Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anonymous Poems (Anon)

VII. Sólarljóð (Sól) - 83

not in Skj

Sólarljóð (‘Song of the Sun’) — Anon SólVII

Carolyne Larrington and Peter Robinson 2007, ‘(Introduction to) Anonymous, Sólarljóð’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry on Christian Subjects. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 7. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 287-357.

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Skj: Anonyme digte og vers [XII]: G [6]. Sólarljóð, digt fra det 12. årh. (AI, 628-40, BI, 635-48)

SkP info: VII, 313-14

old edition introduction edition manuscripts transcriptions concordance search files

27 — Anon Sól 27VII

edition interactive full text transcriptions old edition references concordance

 

Cite as: Carolyne Larrington and Peter Robinson (eds) 2007, ‘Anonymous Poems, Sólarljóð 27’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry on Christian Subjects. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 7. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 313-14.

Á guð skaltu heita        til góðra hluta,
        þann er hefr skatna skapat;
mjök fyrir verðr
        manna hverr,
        er sér finnrat föður.

Skaltu heita á guð til góðra hluta, þann er hefr skapat skatna; hverr manna verðr mjök fyrir, er sér finnrat föður.

You must pray to God for good things, the one who has created men; each man perishes who does not find the Father for himself.

Mss: 166bˣ(46v), papp15ˣ(3v), 738ˣ(81r), 214ˣ(150r), 1441ˣ(583), 10575ˣ(4v), 2797ˣ(233)

Readings: [1] skaltu: skal papp15ˣ, 10575ˣ, 2797ˣ, skalt 1441ˣ    [6] sér: seint papp15ˣ, sinn 1441ˣ, 10575ˣ, 2797ˣ;    finnrat: ‘fjóna’ 166bˣ, 1441ˣ, 10575ˣ, 2797ˣ, þjóna papp15ˣ, finna 738ˣ, 214ˣ

Editions: Skj: Anonyme digte og vers [XII], G [6]. Sólarljóð 27: AI, 632, BI, 639-40, Skald I, 311, NN §1934D; Bugge 1867, 361, Falk 1914, 13, Björn M. Ólsen 1915, 11-12, Fidjestøl 1979, 63, Njörður Njarðvík 1991, 62-3, Njörður Njarðvík 1993, 33, 110.

Notes: [6] er sér finnrat föður ‘who does not find the Father for himself’: This l. is problematic in all mss, and is likely to have been corrupted. The verb and subject of the main cl. is sg. (hverr manna ‘each man, lit. ‘each of men’), but the verb of the rel. cl. in all ms. readings appears to be pl. Thus either the verb of the rel. cl. is corrupted (the view taken here), or some other distortion of the text has occurred. Finna is the most acceptable of the ms. readings and also provides good alliteration. If the final <a> is what remains of an original neg. enclitic particle –at, the sg. verb finnrat can be reconstructed by slight emendation. Skj B and Skald also emend thus. The mss also vary considerably in the second word of l. 6. 166bˣ’s sér ‘for himself’ has been accepted here. Other eds either choose one of the other variants or emend; Skj B and Skald adopt sinn, giving the sense ‘who does not find his Father’. Bugge (1867, 361) emended papp15ˣ’s reading seint (adv.) ‘late’ to seinar (comp. adv.) ‘later’ (seint appears in 23 mss, though never in combination with finna). This solves the problem of the pl. verb and sg. subject for the rel. cl., but there is still a switch between sg. and pl. as between main cl. and rel. cl. The danger inherent in coming to God late is paralleled in Has 41 and Leið 39.

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