5, Góð 19/5, Góð 27/5, Góð 31/5, Góð 35/5, góðir 1/8

gráðr (noun m.) [°dat. -] ‘greed, hunger...’ — 31/7

greppr (noun m.) [°; -ar] ‘poet, man...’ — 5/6, 21/7, greppum 18/3

grið (noun n.) ‘truce...’ — 44/1, griðum 19/7

grimmr (adj.) [°compar. -ari, superl. -astr] ‘fierce...’grimm 12/7, grimma 25/6, 28/5, 30/6, grimmu 15/5, grimmu 19/5, grimmu 23/5, grimmu 27/5, grimmu 31/5, grimmu 35/5, grimt 32/4

grípa (verb) ‘seize, grasp...’gripu 27/6

grjót (noun n.) ‘rock, stone...’grjóti 32/6

2Guðr (noun f.) ‘[Gunnr, Guðr]...’ — 6/2

gull (noun n.) ‘gold...’Goll 26/2, Goll 37/4

gumi (noun m.) [°-a; gumar/gumnar] ‘man...’gumna 19/7, gumna 21/7, gumnar 27/7

gunnr (noun f.) ‘battle...’gunn 27/7, gunnar 14/2, gunnar 30/4, gunni 13/6, gunni 25/7

gylðir (noun m.) ‘wolf...’gylðis 31/7

gœðingr (noun m.) ‘chieftain...’gœðings 23/8, gœðings 15/8, gœðings 19/8, gœðings 27/8, gœðings 31/8, gœðings 35/8

gǫrla (adv.) ‘quite, fully...’ — 18/4

1gǫrr (adj.) ‘ample, perfect...’gǫrv 8/4

hafa (verb) ‘have...’hefk 3/5, hefkak 4/3, 13/5, 41/7, hefr 21/3, hefr 2/3, hefr 3/3, hefr 20/3, hefr 26/7, hefr 29/1

hagl (noun n.) [°-s; dat. *-um] ‘hail...’ — 32/3

halda (verb) ‘hold, keep...’haldit 3/4, heldi 33/3, Heldu 10/1, heldu 16/1

Hamðir (noun m.) ‘Hamðir...’Hamðis 14/2

hangi (noun m.) [°-a] ‘hanged one...’hanga 4/6

hann (pron.) [°gen. hans, dat. honum; f. hon, gen. hennar, acc. hana] ‘he, she, it, they, them......’þeir 40/7, 13/7, 24/3, 24/7, 26/3, 28/3, 29/7, 33/3, 34/7, 37/3, 42/5, hánum 42/7, þeim 7/7, þeim 10/3, þeim 10/7, þeir 12/5, þeir 25/7, þeir 38/7, þeira 38/3

Haraldr (noun m.) ‘Haraldr...’Harald 7/2, Haralds 24/5

harða (adv.) ‘very...’ — 32/4

harðr (adj.) [°comp. -ari; superl. -astr] ‘hard, harsh...’harð 9/6, harða 30/7, harðan 17/5, harðrar 13/3, hart 21/2, hart 24/8, hart 25/4, Hart 26/5, hart 34/7, hǫrð 33/7

1harmr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i; -ar] ‘sorrow, grief...’harm 2/3, 14/7

hauðr (noun n.) ‘earth, ground...’ — 21/1, 22/3, hauðri 12/5

1haukr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i/-; -ar] ‘hawk...’hauk 8/8, hauk 11/5, hauk 41/6, hauk 42/6

Hákun (noun m.) ‘[Hákon]...’Hákuni 24/4, 12/6, 21/1, 30/8

Hávarðr (noun m.) ‘Hávarðr...’Hávarð 13/5, Hávarði 34/6, 26/6

hefja (verb) ‘lift, start...’ — 11/5, 12/1

heift (noun f.) [°-ar; -ir] ‘hatred, enmity...’heiptar 22/1, heipt 30/7, heipt 42/8

heiftmildr (adj.) ‘[strife-liberal]...’heiptmildan 12/2

heit (noun n.) [°; -] ‘promise...’ — 11/6, 12/1, 14/5, 43/6

2heita (verb) ‘be called, promise...’hét 9/1, Hétusk 12/5

1hel (noun f.) [°-jar, dat. -ju] ‘death, Hel, hell...’ — 34/4

heldr (adv.) ‘rather...’ — 8/7, 17/5, 41/3, 42/7

henda (verb) ‘catch, seize...’Hendir 2/1

herði (noun f.) [°-] ‘[tough, Brave]...’ — 8/7, 22/2

herðr (noun f.) [°-ar(Thom² 447¹³); -ar] ‘shoulder...’herðar 26/3

hernaðr (noun m.) ‘raiding campaign...’hernuð 17/6

herr (noun m.) [°-s/-jar, dat. -; -jar, gen. -ja/herra] ‘army, host...’ — 15/6, 18/8, 22/3, 30/2, 40/4

hestr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i; -ar] ‘horse, stallion...’hesta 35/6

hetja (noun f.) [°-u; -ur] ‘[heroes]...’hetjur 41/5

2heyja (verb) ‘fight, wage (battle)...’ — 7/1

2heyra (verb) ‘hear...’ — 20/2

2héla (verb) ‘cover with rime...’héldir 16/5

1hildr (noun f.) ‘battle...’hildar 24/6

hitta (verb) ‘meet, encounter...’hittusk 20/5

1hjaldr (noun m.) ‘battle...’hjaldri 9/5

1hjalmr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i; -ar] ‘helmet...’hjálma 20/6, hjálma 24/5, hjálma 26/2

hjǫrr (noun m.) ‘sword...’hjǫr 13/3, hjǫrva 30/3, hjǫrva 36/5

Hjǫrungar (noun m.) ‘[Lia]...’Hjǫrunga 20/8

2hlaða (verb) ‘heap, pile...’hlœði 29/7

hlíf (noun f.) [°-ar; -ar] ‘shield, defence...’hlífar 24/7, hlífum 32/3

hljóð (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘sound, silence, a hearing...’hljóðs 1/4

hljóða (verb) ‘listen, sound...’hlýði 1/8

2hlýr (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘cheek, bow...’hlýrum 33/7

2hót (noun n.) [°; -] ‘a bit...’hóti 8/5

hraustr (adj.) [°compar. -ari, superl. -astr] ‘strong, valiant...’hraustar 41/5, hrausti 14/1, hraustir 20/1, 36/6, 37/4

hregg (noun n.) ‘storm...’ — 20/5, 30/3, 36/5, hreggi 32/8

hreysti (noun f.) [°-] ‘valour, prowess...’ — 6/6, 8/6

hreytir (noun m.) ‘flinger...’ — 43/1

1hringr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -; -ar] ‘ring; sword...’hringa 14/6, hring 26/4, hringa 42/4, hringa 43/1, hringum 37/8

hríð (noun f.) [°-ar; -ir] ‘time, storm...’ — 16/6, 33/8, hríðar 18/3, hríðar 43/8

1hrjóða (verb) ‘clear, destroy...’hroðin 38/4

hróðr (noun m.) ‘encomium, praise...’ — 1/3

hrósa (verb) ‘praise...’ — 8/3

1hrøkkva (verb) ‘coil...’ — 30/4

hrǫnn (noun f.) [°; dat. -um] ‘wave...’hranna 13/6, hrannir 16/2

hugðr (adj./verb p.p.) ‘agreeable, courageous...’hugðan 1/3

hugi (noun m.) [°-a] ‘courage, thought...’ — 9/8

hugr (noun m.) ‘mind, thought, courage...’hug 13/4, hug 29/8, hug 33/4, huga 29/3, hugum 39/8

hundmargr (adj.) ‘immense...’hundmargr 22/4

hundrað (noun n.) [°-s; hundruð/-] ‘hundred...’hundruðum 28/4

húfr (noun m.) [°dat. -i] ‘hull...’húfar 16/5, húfum 37/3

1húnn (noun m.) [°; húnar] ‘knob...’húna 33/5

hús (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘house...’húsum 19/6

hvatr (adj.) [°-ari, -an; -astr] ‘keen, brave...’hvatra 8/1

hvárr (pron.) ‘who, which, what, whether...’hváru 2/6

2hverr (pron.) ‘who, whom, each, every...’Hver 7/1, Hver 30/1, hverjum 9/5, hverjum 20/4, 8/1, 8/5

hvetja (verb) ‘incite, urge...’hvattir 22/1

hvítr (adj.) [°-an; -ari, -astr] ‘white...’hvítrar 14/5

1hyggja (noun f.) [°-u; -ur] ‘thought, mind...’hyggju 43/2

2hyggja (verb) ‘think, consider...’hykk 33/3

hættr (adj.) [°compar. -ari/-ri, superl. -astr] ‘dangerous...’ — 14/8

hǫfðingi (noun m.) [°-ja; -jar] ‘chieftain...’ — 8/2, 9/2, hǫfðingja 6/4, hǫfðingja 21/8, hǫfðingjar 20/1

hǫgg (noun n.) [°-s, dat. hǫggvi/hǫggi; -] ‘blow...’ — 26/5, 34/8, hǫggum 25/6

hǫggva (verb) ‘to strike, put to death, cut, hew...’ — 42/5

hǫlðr (noun m.) [°-s; -ar] ‘man...’hǫlða 30/1

Hǫlgi (noun m.) ‘Hǫlgi...’Hǫlga 32/2

hǫnd (noun f.) [°handar, dat. hendi; hendr (hendir StatPáll³ 752¹²)] ‘hand...’hand 2/4, hendi 2/3, hendi 14/7

illr (adj.) ‘bad, evil, unwell...’illa 13/7, illa 32/1, 26/7, 36/7

Ingibjǫrg (noun f.) ‘Ingibjǫrg...’Ingibjǫrgu 45/4

2inn (art.) ‘the...’hinn 15/7, hins 8/1, hitt 14/1, in 30/7, 9/8, 14/1, 21/8, 29/6, it 32/1

í (prep.) ‘in, into...’ — 8/7, 13/8, 25/1, 26/3, 27/6, 29/5, 30/5, 31/3, 32/5, 33/6, 33/8, 40/3

ísugr (adj.) ‘[icy]...’ísugar 16/8

ítr (adj.) ‘glorious...’ítr 23/4, 15/4, 19/4, 27/4, 31/4, 35/4, ítra 3/5

2Jaðarr (noun m.) ‘Jæren...’Jaðri 17/3

jafn (adj.) [°comp. -ari, superl. -astr] ‘even, just...’ — 39/6

jarl (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i; -ar] ‘poet, earl...’jarlar 18/4, jarli 33/2, jarli 43/7

járn (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘iron, weapon...’járna 7/6

jóð (noun n.) ‘child, offspring...’jóða 31/7

jól (noun n.) [°; -] ‘midwinter feast...’jóla 17/3

Jóm (noun n.) ‘[Wollin, Jómsborg]...’Jómi 6/2

jómsvíkingr (noun m.) ‘[Jómsvíkingar]...’Jómsvíkingar 17/4

kaf (noun n.) [°; *-] ‘deep sea...’ — 36/8

kaldr (adj.) [°compar. -ari] ‘cold...’ — 16/3, kǫldum 33/6

3kanna (verb) ‘know, be able...’kannaði 16/6

kesja (noun f.) [°-u; -ur] ‘halberd, spear...’kesjur 28/8

keyra (verb) ‘drive, whip, fling...’ — 38/8, keyrðu 32/8

kista (noun f.) [°-u; -ur] ‘coffin, chest...’kistur 37/4, kistur 36/6

kljúfa (verb) ‘cleave...’klauf 24/5, Klauf 26/1, klauf 28/3

knega (verb) ‘to know, understand, be able to...’knátti 32/7, knáttu 7/5, kneigu 37/7

koma (verb) [kem, kom/kvam, kominn] ‘come...’kemr 19/5, kemr 23/5, kemr 15/5, kemr 27/5, kemr 31/5, kemr 35/5, kœmi 17/4, kom 30/7, kómu 18/2, kømr 14/7

kona (noun f.) [°-u; -ur/-r(KlmA1980 116¹¹), gen. pl. kvenna/kvinna] ‘woman...’kona 23/4, 2/4, 15/4, 19/4, 27/4, 31/4, 35/4

kunna (verb) ‘know, can, be able...’kunni 15/7

kveða (verb) ‘say, recite...’ — 22/7, 25/3

2kveðja (verb) ‘say, greet...’kvað 13/7, kvað 14/1, kvað 40/5, kvað 43/1, kvað 43/7, kvazk 13/5, kveðk 1/1

kvæði (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘poem...’kvæði 5/8

1kylfa (noun f.) [°-u; -ur] ‘club...’kylfu 34/7

land (noun n.) [°-s; *-] ‘land...’ — 18/8, 40/2

langr (adj.) [°compar. lengri, superl. lengstr] ‘long...’langan 37/8, lǫngu 3/2

Laufi (noun m.) [°-a] ‘Laufi...’Laufa 18/7

láta (verb) ‘let, have sth done...’lét 26/3, lét 34/1, lét 41/1, lét 44/1, létti 39/7, lézk 13/1, lézk 14/3

leggja (verb) ‘put, lay...’Lǫgðu 22/1

leggr (noun m.) [°-jar, dat. -; -ir] ‘limb...’leggi 34/8

1leikr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -/-i; -ar] ‘sport, play...’leiki 18/7

leira (noun f.) [°-u; -ur] ‘clay, mud-flats...’ — 42/2

leita (verb) ‘seek, look for, attack...’ — 11/4

lemja (verb) ‘beat, make lame...’Lǫmðu 16/5

leyfa (verb) ‘permit; praise...’ — 44/3

lið (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘retinue, troop...’ — 28/2, 36/4, 41/4, liði 9/4, liði 26/6

liggja (verb) ‘lie...’ 40/4

líf (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘life...’ — 43/4, lífi 12/8

líkr (adj.) ‘like...’líka 13/8

líta (verb) ‘look, see; appear...’ — 37/7

lítill (adj.) [°lítinn] ‘little...’lítil 11/8

logi (noun m.) [°-a; -ar] ‘flame...’ — 19/6

lyndr (adj.) [°superl. -astr] ‘minded...’lyndan 42/6, 25/2, lyndum 8/8

lýðr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -; -ir] ‘one of the people...’lýði 16/6, lýðir 37/7

lǫgr (noun m.) [°lagar, dat. legi] ‘sea...’lǫg 15/2

maðr (noun m.) ‘man, person...’manns 23/4, 8/6, manna 6/6, manns 15/4, manns 19/4, manns 27/4, manns 31/4, manns 35/4, menn 11/2, menn 16/2, menn 20/2, menn 22/2, menn 38/6, menn 39/8, menn 45/3

magna (verb) ‘strengthen, increase...’magnaðisk 23/6

malmr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i; -ar] ‘metal...’málm 6/7, málma 1/2

man (noun n.) ‘girl...’ — 42/4

2margr (adj.) [°-an] ‘many...’marga 39/6, margir 45/4, 18/7, mǫrgum 28/4

1marr (noun m.) ‘sea...’ — 16/3

með (prep.) ‘with...’ — 9/6, 20/4, 25/4, 26/1, 29/3, 34/7, 36/6, 38/2, 40/1, 41/8, 42/1, 44/4

meiðr (noun m.) ‘beam, tree...’meiða 6/7, meiða 16/3, 14/6

meiri (adj. comp.) [°meiran; superl. mestr] ‘more, most...’ — 33/1, mesti 9/8, mestr 18/5

2men (noun n.) [°; dat. menjum] ‘neck-ring...’ — 42/3

mergr (noun m.) [°-jar; dat. -jum] ‘marrow...’mergjar 31/6

merkiligr (adj.) ‘notable, stately...’merkiliga 6/8

1mél (noun n.) ‘[time]...’méli 18/5

mikill (adj.) [°mikinn] ‘great, large...’mikinn 23/2

miklandi (noun m.) ‘[increaser]...’ — 35/7

mildr (adj.) [°compar. -ri/-ari, superl. -astr] ‘mild, gentle, gracious, generous...’mildum 13/2

1minni (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘memory...’minnum 20/3

3minni (adj. comp.) [°superl. minnstr] ‘less, least...’ — 8/5

mjǫðr (noun m.) [°dat. miði] ‘mead...’mjaðar 3/6

mjǫk (adv.) ‘very, much...’mjǫk 2/7, 27/2, 44/3

1morð (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘killing, battle...’ — 16/4, 18/6

móti (prep.) ‘against...’móti 22/8, móti 24/4, 18/1

mundr (noun m.) ‘hand...’mundi 17/8

munu (verb) ‘will, must...’mun 1/5, mun 5/4, munk 43/5

1mæla (verb) ‘speak, say...’mælti 42/3, Mæltu 41/5

mætr (adj.) [°compar. -ri/-ari, superl. -astr] ‘honoured, respected...’mæta 45/3

1mǫrk (noun f.) [°merkr, dat. -u/-; merkr/markir] ‘mark (unit)...’markar 10/2

1 (verb) ‘reach, get, manage...’náðu 38/5

nár (noun m.) [°-s; -ir] ‘corpse...’ 31/2

nátt (noun f.) [°náttar/nǽtr, dat. -/-u; nǽtr] ‘night...’nóttu 40/8, nótt 17/3

1nema (verb) ‘to take...’namk 4/5, nam 26/5, Nam 37/1, nam 43/6

2nema (conj.) ‘unless...’ — 43/5

1niðr (noun m.) [°-s; niðjar/niðir, acc. niði] ‘son, kinsman, relative...’niðjar 7/4

3niðr (adv.) ‘down...’ — 26/3

1norðr (noun n.) [°-s] ‘[Norwegians, north]...’norðri 32/4

Noregr (noun m.) ‘Norway...’Nóregs 18/4

nøkkurr (pron.) ‘some, a certain...’nakkvara 24/8

oddr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i; -ar] ‘point of weapon...’odda 27/3

3of (prep.) ‘around, from; too...’ — 1/3, 2/8, 3/1, 3/3, 3/5, 3/7, 5/6, 6/7, 16/2, 19/3, 31/6, 35/3, 42/4

4of (particle) ‘(before verb)...’ — 1/6, 15/5, 19/5, 23/5, 27/5, 31/5, 34/5, 35/5, 43/4

ofan (adv.) ‘down...’ — 38/7

ofr (noun n.) ‘high, rashness, over-...’ — 9/8

oftliga (adv.) ‘[often]...’optliga 37/5

3ok (conj.) ‘and, but; also...’Ok 21/5, Ok 22/5, 9/3, 10/3, 10/5, 11/5, 20/1, 24/6, 25/5, 36/5, 37/5, 42/1, 44/1

olmr (adj.) [°compar. -ari, superl. -astr] ‘fierce, furious...’ólmr 26/2

orð (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘word...’ — 41/8

ormr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i; -ar] ‘serpent...’orm 32/5, orm 37/8, orma 17/8

óblauðr (adj.) ‘[dauntless]...’óblauðir 37/6

1óðr (noun m.) ‘poem...’óðar 4/8, óð 2/5, óði 1/1

ógn (noun f.) [°-ar; -ir] ‘terror, battle...’ — 10/6

ógæfr (adj.) ‘[unlucky]...’ — 2/8

óhljóð (noun n.) ‘[tumult]...’ — 5/8

3ór (prep.) ‘out of...’ — 19/6, 32/4

órœkinn (adj.) ‘[reckless]...’ — 12/4

óteitan (noun f.) ‘[joylessness]...’ — 2/2

ótrauðr (adj.) ‘not reluctant...’ — 15/2, 21/4, 36/8

prúðr (adj.) [°superl. -astr] ‘magnificent, proud...’ — 13/4, prúðum 29/8

prýðir (noun m.) ‘adorner...’prýði 1/4

rakkr (adj.) [°compar. -ari] ‘bold...’rakkastir 10/6, rakkastir 27/7, rǫkkum 30/4

rammr (adj.) [°compar. -ari, superl. -astr] ‘mighty...’rammir 25/6, 34/8

rauðr (adj.) [°compar. -ari] ‘red...’rauðra 17/1

raun (noun f.) [°-ar; -ir] ‘ordeal, proof, experience...’ — 22/6, 33/4, raunum 8/7

1rausn (noun f.) ‘magnificence...’ — 10/3

ráð (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘advice, plan, control, power...’ — 40/6

ráða (verb) ‘advise, rule, interpret, decide...’réð 9/3, réð 14/5, Réð 40/1, réði 36/8, réðu 38/7

1reið (noun f.) [°-ar; -ir/-ar] ‘riding; chariot...’reið 3/4

2reka (verb) ‘drive, force...’ — 12/6

remmandi (noun m.) ‘[strengthener]...’ — 18/6

reynandi (noun m.) ‘[testers, trier]...’reynendr 17/2

ríki (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘kingdom, power...’ — 10/3, 17/7

ríkr (adj.) ‘mighty, powerful, rich...’ríki 29/6

rjóða (verb) ‘to redden...’rjóða 21/4, roðin 40/3, ruðu 7/3

rjóðandi (noun m.) ‘reddener...’rjóðendr 10/4, rjóðendr 17/7

ruðr (noun m.) ‘[bush]...’ — 14/4

rýrir (noun m.) ‘diminsher, destroyer...’rýri 1/2

rœkinn (adj.) ‘capable, cultivating ...’ — 34/2

ræna (verb) ‘rob...’rænti 19/7, 12/8, rænir 6/3

rǫnd (noun f.) [°dat. -/-u; rendr/randir] ‘shield, shield-rim...’randir 22/4, rand 17/8, randa 17/1, randa 45/2

1saga (noun f.) [°*-u; *-ur] ‘story, saga...’sǫgu 5/8

1salr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -; dat. sǫlum] ‘hall...’sal 31/6

2sama (verb) ‘befit...’samir 3/7, samir 6/5

saman (adv.) ‘together...’saman 22/4, 18/8, 40/7

samr (adj.) [°compar. -ari] ‘same...’ — 24/3

1 (pron.) [°gen. þess, dat. þeim, acc. þann; f. sú, gen. þeirrar, acc. þá; n. þat, dat. því; pl. m. þeir, f. þǽ---] ‘that (one), those...’ 19/7, 8/3, 14/3, 20/7, 21/7, 36/7, þann 34/3, þat 5/7, þat 20/3, þat 22/7, þat 41/6, þat 43/6, þat 44/3, þau 41/7, þeim 18/2, þeir 7/3, þeir 18/1, þeir 27/6, þess 25/3, þess 45/3, því 3/3, því 22/6

sátt (noun f.) [°-ar; -ir] ‘settlement...’sáttir 24/3

sáttr (adj.) [°compar. -ari, superl. -astr] ‘reconciled, at peace...’sáttir 40/8

seggr (noun m.) [°; -ir] ‘man...’seggja 9/1

segja (verb) ‘say, tell...’sǫgðu 21/5, Sagt 16/1, Sagt 17/1, segik 11/7, 34/3

segl (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘sail...’ — 33/5

2seimr (noun m.) [°dat. -i] ‘gold...’seima 6/2

1selja (noun f.) [°-u] ‘willow...’selju 3/8

sem (conj.) ‘as, which...’ — 2/1

1serkr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -/-i; -ir] ‘shirt...’serkja 26/4

siðforn (adj.) ‘[heathens]...’siðfornir 7/6

sigr (noun m.) [°sigrs/sigrar, dat. sigri; sigrar] ‘victory...’Sig 24/1, Sig 9/1, Sig 12/2, Sig 13/2, Sig 33/6, sigri 8/3

Sigurðr (noun m.) ‘Sigurðr...’Sigurði 9/6

sik (pron.) [°gen. sín, dat. sér] ‘(refl. pron.)...’sér 11/4, sér 13/7, sér 27/3

3sinn (pron.) [°f. sín, n. sitt] ‘(refl. poss. pron.)...’sinna 10/8, sína 25/2, sína 24/1, sína 38/2, sínum 17/2, sínum 33/4

sitja (verb) ‘sit...’sitja 6/1, sitja 40/7

síðan (adv.) ‘later, then...’ — 7/5, 10/4, 13/4, 21/6, 37/6

2sjá (verb) ‘see...’ — 7/5

sjór (noun m.) ‘sea...’sær 16/8

skammr (adj.) ‘short...’skǫmmu 18/6

1skap (noun n.) [°-s; *-] ‘mind, fate...’skapi 3/4

1skeið (noun f.) [°-ar; -r/-ar/-ir] ‘ship...’ — 38/1, skeiðum 15/2, skeiðum 40/4

skip (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘ship...’ — 15/6, 38/4, skipa 16/4, skipum 10/4

skjǫldr (noun m.) [°skjaldar/skildar, dat. skildi; skildir, acc. skjǫldu] ‘shield...’skjǫldu 24/6

2skorta (verb) ‘be short of, lack...’skorti 21/2

2skóð (noun n.) ‘harmer, scathe...’skóðs 20/6

skulu (verb) ‘shall, should, must...’skal 8/1, skyldi 36/1, skyldu 11/2, skyldu 14/4

2skynda (verb) ‘rush, hasten...’ — 40/6

ský (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘cloud...’skýja 32/6

skœðr (adj.) ‘dangerous...’ — 19/3

2slíkr (adj.) ‘such...’slíkan 12/4, slíkt 11/3

snarpr (adj.) ‘sharp, keen...’snarpra 28/5

snarr (adj.) ‘gallant, bold...’snar 9/2, Snara 33/5

snemma (adv.) ‘early...’ — 6/4

1snerta (noun f.) [°-u] ‘onslaught...’snertu 24/8, snertu 5/6

snjallr (adj.) ‘quick, resourceful, bold...’snjallastr 8/4, snjǫllu 9/4

snyrti- ((prefix)) ‘[fine, Splendid]...’snyrti 16/2, snyrti 39/2

snœri (noun n.) [°; -] ‘cable, thong...’snœrum 27/6

sonr (noun m.) [°-ar, dat. syni; synir, acc. sonu, syni] ‘son...’son 42/6, 29/6, syni 8/8

sókn (noun f.) [°-ar; -ir] ‘attack, fight...’ — 24/2

3spenna (verb) ‘(strong)...’spann 27/3

standa (verb) ‘stand...’stóð 31/3, stóðu 39/1

1stál (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘steel, weapon, prow...’stála 27/2

sterkr (adj.) ‘strong...’sterkir 10/2

stíga (verb) ‘step...’ — 37/2

1stóll (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i/-; -ar] ‘seat, throne...’stóli 16/4

stórr (adj.) ‘large, great...’stóra 7/2, stórum 44/2

strangr (adj.) ‘strong...’stranga 24/2, stranga 39/8, strangri 29/2

straumr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i/-; -ar] ‘stream, current...’ — 35/3

strenging (noun f.) [°; dat. -um] ‘[vows]...’ — 12/1, strengingar 11/6

strengja (verb) ‘[test, made]...’ — 43/6

strengr (noun m.) [°-jar; -ir] ‘string, rope, bow-string...’strengja 14/6

2stríð (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘affliction...’stríði 23/8, stríði 15/8, stríði 19/8, stríði 27/8, stríði 31/8, stríði 35/8

stríðir (noun m.) ‘opponent, fighter...’stríðir 4/8

stœra (verb) ‘increase, strengthen...’ — 26/5

sund (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘sound, strait; swimming...’sundi 35/2

sunnan (adv.) ‘(from the) south...’ — 16/1, 18/2

1sút (noun f.) [°-ar; -ir] ‘sorrow...’sútar 2/2

svalr (adj.) ‘cool...’ — 16/7

svarri (noun m.) [°-a] ‘(proud) lady...’svarra 3/1

svá (adv.) ‘so, thus...’ — 39/6, 43/7

svát (conj.) ‘so that, so as...’ — 21/2

sveinn (noun m.) [°sveins; sveinar] ‘boy, servant, attendant...’sveina 25/4

sveit (noun f.) [°-ar; -ir] ‘host, company...’sveit 24/4, 39/3

svellandi (noun m.) ‘[Sweller]...’ — 36/2, 43/3

sverð (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘sword...’sverða 28/5

1sýja (noun f.) [°-u; -ur] ‘planking, vessel...’sýju 16/7

sǫngr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -vi/-; -var] ‘song...’sǫng 42/4, 28/6

2taka (verb) ‘take...’tœki 30/8

tamiðr (adj./verb p.p.) ‘accustomed, tamed...’tǫmðum 14/2

teiti (noun f.) ‘cheerfulness...’teiti 23/4, 11/8, 15/4, 19/4, 27/4, 31/4, 35/4

telja (verb) ‘tell, count...’ — 6/5

tigr (noun m.) [°-ar/-s(DN II (1309) 80¹², etc.); -ir, acc. -u] ‘a ten of, a decade; a ten of, a decade...’tigir 39/4

til (prep.) ‘to...’ — 10/2, 13/3, 14/5, 18/3

tolf (num. cardinal) ‘twelve...’tólf 44/4

týna (verb) ‘lose, destroy...’ — 41/2

1ulfr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i; -ar] ‘wolf...’úlfr 31/3

Ullr (noun m.) ‘Ullr...’ — 43/7, 45/1

3und (prep.) ‘under, underneath...’und 4/6, 4/1

undan (adv.) ‘away, away from...’ — 40/6

ungr (adj.) ‘young...’unga 3/3, 43/6, ungra 39/2

upp (adv.) ‘up...’ — 5/7, 19/6, 38/5, 39/1

uppi (adv.) ‘up, up in...’ — 41/7

út (adv.) ‘out(side)...’ — 35/3, 37/3

2Vagn (noun m.) ‘[Vagn, with Vagn]...’ — 9/7, 14/1, 28/2, 29/1, 38/2, 40/5, 42/7, Vagni 39/3, Vagni 41/4, Vagni 43/2, Vagni 44/4, Vagns 36/4

1valdi (noun m.) ‘ruler...’valda 12/2, valda 13/2, 9/1, 24/1, 33/6

1vangr (noun m.) ‘field, plain...’vangs 3/2

vargr (noun m.) [°dat. -i; -ar] ‘wolf...’ — 31/6

vaxa (verb) ‘grow, increase...’œxti 30/2

váð (noun f.) [°-ar; -ir] ‘clothes...’váðir 33/8

vágr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i/-; -ar] ‘sea, wave...’vági 20/8

ván (noun f.) [°-ar, dat. -/-u; -ir] ‘hope, expectation...’vánir 25/4

vápn (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘weapon...’vápna 25/8, vápnum 28/1, vápnum 36/3

várr (pron.) [°f. ór/vár; pl. órir/várir] ‘our...’órum 1/2

1vega (verb) ‘strike, slay...’ 34/7, vegit 42/8

2vegr (noun m.) [°-s/-ar, dat. -] ‘honour...’veg 34/2

2veita (verb) ‘grant, give...’veittar 34/4

vel (adv.) ‘well, very...’ — 3/7, 6/5, 24/2, 28/6, 29/4, 39/3

2vera (verb) ‘be, is, was, were, are, am...’emk 2/5, emk 2/7, er 6/7, era 34/3, eru 11/3, var 3/1, var 8/2, var 8/5, var 9/5, var 11/8, var 12/3, var 12/7, var 16/1, var 17/1, var 18/5, var 18/7, var 21/7, var 22/3, var 28/5, var 33/1, var 36/7, var 41/6, varat 24/3, Varkak 4/1, Váru 17/5, váru 22/5, váru 38/3, 13/4, 21/6, verit 21/4, verit 26/8, væri 9/7, væri 20/2

1verða (verb) ‘become, be...’orðinn 2/7, orðit 29/1, varð 22/6, 34/1, verði 38/1

3verja (verb) ‘defend...’ — 21/1, 22/3, verjask 28/1, verjask 36/3

vér (pron.) [°gen. vár, dat./acc. oss] ‘we, us, our...’oss 3/3, 6/1

véseti (noun m.) ‘véseti...’Véseta 7/8

2við (prep.) ‘with, against...’ — 21/7, 26/7, 33/5

1viðr (noun m.) [°-ar, dat. -i/-; -ir, acc. -u/-i] ‘wood, tree...’viðir 20/5, viðir 25/5, viðum 30/3

vilja (verb) ‘want, intend...’vildu 11/1, 13/5, Vilt 43/1

1vinna (noun f.) [°-u; -ur] ‘achievement, deed...’vinnur 6/6

2vinna (verb) ‘perform, work...’vann 28/7, vann 34/5

vinr (noun m.) [°-ar, dat. -/(-i OsvReyk 92.17); -ir] ‘friend...’vini 38/8

virðr (noun m.) ‘man...’virða 25/3

1vita (verb) ‘know...’vissu 25/3

1víða (adv.) ‘widely...’ — 19/2

víðr (adj.) ‘far...’víðum 20/6

víf (noun n.) ‘woman, wife...’vífa 2/8

vígfúss (adj.) ‘vígfúss...’ — 34/1

víkingr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i; -ar] ‘viking...’víkingi 22/5

1víss (adj.) ‘wise, certain(ly)...’víst 6/5, víst 9/8

vænn (adj.) ‘beautiful, expected...’væn 39/4

yðvarr (pron.) [°f. yður; pl. yðrir] ‘your...’yðvart 43/3

1Yggr (noun m.) ‘Yggr...’Yggjar 4/6, Yggjar 1/6, Yggjar 26/1, Yggjar 29/5, Yggjar 37/1, Yggjar 43/4

ylgr (noun f.) [°acc. -i] ‘she-wolf...’ — 31/2

yrkisefni (noun n.) ‘material for a poem...’ — 11/3

yrkja (verb) ‘compose...’ort 3/5, 5/3, 6/8

2ýgr (adj.) ‘fierce...’ — 37/2

ýmiss (adj.) ‘various, alternate...’ýmsum 10/7

ýta (verb) ‘launch...’ — 15/3

ýtr (noun m.) ‘man; launcher...’ýta 5/7, ýta 11/7, ýtar 1/7, ýtar 21/5, ýtar 22/8, ýtum 29/1, ýtum 30/6, ýtum 32/6, ýtum 40/5

þar (adv.) ‘there...’ — 6/7, 7/5, 9/3, 18/5, 20/5, 21/5, 22/2, 25/1, 28/1, 29/5, 31/3, 32/5, 33/1, 34/1, 37/6, 38/5, 39/1, 41/1

þarfr (adj.) ‘necessary, useful...’þǫrf 7/8, þǫrfum 33/1

2þá (adv.) ‘then...’ — 11/1, 14/5, 18/1, 32/1, 38/3, 41/3, 42/3, 45/1

þáttr (noun m.) [°dat. þǽtti; þǽttir, acc. þáttu] ‘strand, tale...’þátt 34/4

þegar (adv.) ‘at once, then...’ — 30/8, 41/2

þegn (noun m.) [°dat. -/-i; -ar] ‘thane, man, franklin...’þegnar 36/4, þegna 28/2, þegna 38/2, þegna 41/4, þegnum 9/3, þegnum 44/4

þella (noun f.) ‘fir, young pine...’þellu 3/6

þengill (noun m.) ‘prince, ruler...’ — 15/3

þiggja (verb) ‘receive, get...’ — 43/4, 43/8

þing (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘meeting, assembly...’þings 6/7

þjokkva (verb) ‘[thick, make]...’ — 34/5

þjóð (noun f.) [°-ar, dat. -/-u; -ir] ‘people...’ — 20/3, þjóðir 41/7, þjóðir 44/3

þó (adv.) ‘though...’ — 1/3, 1/7, 2/5, 3/5

Þórkell (noun m.) ‘[Þorkell]...’Þorkell 9/4, Þorketill 42/2, Þorketils 14/8

Þórleifr (noun m.) ‘Þorleifr, Thorleifr ...’Þorleifr 34/5

þrek (noun n.) ‘courage, strength...’ — 12/4, 33/2, 34/6

þriði (num. ordinal) ‘third...’þriðja 21/8

þrír (num. cardinal) ‘three...’ — 20/4, 39/4

þróttr (noun m.) ‘strength, might, valour...’þróttar 41/8

þryma (noun f.) ‘[thunder]...’þrymu 13/3, þrymu 45/2

þungr (adj.) ‘heavy...’þungar 36/6

þunnr (adj.) ‘slender, thin...’þunn 38/4

2þurfa (verb) ‘need, be necessary...’þarf 5/3

1þverra (verb) ‘diminish...’þvarr 31/7, 41/3

því (adv.) ‘therefore, because...’ — 32/7

2þykkja (verb) ‘seem, think...’þótti 7/7, þótti 20/7

þylja (verb) ‘recite...’þylja 3/8

þǫrf (noun f.) [°þarfar; þarfar/þarfir] ‘need...’ — 34/3

œða (verb) ‘infuriate...’ — 32/2

œrinn (adj.) ‘ample, sufficient...’œrit 2/6

1ætt (noun f.) [°-ar; -ir] ‘family...’ — 1/8, 15/5, 19/5, 23/5, 27/5, 31/5, 35/5

ǫðlingr (noun m.) [°; -ar] ‘prince, ruler...’ǫðlings 38/6

ǫfugr (adj.) ‘backwards...’ǫfga 38/7

ǫl (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘ale...’ — 3/8, 11/8

ǫld (noun f.) [°; aldir] ‘people, age...’ǫldum 1/5, ǫldur 11/2

ǫllungis (adv.) ‘completely...’Ǫllungis 4/5

2ǫnd (noun f.) [°andar, dat. ǫnd/ǫndu; andir] ‘soul, breath...’ǫndu 41/1

1ǫnn (noun f.) ‘concern, worry...’annir 10/8

ǫr (noun f.) [°dat. -/-u; ǫrvar/ǫrar] ‘arrow...’ǫrva 30/5

ǫrlyndr (adj.) ‘liberal-minded...’ — 45/2

ǫrr (adj.) ‘generous, brave...’ǫr 29/2, 12/3, 15/3, 24/6, 42/8, 44/1

ǫs (noun f.) ‘[tumult]...’ — 28/8

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