Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Þjóðólfr ór Hvini (Þjóð)

9th century; volume 1; ed. Edith Marold;

3. Lausavísur (Lv) - 2

Skj info: Þjóðólfr ór Hvini, enn hvinverski, Norsk skjald, 9 årh. (AI, 7-21, BI, 7-19).

Skj poems:
1. Ynglingatal
2. Haustlǫng
3. Et digt om Harald hårfagre, næppe ægte
4. Lausavísur

Þjóðólfr ór Hvini, or inn hvinverski, ‘from Hvinir’ (Þjóð) was a Norwegian skald of the late ninth or early tenth century. As his nickname indicates, he was from Hvinir (Kvinesdal, Vest-Agder). His biography is largely unknown. Skáldatal names him as poet to several rulers and powerful men: Haraldr hárfagri ‘Fair-hair’ and Rǫgnvaldr heiðumhár or heiðumhæri ‘High with Honours’ (SnE 1848-87, III, 253, 261, 273), Hákon jarl Grjótgarðsson (ibid., 256, 265, 280), Þorleifr inn spaki ‘the Wise’ (ibid., 259, 268, 285), Strút-Haraldr jarl (ibid., 259, 284) and an unknown Sveinn jarl (ibid., 268). However, the associations with Hákon, Strút-Haraldr and Þorleifr are uncertain since they may have lived later in the tenth century; see Bugge (1894, 145, 175); Åkerlund (1939, 7). In Hkr, both within the Prologue (ÍF 26, 4) and in HHárf (ÍF 26, 127-8, 139), Þjóðólfr is represented as skald and friend to Haraldr hárfagri and as a dedicated foster-father to Haraldr’s son Guðrøðr ljómi ‘Beam of Light’. It is in this context that he speaks the two lausavísur associated with him (Þjóð Lv 1-2). Þjóðólfr ór Hvini is the composer of the poems Ynglingatal (Þjóð Yt) and Haustlǫng (Þjóð HaustlIII, edited in SkP III). Five stanzas of a poem dedicated to Haraldr hárfagri (Þjóð Har) are also attributed to him. Several stanzas of Haraldskvæði (Þhorn Harkv) are falsely attributed to Þjóðólfr; see Introduction to Harkv. Finally, a fragment (Þjóðólfr FragIII) edited in SkP III is likely to be the work of a different Þjóðólfr, though it is tentatively associated with Þjóð Yt in Skj; see Introduction to Yt.

Lausavísur — Þjóð LvI

R. D. Fulk 2012, ‘(Introduction to) Þjóðólfr ór Hvini, Lausavísur’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 64.

 1   2 

Skj: Þjóðólfr ór Hvini, enn hvinverski: 4. Lausavísur (AI, 21, BI, 19)

SkP info: I, 65

old edition introduction edition manuscripts transcriptions concordance search files

2 — Þjóð Lv 2I

edition interactive full text transcriptions old edition references concordance

 

Cite as: R. D. Fulk (ed.) 2012, ‘Þjóðólfr ór Hvini, Lausavísur 2’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 65.

Fariða ér, áðr fleyja
flatvǫllr heðan batnar,
— verpr Geitis vegr grjóti —
Górøðr, of sæ stóran.
Vindbýsna skalt, vísi
víðfrægr, heðan bíða;
vesið með oss, unz verði
veðr; nús brim fyr Jaðri.

Fariða ér, Górøðr, of stóran sæ, áðr {flatvǫllr fleyja} batnar heðan; {vegr Geitis} verpr grjóti. Víðfrægr vísi, skalt bíða vindbýsna heðan; vesið með oss, unz verði veðr; nús brim fyr Jaðri.

Do not go, Guðrøðr, over the swollen sea before {the flat plain of ships} [SEA] improves after this; {the road of Geitir <sea-king>} [SEA] flings stones. Far-renowned leader, you must wait out the wind-portents [storm] here; remain with us until there is favourable weather; now there is surf off Jæren.

texts: HHárf 26 (I 58), Hkr 68 (I 58)

editions: Skj Þjóðólfr ór Hvini, enn hvinverski: 4. Lausavísur 2 (AI, 21; BI, 19); Skald I, 12, NN §§143, 1814E, 2817 anm.; Hkr 1777-1826, I, 115, VI, 21, Hkr 1868, 75, Hkr 1893-1901, I, 150-1, IV, 42-3, ÍF 26, 139, Hkr 1991, 87 (HHárf), F 1871, 59.

sources

AM 45 fol (F) 13ra, 23 - 13ra, 26 (Hkr)  transcr.  image  image  image  image  
AM 35 folx (Kx) 75r, 4 - 75r, 11 (Hkr)  transcr.  image  image  
AM 37 folx (J1x) 43r, 22 - 43v, 3 (Hkr)  transcr.  image  
AM 38 folx (J2x) 42v, 22 - 42v, 29 (Hkr)  transcr.  image  
AM 761 a 4°x (761ax) 51r, 2 - 51r, 9 (Hkr)  transcr.  image  
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