MUFI Character Database

login: password: stay logged in: help

Number of characters in database: 1530

Search:
Browse by character:

 - combining   - formatting   - geometrical   - metrical   - numbers   - punctuation   - spacing   - symbols   A   B   C   D   E   F   G   H   I   J   K   L   M   N   O   P   Q   R   S   T   U   V   W   X   Y   Z   Þ   ȝ 

Browse by range:

 0000   0100   0200   0300   1000   1600   1D00   1E00   2000   2100   2200   2300   2500   2700   2A00   2C00   2E00   A700   AB00   E000   E100   E200   E300   E400   E500   E600   E700   E800   EA00   EB00   EE00   EF00   F000   F100   F200   F400   F700   FB00   10100 

Browse by code chart:

 AlphPresForm   AncSymb   Arrows   BasLat   CombDiaMk   CombDiaMkS   CurrSymb   Dingbats   GenPunct   GeomShap   Georgian   GkCo   IPAExt   Lat1Suppl   LatExtA   LatExtAdd   LatExtB   LatExtC   LatExtD   LatExtE   LettSymb   MathOp   MiMaSymbA   MiscTech   NumbFo   PhonExt   PUA-1   PUA-10   PUA-11   PUA-12   PUA-13   PUA-15   PUA-16   PUA-17   PUA-18   PUA-19   PUA-2   PUA-20   PUA-21   PUA-22   PUA-23   PUA-24   PUA-25   PUA-26   PUA-27   PUA-28   PUA-29   PUA-3   PUA-30   PUA-31   PUA-32   PUA-33   PUA-34   PUA-35   PUA-36   PUA-37   PUA-38   PUA-39   PUA-4   PUA-40   PUA-41   PUA-42   PUA-43   PUA-44   PUA-45   PUA-46   PUA-47   PUA-48   PUA-5   PUA-51   PUA-6   PUA-7   PUA-8   PUA-9   PUA-var   Run   SpModLet   SupplMathOp   SupplPunct   SupSub 

Private Use Area 8: Punctuation marks

This range includes punctuation marks that are not included in the Unicode Standard v. 5.1. The common marks, such as full stop, comma, colon, semicolon, question mark, hyphen and solidus, are all found in the range Basic Latin (pp. 14–17 above). Some are also located in the range General Punctuation (p. 56). Finally, a few punctuation marks can be identified with characters in other ranges:

In v. 5.1 of the Unicode Standard, four characters in this subrange have been inluded in Latin Extended-D, and have therefore been decommissioned (high- lighted in yellow). More punctuation characters will probably be added to a forthcoming proposal to Unicode.

Glyph EntityNumericCodepoint ChartDescriptionVersion Andron
F160&punctinter;F160PUA-8PUNCTUS INTERROGATIVUSUni.:
MUFI: 3.0
F161&punctelev;F161PUA-8PUNCTUS ELEVATUSUni.:
MUFI: 3.0
This form of the punctus elevatus is typically found in English manuscripts and is sometimes seen as the default form. Sometimes called ‘tick and point’, e.g. by N.R. Ker, English Manuscripts in the Century after the Norman Conquest, Oxford, 1960, p. 46.
F1D2&tridagger;F1D2PUA-8TRIPLE DAGGERUni.:
MUFI: 4.0 auto
Cf. 2020 DAGGER and 2021 DOUBLE DAGGER in General Punctuation (p. 59–60 above).
F1E0&medcom;F1E0PUA-8MEDIEVAL COMMAUni.:
MUFI: 3.0
Cf. Malcolm B. Parkes, Pause and Effect, Aldershot, 1992, p. 301. According to Parkes, this mark “appears most frequently in the work of fourteenth- century Italian scribes” (p. 303).
F1E1&parag;F1E1PUA-8PARAGRAPHUSUni.:
MUFI: 3.0
Cf. Malcolm B. Parkes, Pause and Effect, Aldershot, 1992, pp. 12, 43, 305.
F1E2&posit;F1E2PUA-8COMMA POSITURAUni.:
MUFI: 3.0
The positura is similar to COMMA 002C, but should be kept apart from this punctuation mark due to a different and more specialised usage. Cf. Malcolm B. Parkes, Pause and Effect, Aldershot, 1992, pp. 301 and 306.
F1E3&ductsimpl;F1E3PUA-8HIGH COMMA POSITURA (SIMPLEX DUCTUS)Uni.:
MUFI: 3.0
Similar form as the positura, but positioned above the ‘x’ height. Cf. Malcolm B. Parkes, Pause and Effect, Aldershot, 1992, pp. 301 and 307.
F1E4&punctposit;F1E4PUA-8PUNCTUS WITH COMMA POSITURAUni.:
MUFI: 3.0
Cf. Malcolm B. Parkes, Pause and Effect, Aldershot, 1992, pp. 301 and 306.
F1E5&colmidcomposit;F1E5PUA-8COLON WITH MIDDLE COMMA POSITURAUni.:
MUFI: 3.0
Cf. Malcolm B. Parkes, Pause and Effect, Aldershot, 1992, pp. 301 and 306.
F1E6&tridotscomposit;F1E6PUA-8THREE DOTS WITH COMMA POSITURAUni.:
MUFI: 3.0
This punctuation mark looks like an upwards-poiting triangle of dots with a comma between (and below) the two lower dots. Cf. Malcolm B. Parkes, Pause and Effect, Aldershot, 1992, pp. 301 and 307. See also 2234 above in Mathematical Operators.
F1E7&punctexclam;F1E7PUA-8PUNCTUS EXCLAMATIVUSUni.:
MUFI: 3.0
Early form with two dots below each other and a diagonal stroke on top of them. Cf. Malcolm B. Parkes, Pause and Effect, Aldershot, 1992, p. 301.
F1E8&punctintertilde;F1E8PUA-8PUNCTUS INTERROGATIVUS HORIZONTAL TILDEUni.:
MUFI: 3.0
This is a variant of the question mark where the swash (tilde) is horizontal. Cf. Malcolm B. Parkes, Pause and Effect, Aldershot, 1992, p. 301.
F1EA&punctvers;F1EAPUA-8PUNCTUS VERSUSUni.:
MUFI: 3.0
Similar in shape to the semicolon (003B), but should be kept apart from this mark. Cf. Malcolm B. Parkes, Pause and Effect, Aldershot, 1992, pp. 301, 306.
F1EC&renvoi;F1ECPUA-8SIGNE DE RENVOIUni.:
MUFI: 3.0
Looks like two dots over a single dot. Used to connect a marginal note to a place in the text. Looks similar to TWO DOTS OVER ONE DOT PUNCTUATION below, but has a different usage and the dots are more widely spaced.
F1F0&punctelevdiag;F1F0PUA-8PUNCTUS ELEVATUS DIAGONAL STROKEUni.:
MUFI: 3.0
Variant form of the punctus elevatus.
F1F1&punctinterlemn;F1F1PUA-8PUNCTUS INTERROGATIVUS LEMNISKATE FORMUni.:
MUFI: 3.0
Attested in Old Icelandic, but very marginal. For examples, see Holm perg 15 B 4to (cf. Hreinn Benediktsson, Early Icelandic Script, Reykjavík 1965, pl. 8:13 and 8:19).
F1F2&bidotscomposit;F1F2PUA-8TWO DOTS OVER COMMA POSITURAUni.:
MUFI: 3.0
Attested in Old Icelandic, e.g. in Holm perg 15 B 4to (see Hreinn Benediktsson, Early Icelandic Script, Reykjavík 1965, pl. 8:14) and in GKS 2365 4to (Codex Regius of the Eddic poems).
F1F4&virgsusp;F1F4PUA-8VIRGULA SUSPENSIVAUni.:
MUFI: 3.0
Looks like a solidus with a dot in the middle. Used to mark a very brief pause or hesitation in the text. Cf. Malcolm B. Parkes, Pause and Effect, Aldershot, 1992, p. 307.
F1F5&punctflex;F1F5PUA-8PUNCTUS FLEXUSUni.:
MUFI: 3.0
Looks like the digit 7 with a dot below, sometimes referred to as ‘seven and point’ (e.g. by N.R. Ker, English Manuscripts in the Century after the Norman Conquest, Oxford, 1960, p. 47). Also called PUNCTUS CIRCUMFLEXUS. Used to mark sentence-medial pauses, especially in liturgical texts where the pitch of the voice drops. Cf. also Malcolm B. Parkes, Pause and Effect, Aldershot, 1992, pp. 301, 306. Note that the shape in Parkes’ book looks more like an open ‘a’ than ‘7’, but this is basically a question of variance.
F1F7&virgmin;F1F7PUA-8SHORT VIRGULAUni.:
MUFI: 3.0
Looks like a virgule, but confined within the ‘x’ height (like a half-height slash), e.g. ‘x  x’. Attested in late paper manuscripts of Medieval Nordic verse and not to be unified with the ordinary comma.
F1F8&hidot;F1F8PUA-8DISTINCTIOUni.:
MUFI: 3.0
Described by the grammarian Donatus, who distinguishes between three positions of the dot: on the baseline (to be unified with 002E FULL STOP), middle height (to be unified with 00B7 MIDDLE DOT) and the high dot, shown here. See also Isidore of Sevilla, Etymologiae I 20. Malcolm B. Parkes, Pause and Effect, Aldershot, 1992, p. 13, says that the distinctio was used to indicate “a final pause, after a periodus, or where the sententia is completed”.
F1F9&wavylin;F1F9PUA-8WAVY LINEUni.:
MUFI: 3.0
Frequently used in English manuscripts in the 12th century in the form of a wavy line or sometimes a straight line. Placed slightly above the base line.
F1FA&punctelevhiback;F1FAPUA-8PUNCTUS ELEVATUS WITH HIGH BACKUni.:
MUFI: 3.0
Variant form of the punctus elevatus found in manuscripts in the Low countries, eastern France and the Rhineland.
F1FB&punctelevhack;F1FBPUA-8PUNCTUS ELEVATUS WITH ONSETUni.:
MUFI: 3.0
Variant form of the punctus elevatus found in manuscripts from southern Germany.
© 2001-2016 MUFI Board. Disclaimer: This site is managed by scholars in Medieval studies with the aim of establishing a consensus on the use of Unicode among medievalists. It is not affiliated with or endorsed by Unicode.