Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

login: password: stay logged in: help

Sturla Þórðarson (Sturl)

13th century; volume 2; ed. Kari Ellen Gade;

2. Hákonarkviða (Hákkv) - 42

Skj info: Sturla Þórðarson, Islandsk skjald og historiker, 1214-84 (AII, 101-29, BII, 112-36).

Skj poems:
1. Þverárvísur
2. Þorgilsdrápa
3. Hrynhenda
4. Hákonarkviða
5. Hrafnsmál
6. Hákonarflokkr
7. En drape om Magnús lagaböter
8. Lausavísur

The life of Sturla Þórðarson (Sturl) is chronicled in Sturlunga saga (Stu). He was born on 29 July 1214 as the second son of Þórðr Sturluson and his concubine Þóra, and he was the younger brother of Óláfr hvítaskáld Þórðarson (Ólhv). In his early years he spent much time with his uncle, the poet, historian and lawspeaker Snorri Sturluson (SnSt, d. 1241), and later he took an active part in the events that played out before and after the collapse of the Icel. Commonwealth. Sturla was lawspeaker in Iceland 1251-2 and lawman, appointed by the Norw. king, 1272-82. In 1263 he went to Norway where he met King Magnús lagabœtir ‘Law-mender’ Hákonarson (d. 1280). After an initially very cool reception, the king commissioned him to write the saga of Magnús’s father Hákon Hákonarson (d. 1264) and also that of Magnús himself. Sturla later became the retainer (hirðmaðr, skutilsveinn) of Magnús and brought the law code Járnsíða ‘Ironside’ from Norway to Iceland in 1271. The story of Sturla’s journey to Norway in 1263 and his dealings with Magnús is recounted in Sturlu þáttr (StÞ), preserved in a version of Stu. In addition to the sagas of Hákon Hákonarson (Hák) and the no longer extant saga of his son Magnús lagabœtir (only two leaves are preserved in AM 325 X 4°), Sturla is the author of Íslendinga saga (Ísls) and of a redaction of Landnámabók (Ldn, in AM 107 folˣ = Stˣ). Some scholars believe that he may have been responsible for the extant redaction of Kristni saga (Kristni) (see LH 1894-1901, II, 98-105, 717-43), and he is also mentioned as an informant by the author of Grettis saga Ásmundarsonar (Gr; see ÍF 7, 157, 226, 289). Like his uncle, Snorri, and his brother, Óláfr, Sturla was a prolific poet. According to Skáldatal (SnE 1848-87, III, 256, 260, 272, 279, 384-96), he composed poems in honour of the Norw. kings Hákon Hákonarson and Magnús lagabœtir Hákonarson, and also about the Swed. jarl Birgir Magnússon (d. 1266). Nothing is preserved of Sturla’s panegyrics to the latter, but two sts from his poetry to Magnús are recorded in Hák (see Magnússdrápa (Sturl Magndr) below). The bulk of Sturla’s poetic oeuvre about Hákon Hákonarson is interspersed with the prose in Hák: Hrynhenda (Sturl Hryn), Hákonarkviða (Sturl Hákkv), Hrafnsmál (Sturl Hrafn) and Hákonarflokkr (Sturl Hákfl). In addition to these encomia, Sturla composed poetry about events and dignitaries in Iceland: namely Þverárvísur (Sturl ÞvervIV) and Þorgilsdrápa (Sturl ÞorgdrIV), both of which have been edited in SkP IV. That is also the case with his lvv. (Sturl Lv 1-4IV). One fragment which earlier eds assigned to Hryn (earlier st. 22) has been edited in SkP III as Sturl FragIII. Sturla died on 30 July 1284 and was buried in the Church of S. Peter at Staðarhóll.

Hákonarkviða — Sturl HákkvII

Kari Ellen Gade 2009, ‘(Introduction to) Sturla Þórðarson, Hákonarkviða’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Brepols, Turnhout, pp. 699-727.

 1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   10   11   12   13   14   15   16   17   18   19   20   21   22   23   24   25   26   27   28   29   30   31   32   33   34   35   36   37   38 

for reference only:  5x   9x   10x   25x 

Skj: Sturla Þórðarson: 4. Hákonarkviða, 1263-64 (AII, 108-19, BII, 118-26); stanzas (if different): 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10-11 | 11 | 12-13 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20 | 21 | 22 | 23 | 24 | 25 | 26 | 27 | 28-9 | 29 | 30 | 31 | 32 | 33 | 34 | 35 | 36 | 37 | 38 | 39 | 40 | 41 | 42

in texts: Flat, Hák

SkP info: II, 699-727

old edition introduction edition manuscripts transcriptions concordance references search files

 

Sturla Þórðarson must have composed HákonarkviðaKviða about Hákon’ (Sturl Hákkv) after the news of Hákon’s death (on 16 December 1263) had reached Norway, because the poem contains no apostrophes to Hákon. Such forms of address abound in Sturl Hryn, the only poem that Sturla composed about Hákon prior to hearing about his demise (see Introduction to Sturl Hryn). The entire extant poem is preserved in Hákonar saga Hákonarsonar (Hák) and the name is transmitted in Flat (Flat 1860-8, III, 6, 22), F (F 1871, 390) and 304ˣ (Hák 1977-82, 21). The metre is kviðuháttr, and, as is always the case with poems composed in this metre, the syntax often obscures helmingr and stanzaic boundaries (see Introduction, Anon Nkt). In the present edn, Hákkv consists of thirty-eight sts as opposed to the forty-two sts given in Skj and Skald (st. 4 = Skj sts 4-5; st. 9 = Skj sts 10-11; st. 10 = Skj sts 12-13; st. 25 = Skj sts 28-9). Jón Sigurðsson (SnE 1848-87, III, 391) suggested that the poem originally contained sixty sts, but that cannot be ascertained. Hákkv chronicles events from Hákon’s youth (sts 1-3), his ascension to the Norw. throne in 1217 (sts 4-5), the battle against the Ribbungar in Oslo in 1221 (st. 6), the campaign in Värmland in 1225 (sts 7-8), Skúli’s usurpation of the royal title (1239), the battles of Låke and Oslo and Skúli’s death in 1240 (sts 9-24), Hákon’s coronation in 1247 (sts 25-33) and his dealings with the Swed. jarl Birgir Magnússon in 1249 (sts 34-8). All sts are transmitted in F and Flat (Hák). AM 81a has all sts (except ll. 2-4 of st. 10) and E, which has been chosen as the main ms., contains all sts except sts 12/7-8 and 26-7. Stanzas 1-8, 9/1-8, 10, 13-18, 22-3, 25, 26/1-2, 26/7-8, 27-8, 30-1 and 34-8 are preserved in 42ˣ, sts 1-3, 6, 9-15, 17-19, 22-6, 28, 30-8 are found in 8, st. 5 is recorded in 304ˣ and st. 4 in 325VIII 5 a.
© Skaldic Project Academic Body, unless otherwise noted. Database structure and interface developed by Tarrin Wills. All users of material on this database are reminded that its content may be either subject to copyright restrictions or is the property of the custodians of linked databases that have given permission for members of the skaldic project to use their material for research purposes. Those users who have been given access to as yet unpublished material are further reminded that they may not use, publish or otherwise manipulate such material except with the express permission of the individual editor of the material in question and the General Editor of the volume in which the material is to be published. Applications for permission to use such material should be made in the first instance to the General Editor of the volume in question. All information that appears in the published volumes has been thoroughly reviewed. If you believe some information here is incorrect please contact Tarrin Wills with full details.