Cite as: Carolyne Larrington and Peter Robinson (eds) 2007, ‘Anonymous Poems, Sólarljóð 80’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry on Christian Subjects. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 7. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 355.
|Hverju bölvi þeir belt hafa
Sváfr ok Sváfrlogi;
blóð þeir vöktu
| ok benjar sugu|
ey undir illum vana.
Hverju bölvi hafa þeir belt, Sváfr ok Sváfrlogi; þeir vöktu blóð ok sugu benjar, ey undir illum vana.
Every evil they have ventured, Sváfr and Sváfrlogi; they awakened blood and sucked wounds, always with a bad habit.
Mss: 166bˣ(48v), papp15ˣ(7v), 738ˣ(83v), 167b 6ˣ(4v), 214ˣ(152r-v), 1441ˣ(587), 10575ˣ(11r-v), 2797ˣ(238)
Readings:  bölvi: om. all  belt hafa: hafa belt 2797ˣ; belt: ‘billt’ 738ˣ, 167b 6ˣ, ‘[...]illt’ 214ˣ  Sváfr: sváfni 738ˣ, sváfar 10575ˣ; Sváfr‑: Sváfar papp15ˣ, 738ˣ, 167b 6ˣ, 1441ˣ, 10575ˣ  vöktu: ‘vok[...]’ 167b 6ˣ  benjar: beinar 167b 6ˣ  ey undir illum vana: undir illum ey vana 166bˣ; illum: öllum papp15ˣ, 738ˣ, 167b 6ˣ, 214ˣ, 1441ˣ, 10575ˣ, 2797ˣ
Editions: Skj: Anonyme digte og vers [XII], G . Sólarljóð 80: AI, 640, BI, 648, Skald I, 316, NN §§2154, 2218B; Bugge 1867, 370, Falk 1914, 1, Björn M. Ólsen 1915, 23, Fidjestøl 1979, 71, Njörður Njarðvík 1991, 106-8, Njörður Njarðvík 1993, 86, 154.
Notes: [All]: Falk, Guðbrandur Vigfússon (CPB I, 211) and Bugge all move this st. to the beginning of the poem in order to provide names for the characters in the first exemplum. There is no justification for this move. —  bölvi (n. dat. sg.) ‘evil’: The required noun is missing in all mss. It must have
alliterated on <b>; Bugge, followed by most other eds, supplies bölvi, which makes
good sense. —  Sváfr ok Sváfrlogi ‘Sváfr and Sváfrlogi’: It is not clear who these figures are; for the names, cf. one of Óðinn’s names, Sváfnir ‘one who puts to sleep’ (LP: Sváfnir). For Björn M. Ólsen 1915, they are men who have fallen completely under the influence of the Deadly Sins. —  ey undir illum vana ‘always with a bad habit’: The l., as it stands in the mss, is problematical. Here the w.o. of 166bˣ has been reversed and prep. undir has been construed with vana from vani weak m. noun ‘custom, habit’. Bugge suggests the scribes may have understood undir as ‘wounds’, parallel to benjar in l. 5, rather than as a prep. ‘under’. Bugge, Skj B, Skald and Björn M. Ólsen omit undir and read the l. as illum ey vana, which Skj B translates as med en altid slet skik ‘with an always bad practice’. Njörður Njarðvík (1991, 106-7) accepts undir but does not explain what he thinks the l. means. Lbs 437ˣ, a ms. not used in the present edn, has vandir ‘wicked’, a reading adopted by Falk and Fidjestøl.