Cite as: Carolyne Larrington and Peter Robinson (eds) 2007, ‘Anonymous Poems, Sólarljóð 79’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry on Christian Subjects. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 7. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 354.
|Hér eru þær rúnir, sem ristit hafa
Njarðar dætr níu,
Böðveig in elzta
| ok Kreppvör in yngsta|
ok þeira systr sjau.
Hér eru þær rúnir sem níu dætr Njarðar hafa ristit, Böðveig in elzta ok Kreppvör in yngsta ok sjau systr þeira.
Here are the runes which the nine daughters of Njǫrðr have carved, Böðveig the eldest and Kreppvör the youngest and their seven sisters.
Mss: 166bˣ(48v), papp15ˣ(7v), 738ˣ(83v), 167b 6ˣ(4v), 214ˣ(152r), 1441ˣ(587), 10575ˣ(11r), 2797ˣ(237-238)
Readings:  Hér: Þetti 10575ˣ; þær: om. papp15ˣ, 738ˣ, 1441ˣ, 10575ˣ, 2797ˣ  sem: er 214ˣ, 2797ˣ; hafa: hafar 214ˣ  Njarðar: ‘nirdar’ 167b 6ˣ  Böðveig: so 10575ˣ, ‘Baðveing’ 166bˣ, Baugveig papp15ˣ, 1441ˣ, ‘Baudveing’ 738ˣ, 167b 6ˣ, Skaðveig 214ˣ, Baugvör 2797ˣ; elzta: ‘[...]sta’ 214ˣ  Kreppvör: Krippvör papp15ˣ, 167b 6ˣ, 214ˣ, 1441ˣ, 10575ˣ, ‘kryppvar keypp’ 738ˣ
Editions: Skj: Anonyme digte og vers [XII], G . Sólarljóð 79: AI, 640, BI, 648, Skald I, 316, NN §2564F; Bugge 1867, 369, Falk 1914, 50, Björn M. Ólsen 1915, 23, Fidjestøl 1979, 71, Njörður Njarðvík 1991, 105-6, Njörður Njarðvík 1993, 84, 152.
Notes: [All]: It is
unusual for women to be associated with the carving of runes. — [1-2]: These ll. are missing in 167b 6ˣ because of a damaged leaf. —  níu dætr Njarðar ‘Njǫrðr’s nine daughters’: The only daughter of the sea-god Njǫrðr known by name from ON myth is Freyja. Ægir, a sea-deity like Njǫrðr, is however said to have nine daughters in SnE (1998, I, 36); these are normally regarded as personifications of the waves. It is likely that Ægir and Njǫrðr have been assimilated to one another here. Björn M. Ólsen (1915, 62-3) and Njörður Njarðvík (1991, 105) suggest the daughters are the Deadly Sins, usually thought of as seven in number, but given as nine both in the Alexandreis X, ll. 32-57 (Colker 1978, 254-5) and in Alex (Unger 1848, 152-3). This fits the pagan associations of the number nine elsewhere in the poem. Falk (1914a, 52-3) and Björn M. Ólsen (1915, 61-2) assume that the daughters of Njǫrðr have carved runes on the horn of salvation; Njörður Njarðvík (1991, 105) objects to such pagan lettering on a Christian symbol, while Tate (1985, 1032-3) thinks that the runes of this st. are not carved on the hart’s horn (which would surely carry a Christian message in himna skript ‘heavenly script’), but must be some other runes. —  Böðveig: There is little to choose between the variants of this name; Böðveig and Baugveig are both possible, though 166bˣ’s ‘Baðveing’ can hardly be right. Attempts to link the names of the st. with individual Deadly Sins have not proved convincing, cf. Björn M. Ólsen 1915, 62.