MUFI Character Database

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Number of characters in database: 1530

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Private Use Area 15: Characters with macron or overline

The overline (bar above) is probably the most used and also the most ambiguous of all abbreviation marks. There are two typical positions of the overline: above the full height of the majuscules and above the x-height of the minuscules. In the latter position it usually crosses the ascender of characters like ‘b’, ‘d’, ‘h’, ‘k’, ‘l’, ‘þ’ and the long ‘s’, ‘s’. If the word has a mixture of characters with and without ascenders, the bar should sometimes be kept in the upper position over all characters.

There are two typical lengths of the overline: less than the width of a character, like the macron, or the full width of the character, so that it can extend as a continuous line over several characters.

With present font technology, the overline is particularly difficult. In some fonts and operating systems it will change its vertical position depending on the height of each character. Thus, in an abbreviation such as ‘ihc’ for ‘Iesus’, the overline may have one position over ‘c’, a slightly higher position over ‘i’, and an even higher position over ‘h’.

This range is intended as a work-around until mature smart font technology is widely available. It has separate code points for all characters where the overline crosses the ascender, either as a single stroke (macron-length) or as a continuous stroke (overline).

Note that several characters in this range were used as Roman numerals: ‘C’ with overline, F7B5, reversed ‘C’ with overline, F23F, ‘D’ with overline, F7B6, ‘I’ with overline, E58C, ‘L’ with overline, F7B4, ‘M’ with overline, E1D2, ‘V’ with overline, F7B2, and ‘X’ with overline, F7B3.

The Unicode Standard v. 5.1 has macron over the vowels ‘A’, ‘a’, ‘E’, ‘e’, ‘I’, ‘i’, ‘O’, ‘o’, ‘U’ and ‘u’, and stroke across the consonants ‘d’ and ‘h’ in Latin Extended-A (pp. 30–34), macron over the vowels ‘Æ’, ‘æ’, ‘Ǫ’ and ‘ǫ’, and stroke across the consonant ‘b’ in Latin Extended-B (p. 36–38), macron over the vowels ‘Y’ and ‘y’ in IPA Extensions (p. 39), and stroke across ‘s’ in Latin Extended Additional (p. 57). Finally, Latin Extended-D has stroke across ‘k’ (p. 79), ‘l’ (p. 80), and ‘þ’ (p. 82). The latter three characters were added in v. 5.1 of the Standard. A few others have been included in the Private Use Area above, subrange 5: • Modified base-line abbreviation characters: ‘’ with stroke, E7C7 (p. 108), ‘’ with stroke, E7C8 (p. 108), and ‘’ with stroke, E735 (p. 115). Font designers should take care to align the overlines on all characters, i.e. those already in the Unicode Standard and those listed here. Finally, note that this range has a combining macron and a combining overline, each in two positions: one for minuscules (in the same height as the dot over ‘i’) and one for majuscules (in the same height as the accents). These combining characters have ‘hard’ positions, so that they will have the same height regardless of the characters below. In this respect, they differ from 0304 COMBINING MACRON and 0305 COMBINING OVERLINE, which may be displayed with variable height.

Glyph EntityNumericCodepoint ChartDescriptionVersion Andron
E0BC&Eogonmacr;E0BC = 0118 + 0304PUA-15LATIN CAPITAL LETTER E WITH OGONEK AND MACRONUni.: 5.1
MUFI: 3.0
E150&Iovlhigh;E150 = 0049 + 0305PUA-15LATIN CAPITAL LETTER I WITH HIGH OVERLINE (ABOVE CHARACTER)Uni.: 5.1
MUFI: 3.0
E152&Jovlhigh;E152 = 004A + 0305PUA-15LATIN CAPITAL LETTER J WITH HIGH OVERLINE (ABOVE CHARACTER)Uni.: 5.1
MUFI: 3.0
E154&Jmacrhigh;E154 = 004A + 0304PUA-15LATIN CAPITAL LETTER J WITH HIGH MACRON (ABOVE CHARACTER)Uni.: 5.1
MUFI: 3.0
E1B8&Mmacrhigh;E1B8 = 004D + 0304PUA-15LATIN CAPITAL LETTER M WITH HIGH MACRON (ABOVE CHARACTER)Uni.: 5.1
MUFI: 3.0
E1D2&Movlhigh;E1D2 = 004D + 0305PUA-15LATIN CAPITAL LETTER M WITH HIGH OVERLINE (ABOVE CHARACTER)Uni.: 5.1
MUFI: 3.0
E1DC&Nmacrhigh;E1DC = 004E + 0304PUA-15LATIN CAPITAL LETTER N WITH HIGH MACRON (ABOVE CHARACTER)Uni.: 5.1
MUFI: 3.0
E252&Oslashmacr;E252 = 00D8 + 0304PUA-15LATIN CAPITAL LETTER O WITH STROKE AND MACRONUni.: 5.1
MUFI: 3.0
E25D&OEligmacr;E25D = 0152 + 0304PUA-15LATIN CAPITAL LIGATURE OE WITH MACRONUni.: 5.1
MUFI: 3.0
E34D&Vmacr;E34D = 0056 + 0304PUA-15LATIN CAPITAL LETTER V WITH MACRONUni.: 5.1
MUFI: 3.0
E357&Wmacr;E357 = 0057 + 0304PUA-15LATIN CAPITAL LETTER W WITH MACRONUni.: 5.1
MUFI: 3.0
Superscript letters
E44D&bovlmed;E44DPUA-15LATIN SMALL LETTER B WITH MEDIUM-HIGH OVERLINE (ACROSS ASCENDER)Uni.: 5.1
MUFI: 3.0
E491&dovlmed;E491PUA-15LATIN SMALL LETTER D WITH MEDIUM-HIGH OVERLINE (ACROSS ASCENDER)Uni.: 5.1
MUFI: 3.0
E4BC&eogonmacr;E4BC = 0119 + 0304PUA-15LATIN SMALL LETTER E WITH OGONEK AND MACRONUni.: 5.1
MUFI: 3.0
E517&hovlmed;E517PUA-15LATIN SMALL LETTER H WITH MEDIUM-HIGH OVERLINE (ACROSS ASCENDER)Uni.: 5.1
MUFI: 3.0
The overline in E517 has full width, thus connecting with any strokes on the previous or following character such as the ‘k’ in E7C3 and the ‘l’ in E5B1.
E550&iovlmed;E550 = 0069 + 0305PUA-15LATIN SMALL LETTER I WITH MEDIUM-HIGH OVERLINE (ABOVE CHARACTER)Uni.: 5.1
MUFI: 3.0
E552&jovlmed;E552 = 006A + 0305PUA-15LATIN SMALL LETTER J WITH MEDIUM-HIGH OVERLINE (ABOVE CHARACTER)Uni.: 5.1
MUFI: 3.0
E554&jmacrmed;E554 = 006A + 0304PUA-15LATIN SMALL LETTER J WITH MEDIUM-HIGH MACRON (ABOVE CHARACTER)Uni.: 5.1
MUFI: 3.0
E58C&lovlhigh;E58C = 006C + 0305PUA-15LATIN SMALL LETTER L WITH HIGH OVERLINE (ABOVE CHARACTER)Uni.: 5.1
MUFI: 3.0
E596&lmacrhigh;E596 = 006C + 0304PUA-15LATIN SMALL LETTER L WITH HIGH MACRON (ABOVE CHARACTER)Uni.: 5.1
MUFI: 3.0
E5B1&lovlmed;E5B1PUA-15LATIN SMALL LETTER L WITH MEDIUM-HIGH OVERLINE (ACROSS ASCENDER)Uni.: 5.1
MUFI: 3.0
The overline in E5B1 has full width, thus connecting with any strokes on the previous or following character such as the ‘h’ in E517 and the ‘k’ in E7C3.
E5B8&mmacrmed;E5B8 = 006D + 0304PUA-15LATIN SMALL LETTER M WITH MEDIUM-HIGH MACRON (ABOVE CHARACTER)Uni.: 5.1
MUFI: 3.0
E5D2&movlmed;E5D2 = 006D + 0305PUA-15LATIN SMALL LETTER M WITH MEDIUM-HIGH OVERLINE (ABOVE CHARACTER)Uni.: 5.1
MUFI: 3.0
E5DC&nmacrmed;E5DC = 006E + 0304PUA-15LATIN SMALL LETTER N WITH MEDIUM-HIGH MACRON (ABOVE CHARACTER)Uni.: 5.1
MUFI: 3.0
E652&oslashmacr;E652 = 00F8 + 0304PUA-15LATIN SMALL LETTER O WITH STROKE AND MACRONUni.: 5.1
MUFI: 3.0
E65D&oeligmacr;E65D = 0153 + 0304PUA-15LATIN SMALL LIGATURE OE WITH MACRONUni.: 5.1
MUFI: 3.0
E665&pmacr;E665 = 0070 + 0304PUA-15LATIN SMALL LETTER P WITH MACRONUni.: 5.1
MUFI: 3.0
E681&qmacr;E681 = 0071 + 0304PUA-15LATIN SMALL LETTER Q WITH MACRONUni.: 5.1
MUFI: 3.0
E74D&vmacr;E74D = 0076 + 0304PUA-15LATIN SMALL LETTER V WITH MACRONUni.: 5.1
MUFI: 3.0
E757&wmacr;E757 = 0077 + 0304PUA-15LATIN SMALL LETTER W WITH MACRONUni.: 5.1
MUFI: 3.0
E79E&slongovlmed;E79EPUA-15LATIN SMALL LETTER LONG S WITH MEDIUM-HIGH OVERLINE (ACROSS ASCENDER)Uni.: 5.1
MUFI: 3.0
The overline in E79E has full width and thus connects with any previous or following overlines, while the bar in E7FF is shorter, and not connecting. The height of both bars should be the same. The above character should be kept apart from LATIN SMALL LETTER LONG S WITH HIGH STROKE (1E9D) in Latin Extended Additional (p. 57), since the latter does not have a connecting overline.
E7A2&thornovlmed;E7A2PUA-15LATIN SMALL LETTER THORN WITH MEDIUM-HIGH OVERLINE (ACROSS ASCENDER)Uni.: 5.1
MUFI: 3.0
E7C3&kovlmed;E7C3PUA-15LATIN SMALL LETTER K WITH MEDIUM-HIGH OVERLINE (ACROSS ASCENDER)Uni.: 5.1
MUFI: 3.0
The overline in E7C3 has full width, thus connecting with any strokes on the previous or following character such as the ‘h’ in E517 and the ‘l’ in E5B1.
E7CC&oopenmacr;E7CCPUA-15LATIN SMALL LETTER OPEN O WITH MACRONUni.: 5.1
MUFI: 3.0
F00A&macrhigh;F00APUA-15COMBINING HIGH MACRON WITH FIXED HEIGHT (PART-WIDTH)Uni.:
MUFI: 3.0
◌
F00B&macrmed;F00BPUA-15COMBINING MEDIUM-HIGH MACRON WITH FIXED HEIGHT (PART-WIDTH)Uni.:
MUFI: 3.0
◌
F00C&ovlhigh;F00CPUA-15COMBINING HIGH OVERLINE WITH FIXED HEIGHT (FULL-WIDTH)Uni.:
MUFI: 3.0
◌
F00D&ovlmed;F00DPUA-15COMBINING MEDIUM-HIGH OVERLINE WITH FIXED HEIGHT (FULL-WIDTH)Uni.:
MUFI: 3.0
◌
The four characters above are intended to be used for correct positioning of combining bars across or above characters with ascenders. They should be deprecated when Smart Font technology allows correct positioning of combining bars across or above ascenders.
F23F&romnumCrevovl;F23F = 2183 + 0305PUA-15ROMAN NUMERAL REVERSED ONE HUNDRED WITH OVERLINEUni.:
MUFI: 3.0
F7B2&Vovlhigh;F7B2 = 0056 + 0305PUA-15LATIN CAPITAL LETTER V WITH HIGH OVERLINE (ABOVE CHARACTER)Uni.:
MUFI: 3.0
F7B3&Xovlhigh;F7B3 = 0058 + 0305PUA-15LATIN CAPITAL LETTER X WITH HIGH OVERLINE (ABOVE CHARACTER)Uni.:
MUFI: 3.0
F7B4&Lovlhigh;F7B4 = 004C + 0305PUA-15LATIN CAPITAL LETTER L WITH HIGH OVERLINE (ABOVE CHARACTER)Uni.:
MUFI: 3.0
F7B5&Covlhigh;F7B5 = 0043 + 0305PUA-15LATIN CAPITAL LETTER C WITH HIGH OVERLINE (ABOVE CHARACTER)Uni.:
MUFI: 3.0
F7B6&Dovlhigh;F7B6 = 0044 + 0305PUA-15LATIN CAPITAL LETTER D WITH HIGH OVERLINE (ABOVE CHARACTER)Uni.:
MUFI: 3.0
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