This interface will soon cease to be publicly available. Use the new interface instead. Click here to switch over now.

Cookies on our website

We use cookies on this website, mainly to provide a secure browsing experience but also to collect statistics on how the website is used. You can find out more about the cookies we set, the information we store and how we use it on the cookies page.

Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

login: password: stay logged in: help

Note to stanza

3. Snorri Sturluson, Háttatal, 84 [Vol. 3, 1195]

[5-8]: The syntax of the last helmingr is difficult, because hinn es metr mál ‘the one who judges lawsuits’ (l. 5) is a dependent clause. Following SnE 1848-87, Konráð Gíslason (1895-7) and Skj B (and SnE 2007) take hinn with milding ‘lord’ (l. 6) and read sízt getr milding, hinn’s môl metr, þann es setr … translated as ikke gives der en fyrste, som vurderer sager, der således behandler … ‘there does not exist a lord, who judges cases, who thus treats …’. However, it is unprecedented for a rel. clause to precede the antecedent at the beginning of a helmingr. Kock (NN §2188) treats the clause hinn es mál metr as an independent clause ‘the one who appraises the cases’ i.e. ‘if one looks at the matter right’ (ser man rätt på saken), but his examples from Middle English, Middle High German and Middle Low German are unconvincing. Because the stanza consists of a series of run-on clauses, it seems preferable to regard l. 5 as an extension of the previous helmingr, i.e. fylkir leader’ (l. 4) is the antecedent of hinn es ‘the one who’ (for comparable constructions in kviðuháttr, see Gade 2005).


© Skaldic Project Academic Body, unless otherwise noted. Database structure and interface developed by Tarrin Wills. All users of material on this database are reminded that its content may be either subject to copyright restrictions or is the property of the custodians of linked databases that have given permission for members of the skaldic project to use their material for research purposes. Those users who have been given access to as yet unpublished material are further reminded that they may not use, publish or otherwise manipulate such material except with the express permission of the individual editor of the material in question and the General Editor of the volume in which the material is to be published. Applications for permission to use such material should be made in the first instance to the General Editor of the volume in question. All information that appears in the published volumes has been thoroughly reviewed. If you believe some information here is incorrect please contact Tarrin Wills with full details.