Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Note to stanza

1. 5. Ǫlvir hnúfa, Lausavísa, 1 [Vol. 1, 126]

[7-8] því hefk fjón fúr-Gnáar fýris ‘therefore I have the hatred of the Gná <goddess> of the pine-fire [(lit. ‘of the fire-Gná of pine’) WOMAN]’: These lines are understood as a parenthetic clause and the word-divisions of the mss are interpreted following Kock’s suggestions. Skj B interprets fyrgnar as fyr Gnô, presumably ‘before Gná’ and Kock (Skald; NN §2210B) as fúr-Gnáar ‘of fire-Gná’, which he takes with fýris ‘of pine’ (l. 7) to form ‘Gná of pine-fire [WOMAN]’. This seems to be a rare instance of a woman-kenning with ‘fire’ (i.e. domestic fire or hearth) as its determinant (cf. Tindr Hákdr 1/1, 2 and Note; Meissner 417). The fire in this case is specified as fuelled with pine.

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