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Runic Dictionary

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Anonymous Poems (Anon)

VII. Gyðingsvísur (Gyð) - 10

Gyðingsvísur (‘Vísur about a Jew’) — Anon GyðVII

Katrina Attwood 2007, ‘(Introduction to) Anonymous, Gyðingsvísur’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry on Christian Subjects. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 7. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 515-26.

stanzas:  1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9 

for reference only:  10 

Skj: [Anonyme digte og vers XIV]: [B. 13]. Af et digt om en rig mand, der gav alt sit bort, Gyðingsvísur. (AII, 539-41, BII, 597-9)

SkP info: VII, 515-26

old edition introduction edition manuscripts transcriptions concordance references search files

 

(non-lexical) (unclassified) 6/3, 6/4, 7/6, 8/7, 8/8, 9/3, 10, …dr 4/6, f…z 6/1, solar 10

af (prep.) ‘from...’ — 3/7, 4/8, 6/7, 7/7

afla (verb) [°-að-] ‘to gain, earn, procure, acquire...’aflað 2/8

al- ((prefix)) ‘very...’Al 1/1, Al 5/5

all- ((prefix)) ‘very...’all 8/3

allr (adj.) ‘all...’ — 6/5

1armr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i; -ar] ‘arm...’arm 7/4

4at (conj.) ‘that...’ 4/5, 10

5at (nota) ‘to (with infinitive)...’ 8/1

auðigr (adj.) [°auðgan/auðigan; compar. auðgari/auðigri, superl. auðgastr/auðigastr] ‘wealthy...’auðgan 7/1

1auðr (noun m.) [°-s/-ar, dat. -i/-] ‘wealth...’auð 8/3, auðar 4/2

3á (prep.) ‘on, at...’ — 5/6

ágæti (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘fame, excellence...’ágætis 2/6

ágætr (adj.) [°compar. ágǽtari/ágǽtri, superl. ágǽtastr/ágǽztr] ‘excellent...’Ágæta 1/5

1ár (noun f.) [°-ar, dat. u/-; -ar/-ir(LandslBorg 151b²¹)] ‘oar...’ára 8/7

2Áss (noun m.) [°áss, dat. ási/ás; ásar] ‘god...’ásu 2/7

barð (noun n.) ‘prow, stern (of a ship)...’barðs 2/4

báðir (pron.) [°gen. beggja (báðra), nom./acc. n. bǽði] ‘both...’beggja 10

beitir (noun m.) ‘steerer...’ — 2/3, 7/2

biðja (verb) [°biðr; bað, báðu; beðinn (beiþ- Martin¹ 573‡, bỏþ- HákEirsp 661‰, cf. ed. intr. xl)] ‘ask for, order, pray...’bæði 8/3, Beiddi 7/5, biðk 1/1

bjóðandi (noun m.) [°-a; bjóðendr] ‘offerer...’ — 9/2

2bjóðr (noun m.) ‘inviter...’ — 6/2

blár (adj.) ‘black...’blára 7/5

blik (noun n.) ‘gleam...’bliks 5/7

boði (noun m.) [°-a; -ar] ‘messenger, breaker...’ — 4/4

borð (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘side, plank, board; table...’borði 6/8

bragr (noun m.) [°-ar] ‘poem, poetry...’brag 1/4

brak (noun n.) ‘clash, noise...’ — 7/6

brandr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i; -ar] ‘sword, prow; fire...’branda 3/3, branda 5/8

bráðr (adj.) [°compar. -ari, superl. -astr] ‘quick(ly)...’bráðar 3/3, bráðra 2/3

brigðir (noun m.) ‘spreader, breaker...’ — 2/5

brík (noun f.) [°-ar; -r] ‘plank...’bríkr 4/8

1brynja (noun f.) [°-u (dat. brynnoni Gibb 38⁹); -ur] ‘mailcoat...’bryn 3/4

dróttinn (noun m.) [°dróttins, dat. dróttni (drottini [$1049$]); dróttnar] ‘lord, master...’drottinn 10

dýrr (adj.) [°compar. -ri/-ari, superl. -str/-astr] ‘precious...’dýran 1/1

eða (conj.) ‘or...’ — 9/4

2eiga (verb) [°á/eigr (præs. pl. 3. pers. eigu/eiga); átti, áttu; átt] ‘own, have...’Átti 4/5

2einn (pron.) [°decl. cf. einn num.] ‘one, alone...’ein 7/3, 2/1, 9/4

ek (pron.) [°mín, dat. mér, acc. mik] ‘I, me...’mier 9/1

elligar (adv.) ‘otherwise...’ — 10

4en (conj.) ‘than...’ — 1/3, 5/3

1enda (verb) [°-að-] ‘end, last...’endiz 3/8

2er (conj.) ‘who, which, when...’ — 2/1, 3/1

errinn (adj.) ‘bold...’errins 5/1

eyðir (noun m.) ‘destroyer...’ — 5/5, eyðis 7/3

eyrir (noun m.) [°eyris, dat. eyri; aurar] ‘ounce, money, property...’aura 5/1, aurar 6/1

él (noun n.) [°; dat. -um] ‘storm...’éls 10, iel 5/2, iel 6/6

fara (verb) [ferr, fór, fóru, farinn] ‘go, travel...’fór 7/1

2 (verb) [°fǽr; fekk, fengu; fenginn] ‘get, receive...’Fekk 3/5, fekk 4/1

fákr (noun m.) [°; -ar] ‘horse...’fák 8/2

fetill (noun m.) [°dat. fatli/fetli; fetlar] ‘strap, sword-belt...’fetil 5/2

(noun n.) [°fjár/féar; -] ‘cattle, money...’fie 7/8, fjár 3/7

2finna (verb) ‘find, meet...’finna 7/4

firar (noun m.) ‘men...’firum 2/2

2fjǫl (noun n.) ‘very...’fjöl 2/6

flagð (noun n.) ‘troll-woman...’flagð*a 3/4, flagðs 8/1

fleinn (noun m.) [°dat. fleini] ‘spear...’fleins 10

fleiri (adj. comp.) [°superl. flestr] ‘more, most...’ — 9/4

2fljótr (adj.) ‘quick...’ — 8/1

frá (prep.) ‘from...’ — 6/2

1fránn (noun m.) ‘snake(?)...’fráns 3/7

2frón (noun n.) ‘earth, land...’fróns 3/7

frægð (noun f.) ‘fame...’frægðar 2/5

2fullr (adj.) [°compar. -ari, superl. -astr] ‘full, complete...’fullar 3/8

fúrr (noun m.) ‘fire...’Fúr 2/5

fyr (prep.) ‘for, over, because of, etc....’ — 4/3, 6/8

fyrr (adv.) ‘before, sooner...’ — 5/1

fœðandi (noun m.) ‘feeder...’fæðendum 1/6

fœri (noun n.) ‘opportunity; tool, gear...’færi 1/2

geirr (noun m.) ‘spear...’geira 9/4

gjalfr (noun n.) [°-s] ‘surge, waves...’gjalfr 10

gjǫfli (noun f.) ‘generosity, munificence...’gjöfli 4/3

góðr (adj.) ‘good...’góðan 9/2

gráðvín (noun n.) ‘gráðvín...’ — 10

grár (adj.) [°gráan/grán] ‘grey...’gráns 4/3

grǫf (noun f.) ‘grave...’graf 4/4

1guð (noun m.) [°***guðrs, guðis, gus] ‘(Christian) God...’ — 1/2, guðs 1/8

gull (noun n.) ‘gold...’gull 9/3

2Gungnir (noun m.) ‘Gungnir...’Gungnis 10

gyðingr (noun m.) ‘Jew...’gyðing 7/4, gyðinga 8/4

gœðir (noun m.) ‘strengthener, increaser...’gæðis 5/3

haf (noun n.) [°-s; *-] ‘sea...’haf 2/8

Hamðir (noun m.) ‘Hamðir...’Hamdis 4/8

handsal (noun n.) ‘[handsǫl]...’handsǫl 10

hann (pron.) [°gen. hans, dat. honum; f. hon, gen. hennar, acc. hana] ‘he, she, it, they, them......’ — 4/7, hánum 7/7

hauðr (noun n.) ‘earth, ground...’hauðr 10

1haukr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i/-; -ar] ‘hawk...’hauk 1/4

3hár (adj.) [°-van; compar. hǽrri, superl. hǽstr] ‘high...’sta 1/7

1herðandi (noun m.) ‘strengthener...’ — 6/6

hirð (noun f.) [°-ar; -ir/-ar(FskB— 53‡)] ‘retinue...’hirði 2/7

Hlér (noun m.) ‘Hlér...’Hlies 2/7

hlíf (noun f.) [°-ar; -ar] ‘shield, defence...’ — 10

hljóða (verb) ‘listen, sound...’hlýði 1/3

hlutr (noun m.) [°-ar, dat. -i/-; -ir, acc. -i/-u] ‘part, thing...’hlut 3/7

1hodd (noun f.) ‘gold, treasure...’hodda 7/7

hreppa (verb) ‘[will obtain]...’hreppir 9/3

2hryggr (adj.) [°-van/-jan; compar. -vari/-ari/-ri; superl. -astr] ‘sorrowful, sad...’hrygg… 10

hugprúðr (adj.) ‘proud...’ — 7/8

hvarf (noun n.) [°; *-] ‘disappearance...’ — 3/1

2hverr (pron.) ‘who, whom, each, every...’hverjum 3/6, hverjum 4/7

hyrr (noun m.) ‘fire...’hyr 1/3

hœfr (adj.) ‘proper, fitting...’hæfan 4/1

hǫnd (noun f.) [°handar, dat. hendi; hendr (hendir StatPáll³ 752¹²)] ‘hand...’hendr 3/8

2inn (art.) ‘the...’ins 1/7

í (prep.) ‘in, into...’ — 2/4, 3/3, 9/1

íma (noun f.) ‘ember, battle, dusky one...’ímu 4/6

ítr (adj.) ‘glorious...’ítrum 1/5

jafn (adj.) [°comp. -ari, superl. -astr] ‘even, just...’jafnt 6/1

jafnan (adv.) ‘always...’ — 6/4

jór (noun m.) ‘stallion, steed...’ 8/8

kjǫlstóð (noun n.) ‘kjǫlstóð...’kjǫlstóðs 10

koma (verb) [kem, kom/kvam, kominn] ‘come...’kom 6/4

kristinn (adj.) [°superl. kristnastr] ‘Christian...’kristnum 8/2

kunna (verb) ‘know, can, be able...’kunni 2/2

land (noun n.) [°-s; *-] ‘land...’lands 5/8

lán (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘loan, gift...’láns 7/7

leið (noun f.) [°-ar, dat. -u/-; -ir/-ar] ‘path, way...’leiðar 8/6

1leikr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -/-i; -ar] ‘sport, play...’leik 5/3

lesti (noun n.) ‘end, the last...’ — 5/6

1leygr (noun m.) ‘flame...’leygjar 2/8, leyg* 2/2

linnr (noun m.) ‘snake...’linns 7/4

logi (noun m.) [°-a; -ar] ‘flame...’loga 3/5

1lykða (verb) ‘[eventually]...’lykta 5/7

2lýsi (noun n.) [°-s] ‘[bright, oil]...’ — 5/7

2marr (noun m.) ‘horse...’mars 6/8

meðan (conj.) ‘while...’ — 3/8

meiðr (noun m.) ‘beam, tree...’meiðar 1/3, 8/6, meiðs 5/2

meiri (adj. comp.) [°meiran; superl. mestr] ‘more, most...’mestr 5/6

Meiti (noun m.) ‘Meiti...’Meita 7/2

Miklagarðr (noun m.) ‘[Constantinople]...’Miklagarði 2/4

mildr (adj.) [°compar. -ri/-ari, superl. -astr] ‘mild, gentle, gracious, generous...’ — 4/2

mjǫk (adv.) ‘very, much...’mjög 8/3

móðr (adj.) ‘weary...’móðum 10

mætr (adj.) [°compar. -ri/-ari, superl. -astr] ‘honoured, respected...’ — 2/6

nárungr (noun m.) [°; -ar] ‘being, possessor...’nárungum 3/2

neyð (noun f.) [°dat. -] ‘need, distress...’nauð 3/4

nistandi (noun m.) ‘feeder...’nistanda 8/2

Njǫrðr (noun m.) ‘Njǫrðr...’Njörðr 7/6

nær (adv.) ‘near, almost; when...’ — 6/1

oddr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i; -ar] ‘point of weapon...’odda 5/4, odda 7/5

3of (prep.) ‘around, from; too...’ — 8/8

4of (particle) ‘(before verb)...’ — 9/3

ofs (adj.) ‘[excessive]...’Ófs 4/1

3ok (conj.) ‘and, but; also...’og 1/7, og 2/6, og 6/1, og 7/8, og 9/2, 10

orð (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘word...’ — 1/2, 10, orðs 4/1

Ǫrvendill (noun m.) ‘[in generosity]...’örvi 5/6

2óðr (adj.) [°compar. -ari, superl. -astr] ‘raging, furious...’óðs 5/3

ógn (noun f.) [°-ar; -ir] ‘terror, battle...’ógnar 10

órlausn (noun f.) ‘solution, answer...’ — 8/7

óska (verb) ‘desire...’æski 6/2

ráð (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘advice, plan, control, power...’ — 7/3

regn (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘rain...’regns 5/4

ríðandi (noun m.) [°; ríðendr] ‘rider...’ríðanda 8/8

1rjóðr (noun m.) ‘reddener...’ — 3/3

runnr (noun m.) [°dat. -i/-; -ar] ‘bush, tree...’runni 4/7

1rœða (noun f.) [°-u; -ur] ‘story, tale, speech...’ræðu 1/6

1 (pron.) [°gen. þess, dat. þeim, acc. þann; f. sú, gen. þeirrar, acc. þá; n. þat, dat. því; pl. m. þeir, f. þǽ---] ‘that (one), those...’ — 2/1, 10, það 7/3, þau 8/5, þeim 3/1, þeim 10, þess 9/3

segja (verb) ‘say, tell...’ — 1/8

4selja (verb) ‘hand over, sell, give...’Seldu 9/1

sem (conj.) ‘as, which...’ — 4/2

sik (pron.) [°gen. sín, dat. sér] ‘(refl. pron.)...’sier 2/8

siklingr (noun m.) [°; -ar] ‘king, ruler...’siklings 10

3sinn (pron.) [°f. sín, n. sitt] ‘(refl. poss. pron.)...’sína 4/3, sína 10, sínum 3/7

skati (noun m.) [°-a; -nar] ‘chieftan, prince...’ — 10

skip (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘ship...’skipa 8/6

1skorða (noun f.) [°-u; -ur] ‘prop...’skorðu 6/8

skraut (noun n.) [°-s; dat. -um] ‘finery...’skraut… 10

skreytiárr (noun m.)skreytiárum 6/7

skýrr (adj.) ‘clear...’ — 6/7

skævaðr (noun m.) ‘high-strider...’skævaðar 5/8

sléttr (adj.) ‘level, smooth...’sliettan 1/4, sliettrar 8/5

2slíkr (adj.) ‘such...’slíku 4/8

snauðr (adj.) ‘bereft, poor...’snauður 5/5

snúðr (noun m.) [°-ar; -ar] ‘fortune, favour...’snúðar 7/8

sól (noun f.) [°-ar, dat. -u/-; -ir] ‘sun...’ — 8/6

sóti (noun m.) [°-a] ‘steed, Sóti...’sóta 2/3

stafn (noun m.) [°dat. -i/-; -ar] ‘prow...’stafna 6/4

stétt (noun f.) [°-ar; -ir] ‘path...’stiettar 1/4

1stígr (noun m.) [°dat. -; -ar/-ir, acc. -a/-u] ‘path...’stíg 3/6

strǫnd (noun f.) [°strandar, dat. -u/-; strandir/strendr] ‘beach, shore...’strand 3/5

stœra (verb) ‘increase, strengthen...’stæra 1/2

støkkvir (noun m.) ‘dispenser, flinger...’ — 3/5

svar (noun n.) [°; -*] ‘answer...’Svör 8/5

svellir (noun m.) ‘increaser, sweller ...’ — 4/6

syn (noun f.) [°; -jar] ‘[Syn [lady], Syn]...’synjar 3/4

til (prep.) ‘to...’ — 5/7, 10

tírr (noun m.) [°-s] ‘glory, honour...’tír 4/1

1ulfr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i; -ar] ‘wolf...’ulfs 1/6

Ullr (noun m.) ‘Ullr...’Ullar 6/5

3und (prep.) ‘under, underneath...’ — 4/7

2unnr (noun f.) ‘wave...’unn 2/2

út (adv.) ‘out(side)...’ — 2/1

4vaka (verb) ‘awaken...’ — 10

valdr (adj.) ‘power...’valdan 9/1

2valr (noun m.) [°-s] ‘falcon...’val 6/4

ván (noun f.) [°-ar, dat. -/-u; -ir] ‘hope, expectation...’vón 10

várr (pron.) [°f. ór/vár; pl. órir/várir] ‘our...’óra 1/1

veð (noun n.) [°-s; dat. -jum] ‘pledge, security...’ — 9/1

2veðr (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘weather, wind, storm...’ — 9/2

2vegr (noun m.) [°-s/-ar, dat. -] ‘honour...’ — 1/8

2veita (verb) ‘grant, give...’veita 8/1, 2/1, veitti 4/5, veitti 8/5

vell (noun n.) ‘gold...’vell 4/6, 7/1

vengi (noun n.) ‘land, field...’veingis 4/4

2vera (verb) ‘be, is, was, were, are, am...’er 1/8, er 3/1, er 9/3, er 10, erað 8/1, var 2/1, var 7/3, váru 3/2

1verða (verb) ‘become, be...’varð 5/5, 6/6

verjandi (noun m.) [°-a; -andr/-undr] ‘defender...’verjanda 3/6

2við (prep.) ‘with, against...’ — 2/7, 5/4

viggr (noun m.) ‘horse...’vigg 7/2

vilja (verb) ‘want, intend...’vildi 4/2, vilk 1/5

2vinna (verb) ‘perform, work...’vann 2/5

vinr (noun m.) [°-ar, dat. -/(-i OsvReyk 92.17); -ir] ‘friend...’vin 4/5

virðing (noun f.) [°-ar] ‘honour...’ — 6/3

víf (noun n.) ‘woman, wife...’vífs 1/7

1víss (adj.) ‘wise, certain(ly)...’víst 1/7

vǫllr (noun m.) [°vallar, dat. velli; vellir acc. vǫllu/velli] ‘plain, field...’vallar 7/1

þat (conj.) ‘that...’það 1/8

2þá (adv.) ‘then...’ — 6/5, 7/2

þegn (noun m.) [°dat. -/-i; -ar] ‘thane, man, franklin...’þegna 5/4

þél (noun f.) [°; -ar] ‘file...’þielar 5/2

þing (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘meeting, assembly...’ — 3/2

þjóð (noun f.) [°-ar, dat. -/-u; -ir] ‘people...’þjóðum 6/2

þó (adv.) ‘though...’þóað 8/3

þrjóta (verb) [str. 2; þrýtr, þraut, þrutu, þrotinn] ‘end, fail...’þraut 5/1

1þurfa (adj.) ‘[poor]...’þurfa 3/1

þú (pron.) [°gen. þín, dat. þér, acc. þik] ‘you...’ — 9/3

þvengr (noun m.) [°; -ir] ‘thong...’þveings 4/4

því (adv.) ‘therefore, because...’ — 4/5

2þykkja (verb) ‘seem, think...’þóttiz 6/5

ættingi (noun m.) [°; -jar] ‘[kinsman]...’ — 8/4

ǫr- ((prefix)) ‘eager[?]...’ör 5/3

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