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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anonymous Poems (Anon)

VII. Sólarljóð (Sól) - 83

not in Skj

Sólarljóð (‘Song of the Sun’) — Anon SólVII

Carolyne Larrington and Peter Robinson 2007, ‘(Introduction to) Anonymous, Sólarljóð’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry on Christian Subjects. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 7. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 287-357.

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Skj: Anonyme digte og vers [XII]: G [6]. Sólarljóð, digt fra det 12. årh. (AI, 628-40, BI, 635-48)

SkP info: VII, 317-18

old edition introduction edition manuscripts transcriptions concordance search files

33 — Anon Sól 33VII

edition interactive full text transcriptions old edition references concordance


Cite as: Carolyne Larrington and Peter Robinson (eds) 2007, ‘Anonymous Poems, Sólarljóð 33’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry on Christian Subjects. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 7. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 317-18.

Frá því er at segja,        hvé sæll ek var
        ynðisheimi í;
ok inu öðru,
        hvé ýta synir
        verða nauðgir at náum.

Frá því er at segja, hvé sæll ek var í ynðisheimi; ok inu öðru, hvé ýta synir verða nauðgir at náum.

It is to be told how happy I was in the delightful world; and the other thing, how the sons of men are forced to become corpses.

Mss: 166bˣ(46v), papp15ˣ(4r), 738ˣ(81v), 214ˣ(150v), 1441ˣ(583), 10575ˣ(5r-v), 2797ˣ(233)

Readings: [2] hvé: hvat papp15ˣ, 738ˣ, 214ˣ, 1441ˣ, 10575ˣ    [3] ynðis‑: ægis‑ papp15ˣ, 738ˣ, 214ˣ, 1441ˣ, 10575ˣ, 2797ˣ    [6] náum (‘nám’): so 2797ˣ, námi 166bˣ, papp15ˣ, 738ˣ, 214ˣ, 1441ˣ, 10575ˣ

Editions: Skj: Anonyme digte og vers [XII], G [6]. Sólarljóð 33: AI, 633, BI, 640-1, Skald I, 311; Bugge 1867, 362, Falk 1914, 18, Björn M. Ólsen 1915, 13, Fidjestøl 1979, 64, Njörður Njarðvík 1991, 67, Njörður Njarðvík 1993, 39, 114.

Notes: [All]: 214ˣ and related mss transpose sts 33 and 34. — [3] ynðisheimi ‘the delightful world’: So 166bˣ, and two other mss. All other mss including papp15ˣ and 738ˣ, have ægisheimi ‘the terrible world’, or variants of it, probably imported from st. 30. — [6] náum: Gísli Konráðsson, scribe of 2797ˣ, copied or emended his text as nám, probably recognising that the majority mss’ námi is unmetrical in final position. Even though his reading has support only from 7 mostly unimportant mss, it is likely to be correct, both on metrical grounds, and on grounds of sense. Nám or náum (dat. pl.) ‘corpses’ was adopted as an emendation by Bugge and accepted by Skj B, Skald, Falk, Björn Ólsen and Fidjestøl. The expression verða at nám ‘to become corpses’ occurs in HHund II 28/4: at nám orðnir. If the majority mss’ reading verða at námi is retained, as Njörður Njarðvik does (1991, 67), the sense must be that the second thing the speaker mentions is that sons of men are forced to set about learning (nám n.), a sentiment certainly relevant to the injunction to learn in st. 32.

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