Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Þórarinn loftunga (Þloft)

11th century; volume 1; ed. Matthew Townend;

2. Tøgdrápa (Tøgdr) - 8

Skj info: Þórarinn loftunga, Islandsk skjald, 11. årh. (AI, 322-7, BI, 298-301).

Skj poems:
1. Hǫfuðlausn
2. Tøgdrápa
3. Glælognskviða

Few biographical facts are known about Þórarinn loftunga ‘Praise-tongue’ (Þloft). In introducing Þórarinn’s service to King Knútr inn ríki Sveinsson (Cnut the Great), Snorri Sturluson (ÍF 27, 307; cf. ÓH 1941, I, 473) records in general terms that he was an Icelander and a great poet (skáld mikit) who had spent a great deal of time with kings and other chieftains. Knýtl (ÍF 35, 124) gives a similar portrait, and adds that Þórarinn was gamall ‘old’ when he first came to Knútr. However, all of Þórarinn’s extant poetry derives from his service to Knútr and his son Sveinn, and these are the only monarchs for whom Þórarinn is recorded as a poet in Skáldatal (SnE 1848-87, III, 258, 267). Þorm Lv 10/1-2 also refers to Knútr rewarding Þórarinn with gold over a long period (for the anecdote in which it is quoted see ÓHLeg 1982, 124-8; ÓH 1941, II, 799-804), and his pre-Knútr career must remain hypothetical. Parts of three poems are preserved: Hǫfuðlausn (Hfl) and Tøgdrápa (Tøgdr) for Knútr, and Glælognskviða (Glækv) for Sveinn, probably composed in this order, and between c. 1027 and 1034; for circumstances of composition and preservation see individual Introductions below. The evidence of the poems suggests that Þórarinn entered Knútr’s service in either England or Denmark, accompanied him on his journey to Norway in 1028, and after 1030 remained at Sveinn’s court in Norway at least until c. 1032. For previous discussions of Þórarinn’s career see LH I, 601-3, Malcolm (1993), and Townend (2005, 256-7).

Tøgdrápa — Þloft TøgdrI

Matthew Townend 2012, ‘(Introduction to) Þórarinn loftunga, Tøgdrápa’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 851.

 1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8 

Skj: Þórarinn loftunga: 2. Tøgdrápa, 1028 (AI, 322-324, BI, 298-299); stanzas (if different): 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7

SkP info: I, 854

old edition introduction edition manuscripts transcriptions concordance search files

2 — Þloft Tøgdr 2I

edition interactive full text transcriptions old edition references concordance


Cite as: Matthew Townend (ed.) 2012, ‘Þórarinn loftunga, Tøgdrápa 2’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 854.

Uggðu Egðir
ǫrbeiðis fǫr
svans sigrlana
sǫkrammir mjǫk.
Allt vas golli
grams skip framit;
vǫrum sjón sǫgu
slíks ríkari.

Sǫkrammir Egðir uggðu mjǫk fǫr {ǫrbeiðis {svans {sigrlana}}}. Skip grams vas allt framit golli; sjón slíks vǫrum ríkari sǫgu.

The battle-strong Egðir greatly feared the journey {of the eager demander {of the swan {of victory-heaps}}} [CORPSES > RAVEN/EAGLE > WARRIOR]. The king’s ship was all decorated with gold; the sight of such was to me more powerful than [any] telling.

texts: Flat 558, Fsk 152, ÓH 121 (117), ÓHHkr 114 (II 114), ÓHLeg 46, Hkr 315 (II 114)

editions: Skj Þórarinn loftunga: 2. Tøgdrápa 3 (AI, 322-3; BI, 298); Skald I, 151, NN §1129; Hkr 1893-1901, II, 398, IV, 152, ÍF 27, 308 (ÓHHkr ch. 172); ÓH 1941, I, 475 (ch. 166), Flat 1860-8, II, 306; ÓHLeg 1922, 71, ÓHLeg 1982, 168-9; Fsk 1902-3, 172 (ch. 28), ÍF 29, 192 (ch. 33).


AM 36 folx (Kx) 428r, 9 - 428r, 16 (Hkr)  transcr.  image  
Holm perg 2 4° (Holm2) 57r, 2 - 57r, 4 (ÓH)  image  
AM 73 b fol (Bæb) 2va, 24 - 2va, 24 (ÓH)  image  image  
AM 68 fol (68) 56v, 17 - 56v, 17 (ÓH)  image  
Holm perg 4 4° (Holm4) 54va, 22 - 54va, 25 (ÓH)  image  
AM 61 fol (61) 115va, 32 - 115va, 34 (ÓH)  image  image  
AM 75 c fol (75c) 38v, 26 - 38v, 26 (ÓH)  image  
AM 325 V 4° (325V) 67va, 20 - 67va, 23 (ÓH)  image  
AM 325 VII 4° (325VII) 31r, 10 - 31r, 11 (ÓH)  image  
AM 325 XI 2 g 4° (325XI 2 g) 3rb, 19 - 3rb, 22 (ÓH)  image  
GKS 1005 fol (Flat) 118va, 54 - 118va, 56 (ÓH)  image  image  image  
DG 8 (DG8) 96r, 26 - 96r, 27 (ÓHLeg)  image  
GKS 1008 fol (Tóm) 145v, 42 - 145v, 42 (ÓH)  image  
AM 303 4°x (FskAx) 180, 3 - 180, 10 (Fsk)  image  
AM 73 a folx (73ax) 176v, 23 - 176v, 23 (ÓH)  image  
AM 301 4°x (301x) 66r, 10 - 66r, 12 (Fsk)  transcr.  image  
Thott 972 folx (972x) 420va, 11 - 420va, 18 (ÓH)  image  image  
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