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Rǫgnvaldr jarl Kali Kolsson (Rv)

12th century; volume 2; ed. Judith Jesch;

III. Lausavísur (Lv) - 3

Rǫgnvaldr Kali Kolsson, jarl of Orkney, is known primarily from Orkn, in which he is one of the main characters, but he is also mentioned in other texts, including Hkr (ÍF 28, 324-5) and Icel. annals (Storm 1888, 20-1, 60, 113-14, 116, 120, 321-2, 324). He was born Kali Kolsson, the son of a Norw. nobleman from Agder, Kolr Kalason, and Gunnhildr, the sister of the martyred S. Magnús of Orkney (ÍF 34, 101-2). Orkn recounts various episodes from Rǫgnvaldr’s youth, in Norway and elsewhere, several of them associated with lvv. (see below). Though we are not told how and when he learned the skaldic art, his grandfather Kali Sæbjarnarson is said to have been good at poetical composition (ÍF 34, 95) and indeed Orkn preserves one st. by him (Kali Lv). Kali Kolsson was given the name Rǫgnvaldr by King Sigurðr jórsalafari Magnússon when he also made him joint jarl of Orkney with Páll Hákonarson. There are relatively few lvv. associated with Rǫgnvaldr’s assumption of power in Orkney and subsequent political affairs, though both are recounted at length in the saga. Rǫgnvaldr is remembered for his poetry, especially that composed during his crusade to the Holy Land in 1151-3, and for instigating the building of the cathedral in Kirkwall, dedicated to his uncle S. Magnús. Rǫgnvaldr was killed in Caithness in an ambush by political opponents in 1158 (according to the Icel. annals, but 1159 according to the internal chronology of Orkn, cf. ÍF 34, xc) and is remembered as a saint. His relics were translated in 1192 (according to the Icel. annals) and a skull and some bones found in St Magnus Cathedral may have been his (Jesch and Molleson, 2005). There are thirty-five lvv. attributed to Rǫgnvaldr, of which thirty-two are preserved in mss of Orkn and edited here. Three further lvv. (Rv Lv 33-5III) are edited in SkP III, along with Háttalykill (RvHbreiðm HlIII), a poetical guide to metres composed by Rǫgnvaldr jointly with Hallr Þórarinsson breiðmaga.

Vol. II. Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: from c. 1035 to c. 1300 > 8. Introduction > 5. Biographies > 2. Biographies of Other Dignitaries > e. Rǫgnvaldr Kali Kolsson

Jarl Rǫgnvaldr Kali Kolsson of Orkney is not commemorated in praise poetry, and his biography is therefore not included here. For his life and poetic works, see his skald Biography.

Lausavísur — Rv LvIII

Judith Jesch 2017, ‘(Introduction to) Rǫgnvaldr jarl Kali Kolsson, Lausavísur’ in Kari Ellen Gade and Edith Marold (eds), Poetry from Treatises on Poetics. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 3. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 342.

stanzas:  33   34   35 

Skj: Rǫgnvaldr jarl kali Kolsson: Lausavísur [33-35] (AI, 505-12, BI, 478-87)

in texts: LaufE, LaufE, SnE, SnEW

SkP info: III, 342

old edition introduction edition manuscripts transcriptions concordance references search files


akr (noun m.) [°akrs, dat. akri; akrar] ‘field...’ — 34/1

1annarr (pron.) [°f. ǫnnur, n. annat; pl. aðrir] ‘(an)other, second...’ǫðrum 33/1

3á (prep.) ‘on, at...’ — 34/8

blíðr (adj.) [°n. sg. nom. & acc. blítt/blíðt; compar. -ari, superl. -astr] ‘gentle, happy...’blíðan 33/3

brík (noun f.) [°-ar; -r] ‘plank...’ — 34/4

brynnandi (noun m.) ‘[waterers]...’brynndum 33/2

1dýr (noun n.) [°-s (spec.: dyʀiɴs KonrA 66⁴‡, etc., cf. Seip 1955 188-189); -] ‘animal...’ — 35/3

dœgr (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘day and night; 24h period...’dœgri 34/8

eða (conj.) ‘or...’ — 33/1

2eiga (verb) [°á/eigr (præs. pl. 3. pers. eigu/eiga); átti, áttu; átt] ‘own, have...’eigum 35/4

3eigi (adv.) ‘not...’ — 35/1

ek (pron.) [°mín, dat. mér, acc. mik] ‘I, me...’mér 34/3

1ey (noun f.) [°-jar, dat. -ju/-; -jar] ‘island...’ — 34/2

feigligr (adj.) ‘[dying]...’feigligt 35/4

1fiski (noun f.) ‘fishing...’ — 35/3

1fit (noun f.) [°; -jar] ‘meadow...’fitja 34/2

flýtir (noun m.) ‘hastener...’ — 35/2

2fylgja (verb) ‘follow, accompany...’fylgjask 34/5

fyr (prep.) ‘for, over, because of, etc....’ — 34/1

fœri (noun n.) ‘opportunity; tool, gear...’fœra 35/3

1guð (noun m.) [°***guðrs, guðis, gus] ‘(Christian) God...’goð 33/4

hauðr (noun n.) ‘earth, ground...’hauðri 34/5

1haukr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i/-; -ar] ‘hawk...’hauk 34/6

3hár (adj.) [°-van; compar. hǽrri, superl. hǽstr] ‘high...’ 33/4

heiðir (noun m.) ‘hawk...’heiðis 34/5

4heiðr (adj.) ‘bright...’heiðs 33/3

hilmir (noun m.) ‘prince, protector...’hilmi 33/3

hvat (pron.) ‘what...’ — 33/1

2hverr (pron.) ‘who, whom, each, every...’hverju 34/8

2inn (art.) ‘the...’in 34/3

knýta (verb) ‘[to bridle]...’ — 35/2

kynna (verb) ‘make known, reveal...’ — 33/2

leita (verb) ‘seek, look for, attack...’leitandi 34/7

lofa (verb) ‘praise, permit...’lofak 33/3

mega (verb) ‘may, might...’ 35/2

2men (noun n.) [°; dat. menjum] ‘neck-ring...’ — 34/4

minn (pron.) [°f. mín, n. mitt] ‘my...’mínu 34/6

munu (verb) ‘will, must...’munk 33/1

2mærr (adj.) ‘famous...’mæra 34/3

2nema (conj.) ‘unless...’ — 33/4

Njǫrun (noun f.) ‘Njǫrun...’ — 34/4

nær (adv.) ‘near, almost; when...’ — 35/1

opt (adv.) ‘often...’ — 34/1

1óðr (noun m.) ‘poem...’óð 35/2

rann (noun n.) ‘house, hall...’ranns 33/4

3rjóðr (adj.) ‘red...’rjóð 34/3

2sannr (adj.) [°-an; compar. -ari, superl. -astr] ‘true...’sannan 33/4

setr (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘seat, abode...’setrs 34/7

sitja (verb) ‘sit...’ — 34/2

síkr (noun m.) ‘fish, houting...’síka 34/4

sjúkr (adj.) ‘ill, sick...’sjúkri 34/1

2slœgr (adj.) ‘skilful...’ — 34/8

1sút (noun f.) [°-ar; -ir] ‘sorrow...’sútar 34/7

svá (adv.) ‘so, thus...’ — 34/6

tína (verb) ‘pick, recount...’tínik 34/6

1ulfr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i; -ar] ‘wolf...’ulf 33/2

2vera (verb) ‘be, is, was, were, are, am...’es 34/3, es 35/3

1verða (verb) ‘become, be...’verðk 34/1

vér (pron.) [°gen. vár, dat./acc. oss] ‘we, us, our...’ — 35/4

1vita (verb) ‘know...’veitk 35/1

yðvarr (pron.) [°f. yður; pl. yðrir] ‘your...’yðr 33/1

þats (conj.) ‘that, which...’þats 35/4

þó (adv.) ‘though...’ — 34/2

ægi (noun n.) ‘ocean...’ — 35/1

Runic data from Samnordisk runtextdatabas, Uppsala universitet, unless otherwise stated