Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Þjóðólfr ór Hvini (Þjóð)

9th century; volume 1; ed. Edith Marold;

1. Ynglingatal (Yt) - 37

Skj info: Þjóðólfr ór Hvini, enn hvinverski, Norsk skjald, 9 årh. (AI, 7-21, BI, 7-19).

Skj poems:
1. Ynglingatal
2. Haustlǫng
3. Et digt om Harald hårfagre, næppe ægte
4. Lausavísur

Þjóðólfr ór Hvini, or inn hvinverski, ‘from Hvinir’ (Þjóð) was a Norwegian skald of the late ninth or early tenth century. As his nickname indicates, he was from Hvinir (Kvinesdal, Vest-Agder). His biography is largely unknown. Skáldatal names him as poet to several rulers and powerful men: Haraldr hárfagri ‘Fair-hair’ and Rǫgnvaldr heiðumhár or heiðumhæri ‘High with Honours’ (SnE 1848-87, III, 253, 261, 273), Hákon jarl Grjótgarðsson (ibid., 256, 265, 280), Þorleifr inn spaki ‘the Wise’ (ibid., 259, 268, 285), Strút-Haraldr jarl (ibid., 259, 284) and an unknown Sveinn jarl (ibid., 268). However, the associations with Hákon, Strút-Haraldr and Þorleifr are uncertain since they may have lived later in the tenth century; see Bugge (1894, 145, 175); Åkerlund (1939, 7). In Hkr, both within the Prologue (ÍF 26, 4) and in HHárf (ÍF 26, 127-8, 139), Þjóðólfr is represented as skald and friend to Haraldr hárfagri and as a dedicated foster-father to Haraldr’s son Guðrøðr ljómi ‘Beam of Light’. It is in this context that he speaks the two lausavísur associated with him (Þjóð Lv 1-2). Þjóðólfr ór Hvini is the composer of the poems Ynglingatal (Þjóð Yt) and Haustlǫng (Þjóð HaustlIII, edited in SkP III). Five stanzas of a poem dedicated to Haraldr hárfagri (Þjóð Har) are also attributed to him. Several stanzas of Haraldskvæði (Þhorn Harkv) are falsely attributed to Þjóðólfr; see Introduction to Harkv. Finally, a fragment (Þjóðólfr FragIII) edited in SkP III is likely to be the work of a different Þjóðólfr, though it is tentatively associated with Þjóð Yt in Skj; see Introduction to Yt.

Ynglingatal — Þjóð YtI

Edith Marold with the assistance of Vivian Busch, Jana Krüger, Ann-Dörte Kyas and Katharina Seidel, translated from German by John Foulks 2012, ‘(Introduction to) Þjóðólfr ór Hvini, Ynglingatal’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Brepols, Turnhout, p. 3.

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for reference only:  8x   11x   13x   14x   15x   16x   17x   20x   25x   26x 

Skj: Þjóðólfr ór Hvini, enn hvinverski: 1. Ynglingatal (AI, 7-15, BI, 7-14); stanzas (if different): 9 | 10 | 11 | 12-13 | 13 | 14 | 15-16 | 16 | 17-18 | 18 | 19-20 | 20 | 21-22 | 22 | 23-24 | 24 | 25 | 26 | 27-28 | 28 | 29 | 30 | 31 | 32 | 33-34 | 34 | 35-36 | 36 | 37 | 38(?)

in texts: Flat, Hkr, LaufE, ÓGeir, ÓH, Yng

SkP info: I, 3

old edition introduction edition manuscripts transcriptions concordance references search files

 

-at (particle) ‘(neg. suffix)...’at 10/9

1-berandi (noun m.) ‘[bearers]...’berendr 5/3

-bitinn (adj.) ‘[bitten]...’bitinn 6/10

-brjóstr (adj.) ‘[breasted]...’brjóstr 12/5

-byggðr (adj.) ‘inhabited, settled ...’byggðr 2/11

-fjalgr (adj.) ‘[hot]...’fjalgr 21/5

-geðr (adj.) ‘-minded...’geði 2/6, geði 25/10, geðr 25/10, geðr 27/9

-miðlandi (noun m.) ‘sharer, mediator...’miðlendr 22/3

-røðr (noun m.) ‘[røðr]...’røðr 25/1

(unknown) (unclassified)Hag 12/9, tꜹr 9/9

aðal (noun n.) ‘inherited land; Æthel-...’ — 13/7

Aðils (noun m.) ‘Aðils...’ — 16/2

af (prep.) ‘from...’ — 5/6, 16/6, 21/8, 25/12, 26/12

afbrygði (noun f.) ‘ONP: jealousy...’afbrýði 11/16

Agni (noun m.) ‘Agni...’Agna 9/2

ala (verb) ‘to beget, produce, procreate...’ǫlum 25/6

alað (noun n.) ‘[food]...’ — 13/7

alfr (noun m.) ‘elf...’ — 22/11, alfs 22/11, Ôlfr 11/2

all- ((prefix)) ‘very...’all 4/9, all 7/9

allr (adj.) ‘all...’allri 20/10, allt 7/9, ǫllum 25/6

2annarr (num. ordinal) ‘second, other...’ǫðru 13/8

1ari (noun m.) ‘eagle...’ara 15/2

arinn (noun m.) ‘[stone, hearth]...’arin 4/10

at- ((prefix)) ‘(prefix)...’at 13/13

3at (prep.) ‘at, to...’ — 1/4, 7/4, 7/12, 9/4, 9/8, 10/4, 11/14, 12/12, 13/2, 13/10, 15/12, 16/16, 17/5, 18/8, 18/12, 19/8, 21/10, 23/12, 25/6, 25/8, 25/12, 26/12

4at (conj.) ‘that...’ — 5/2, 6/10, 8/1, 8/13, 11/10, 15/13, 16/2, 18/2, 22/2, 22/5

5at (nota) ‘to (with infinitive)...’ — 8/8, 13/20

1auðna (noun f.) ‘[destiny, fortune]...’auðnu 12/11

aumr (adj.) ‘wretched, poor...’Aum 13/4

Aunn (noun m.) ‘Aunn...’Aun 13/4

aurr (noun m.) ‘sand or gravel bank, ford...’aur 16/9

2ausa (verb) ‘sprinkle, bail...’ausinn 26/16

Austmarr (noun m.) ‘[Baltic sea]...’ — 18/9

2austr (noun n.) ‘the east...’aust 14/9, 13/19

3austr (adv.) ‘east, in the east...’ — 14/9

3á (prep.) ‘on, at...’ — 3/1, 3/10, 4/8, 5/6, 6/6, 8/10, 11/8, 11/10, 14/8, 15/8, 17/4, 17/12, 20/4, 22/8, 23/8, 24/10, 25/14, 26/14

áðan (adv.) ‘before...’ — 14/10

áðr (adv.) ‘before...’ — 10/9

Áli (noun m.) ‘Áli...’Ála 16/15

Álrekr (noun m.) ‘[Alrekr]...’Alrekr 10/1

ánasótt (noun f.) ‘[Decrepitude]...’ — 13/3

2ár (noun n.) ‘year, year's abundance...’ — 5/9

1árr (noun m.) ‘messenger...’ôrr 25/11

Ása (noun f.) ‘Ása...’Ôsu 25/11

1áss (noun m.) ‘rafter, ridge...’ási 23/2

2átt (noun f.) ‘lineage...’ — 21/9

1áttungr (noun m.) ‘kinsman...’ôttunga 13/14, ôttunga 14/3, ôttungr 14/3, ôttungr 16/7

1baka (noun f.) ‘[caper]...’ — 3/8

bani (noun m.) ‘death, killer...’bana 6/7, bana 10/4, bana 12/7, bǫnum 11/14

3barr (adj.) ‘ready...’ — 25/12

bági (noun m.) ‘adversary...’bága 3/8

Bárðr (noun m.) ‘[Bárðr, barðr]...’barðr 12/9, barðs 12/9

beðr (noun m.) ‘bed...’beði 3/10, beði 25/14

bein (noun n.) ‘bone...’beinum 19/10, beinum 22/12, beinum 23/6

2beita (verb) ‘beat, tack...’beittr 25/3

2Bera (noun f.) ‘Bera...’ — 11/10

3bera (verb) ‘bear, carry...’bar 5/8, bar 8/12, bar 25/12, 12/8, borinn 6/8, borinn 14/12, borinn 15/7, borit 14/12

betri (adj. comp.) ‘better, best...’bazt 27/1

biðja (verb) ‘ask for, order, pray...’beitt 11/9

bit (noun n.) ‘[biting]...’ — 17/9

bíta (verb) ‘bite...’beit 4/12

bjartr (adj.) ‘bright...’bjarta 18/6, 2/9

bjóða (verb) ‘offer, order, invite...’bauð 24/4

2blanda (verb) ‘mix, blend (strong)...’blandinn 16/12

blár (adj.) ‘black...’blôum 27/2

boð (noun n.) ‘command, offer, feast...’bǫði 3/10

Borró (noun ?) ‘[Borre]...’Borrói 24/10

bógr (noun m.) ‘shoulder...’bógum 16/6

bragningr (noun m.) ‘prince, ruler...’bragning 16/11, bragnings 16/11

brandr (noun m.) ‘sword, prow; fire...’brand 17/10, brandi 23/8

2brenna (verb) ‘(strong, intransitive)...’brann 3/9, brann 6/12, brann 17/16

3brenna (verb) ‘to burn...’ — 17/8

brjóta (verb) ‘to break, destroy...’brotna 14/11

broddr (noun m.) ‘point of spear or arrow...’braddi 23/8, broddi 23/8

bróðir (noun m.) ‘brother...’brœðr 11/13, bróður 3/2, bróður 10/3, bróður 23/4

brún (noun f.) ‘brows...’brúna 14/11

1brynja (noun f.) ‘mailcoat...’brynj 22/11

buðlungr (noun m.) ‘king, prince...’buðlung 24/9, 25/13, buðlungs 24/9

burr (noun m.) ‘son...’bura 19/2, burs 16/11

2búa (verb) ‘prepare, ready, live...’bjó 1/2, bjó 24/6

byggð (noun f.) ‘dwelling, settlement...’byggðir 2/11

byrðr (noun f.) ‘burden, load...’byrði 4/2

byrgi (noun n.) ‘refuge...’ — 4/2

býleistr (noun m.) ‘býleistr...’Býleists 23/3

bærr (adj.) ‘right, appropriate ...’bært 11/9

dagr (noun m.) ‘day...’dag 2/1, dag 16/13, Dags 10/7

2Dagr (noun m.) ‘Dagr...’ — 8/1

danr (noun m.) ‘Dane...’danr 24/5, Dana 15/4, danar 22/2

dauði (noun m.) ‘death...’dauða 8/2

dáð (noun f.) ‘feat, deed...’ — 16/5, 16/13

1deyja (verb) ‘die...’ — 16/14, 12/2

dís (noun f.) ‘dís, woman...’ — 9/7

djarfr (adj.) ‘bold...’ — 26/13

dolgr (noun m.) ‘enemy, battle...’dolgi 5/10, dolgi 19/6, 16/15

Dómaldi (noun m.) ‘Dómaldi...’Dómalda 5/8

Dómarr (noun m.) ‘Dómarr...’ — 6/5

dómr (noun m.) ‘judgement; court; -dom, -ness (suffix)...’dóms 24/7

2draga (verb) ‘drag, pull, draw...’dró 25/8

drasill (noun m.) ‘steed...’drasils 16/6

2drekka (verb) ‘drink...’drakk 13/16

drengr (noun m.) ‘man, warrior...’ — 16/15

drepa (verb) ‘kill, strike...’drepask 10/8

dreyrugr (adj.) ‘bloody...’dreyrgan 11/6, dreyrug 5/7

dróttinn (noun m.) ‘lord, master...’ — 27/10, dróttni 5/4

drúpa (verb) ‘droop...’drúpir 22/12

dugandligr (adj.) ‘[valiant]...’ — 15/3

1dul (noun f.) ‘delusion...’ — 7/1

Durinn (noun m.)Durins 2/2

Dusli (noun m.) ‘Dusli...’Dusla 2/7

Dúrnir (noun m.) ‘Dúrnir...’Dúrnis 2/2

dvergr (noun m.) ‘dwarf...’dvergi 2/8

Dyggvi (noun m.) ‘Dyggvi...’Dyggva 7/2

dynja (verb) ‘resound...’dynjanda 6/6

dǫglingr (noun m.) ‘king, ruler...’dǫglingar 11/5, 11/5

3ef (conj.) ‘if...’ — 9/2

efri (adj. comp.) ‘higher, highest...’ — 18/10

Egill (noun m.) ‘Egill...’Agli 14/8

2eiga (verb) ‘own, have...’eigi 27/4

Eiríkr (noun m.) ‘Eiríkr...’Eireki 10/2

eistneskr (adj.) ‘[an Estonian]...’ — 18/7

eistr (noun m.) ‘[Estonians]...’Eistra 19/6

ek (pron.) ‘I, me...’k 6/9

2en (conj.) ‘but, and...’ — 2/1, 14/5, 14/13, 23/1, Enn 3/1

4en (conj.) ‘than...’ — 23/5, enn 20/13

endi (noun m.) ‘end...’enda 17/2

endr (adv.) ‘formerly, once, again...’ — 12/2, 13/1

2enn (adv.) ‘still, yet, again...’ — 16/1

eptir (prep.) ‘after, behind...’ept 2/8

2er (conj.) ‘who, which, when...’ — 6/1, 9/2, es 1/4, es 3/12, es 11/2, es 11/5, es 13/13, es 20/13, es 21/2, es 27/5, hinns 12/2

2etja (verb) ‘incite...’ǫttu 4/6

eykr (noun m.) ‘draught animal...’eykja 10/10, 14/7

eyland (noun n.) ‘island...’eylands 15/13

Eysteinn (noun m.) ‘Eysteinn...’ — 23/1, Eysteins 17/1

él (noun n.) ‘storm...’ — 23/9, élum 25/6

faðir (noun m.) ‘father...’fǫður 4/8

fagr (adj.) ‘fair, beautiful...’ — 26/7

falla (verb) ‘fall...’ — 16/8, Fell 10/1, Fell 15/1, fǫllnum 18/10

fara (verb) ‘go, travel...’ — 8/4, 20/16, fór 23/2

2farri (noun m.) ‘bull...’farra 14/6

Fasti (noun m.) ‘Fasti...’Fasta 15/10

fastr (adj.) ‘firm, fast...’ — 17/13

feigð (noun f.) ‘death...’feigðar 1/3

2fela (verb) ‘hide...’folgin 17/2, folginn 17/2, fôlu 24/12

ferð (noun f.) ‘host, journey...’ — 8/11

fetill (noun m.) ‘strap, sword-belt...’fetlum 10/6

1fjall (noun n.) ‘mountain...’fjǫllum 18/10, fjǫllum 19/4

Fjǫlnir (noun m.) ‘Fjǫlnir...’Fjǫlni 1/4, Fjǫlnis 6/11

fjǫr (noun n.) ‘life...’fjǫrvi 16/2, fjǫrvi 20/14

fjǫrðr (noun m.) ‘fjord...’firði 12/4

fjǫrnjótr (noun m.)fjǫrnjóts 21/7

fljúga (verb) ‘fly...’fló 14/2

flotnar (noun m.) ‘mariners...’flotna 17/15

1flæmingr (noun m.) ‘roamer, chaser...’ — 14/5

fold (noun f.) ‘land...’ — 5/2, foldar 19/10, Foldar 26/10

folk (noun n.) ‘people...’ — 10/12, folki 10/12

for- ((prefix)) ‘exceedingly...’For 21/7

forðum (adv.) ‘formerly, once...’ — 26/6

forn (adj.) ‘ancient, old...’fornum 25/14

1fótr (noun m.) ‘foot, leg...’fœti 15/6, fót 26/9

fram (adv.) ‘out, forth, forwards, away...’ — 1/1

framr (adj.) ‘outstanding, foremost...’frǫmustum 26/11

frá (prep.) ‘from...’ — 8/12, 21/10

1fregna (verb) ‘hear of...’Frá 10/9, frá 22/1, Frák 8/1, frák 15/9, frák 16/1, fregit 6/4

fremð (noun f.) ‘honour...’fremðar 8/3

Freyr (noun m.) ‘(a god)...’Freys 10/11, Freys 16/7

Fróði (noun m.) ‘Fróði...’Fróða 15/14, 1/2

fróðr (adj.) ‘wise...’fróða 6/3

frægð (noun f.) ‘fame...’frægðar 8/3

frægr (adj.) ‘famous, renowned...’ — 26/7

frœkn (adj.) ‘brave, bold...’frœknu 20/15

frændi (noun m.) ‘kinsman, male relative...’fríendr 10/7, frændr 10/7

frǫmuðr (noun m.) ‘promoter...’frǫmuð 15/15, 8/7, 19/9

2fullr (adj.) ‘full, complete...’ — 17/15

fúss (adj.) ‘eager, willing...’ — 8/3

fylki (noun n.) ‘county...’ — 26/8

fylkir (noun m.) ‘leader...’fylki 17/16

fyr (prep.) ‘for, over, because of, etc....’ — 15/4, 21/12, 23/2, 25/4

fyrir (prep.) ‘for, before, because of...’ — 26/14

fyrr (adv.) ‘before, sooner...’ — 5/1

fyrstr (num. ordinal) ‘first...’ — 20/15

Fýri (noun f.) ‘[Fyrisån]...’ — 6/12

færa (verb) ‘[bring]...’færi 15/6

fǫr (noun f.) ‘journey, fate; movement...’far 4/3

gaman (noun n.) ‘joy, pleasure...’gamni 7/4, gamni 18/12

gammr (noun m.) ‘vulture...’ — 15/5

2ganga (verb) ‘walk, go...’gekk 12/12

garmr (noun m.) ‘dog...’ — 4/11

gauzkr (adj.) ‘Gautish...’gauzkum 23/10

gegnum (prep.) ‘through...’gǫgnum 20/8

geirr (noun m.) ‘spear...’geira 1/6

Geirstaðir (noun m.) ‘Geirstaðir...’Geirstǫðum 26/14

gengr (adj.) ‘safe to walk, traverse...’gengt 1/1

gerði (noun n.) — 10/10, 25/10

gervi (noun f.) ‘gear, clothes...’gǫrvar 21/6

1geta (noun f.)getta 8/14

2geta (verb) ‘to beget, give birth to, mention, speak ...’ — 8/14

1gína (verb) ‘gape...’gein 2/12

gjarn (adj.) ‘eager...’ — 11/7, 16/5, gjǫrn 5/9

Glitnir (noun m.) ‘Glitnir, hall, shining one...’Glitnis 7/3

glíkr (adj.) ‘like, alike...’ — 26/8

glóð (noun f.) ‘ember...’ — 21/5, glóða 4/11

glymja (verb) ‘resound...’glymjandi 4/12

glǫð (noun f.) ‘[bright one, horse]...’glað 21/5

glǫtuðr (noun m.) ‘destroyer...’ — 3/11

Gná (noun f.) ‘Gná...’Gnô 7/3

goð (noun n.) ‘(pagan) god...’ — 20/7

Goðlaugr (noun m.) ‘[Guðlaugr]...’Goðlaugs 12/7

góðr (adj.) ‘good...’goðum 26/8

1gramr (noun m.) ‘ruler...’gram 8/13

granda (verb) ‘harm, injure...’grandi 26/12

greiði (noun m.) ‘[gear]...’ — 10/10

greiðr (adj.) ‘smooth, easy...’ — 10/10

greip (noun f.) ‘hand, talon...’greipar 15/2

Grenland (noun n.)Grenlands 26/8

Grímhildr (noun f.) ‘Grímhildr...’ — 3/7

grund (noun f.) ‘earth, land...’ — 26/7, 26/13

guð- ((prefix)) ‘[Guð]...’Goð 25/1

gull (noun n.) ‘gold...’goll 9/6

gunnr (noun f.) ‘battle, Gunnr...’gunn 26/13

gylðir (noun m.) ‘wolf...’ — 21/4, gylðis 21/4

2Gymir (noun m.) ‘Gymir...’Gymis 18/11

gœðingr (noun m.) ‘chieftain...’gœðing 9/5

2gæta (verb) ‘look after, care for...’ — 8/14

gǫfuglátr (adj.) ‘splendid...’gǫfugláti 25/2

1gǫrr (adj.) ‘ample, perfect...’gǫrvastr 20/11

gǫtvar (noun f.) ‘[garments]...’ — 21/6

haðna (noun f.) ‘[kid, nanny-goat]...’hǫðnu 12/11, hǫðnum 12/11

haf (noun n.) ‘sea...’ — 6/4, hafs 6/7

hafa (verb) ‘have...’ — 10/12, hafðak 6/4, hafði 14/10, hafði 18/4, hafði 24/8, hafði 26/4, hafendr 24/11, hefði 18/4, hefr 7/4, hefr 7/12, hǫfðu 15/16

halda (verb) ‘hold, keep...’ — 13/20

Halfdan (noun m.) ‘Hálfdan...’ — 24/5

halfr (adj.) ‘half...’Half 22/2, Half 24/5

Hallvarðr (noun m.) ‘Hallvard, Hallvarðr...’Hallvarðs 22/5

hallvarp (noun n.) ‘[cairn]...’hallvarps 22/5

hals (noun m.) ‘neck...’halsi 12/12

hamr (noun m.) ‘skin, shape, form...’ham* 18/5, hǫmum 18/5

hann (pron.) ‘he, she, it, they, them......’ — 20/13, 26/15

1harmr (noun m.) ‘sorrow, grief...’harmi 19/3

1harpa (noun f.) ‘[a harp, harp]...’hǫrpu 12/6

haugr (noun m.) ‘mound, cairn...’haugi 26/16

haust (noun n.) ‘autumn...’ — 14/9

Hálfr (noun m.) ‘Hálfr...’Hôalfs 6/7

3hár (adj.) ‘high...’hafum 10/6, 12/5, 26/15, hôr 27/7

hárr (adj.) ‘grey...’ — 13/17

hefja (verb) ‘lift, start...’hóf 9/8

hefna (verb) ‘avenge...’ — 8/8, heptr 19/3

4heiðr (adj.) ‘bright...’heiðum 27/7

heift (noun f.) ‘hatred, enmity...’heipt 19/7, heipt 25/7

heimr (noun m.) ‘home, abode; world...’heimi 24/4

heit (noun n.) ‘promise...’heitum 27/7

2heita (verb) ‘be called, promise...’heitinn 27/8

herr (noun m.) ‘army, host...’her 9/2, her 15/5, her 26/15, 5/5, 18/7

1herra (noun m.) ‘lord...’ — 5/5

hersir (noun m.) ‘cheiftan...’hersa 12/10

hestr (noun m.) ‘horse, stallion...’hest 9/11

hilmir (noun m.) ‘prince, protector...’hilmi 17/12, hilmi 18/8, hilmi 25/8

himinn (noun m.) ‘heaven, sky...’Himin 19/4, himins 19/4, himni 27/2

hjarni (noun m.) ‘brain...’hjarna 16/10

hjarta (noun n.) ‘heart...’ — 14/16, 18/6

hjá (prep.) ‘beside, with...’ — 23/10

hjǫrð (noun f.) ‘herd...’hjarðar 13/18

hjǫrr (noun m.) ‘sword...’ — 14/15

hlaupa (verb) ‘leap, run...’hljóp 2/8

1hlíð (noun f.) ‘slope...’hlíðar 17/11

hlíf (noun f.) ‘shield, defence...’hlífi 22/6

hlutr (noun m.) ‘part, thing...’hlut 13/11

1hnakkr (noun m.) ‘[saddle]...’hnakk 10/5

holt (noun n.) ‘[forest, woods]...’Holti 24/6

Holtar (noun ?) ‘[in Holtan]...’Holtum 24/6

2horfa (verb) ‘face, look at...’horfinn 19/12

1hóf (noun n.) ‘court, temple...’hof 21/4

hófr (noun m.) ‘[hoof]...’ — 7/12

1hreinn (noun m.) ‘reindeer...’hreins 13/13

hreyr (noun ?) ‘cairn...’ — 6/2, 7/2, hreyrs 19/11

hrísungr (noun m.) ‘[bastard]...’hrísungs 19/7

hræ (noun n.) ‘corpse, carrion...’ — 21/3, hræs 19/11

hræugr (adj.)hrægum 15/6

hrør (noun n.) ‘corpse...’ — 6/2, 7/2, hrørs 19/11

hús (noun n.) ‘house...’ — 20/5

Hveðrungr (noun m.) ‘Hveðrungr...’Hveðrungs 24/3

1hverfa (verb) ‘turn, disappear...’hurfu 12/6, hvarf 21/12, hverfði 13/10

2hverr (pron.) ‘who, whom, each, every...’hvar 6/5, 22/1

hvetja (verb) ‘incite, urge...’ — 11/12

hyrr (noun m.) ‘fire...’hyrjar 20/6, 22/1

hœfir (noun m.) ‘heifer?...’hœfis 14/15

1hætta (noun f.) ‘[danger]...’hættum 27/7

hǫfuð (noun n.) ‘head...’ — 10/6, 25/7

Hǫgni (noun m.) ‘[Hǫgni, Högni]...’Hǫgna 19/11

hǫnd (noun f.) ‘hand...’hendi 19/8

hǫrgr (noun m.) ‘cairn, shrine...’hǫrg 14/11

hǫrr (noun m.) ‘linen...’hǫrva 12/6

Ingjaldr (noun m.) ‘Ingjaldr...’Ingjald 20/1

2inn (art.) ‘the...’†hinn 21/2, hinn 2/6, hinn 11/1, hinns 9/9, Hitt 5/1, 13/12, 25/2, 25/10

2inni (adv.) ‘in, inside, indoors...’ — 17/8

í (prep.) ‘in, into...’ — 2/5, 4/10, 8/10, 10/12, 12/4, 17/10, 20/8, 22/10, 24/6, 26/2

ífjǫrr (adj.) ‘[alive]...’ífjǫrvan 20/2

jarl (noun m.) ‘poet, earl...’jarla 15/14, jarlar 15/14, jarls 26/13

Jódís (noun f.) ‘[sister]...’ — 7/5

jóð (noun n.) ‘child, offspring...’jóðs 13/7

Jónakr (noun m.) ‘Jónakr...’Jónakrs 19/2

jóti (noun m.) ‘one of the Jótar...’Jóta 5/10

józkr (adj.) ‘[from Jutland]...’józka 17/7

jǫfurr (noun m.) ‘ruler, prince...’jǫfri 2/12, jǫfri 18/10, jǫfri 21/8, jǫfri 24/2, jǫfri 25/12, jǫfur 23/10

Jǫrundr (noun m.) ‘Jǫrundr...’ — 12/1

jǫtunn (noun m.) ‘giant...’jǫtun 2/11, jǫtuns 14/7

kaldr (adj.) ‘cold...’ — 23/9

2kalls (noun n.) ‘ONP: spot, spøg, drilleri, trætte; bebre...’kallz 11/3

kind (noun f.) ‘offspring, race...’ — 5/11, 18/3

kjóll (noun m.) ‘ship...’kjóli 4/10

kjósa (verb) ‘choose...’ — 7/8

knega (verb) ‘to know, understand, be able to...’knátti 4/4, Knátti 13/1

koma (verb) ‘come...’kom 1/4, kom 3/4, kom 8/6, kom 19/8, kømr 23/12

konr (noun m.) ‘kind, descendant...’konar 21/9, 2/7, 21/9

konungr (noun m.) ‘king...’konung 20/7, konung 21/3, konung 22/7, 13/19, 26/15, 27/4, konungs 21/3

korn (noun n.) ‘[corn, grain]...’ — 2/7

kóngr (noun m.) ‘king...’kong 20/7

kundr (noun m.) ‘descendant...’kund 3/5

2kveðja (verb) ‘say, greet...’Kveðkat 7/1, kveðr 18/12, kvôðu 10/8, kvôðu 17/6

kvelja (verb) ‘torment, torture...’kvalði 3/12

kvísl (noun f.) ‘ONP: gren af slægt, slægtled, slægt, fol...’ — 26/1

1kyn (noun n.) ‘kin...’kyns 21/11

kynning (noun f.) ‘[descendant]...’ — 20/7

land (noun n.) ‘land...’ — 5/5, landi 14/2

langr (adj.) ‘long...’lǫngu 21/12, lǫngu 25/4

1laun (noun f.) ‘secret...’ — 25/9

lauss (adj.) ‘loose, free, without...’ — 1/7

leif (noun f.) ‘[remnant]...’ — 12/11

3leika (verb) ‘play...’leikinn 7/12

leistr (noun m.) ‘foot-sole, last...’leistum 20/6

lengi (adv.) ‘for a long time...’ — 14/12

lesta (verb) ‘destroy, damage...’lesti 21/6

letja (verb) ‘deprive...’lattr 12/3

leysa (verb) ‘release, loosen, redeem...’leysti 21/6

liggja (verb) ‘lie...’ — 11/4, 13/6, liggjandi 13/16, liggr 23/5, liggr 26/13

1lim (noun f.) ‘limb...’Lima 12/4

list (noun f.) ‘skill, art, virtue...’listum 20/6

líð (noun n.) ‘drink...’líðs 3/7

líf (noun n.) ‘life...’lífs 5/6, lífs 12/3, lífs 17/3

lífr (adj.) ‘fit to live...’ — 13/5

ljóð (noun n.) ‘poem...’ — 18/11

ljónar (noun m.) ‘men...’ljóna 3/8

ljóss (adj.) ‘bright...’Ljós 18/5

lof (noun n.) ‘praise, leave, permission...’ — 14/1

lofði (noun m.) ‘man...’lofða 21/11

lofðungr (noun m.) ‘king, leader...’lofðungi 17/4

loft (noun n.) ‘air, sky...’lopti 9/8

2Logi (noun m.) ‘Logi...’Loga 9/7

Loki (noun m.) ‘[to Loki, Loki]...’Loka 7/11

Lófund (noun n.) ‘Lófund...’Lófundi 17/4

2lómr (noun m.) ‘deceit...’lóm 25/10, lómi 25/3

1lúka (verb) ‘end, close...’lokinn 17/3, lokins 17/3

lǫðuðr (noun m.) ‘[inviter]...’ — 23/7

lǫgðir (noun m.) ‘sword...’lǫgðis 13/15

lǫgr (noun m.) ‘sea...’lagar 18/6, lagar 23/6

maðr (noun m.) ‘man, person...’ — 10/9, menn 6/3, menn 17/7

1mara (noun f.) ‘[mara]...’ — 3/12

2marr (noun m.) ‘horse...’mari 26/8, mars 10/5

með (prep.) ‘with...’ — 9/6, 10/6, 17/6, 20/12

mega (verb) ‘may, might...’Máttit 13/17

mein (noun n.) ‘harm, injury...’ — 4/5

2men (noun n.) ‘neck-ring...’ — 3/11, 4/5, meni 9/6

mið- ((prefix)) ‘[earth]...’mið 26/1

miðlungr (noun m.) ‘[dealer]...’miðlung 26/11

mildr (adj.) ‘mild, gentle, gracious, generous...’mild 27/9

mjór (adj.) ‘slender...’mjávara 13/12

mækir (noun m.) ‘sword...’mæki 11/6, mæki 13/18, mækis 13/11

mær (noun f.) ‘maiden...’meyjar 23/4, 7/11, 24/3

2mǫrk (noun f.) ‘forest...’markar 4/6, markar 27/10, 14/9

Narfi (noun m.) ‘Narfi...’Narfa 7/6

nauma (noun f.) ‘Nauma...’ — 22/6

1 (verb) ‘reach, get, manage...’náði 26/4, náði 26/12

2nema (conj.) ‘unless...’ — 7/2

1niðr (noun m.) ‘son, kinsman, relative...’nið 14/14, nið 26/1, niðja 2/2, 4/3, 6/11

njóta (verb) ‘enjoy, use...’notit 24/8

njótr (noun m.) ‘user, enjoyer...’njóts 21/7

Noregr (noun m.) ‘Norway...’Nóregi 26/2

norn (noun f.) ‘norn...’norna 24/7

nór (noun m.) ‘ship...’nói 17/10

(adv.) ‘now...’ — 6/9, 23/5, 26/13

nýr (adj.) ‘new...’ 23/5

1nǫkkvi (noun m.) ‘boat...’ — 17/14

oddr (noun m.) ‘point of weapon...’odd 13/15

3of (prep.) ‘around, from...’ — 3/6, 6/2, 11/16, 14/9, 17/16, 20/16, 22/11, 25/12, 26/8

4of (particle) ‘(before verb)...’ — 1/8, 5/12, 6/4, 6/8, 7/12, 8/4, 8/14, 10/8, 11/2, 11/4, 11/12, 12/2, 12/3, 12/8, 13/4, 13/20, 14/12, 15/16, 16/4, 16/12, 18/4, 19/12, 24/8, 25/16, 26/4, 26/12, 27/8

ofsi (noun m.) ‘arrogance, violence...’ofsa 26/6

ofvægr (adj.) ‘invincible, overwhelming...’ofvæg 19/5, 19/5

1ok (noun n.) ‘yoke...’ — 13/13

3ok (conj.) ‘and, but; also...’ — 1/5, 2/9, 3/5, 3/9, 4/1, 4/9, 5/5, 6/1, 7/6, 7/9, 8/9, 10/5, 11/1, 12/9, 12/10, 13/5, 13/9, 14/1, 15/10, 16/5, 16/9, 16/13, 17/5, 17/9, 18/5, 18/9, 19/5, 19/9, 20/1, 20/9, 21/1, 21/5, 22/5, 22/9, 23/5, 24/1, 24/9, 25/5, 25/9, 25/13, 26/1, 26/8, 26/12, 27/9

Ǫnundr (noun m.) ‘[Ǫnundar, Ǫnundr]...’ — 19/1

opt (adv.) ‘often...’ — 6/1

orð (noun n.) ‘word...’ — 1/3, 8/9, orði 8/2

Óláfr (noun m.) ‘Óláfr...’Ôleifr 26/5, Ôleifs 21/3, Óláf 21/3, Óláf 26/5

3ór (prep.) ‘out of...’ — 14/2, 24/4

Óttarr (noun m.) ‘Óttarr...’ — 15/1

óþurfandi (noun m.) ‘[needlessly]...’óþurfendr 11/15

rausuðr (noun m.) ‘[gusher]...’ — 20/3

ráð (noun n.) ‘advice, plan, control, power...’rôð 9/3

ráða (verb) ‘advise, rule, interpret, decide...’Réð 26/5, réði 26/12

1reið (noun f.) ‘riding; chariot...’reiðar 27/6

2reik (noun n.) ‘ONP: flakken, vaklen...’reiks 23/7

rekkr (noun m.) ‘man, champion...’rekks 23/7

2renna (verb) ‘run (strong)...’rann 17/12

reykr (noun m.) ‘smoke...’reyks 20/3

2reyr (noun n.) ‘reed...’*reyrs 19/11, 6/2, 7/2

ríki (noun n.) ‘kingdom, power...’ — 14/4

rjóða (verb) ‘to redden...’rauð 11/8, rauð 14/8, ruðu 5/2

rjóðandi (noun m.) ‘reddener...’rjóðendr 5/3

1rjóðr (noun m.) ‘reddener...’ — 13/14

rœkr (adj.) ‘cultivating...’rœkt 25/7

Ræningr (noun m.) ‘Ræningr...’Ræningi 20/4

rǫð (noun f.) ‘ridge...’raðar 23/8

rǫgn (noun n.) ‘the gods (in names)...’ — 27/5

1saga (noun f.) ‘story, saga...’sǫgum 15/12

sakna (verb) ‘miss, feel loss...’ — 22/4

1salr (noun m.) ‘hall...’sal 2/3, sal 2/9, sal 22/10, salr 2/9

2sannr (adj.) ‘true...’sann 20/11

1 (pron.) ‘that (one), those...’ — 3/9, 19/9, 20/9, 21/9, þann 8/13, Þann 15/5, þat 6/4, þat 6/9, þat 8/9, Þat 9/1, þat 11/9, Þat 16/1, Þat 18/1, Þat 22/1, Þat 27/1, Þau 15/9, þeira 2/10, þess 6/1

1sála (noun f.) ‘[souls, soul]...’sálu 24/12

sás (conj.) ‘the one who...’ — 14/9, 24/6, 25/4

setja (verb) ‘place, set, establish...’setr 4/7

setr (noun n.) ‘seat, abode...’setrs 4/7

sigling (noun f.) ‘ONP: det at sejle, sejlads; sørejse; (I)...’ — 1/5

Signý (noun f.) ‘Signý...’Signýjar 9/12

sigr (noun m.) ‘victory...’ — 24/11, 25/9

Sigyn (noun f.) ‘Sigyn...’Sigynjar 9/12

sik (pron.) ‘(refl. pron.)...’sér 13/10

siklingr (noun m.) ‘king, ruler...’sikling 1/5, sikling 17/5

3sinn (pron.) ‘(refl. poss. pron.)...’ — 4/8, sínu 20/14, sínum 5/4

2sinni (noun n.) ‘time, occasion; company, following...’ — 13/8

síðan (adv.) ‘later, then...’ — 24/12

sjalfr (adj.) ‘self...’ — 20/13

1sjá (pron.) ‘this...’ — 26/15

sjór (noun m.) ‘sea...’sjá 4/3, sjár 4/3, sævar 4/3

skapr (noun m.) ‘[liking]...’skǫpum 9/4

Skereið (noun f.) — 22/9

skilfingr (noun m.) ‘lord, king...’Skilfinga 14/14

skíðlauss (adj.) ‘[sheathless]...’ — 14/13

skíring (noun f.) ‘skíring...’Skírings 22/10

skjarr (adj.) ‘shy, shunning...’ — 2/1

Skjǫlf (noun f.) ‘Skjǫlf...’Skjalfar 9/3

skulu (verb) ‘shall, should, must...’skylda 13/6, skyldi 1/8, skyldi 3/6, skyldi 5/12, skyldi 7/8, skyldi 8/4, skyldi 8/14, skyldi 9/10, skyldi 11/10, skyldi 12/8, skyldi 13/6, skyldi 16/4, skyldi 16/8, skyldi 16/14, skyldi 20/16, skyldi 26/12, skyldu 22/4

2Skúta (noun f.) ‘Skúta...’Skútu 3/10

Skæreið (noun f.) ‘Skæreið...’ — 22/9

slanga (noun f.) ‘[flung]...’slǫngu 8/15

Sleipnir (noun m.) ‘Sleipnir...’ — 12/6, Sleipnis 8/16

sonr (noun m.) ‘son...’sonar 21/7, 21/7

sóa (verb) ‘[sacrifice, slain]...’ — 5/12, sóat 18/4, sóit 18/4

sótt (noun f.) ‘illness...’ — 17/9

spakr (adj.) ‘quiet, gentle, wise...’spak 8/7

sperna (verb) ‘kick...’sparn 15/8

2Spǫrr (noun m.) ‘Spǫrr...’Spǫrs 8/8

stallr (noun m.) ‘seat, stall, support...’stalls 11/3

standa (verb) ‘stand...’ — 13/4, stóð 14/16, stóð 20/8

steinn (noun m.) ‘stone, colour...’stein 2/5

stillir (noun m.) ‘ruler...’stilli 25/6

stinga (verb) ‘stab, poke...’stunginn 25/16

Stíflusund (noun n.) ‘Stíflusund...’Stíflusunds 25/15

stíga (verb) ‘step...’sté 20/8

stjóri (noun m.) ‘steerer...’ — 27/6

stórr (adj.) ‘large, great...’stór 2/6

straumr (noun m.) ‘stream, current...’ — 23/11

1støkkva (verb) ‘leap, spring; scatter...’stǫkk 18/1

svalr (adj.) ‘cool...’svalan 9/11

svá (adv.) ‘so, thus...’ — 21/9

svát (conj.) ‘so that, so as...’ — 27/4

sveiðurr (noun m.) ‘[bull]...’sveiðurs 13/9

Sveigðir (noun m.) ‘Sveigðir...’Sveigði 2/4

1svelgja (verb) ‘swallow...’svalg 21/4, 4/4

sverð (noun n.) ‘sword...’ — 5/3

svigðir (noun m.) ‘[bull]...’ — 1/6, svigðis 1/6

svíar (noun m.) ‘Swedes...’Svía 5/11, Svía 21/8, Svíum 5/4, Svíum 17/6, Svíum 20/12

2Sýsla (noun f.) ‘Sýsla...’Sýslu 18/3

sœfandi (noun m.) ‘[slaughterers]...’sœfendr 11/11

sæll (adj.) ‘happy, blessed...’ — 14/1, 16/13

sœnskr (adj.) ‘Swedish...’sœnskri 15/11, sœnskum 18/10

sǫk (noun f.) ‘cause, offence...’ — 22/3

sǫkk (noun n.) — 22/3

Sǫkmímir (noun m.) ‘Sǫkmímir...’Sǫkmímis 2/10

2taka (verb) ‘take...’tók 22/8

teinn (noun m.) ‘twig, rod...’teins 8/5

telja (verb) ‘tell, count...’telk 9/1

temja (verb) ‘tame...’ — 9/10

til (prep.) ‘to...’ — 8/6, 14/16, 23/3, 24/1, 26/10

timbr (noun n.) ‘[timber]...’ — 17/13

tjald (noun n.) ‘tent, awning...’tjalds 11/3

tjá (verb) ‘to put in order, prepare...’téði 26/12

tóft (noun f.) ‘homestead, building plot...’toptar 17/14

trjóna (noun f.) ‘snout, muzzle...’trjónu 14/6

troða (verb) ‘tread...’trað 20/2, 3/6

troll (noun n.) ‘troll...’ — 3/5

Tunni (noun m.) ‘Tunni...’Tunna 14/4

tveir (num. cardinal) ‘two...’ — 11/13

Týr (noun m.) ‘Týr...’Týs 14/3

tœma (verb) ‘[was allotted]...’tæma 9/10

1ulfr (noun m.) ‘wolf...’Ulfs 7/6

umráð (noun n.) ‘[a plot]...’ — 25/5

3und (prep.) ‘under, underneath...’ — 15/2, 19/4, 23/6, 27/2

undir (prep.) ‘under...’ — 19/4

2undr (noun n.) ‘wonder, marvel...’ — 9/1

2unz (conj.) ‘until...’ — 26/9

upp (adv.) ‘up...’ — 13/20, 18/1

Uppsalir (noun m.) ‘[Uppsala]...’Uppsǫlum 13/2, Uppsǫlum 16/16, Uppsǫlum 21/10

urðr (noun m.)yrðr 20/9

Vaðla (noun f.) ‘Vaðla...’Vǫðlu 23/11

vakinn (adj.)vakins 8/5

vald (noun n.) ‘strength, power...’ — 7/9

valdr (noun m.) ‘ruler...’vald 4/9, vald 7/9, valdi 12/10, 27/5

1valr (noun m.) ‘corpse, the slain...’val 8/5, val 11/11

Vanlandi (noun m.) ‘Vanlandi...’Vanlanda 3/4

2vanr (adj.) ‘lacking...’vanan 5/6, vǫnum 5/6

varðaðr (noun m.) ‘[guard]...’vǫrðuðr 2/3

vargr (noun m.) ‘wolf...’ — 1/7

vág (noun f.) ‘scales, balance...’vági 23/12

vágr (noun m.) ‘sea, wave...’vág 21/1, 1/7

vápn (noun n.) ‘weapon...’vôpn 5/7, vôpn 10/3, vôpnum 15/4

1vega (verb) ‘strike, slay...’ 11/2, 18/8, veginn 11/4, veginn 15/16, vegit 15/16

Vendill (noun m.) ‘Vendill...’Vendli 15/8

2vera (verb) ‘be, is, was, were, are, am...’es 27/8, var 4/3, vas 5/1, vas 19/12, vas 25/4, vas 25/16, Vasa 11/9, væri 6/8

1verða (verb) ‘become, be...’urðu 10/4, urðusk 11/14, Varð 1/1, varð 11/1, Varð 12/1, varð 16/12, Varð 19/1, Varð 25/1, varð 26/12, 15/12, yrðu 10/4

1verðr (noun m.) ‘food...’verðar 8/16

verjandi (noun m.) ‘defender...’verjendr 4/7

verk (noun n.) ‘deed...’ — 15/9

verkr (noun m.) ‘pain...’verk 6/10, 26/9

1verpa (verb) ‘to throw, cast (up)...’orpinn 26/16

1verr (noun m.) ‘man...’vers 9/12

2vestr (adv.) ‘west, in the west...’Vest 26/8

1 (noun n.) ‘house, sanctuary...’ — 11/3

véla (verb) ‘betray, trick...’vélti 2/4

1véttr (noun m.) ‘= vættr(?)...’ — 3/3, 16/3

2við (prep.) ‘with, against...’ — 2/12, 6/12, 9/9, 16/9, 18/6, 21/1, 26/10

2viða (verb) ‘gain, bring about...’ — 1/8, 16/4, 26/12

2viðja (verb)viðjar† 21/2

1viðr (noun m.) ‘wood, tree...’við 16/4

vili (noun m.) ‘will, wish...’vilja 4/2

vilja (verb) ‘want, intend...’vildi 20/16

1vindr (noun m.) ‘wind...’vind 1/7

vinr (noun m.) ‘friend...’vin 26/11

1vit (noun n.) ‘wisdom, wit; visit...’ — 3/1, vita 16/3

1vita (verb) ‘know...’veit 6/9, Veitk 17/1, veitk 27/1

vitja (verb) ‘visit...’ — 3/3

vitr (adj.) ‘wise...’vitra 16/3

vitt (noun n.) ‘charm...’vitta 3/3, vitta 16/3

1víða (adv.) ‘widely...’viða 26/7, 26/7, 26/11

víðr (adj.) ‘far...’ðs 15/7, víðri 26/7

víg (noun n.) ‘battle...’ — 15/15, 26/11, vígi 8/12, vígs 11/12, vígs 26/11

víkja (verb) ‘turn...’ — 11/12

Víli (noun m.) ‘[Vili]...’Vilja 3/2

Vísburr (noun m.) ‘Vísburr...’Vísburs 4/1

vísi (noun m.) ‘leader...’vísa 8/11

víti (noun n.) ‘punishment...’ — 15/7

vægr (adj.) ‘[powerful]...’væg 15/16

vætr (noun n.) ‘not a trace, nothing...’ — 3/3, 16/3

vǫrðr (noun m.) ‘guardian, defender...’ — 11/3

Vǫrvi (noun m.) ‘Vǫrvi...’Vǫrva 8/6

2Vǫttr (noun m.) ‘Vǫttr...’Vǫtts 15/10

Yngvarr (noun m.) ‘[Ingvarr, Yngvarr]...’Yngvari 18/2

Yngvi (noun m.) ‘Yngvi, prince...’yngva 6/2, Yngva 7/10, Yngva 11/8

yrða (verb) ‘[addresses]...’yrði 8/2

þang (noun n.) ‘seaweed, kelp...’þangs 17/11

þars (conj.) ‘where...’ — 1/2, 10/2, 23/9

2þá (adv.) ‘then...’ — 3/5, 23/9

þás (conj.) ‘when...’þás 3/5, 2/5, 4/5, 5/9, 8/5, 9/5, 11/13, 12/5, 17/13, 20/5, 24/5

þiggja (verb) ‘receive, get...’ — 13/6

þing (noun n.) ‘meeting, assembly...’þings 24/1

þjóð (noun f.) ‘people...’ — 15/11, 22/7, þjóðar 7/10, þjóðu 20/10

þjófr (noun m.) ‘thief...’þjóf 4/5, 20/5

Þótn (noun m.) ‘[Toten]...’Þótni 22/8

2þrár (adj.) ‘defiant, tenacious...’þrá 13/5

1þref (noun n.) ‘[grasper]...’ — 8/15

þriði (num. ordinal) ‘third...’þriðja 24/2

þróa (verb) ‘increase, flourish, grow...’þróazk 26/4

þrór (noun m.) ‘thriver, Þrór...’Þrós 26/3

þróttr (noun m.) ‘strength, might, valour...’þróttar 26/3

þrǫmr (noun m.) ‘rail, rim...’þrǫm 26/10

þurs (noun m.) ‘giant, ogre, monster...’ — 26/3

þvít (conj.) ‘because, since...’ — 7/5

2þykkja (verb) ‘seem, think...’þótti 20/12, þóttu 9/4

2ægir (noun m.) ‘ocean, sea...’ — 16/10, ægis 16/10

ǫfund (noun f.) ‘envy...’ — 11/7

ǫl (noun n.) ‘ale...’ — 21/4

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