Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

login: password: stay logged in: help

kenning referents

(list by Meissner’s numbers)
 
  edit
?  edit
ABSCESS  edit
ABUSE (§105.38 abuse)  edit
AFTER-DECK (§86 ship accessories)  edit
AIR (§20 air)  edit
ALE (§103 drink)  edit
ALE-DREGS  edit
ANCHOR (§86 ship accessories)  edit
ANGEL (§93 God, angel)  edit
ANGELS (§93 God, angel)  edit
ANTLERS (§72 horn)  edit
APOSTLE (§94 priest, saint)  edit
APOSTLES (§94 priest, saint)  edit
ARM (§66 arm, hand)  edit
ARM-RING (§ ring)  edit
ARM-RINGS (§ ring)  edit
ARM/HAND (§66 arm, hand)  edit
ARMOUR (§77 armour)  edit
ARMS (§66 arm, hand)  edit
ARMS/HANDS (§66 arm, hand)  edit
ARROW (§74 arrow, spear)  edit
ARROW/SPEAR (§74 arrow, spear)  edit
ARROWS (§74 arrow, spear)  edit
ARROWS/SPEARS  edit
AUTHORITARIAN MAN (§88 man, male)  edit
AXE (§75 axe)  edit
AXE-BLADE (§75 axe)  edit
AXE-HEAD (§75 axe)  edit
AXE/SWORD (§76 sword)  edit
AXES (§75 axe)  edit
ÁSGARÐR  edit
BACK  edit
BACKBONE (§65 shoulder)  edit
BAD KING (§90 ruler)  edit
BAD POETRY (§100 poetry)  edit
BATTLE (§81 battle)  edit
BATTLE NOISE (§81 battle)  edit
BATTLE-AXE (§75 axe)  edit
BATTLE-FIELDS  edit
BATTLEFIELD  edit
BATTLES (§81 battle)  edit
BEAK (§58 beak)  edit
BEAR (§25 bear)  edit
BEARD (§55 beard)  edit
BEATING (§105.36 beating)  edit
BEAUTY (§105.34 beauty)  edit
BED (§ bed)  edit
BEER (§103 drink)  edit
BEGGAR (§92 people)  edit
BELL (§102 church and accessories)  edit
BELLOWS (§105.10 bellows)  edit
BELLY (§65 shoulder)  edit
BIER (§105.08 bier)  edit
BIRD OF PREY (§42.1 bird of prey)  edit
BISHOP (§94 priest, saint)  edit
BLADE (§76 sword)  edit
BLOOD (§84 blood)  edit
BOAT (§85 ship)  edit
BOATS (§85 ship)  edit
BODY (§44 body)  edit
BONE  edit
BONES  edit
BOW (§ bow)  edit
BOWL  edit
BOWMEN (§88 man, male)  edit
BOWS (§ bow)  edit
BOWSTRING (§ bow)  edit
BOWSTRINGS (§ bow)  edit
BRAIN (§46 brain)  edit
BREAKER (§6 wave)  edit
BREAST (§62 chest)  edit
BREASTS (§62 chest)  edit
BULL (§30 ox)  edit
BYRNIE (§79 mail-coat)  edit
BYRNIES (§79 mail-coat)  edit
CAPTAIN (§88 man, male)  edit
CARDINAL (§94 priest, saint)  edit
CARGO  edit
CARRION (§83 corpse)  edit
CAT (§32 cat, mouse)  edit
CATTLE  edit
CAULDRON  edit
CAVE (§4 cave)  edit
CHARIOTEER  edit
CHEST (§62 chest)  edit
CHEST WOUNDS (§82 wound)  edit
CHESTS (§62 chest)  edit
CHIEFTAINS  edit
CHRIST (§93 God, angel)  edit
CHRISTIAN PEOPLE (§94 priest, saint)  edit
CHURCH (§102 church and accessories)  edit
CHURCHES (§102 church and accessories)  edit
CLAW (§69 claw)  edit
CLAWS (§69 claw)  edit
CLERIC (§94 priest, saint)  edit
CLERICS (§94 priest, saint)  edit
CLIFF  edit
CLOAK (§105.01 cloak)  edit
CLOUD (§ cloud)  edit
COAST  edit
COLOUR  edit
COMB (§105.20 comb)  edit
CONTEMPTIBLE MAN (§92 people)  edit
CONTEMPTIBLE MEN (§92 people)  edit
CORPSE (§83 corpse)  edit
CORPSES (§83 corpse)  edit
COURAGE (§64 thought, courage)  edit
CRAG (§3 stone, jewel)  edit
CRIMINAL (§88 man, male)  edit
CROCODILE TEARS (§52 tears)  edit
CROSS (§102 church and accessories)  edit
CRUEL MAN (§92 people)  edit
CUP (§105.09 cup)  edit
DANISH KING (§88 man, male)  edit
DEATH (§106 death)  edit
DEITY (§93 God, angel)  edit
DESCENDANT (§89 son, descendant)  edit
DESCENDANTS (§89 son, descendant)  edit
DEVIL (§95 devil)  edit
DEVILS (§95 devil)  edit
DOG (§31 dog)  edit
DRÁPA (§100 poetry)  edit
DREAM (§105.47 dream)  edit
DRINK (§103 drink)  edit
DRINKING HORN (§105.09 cup)  edit
DRINKING HORNS (§105.09 cup)  edit
DUCK (§34 duck)  edit
DWARF (§88 man, male)  edit
DWARFS (§88 man, male)  edit
EAGLE (§42 eagle)  edit
EAGLES (§42 eagle)  edit
EAR (§48 ear)  edit
EARS (§48 ear)  edit
EARTH (§1 earth, land)  edit
EGG  edit
ENGLISH KING (§90 ruler)  edit
EVIL MAN (§88 man, male)  edit
EXECUTIONER  edit
EYE (§49 eye)  edit
EYEBROWS (§50 brows)  edit
EYELASHES (§51 eyelashes)  edit
EYELID  edit
EYES (§49 eye)  edit
FACE (§53 forehead, face)  edit
FARMER (§88 man, male)  edit
FEEDER  edit
FEET  edit
FEMALE SAINT (§97 holy woman)  edit
FEVER (§105.42 illness)  edit
FIELD  edit
FIGHTER  edit
FINGER (§66 arm, hand)  edit
FIRE (§10 fire)  edit
FIRE-WOOD (§ fire-wood)  edit
FISH (§37 fish)  edit
FISHERMAN (§92 people)  edit
FISHHOOK (§105.07 fishhook)  edit
FISHING LINE (§105.06 fishing line)  edit
FJORDS (§ fjords)  edit
FLIGHT (§ flight)  edit
FLOOR (§ floor)  edit
FLY (§33 fly)  edit
FLYING LAVA  edit
FOOD  edit
FOOT (§67 foot)  edit
FORD  edit
FOREHEAD (§53 forehead, face)  edit
FOREST  edit
FOX (§26 fox)  edit
FRATRICIDE (§88 man, male)  edit
GALLOWS (§105.14 gallows)  edit
GAME BIRD  edit
GAMEBOARD (§105.11 gameboard)  edit
GENEROUS  edit
GENEROUS MAN (§88 man, male)  edit
GENEROUS MEN (§88 man, male)  edit
GENEROUS RULER (§90 ruler)  edit
GENEROUS RULERS (§90 ruler)  edit
GIANT (§88 man, male)  edit
GIANT-LANDS (§1 earth, land)  edit
GIANT/DWARF (§88 man, male)  edit
GIANTESS (§96 woman, female)  edit
GIANTESSES (§96 woman, female)  edit
GIANTS (§88 man, male)  edit
GLADDENER  edit
GOAT (§27 goat)  edit
GOD (§93 God, angel)  edit
GODS (§93 God, angel)  edit
GOLD (§87 gold, silver)  edit
GOLD RINGS (§ ring)  edit
GRAIN (§105.15 grain)  edit
GRASS (§2 grass, woodland)  edit
GRAVE (§105.17 grave)  edit
GRAVEMOUND (§105.18 gravemound)  edit
GRINDSTONE (§105.28 grindstone)  edit
GROUND (§1 earth, land)  edit
HAIL (§13 hail)  edit
HAIR (§47 hair)  edit
HAND (§66 arm, hand)  edit
HANDS (§66 arm, hand)  edit
HAT  edit
HAWK (§35 hawk)  edit
HAY  edit
HEAD (§45 head)  edit
HEADBAND (§105.02 headband)  edit
HEADBANDS (§105.02 headband)  edit
HEADDRESS (§105.03 headdress)  edit
HEADS (§45 head)  edit
HEARING  edit
HEART (§63 heart)  edit
HEARTH (§101 house and accessories)  edit
HEARTS  edit
HEATH  edit
HEATHEN (§88 man, male)  edit
HEATHEN GOD  edit
HEATHEN MAN (§88 man, male)  edit
HEATHEN TEMPLE  edit
HEATHENS (§88 man, male)  edit
HEAVEN (§18 sky/heaven)  edit
HEAVENLY BODIES (§16 heavenly bodies)  edit
HELL (§19 hell)  edit
HELMET (§78 helmet)  edit
HELMET OF TERROR (§78 helmet)  edit
HELMETS (§78 helmet)  edit
HELPER  edit
HERRINGS (§37 fish)  edit
HJAÐNINGAR  edit
HOLY MAN (§94 priest, saint)  edit
HOLY MEN (§94 priest, saint)  edit
HOLY SEPULCHRE  edit
HOLY SPIRIT  edit
HOLY VIRGINS (§97 holy woman)  edit
HOLY WOMAN (§97 holy woman)  edit
HOLY WOMEN (§97 holy woman)  edit
HOLY WRITINGS (§ scripture)  edit
HONOURABLE MAN (§88 man, male)  edit
HOPE (§105.35 hope)  edit
HORN (§72 horn)  edit
HORNS (§72 horn)  edit
HORSE (§29 horse)  edit
HORSES (§29 horse)  edit
HOUSE (§101 house and accessories)  edit
HUMANKIND (§92 people)  edit
HUMANS (§92 people)  edit
HUNGER  edit
HUNTSMAN  edit
ICE (§9 ice)  edit
ICELAND (§1 earth, land)  edit
ICELANDER  edit
ICELANDERS  edit
IDOLS  edit
ILLNESS (§105.42 illness)  edit
INSULTS  edit
IRON (§105.12 iron)  edit
ISLAND (§1 earth, land)  edit
JARL (§90 ruler)  edit
JAWBONE (§57 jawbone)  edit
JEW  edit
JEWEL (§3 stone, jewel)  edit
JEWELS (§3 stone, jewel)  edit
JOY (§105.40 joy)  edit
JUDGE (§92 people)  edit
JUST RULER (§90 ruler)  edit
JUTLAND  edit
KETTLE (§105.21 kettle)  edit
KILLER  edit
KING (§90 ruler)  edit
KINGS (§90 ruler)  edit
LANCET (§105.23 lancet)  edit
LAND (§1 earth, land)  edit
LATIN  edit
LEADER (§90 ruler)  edit
LEARNED MAN (§88 man, male)  edit
LEATHER (§105.24 leather)  edit
LEATHER STRAP  edit
LIFE  edit
LIGHTNING  edit
LIMBS  edit
LOOM  edit
LOVE  edit
LOVER (§89 son, descendant)  edit
LOVERS  edit
MAELSTROM (§5 sea)  edit
MAIL-COAT (§79 mail-coat)  edit
MAIL-COATS (§79 mail-coat)  edit
MAIL-SHIRT (§79 mail-coat)  edit
MAIL-SHIRTS (§79 mail-coat)  edit
MAN (§88 man, male)  edit
MANKIND (§92 people)  edit
MARTYR (§94 priest, saint)  edit
MEAD (§103 drink)  edit
MEAD OF POETRY (§100 poetry)  edit
MEAD OF POETRY/POEM  edit
MEAD OF POETRY/POETRY (§100 poetry)  edit
MEN (§88 man, male)  edit
MILL (§105.25 mill)  edit
MIND (§64 thought, courage)  edit
MISSIONARY (§94 priest, saint)  edit
MOON (§15 moon)  edit
MOUNTAIN (§ mountain)  edit
MOUNTAINS (§ mountain)  edit
MOUSE (§32 cat, mouse)  edit
MOUTH (§56 mouth)  edit
NECK (§65 shoulder)  edit
NEGLIGENT PRIEST (§94 priest, saint)  edit
NIGGARDLINESS  edit
NIGHT (§23 night)  edit
NOBLEMAN (§90 ruler)  edit
NOOSE  edit
NORN (§96 woman, female)  edit
NORWAY  edit
NORWEGIAN KING (§90 ruler)  edit
NORWEGIAN RULER (§90 ruler)  edit
NORWEGIANS  edit
NOSE (§54 nose)  edit
OAR (§86 ship accessories)  edit
OAR BLADES  edit
OARS (§86 ship accessories)  edit
OCEAN (§5 sea)  edit
OLD AGE (§105.33 old age)  edit
OLD MAN (§92 people)  edit
ORGANS OF SPEECH  edit
OX (§30 ox)  edit
OX SKULL  edit
OX TEETH  edit
PAIN (§105.39 pain)  edit
PARADISE  edit
PATRILINE  edit
PAWS (§69 claw)  edit
PENIS (§ penis)  edit
PEOPLE (§92 people)  edit
PIECE OF GOLD (§87 gold, silver)  edit
PIECE OF IRON  edit
PIGMENT (§105.13 pigment)  edit
PILLAR (§101 house and accessories)  edit
PITCHFORK (§105.19 pitchfork)  edit
POEM (§100 poetry)  edit
POEMS (§100 poetry)  edit
POET (§91 poet)  edit
POETRY (§100 poetry)  edit
POETS (§91 poet)  edit
POISON (§105.16 poison)  edit
POOR MAN (§92 people)  edit
POWERFUL MAN (§88 man, male)  edit
PRAISE POEM (§100 poetry)  edit
PRECIOUS METAL (§87 gold, silver)  edit
PRIEST (§94 priest, saint)  edit
PRINCE  edit
PRINCES  edit
PRIVY HOLE  edit
PROPHET  edit
RAIN (§12 rain)  edit
RAM (§28 sheep)  edit
RAVEN (§41 raven)  edit
RAVEN/EAGLE (§42.1 bird of prey)  edit
RAVENS (§41 raven)  edit
RAVENS/EAGLES (§42.1 bird of prey)  edit
REINS (§105.32 reins)  edit
RETAINER (§92 people)  edit
RETAINERS (§92 people)  edit
RIDGE  edit
RING (§ ring)  edit
RINGS (§ ring)  edit
RIVER (§8 water)  edit
RIVERS (§8 water)  edit
RIVERS/LAKES (§8 water)  edit
ROCK (§3 stone, jewel)  edit
ROCKS  edit
RUDDER (§86 ship accessories)  edit
RULER (§90 ruler)  edit
RULERS (§90 ruler)  edit
SAIL (§86 ship accessories)  edit
SAINT (§94 priest, saint)  edit
SAINTS (§94 priest, saint)  edit
SAND  edit
SATIETY (§105.43 satiety)  edit
SAUSAGE (§104 sausage)  edit
SAUSAGES (§104 sausage)  edit
SCEPTRE (§105.27 sceptre)  edit
SCRAPER (§105.22 scraper)  edit
SCRIPTURES (§ scripture)  edit
SEA (§5 sea)  edit
SEA PATH (§5 sea)  edit
SEA-KING (§88 man, male)  edit
SEA-SNAILS (§39 sea-snail)  edit
SEA-SPRAY (§6 wave)  edit
SEA-WARRIOR (§88 man, male)  edit
SEAFARER (§88 man, male)  edit
SEAFARERS (§88 man, male)  edit
SEAWEED (§7 seaweed)  edit
SERPENT (§36 snake, serpent)  edit
SERPENTS (§36 snake, serpent)  edit
SERVANT  edit
SERVANTS  edit
SHE-WOLF (§43 wolf)  edit
SHEATH  edit
SHEEP (§28 sheep)  edit
SHEPHERD (§92 people)  edit
SHIELD (§80 shield)  edit
SHIELD-FACE (§80 shield)  edit
SHIELD-RIM (§80 shield)  edit
SHIELD-RIMS (§80 shield)  edit
SHIELD-WALL  edit
SHIELD-WALLS  edit
SHIELDS (§80 shield)  edit
SHIP (§85 ship)  edit
SHIPS (§85 ship)  edit
SHOE (§105.04 shoe)  edit
SHOE/FOOT (§105.04 shoe)  edit
SHOES (§105.04 shoe)  edit
SHORE (§1 earth, land)  edit
SHOULDER (§65 shoulder)  edit
SHOULDERS (§65 shoulder)  edit
SICKLE (§105.30 sickle)  edit
SILVER (§87 gold, silver)  edit
SIN (§105.41 sin)  edit
SINS (§105.41 sin)  edit
SKALD (§91 poet)  edit
SKERRY  edit
SKIES/HEAVENS (§18 sky/heaven)  edit
SKULL  edit
SKULLS  edit
SKY (§17 sky)  edit
SKY/HEAVEN (§18 sky/heaven)  edit
SLEEP (§105.46 sleep)  edit
SMITH (§92 people)  edit
SNAKE (§36 snake, serpent)  edit
SNAKES (§36 snake, serpent)  edit
SOIL  edit
SOLE (§105.05 sole)  edit
SON (§89 son, descendant)  edit
SONS (§89 son, descendant)  edit
SORCERESS  edit
SORROW (§105.45 sorrow)  edit
SOUL  edit
SOULS  edit
SOW  edit
SPEAR (§74 arrow, spear)  edit
SPEAR-BLADES (§74 arrow, spear)  edit
SPEARS (§74 arrow, spear)  edit
SPEECH (§105.37 speech)  edit
SPIT (§61 spit)  edit
SPRING (§22 spring)  edit
STANDARD  edit
STERN RULER (§90 ruler)  edit
STICK (§105.31 stick)  edit
STONE (§3 stone, jewel)  edit
STONES (§3 stone, jewel)  edit
STORM  edit
STRIFE (§105.44 strife)  edit
SUMMER (§21 winter, summer)  edit
SUN (§14 sun)  edit
SUNDAY  edit
SURF (§6 wave)  edit
SWEDISH RULER (§90 ruler)  edit
SWIMMER  edit
SWORD (§76 sword)  edit
SWORD BLADE (§76 sword)  edit
SWORD BLADES (§76 sword)  edit
SWORD-SHEATH  edit
SWORD/SPEAR (§76 sword)  edit
SWORDS (§76 sword)  edit
TAIL (§70 tail)  edit
TALON (§69 claw)  edit
TALONS (§69 claw)  edit
TANNER (§92 people)  edit
TEARS (§52 tears)  edit
TEETH (§59 teeth)  edit
THE BLESSED (§94 priest, saint)  edit
THE CHURCH (§94 priest, saint)  edit
THE DEVIL (§95 devil)  edit
THE ENGLISH  edit
THONG (§105.26 thong)  edit
THOUGHT (§64 thought, courage)  edit
TILLER (§86 ship accessories)  edit
TOES (§68 toes)  edit
TONGUE (§60 tongue)  edit
TOOTH (§59 teeth)  edit
TORMENTOR (§92 people)  edit
TORTURE-WHEEL  edit
TREASURE GUARDIAN (§90 ruler)  edit
TREE (§ tree)  edit
TRINITY  edit
TROLL (§88 man, male)  edit
TROLL-WIFE (§96 woman, female)  edit
TROLL-WOMAN (§96 woman, female)  edit
TROLL-WOMEN (§96 woman, female)  edit
TROLLS (§88 man, male)  edit
TRØNDELAG  edit
UNIVERSE  edit
UPPHAF  edit
VALKYRIE (§96 woman, female)  edit
VALKYRIES (§96 woman, female)  edit
VAT  edit
VIRTUOUS MAN (§94 priest, saint)  edit
VIRTUOUS RULER (§94 priest, saint)  edit
VIXEN  edit
VOLCANIC ERUPTION  edit
VOMIT  edit
VOYAGE (§5 sea)  edit
WAGON  edit
WAR-GEAR (§73 weapon)  edit
WARRIOR (§88 man, male)  edit
WARRIORS (§88 man, male)  edit
WARSHIPS (§85 ship)  edit
WATER (§8 water)  edit
WAVE (§6 wave)  edit
WAVES (§6 wave)  edit
WEALTHY MAN (§88 man, male)  edit
WEAPON (§73 weapon)  edit
WEAPONS (§73 weapon)  edit
WHALE (§38 whale)  edit
WHETSTONE (§105.29 whetstone)  edit
WICKED MEN (§92 people)  edit
WIDOW  edit
WIND (§11 wind)  edit
WINDOW (§101 house and accessories)  edit
WINDS (§11 wind)  edit
WINE (§103 drink)  edit
WINE/ALE (§103 drink)  edit
WING (§71 wing)  edit
WINGS (§71 wing)  edit
WINTER (§21 winter, summer)  edit
WINTERS (§21 winter, summer)  edit
WOLF (§43 wolf)  edit
WOLF-SKIN  edit
WOLF/WOLVES (§43 wolf)  edit
WOLVES (§43 wolf)  edit
WOMAN (§96 woman, female)  edit
WOMB  edit
WOMEN (§96 woman, female)  edit
WORLD (§1 earth, land)  edit
WOUND (§82 wound)  edit
WOUNDS (§82 wound)  edit
YNGLING  edit
ZENITH (§ mountain)  edit
© Skaldic Project Academic Body, unless otherwise noted. Database structure and interface developed by Tarrin Wills. All users of material on this database are reminded that its content may be either subject to copyright restrictions or is the property of the custodians of linked databases that have given permission for members of the skaldic project to use their material for research purposes. Those users who have been given access to as yet unpublished material are further reminded that they may not use, publish or otherwise manipulate such material except with the express permission of the individual editor of the material in question and the General Editor of the volume in which the material is to be published. Applications for permission to use such material should be made in the first instance to the General Editor of the volume in question. All information that appears in the published volumes has been thoroughly reviewed. If you believe some information here is incorrect please contact Tarrin Wills with full details.