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Arnórr jarlaskáld Þórðarson (Arn)

11th century; volume 2; ed. Diana Whaley;

3. Magnússdrápa (Magndr) - 19

Arnórr jarlaskáld ‘Jarls’-poet’ came from Hítarnes in western Iceland, the son of the prosperous farmer and poet Þórðr Kolbeinsson (ÞKolbI, born 974) and Oddný eykyndill ‘Island-candle’ Þorkelsdóttir, who was the subject of the long-running personal and poetic rivalry between Þórðr and Bjǫrn Hítdœlakappi (BjhítV) which is commemorated in Bjarnar saga Hítdœlakappa. According to that saga chronology, Arnórr would have been born c. 1011/12, and he features as a boy in ch. 23 of the saga, and in ch. 60 of Grettis saga. He went abroad, probably in his early twenties, for he is named in Skáldatal (SnE 1848-87, III, 258, 267) among the skalds of King Knútr inn ríki (Cnut the Great) (d. 1035). From the evidence of the memorial poems Rǫgnvaldsdrápa (Arn Rǫgndr), especially st. 2, and Þorfinnsdrápa (Arn Þorfdr), especially sts 3, 4 (cf. Lv 1), he spent several years in the Orkney Islands as poet and intimate of the jarls Rǫgnvaldr (d. c. 1045) and Þorfinnr (d. c. 1065). It is to this that his nickname refers. Arnórr was in Norway during the brief joint rule of Magnús Óláfsson and Haraldr Sigurðarson (c. 1045-6), and his performance of Hrynhenda (Arn Hryn) for Magnús and Blágagladrápa ‘The drápa of Dark Geese (= Ravens (?))’ for Haraldr is the subject of a spirited anecdote (Mork 1928-32, 116-18, Flat 1860-8, III, 321-3, Fms 6, 195-8; referred to below as ‘the Mork anecdote’). The later part of Arnórr’s career is obscure, but there is a second, memorial poem for Magnús, Magnússdrápa (Arn Magndr), and his composition of a Haraldsdrápa (Arn Hardr) in memory of Haraldr (d. 1066) suggests continuing links of some kind with Norway, though he also composed about Icelanders: a fragmentarily preserved poem for Hermundr Illugason (d. c. 1055; Arn HermIII) and a poem for Gellir Þorkelsson (d. 1073) of which Arn Frag 1III might be a remnant. For further outlines of Arnórr’s life and works, see Hollander 1945, 177-83; Turville-Petre 1968, 5-10, 1976, 93-4; Whaley 1998, 41-7.

The majority of Arnórr’s surviving oeuvre takes the form of memorial encomia (erfidrápur) for rulers of Norway or Orkney in the dróttkvætt metre: ten ll. only of Rǫgndr and longer fragments of Magnússdrápa (Magndr), Þorfdr and Hardr. His greatest contribution to the development of skaldic poetry, however, is his authorship of the first known encomium in the hrynhent metre: the Hrynhenda which, since it apostrophises Magnús góði, must predate the memorial Magndr. Arn Frag 1III is in the same metre but probably unconnected (see above). It is possible that Arn Frag 4III is in praise of Knútr inn ríki and the non-royal dedicatees of Herm and Frag 1 have been mentioned above. Arnórr also appears in one recension of Skáldatal (SnE 1848-87, III, 262) as a poet of Óláfr kyrri ‘the Quiet’ Haraldsson (d. 1093), and the pres. tense praise of Arn Frag 3III could have been addressed to him, or alternatively to Haraldr in Blágagladrápa. Only one st., Arn Lv 1, seems clearly to be a lv.; it was spoken during a civil conflict in the Orkneys. Herm and the eight other Fragments are printed in SkP III since they are preserved in SnE and LaufE and cannot be certainly assigned to any of the poems in the present volume.

The principal eds consulted in the course of editing Arnórr’s poetry for SkP are listed for each st., and are of two main types: eds of the skaldic corpus (Finnur Jónsson’s in Skj AI, 332-54, BI, 305-27, BI, and E. A. Kock’s in Skald I, 155-65, supported by numerous NN) and eds of the various prose works in which the poetry is preserved. Extracts are also included in anthologies, articles and other works including (with ten or more sts): Munch and Unger 1847, 119-20; CPB II, 184-98; Wisén 1886-9, I, 44-6, 141-2, 199-200 (Hryn only); Kock and Meissner 1931, I, 48-53; Hollander 1945,177-88 (annotated translations only, mainly Hryn); and (with five sts): Turville-Petre 1976, 93-7. Other works containing comment on the poetry are cited as appropriate in the Notes.

files
file 2006-01-11 - Arnórr Þ reconstructions
file 2007-07-04 - Arnórr mss ordering

Magnússdrápa (‘Drápa about Magnús’) — Arn MagndrII

Diana Whaley 2009, ‘(Introduction to) Arnórr jarlaskáld Þórðarson, Magnússdrápa’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 206-29.

stanzas:  1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   10   11   12   13   14   15   16   17   18   19 

Skj: Arnórr Þórðarson jarlaskáld: 3. Magnúsdrápa (AI, 338-43, BI, 311-15); stanzas (if different): 13 | 14

in texts: Flat, Fsk, H-Hr, Hkr, LaufE, MGóð, MH, ÓH, Skm, SnE

SkP info: II, 206-29

old edition introduction edition manuscripts transcriptions concordance references search files

 

1 Vol. 2. Arnórr jarlaskáld Þórðarson, 3. Magnússdrápa, 1 [Vol. 2, 207-9] — Arn Magndr 1II

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Nú hykk rjóðanda reiðu
rógǫrs, þvít veitk gǫrva,
(þegi seimbrotar) segja
seggjum hneitis eggja;
vasat ellifu allra
ormsetrs hati vetra,
hraustr þás herskip glæsti
Hǫrða vinr ór Gǫrðum.

Skj: Arnórr Þórðarson jarlaskáld: 3. Magnúsdrápa 1 (AI, 338; BI, 311); dróttkvætt; ed. DW; group: A2; mss: 301x, 325V, 325VI, 325VII, 39, 61, 73ax, 972x, Bb, E, F, Flat, FskAx, Holm2, Holm4, Hr, J2x, Kx, Tóm; texts: Flat 970, Fsk 168, H-Hr 1, MGóð 1, MH 1, ÓH 190(186)
 
2 Vol. 2. Arnórr jarlaskáld Þórðarson, 3. Magnússdrápa, 2 [Vol. 2, 209-10] — Arn Magndr 2II

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Þing bauð út enn ungi
eggrjóðandi þjóðum,
fim bar hirð til hǫmlu
hervæðr ara bræðis;
salt skar húfi héltum
hraustr þjóðkonungr austan;
bôru brimlogs rýri
brún veðr at Sigtúnum.

Skj: Arnórr Þórðarson jarlaskáld: 3. Magnúsdrápa 2 (AI, 338-9; BI, 312); dróttkvætt; ed. DW; group: A2; mss: 325V, 325VI, 325VII, 39, 61, 73ax, 972x, A, Bb, C, E, F, Flat, Holm2, Holm4, Hr, J2x, Kx, R, Tx, Tóm; texts: Flat 971, H-Hr 2, MGóð 2, MH 2, ÓH 191(187), Skm 356
 
3 Vol. 2. Arnórr jarlaskáld Þórðarson, 3. Magnússdrápa, 3 [Vol. 2, 211-12] — Arn Magndr 3II

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Gekk á Svíþjóð søkkvi
Sveins, es fremð vann eina;
fýstisk Áleifs austan
afkart sonar hjarta;
nótt beið ok dag dróttins
dygg ferð Jaðarbyggva;
fýst bað gramr í geystu
gífrs veðri sér hlífa.

Skj: Arnórr Þórðarson jarlaskáld: 3. Magnúsdrápa 3 (AI, 338-9; BI, 311-12); dróttkvætt; ed. DW; group: A2; mss: Hr; texts: H-Hr 3
 
4 Vol. 2. Arnórr jarlaskáld Þórðarson, 3. Magnússdrápa, 4 [Vol. 2, 212-13] — Arn Magndr 4II

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Flœði fylkir reiði
framr þjóðkonungs ramma,
stǫkk fyr auðvin órum
armsvells hatti "gellir";
létat Nóregs njóta
nýtr þengill gram lengi;
hann rak svein af sínum
sókndjarfr fǫður-arfi.

Skj: Arnórr Þórðarson jarlaskáld: 3. Magnúsdrápa 4 (AI, 339; BI, 311-12); dróttkvætt; ed. DW; group: A2; mss: 301x, 51x, 57x, Flat, FskAx, FskBx, Hr; texts: Flat 972, Fsk 169, H-Hr 8, MH 3
 
5 Vol. 2. Arnórr jarlaskáld Þórðarson, 3. Magnússdrápa, 5 [Vol. 2, 213-15] — Arn Magndr 5II

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Afkárlig varð, jarla,
orðgnótt, sús hlaut dróttinn;
fylgði efnð, því's ylgjar
angrtælir réð mæla,
at framm í gný grimmum
grafnings und kló hrafni
fúss lézk falla ræsir
feigr eða Danmǫrk eiga.

Skj: Arnórr Þórðarson jarlaskáld: 3. Magnúsdrápa 5 (AI, 339; BI, 312); dróttkvætt; ed. DW; group: A2; mss: 301x, 39, 51x, E, F, Flat, FskAx, FskBx, H, Hr, J2x, Kx; texts: Flat 992, Fsk 173, H-Hr 28, MGóð 34, MH 23
 
6 Vol. 2. Arnórr jarlaskáld Þórðarson, 3. Magnússdrápa, 6 [Vol. 2, 215-16] — Arn Magndr 6II

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Segja munk, hvé Sygna
snarfengjan bar þengil
hallr ok hrími sollinn
hléborðs visundr norðan;
setti bjóðr at breiðu
brynþings (fetilstinga
fús tók ǫld við œsi)
Jótlandi gramr branda.

Skj: Arnórr Þórðarson jarlaskáld: 3. Magnúsdrápa 6 (AI, 339-40; BI, 312); dróttkvætt; ed. DW; group: A2; mss: 39, E, F, Flat, H, Hr, J2x, Kx; texts: Flat 994, H-Hr 29, MGóð 37, MH 25
 
7 Vol. 2. Arnórr jarlaskáld Þórðarson, 3. Magnússdrápa, 7 [Vol. 2, 216] — Arn Magndr 7II

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Náði siklingr síðan
snjallr ok Danmǫrk allri
(môttr óx drengja dróttins)
dýrr Nóregi at stýra;
engr hefr annarr þengill
áðr svá gnógu láði
(bráskat bragnings þroski)
barnungr und sik þrungit.

Skj: Arnórr Þórðarson jarlaskáld: 3. Magnúsdrápa 7 (AI, 340; BI, 312-13); dróttkvætt; ed. DW; group: A2; mss: Flat, H, Hr; texts: Flat 993, H-Hr 30, MH 24
 
8 Vol. 2. Arnórr jarlaskáld Þórðarson, 3. Magnússdrápa, 8 [Vol. 2, 217] — Arn Magndr 8II

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Vann, þás Vinðr of minnir
vápnhríð konungr, síðan;
sveið ófám at Jómi
illvirkja hræ stillir;
búk dró bráðla steikðan
blóðugr vargr af glóðum;
rann á óskírð enni
allfrekr bani hallar.

Skj: Arnórr Þórðarson jarlaskáld: 3. Magnúsdrápa 8 (AI, 340; BI, 313); dróttkvætt; ed. DW; group: A2; mss: Flat, H, Hr; texts: Flat 996, H-Hr 32, MH 27
 
9 Vol. 2. Arnórr jarlaskáld Þórðarson, 3. Magnússdrápa, 9 [Vol. 2, 218] — Arn Magndr 9II

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Fúss lét á Ré ræsir
rammþing háit Glamma;
valska rauð fyr víðu
Vestlandi gramr branda.

Skj: Arnórr Þórðarson jarlaskáld: 3. Magnúsdrápa 9 (AI, 340; BI, 313); dróttkvætt; ed. DW; group: A2; mss: 39, E, F, Flat, H, Hr, J2x, Kx; texts: Flat 997, H-Hr 33, H-Hr 41, MGóð 43, MH 28
 
10 Vol. 2. Arnórr jarlaskáld Þórðarson, 3. Magnússdrápa, 10 [Vol. 2, 219-20] — Arn Magndr 10II

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Óð með øxi breiða
ódæsinn framm ræsir,
varð of hilmi Hǫrða
hjǫrdynr, ok varp brynju;
þás of skapt, en skipti
skapvǫrðr himins jǫrðu,
(Hel klauf hausa fǫlva)
hendr tvær jǫfurs spendu.

Skj: Arnórr Þórðarson jarlaskáld: 3. Magnúsdrápa 10 (AI, 340-1; BI, 313); dróttkvætt; ed. DW; group: A2; mss: 301x, 321x, 325V, 325VI, 39, 51x, 61, 73ax, 972x, Bb, E, F, Flat, FskAx, FskBx, H, Holm2, Hr, J2x, Kx, Tóm; texts: Flat 1000, Fsk 176, H-Hr 35, MGóð 41, MH 31, ÓH 213(208)
 
11 Vol. 2. Arnórr jarlaskáld Þórðarson, 3. Magnússdrápa, 11 [Vol. 2, 220-1] — Arn Magndr 11II

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Svá hlóð siklingr hôvan
snarr af ulfa barri
(hrósak hugfulls vísa)
hrækǫst fira (ævi),
at áleggjar Yggjar
allnáttfǫrull máttit
(ǫld lá vítt), þótt vildi,
vífs marr yfir klífa.

Skj: Arnórr Þórðarson jarlaskáld: 3. Magnúsdrápa 11 (AI, 341; BI, 313-14); dróttkvætt; ed. DW; group: A2; mss: Flat, H, Hr; texts: Flat 1002, H-Hr 39, MH 33
 
12 Vol. 2. Arnórr jarlaskáld Þórðarson, 3. Magnússdrápa, 12 [Vol. 2, 221-2] — Arn Magndr 12II

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Vítt hefk heyrt at heiti
Helganes, þars elgi
vágs enn víða frægi
vargteitir hrauð marga;
røkr ǫndurt bað randir
reggbúss saman leggja,
rógskýja helt, Rygja,
regni haustnôtt gegnum.

Skj: Arnórr Þórðarson jarlaskáld: 3. Magnúsdrápa 12 (AI, 340-1; BI, 314); dróttkvætt; ed. DW; group: A2; mss: 2368x, 301x, 39, 51x, A, C, E, F, Flat, FskAx, FskBx, H, Hr, J2x, Kx, R, Tx, U, W; texts: Flat 1011, Fsk 178, H-Hr 56, LaufE 109(373), MGóð 60, MH 42, Skm 215
 
13 Vol. 2. Arnórr jarlaskáld Þórðarson, 3. Magnússdrápa, 13 [Vol. 2, 223] — Arn Magndr 13II

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Dǫrr lét drengja harri
drjúgspakr af þrek fljúga
(glœddi eldr af oddum)
almi skept á hjalma;
létat hilmir hneiti,
Hǫgna væðr í gǫgnum
jǫrn flugu þykt sem þyrnir,
þél harðara sparðan.

Skj: Arnórr Þórðarson jarlaskáld: 3. Magnúsdrápa 14 (AI, 342; BI, 314); dróttkvætt; ed. DW; group: A2; mss: Flat, H, Hr; texts: Flat 1003, H-Hr 57, MH 34
 
14 Vol. 2. Arnórr jarlaskáld Þórðarson, 3. Magnússdrápa, 14 [Vol. 2, 223-4] — Arn Magndr 14II

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Skeiðr tók Bjarnar bróður
ballr Skônunga allar
(þjóð røri þeirar tíðar
þingat) gramr með hringum.

Skj: Arnórr Þórðarson jarlaskáld: 3. Magnúsdrápa 13 (AI, 341-2; BI, 314); dróttkvætt; ed. DW; group: A2; mss: 39, 51x, E, Flat, FskBx, H, Hr, J2x, Kx; texts: Flat 1010, Fsk 0, H-Hr 61, MGóð 63, MH 41
 
15 Vol. 2. Arnórr jarlaskáld Þórðarson, 3. Magnússdrápa, 15 [Vol. 2, 225] — Arn Magndr 15II

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Sveins manna rekr sunnan
sǫndug lík at strǫndum;
vítt sér ǫld fyr útan
Jótland, hvar hræ fljóta;
vitnir dregr ór vatni
(vann Áleifs sonr bannat),
búk slítr vargr í víkum,
valkǫst (ara fǫstu).

Skj: Arnórr Þórðarson jarlaskáld: 3. Magnúsdrápa 15 (AI, 342; BI, 314-15); dróttkvætt; ed. DW; group: A2; mss: Flat, H, Hr; texts: Flat 1009, H-Hr 62, MH 40
 
16 Vol. 2. Arnórr jarlaskáld Þórðarson, 3. Magnússdrápa, 16 [Vol. 2, 225-6] — Arn Magndr 16II

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Uppgǫngu vann yngvi
auðlógandi gnóga,
gerði hilmir Hǫrða
hjǫrþey, á Skáneyju.

Skj: Arnórr Þórðarson jarlaskáld: 3. Magnúsdrápa 16 (AI, 342; BI, 315); dróttkvætt; ed. DW; group: A2; mss: 51x, 57x, Flat, FskBx, H, Hr; texts: Flat 1005, Fsk 0, H-Hr 66, MH 36
 
17 Vol. 2. Arnórr jarlaskáld Þórðarson, 3. Magnússdrápa, 17 [Vol. 2, 226-7] — Arn Magndr 17II

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Svik réð eigi eklu
allvaldr Dǫnum gjalda;
lét fullhugaðr falla
Falstrbyggva lið tyggi;
hlóð, en hála téðu
hirðmenn ara grenni,
auðar þorn fyr ǫrnu
ungr valkǫstu þunga.

Skj: Arnórr Þórðarson jarlaskáld: 3. Magnúsdrápa 17 (AI, 342-3; BI, 315); dróttkvætt; ed. DW; group: A2; mss: 2368x, 301x, 39, 51x, A, C, E, F, Flat, FskAx, FskBx, H, Hr, J2x, Kx, R, Tx, U, W; texts: Flat 1012, Fsk 179, H-Hr 71, LaufE 114(374), MGóð 71, MH 43, Skm 220
 
18 Vol. 2. Arnórr jarlaskáld Þórðarson, 3. Magnússdrápa, 18 [Vol. 2, 227-8] — Arn Magndr 18II

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Enn rauð frôn á Fjóni,
fold sótti gramr dróttar,
(ráns galt herr frá hônum)
hringserks lituðr merki;
minnisk ǫld, hverr annan
jafnþarfr blôum hrafni
(ǫrt gat hilmir hjarta)
herskyldir tøg fyldi.

Skj: Arnórr Þórðarson jarlaskáld: 3. Magnúsdrápa 18 (AI, 343; BI, 315); dróttkvætt; ed. DW; group: A2; mss: 301x, 39, 51x, E, F, Flat, FskAx, FskBx, H, Hr, J2x, Kx; texts: Flat 1013, Fsk 180, H-Hr 72, MGóð 72, MH 44
 
19 Vol. 2. Arnórr jarlaskáld Þórðarson, 3. Magnússdrápa, 19 [Vol. 2, 229] — Arn Magndr 19II

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Ungr skjǫldungr stígr aldri
jafnmildr á við skilðan
(þess vas grams) und gǫmlum
(gnóg rausn) Ymis hausi.

Skj: Arnórr Þórðarson jarlaskáld: 3. Magnúsdrápa 19 (AI, 343; BI, 315); dróttkvætt; ed. DW; group: A2; mss: 2368x, 743x, 744x, B, R, Tx, U, W; texts: LaufE 44(349-50), Skm 106
 
Runic data from Samnordisk runtextdatabas, Uppsala universitet, unless otherwise stated